American Philosophical Society
Member History

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501. Creative Artists (47)
502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions (51)
503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors (206)
504. Scholars in the Professions (12)
[405] (2)
81Name:  Dr. Robert Alter
 Institution:  University of California, Berkeley
 Year Elected:  2001
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  402b
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1935
A number of Robert Alter's twenty-two books have been translated into several languages. As a critic in both of his fields, Hebrew Literature of all ages and Modernism, he emphasizes the virtures of close reading and broad sympathies over ideological commitment, though in his work with students he has shown a tolerance which has produced some of the leading lights in the postmodern camp. Dr. Alter is fluent in French and Hebrew and reads a number of other languages. He is an exemplary academic citizen: a thoughtful and engaged colleague, willing to take on administrative chores; a popular teacher and director of a host of dissertations; an immensely productive scholar; a good friend to many; and absolutely without a shred of the diva in him. He is internationally known, with strong connections in Britain, France, and Israel. Since 1967 he has served on the faculty of the University of California, Berkeley, where he is Class of 1937 Professor of Hebrew and Comparative Literature. His most recent book is a translation of the Hebrew Bible, entitled Ancient Israel. The Former Prophets: Joshua, Judges, Samuel, and Kings. A Translation with Commentary.
82Name:  Dr. Sidney Altman
 Institution:  Yale University
 Year Elected:  1990
 Class:  2. Biological Sciences
 Subdivision:  201. Molecular Biology and Biochemistry
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1939
 Death Date:  April 5, 2022
Born in Montreal in 1939, Sidney Altman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1989 for making one of the most original and important discoveries in molecular biology. After discovering the t-RNA precursor molecules, he systematically explored their enzymatic conversion to a functional state. This led him to the realization that the catalysis is carried out by the RNA portion of the enzyme nucleoprotein. The importance of this contribution cannot be overstated; it has caused a reevaluation of the previous view that all enzymes are proteins and has provided the explanation of a number of previously observed phenomena. Dr. Altman joined the faculty at Yale University as an assistant professor in 1971, subsequently becoming a professor in 1980 and chairman of the department in 1983. Dr. Altman also served as Dean of Yale College from 1985-89, helping to bridge the gap between the humanities and the sciences. A man of wide cultural interests and an admired teacher, Dr. Altman is currently Sterling Professor of Biology and Chemistry at Yale. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences.
83Name:  Dr. Luis Walter Alvarez
 Institution:  University of California, Berkeley
 Year Elected:  1953
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  106. Physics
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1911
 Death Date:  9/1/88
84Name:  Charles G. Ames
 Year Elected:  1881
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1829
 Death Date:  4/15/12
85Name:  Joseph S. Ames
 Year Elected:  1905
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Death Date:  6/24/43
86Name:  Herman V. Ames
 Year Elected:  1921
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Death Date:  2/6/35
87Name:  Dr. Milton V. Anastos
 Institution:  University of California, Los Angles
 Year Elected:  1967
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1909
 Death Date:  4/10/97
88Name:  Mr. S. James Anaya
 Institution:  University of Colorado Law School, Boulder
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1957
S. James Anaya is currently Dean and Charles Inglis Thomson Professor at the University of Colorado Law School. He earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1983. Prior to coming to the University of Colorado, he worked with the National Indian Youth Council, at the University of Iowa College of Law, as Special Rapporteur for Indigenous Peoples at the United Nations, and the University of Arizona Regents’ and James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy at the James E. Rogers College of Law of the University of Arizona. James Anaya teaches, writes, and litigates in the areas of international human rights, constitutional law, and the rights of indigenous peoples. He occupies a unique position in international indigenous rights and at the United Nations, and is internationally acknowledged as an articulate spokesperson. In 2014, he completed two terms as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Prior to working at the U.N., he helped indigenous peoples win groundbreaking cases before the Organization of American States and he produced important and innovative scholarship on indigenous international rights. He helped shape and influence the development of international law. As the Rapporteur, he reported on the conditions of indigenous peoples worldwide and responded to allegations of human rights violations. His work included visiting affected countries and writing official reports, and direct contacts with governments and indigenous peoples. He also helped draft the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Among his awards are: the Haywood Burns / Shanara Gilbert Award of the Northeast People of Color Conference (2009); the Bernard S. Rodey Award of the University of New Mexico Alumni Association (2014); and the Goler T. Butcher Award of the American Society of International Law (2016). He is the author of: Indigenous Peoples in International Law, 1996; International Human Rights and Indigenous Peoples, 2009; (with H. Hannum, D. Shelton) International Human Rights: Problems of Law, Policy and Practice, 2011. James Anaya was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2019.
89Name:  Dr. Christian B. Anfinsen
 Institution:  Johns Hopkins University
 Year Elected:  1975
 Class:  2. Biological Sciences
 Subdivision:  201. Molecular Biology and Biochemistry
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1916
 Death Date:  5/14/95
90Name:  James B. Angell
 Year Elected:  1889
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Death Date:  4/1/16
91Name:  James R. Angell
 Year Elected:  1924
 Class:  2. Biological Sciences
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1870
 Death Date:  3/4/49
92Name:  James B. Angell
 Year Elected:  1927
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
93Name:  Ms. Natalie Marie Angier
 Institution:  The New York Times
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1958
Fascinated by science since her youth and endowed with a unique facility for words, Natalie Marie Angier writes with a lucidity and enthusiasm that have identified her as a most gifted and respected science writer. A science correspondent for The New York Times since 1990, she has also written for Discover and Time magazines and worked in journalism education, most recently as a visiting professor at Cornell University. Ms. Angier has a captivating way of seducing her readers into understanding complex scientific concepts without sacrificing the truth. Her first book, Natural Obsessions, disseminated an accurate understanding of the profound significance of the oncogene concept to scientists and nonscientists alike and earned her a Pulitzer Prize. Her writing is visual and kinetic, colorful and festive, while at the same time playful and full of surprises. Each scientific story reads like an exciting novel, difficult to put down. But she combines this skill in storytelling with an originality of thinking, and the unusual capacity for synthesizing seemingly unrelated facts into original perspectives. In the essays collected in The Beauty of the Beastly, she finds poetry in the "seamy" side of nature: in parasites; in animal deceit and brutality. In Woman: An Intimate Geography, she breaks out from stereotypic views of women. In the L.A. Times, it was described as "…a classic - a text so necessary and abundant and true that all efforts of its kind, for decades before and after, will be measured by it." Ms. Angier's latest book is entitled The Canon: A Whirligig Tour Through the Beautiful Basics of Science, which "sparkles with wit and charm" and "refines everything you've ever wanted to know about science into an entertaining and accessible guide."
94Name:  Dr. Julia Annas
 Institution:  University of Arizona
 Year Elected:  2013
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  406. Linguistics
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1946
Julia Annas is known for her work in ancient ethics and contemporary ethics, especially in the area of virtue ethics, where renewed interest in ancient ethics has stimulated many new developments. She studied the B.A. Literae Humaniores course at Oxford University (Greek and Latin language, literature, history and philosophy) and then received her Ph. D from Harvard University. She returned to Oxford and taught as a Lecturer and then Tutorial Fellow at St Hugh’s College for fifteen years, before becoming Professor (since 1995 Regents Professor) of Philosophy at the University of Arizona. She was the founding editor of Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy and has been joint editor for many years of the Oxford Aristotle monographs series. She has been a Senior Fellow of the Center for Hellenic Studies, President of the Pacific Division of the American Philosophical Association and a Getty Scholar. She is a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Science, an Honorary Fellow of St Hugh’s College, Oxford and an Honorary Doctor of the University of Uppsala. She has published many books and articles over a wide range of topics in ancient philosophy, with increasing focus on the areas of epistemology and ethics. Her 1993 The Morality of Happiness explored the structure of ancient ethical theories, starting from Aristotle and establishing the general outline of a kind of theory in which virtue and happiness are the central concepts (this is now often called eudaimonist virtue theory). Her 1999 Platonic Ethics Old and New carried the project backwards, looking at ethics in Plato, and forwards, to the more academic ethics of later Platonists. In the last two decades her work has integrated historical study of ancient texts and engagement with the resurgent field of virtue ethics. Her 2011 Intelligent Virtue presents an outline of a contemporary theory in which virtue and happiness are central, which can meet several different philosophical objections and serve as a promising model of ethical theory. She continues to work mainly on contemporary and historical theories of virtue and happiness. Julia Annas was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2013.
95Name:  Miss Anne d'Harnoncourt
 Institution:  Philadelphia Museum of Art
 Year Elected:  1988
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1943
 Death Date:  June 1, 2008
96Name:  Hon. Walter H. Annenberg
 Institution:  Court of St. James's & Triangle Publications, Inc.
 Year Elected:  1990
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1908
 Death Date:  October 1, 2002
97Name:  The Honorable Leonore Annenberg
 Institution:  The Annenberg Foundation
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1918
 Death Date:  March 12, 2009
As president and sole director of the Annenberg Foundation, Leonore Annenberg continues to carry out the foundation's mission, established with her late husband Walter H. Annenberg (elected to the APS in 1990), to advance the public well-being through improved communication. As the principal means of achieving this goal, the foundation encourages the development of more effective ways to share ideas and knowledge. The foundation's primary grant-making interests are in education, culture, the arts, and community and civic life. It provides funding for programs likely to produce beneficent change on a large scale. In addition to the national Challenge Grant for Public School Reform, $500 million matching grants program of 18 locally-designed projects, the Annenberg Foundation provided support for a 20-year partnership in educational programming with the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Other major grants have been made to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Gallery of Art, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Academy of Music in Philadelphia, and the Metropolitan Opera. Recent awards have supported major design and construction projects, including the Capitol Visitor Center in Washington, DC, the Liberty Bell Pavilion and the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, and the British Museum in London. In January 2007 Ms. Annenberg received the Academy of Music 150th Anniversary Award in recognition of her longtime support of both the Academy and the Philadelphia Orchestra. Her latest honor is the prestigious Philadelphia Award, given annually to a person who has worked to better the Philadelphia region.
98Name:  Charles E. Anthon
 Year Elected:  1868
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Death Date:  6/-/1883
99Name:  Edward Antill
 Year Elected:  
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  6/17/1701
 Death Date:  8/15/1770
Edward Antill (17 June 1701–15 August 1770) was a public officeholder, gentleman farmer, and viticulturist, and a member of the American Philosophical via his 1768 election to the American Society. Born in New York to a father of property and influence, he lost his parents at an early age. Fortunately for Antill, his father’s friend raised him and would later bequeath the majority of his privateering fortune to the young man. By the early 1730s Antill had moved to New Jersey, where he would spend most of his life. Antill’s wealth and influence brought him a series of public offices including: New Jersey’s Assembly (1738-40), judge to the court of common pleas (1739), and a local council sit (1743-1761). In addition to these civic duties, Antill strongly supported education and donated £1,800 to King’s College, where he also served as one of the first trustees. Antill found his true passion, however, in agriculture development, particularly viticulture. His firm belief that grape cultivation was practicable and profitable in the Northeast led him to develop his own sizeable vineyards where he cultivated and tested grape varietals. Antill’s early efforts garnered him a monetary prize from the London-based Society for Promoting Arts, Manufactures, and Commerce in an effort to stimulate viticulture outside of England. His expertise made him a sought-after expert and produced Antill’s sole publication in the first volume of Transactions in 1771: “An essay on the cultivation of the vine, and the making and preserving of vine, suited to the different climates in North-America.” When not tinkering in his vineyard, he could be found experimenting with growing rhubarb or olive trees, or testing one of his many ideas to improve raising livestock. (PI)
100Name:  Dr. Kwame Anthony Appiah
 Institution:  New York University
 Year Elected:  2001
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  406. Linguistics
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1954
K. Anthony Appiah has written or edited a score of books: on race theory (where he is recognized as a leading thinker), on philosophy (where he has been called by reviewers "a pro's pro"), and even a series of detective fiction novels. His In My Father's House: Africa in the Philosophy of Culture has been translated into Portuguese and Japanese. It won the Herskovits Award of the African Studies Association for the best work published in English on Africa in 1993. Dr. Appiah taught at Yale, Cornell, Duke and Harvard Universities before moving to Princeton University, where he was Laurence S. Rockefeller Professor of Philosophy. In January 2014 he moved to New York University where he has joint appointments in the Department of Philosophy and the School of Law. He has received many academic honors, published numerous articles and reviews, presented public lectures and papers, holds several editorial positions and is a member of professional associations and committees. In 2008 he was elected a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Dr. Appiah also served as co-editor of Encarta Africana, the first electronic encyclopedia on Africa and people of African descent. His latest books are Experiments in Ethics (2008) and The Honor Code: How Moral Revolutions Happen (2010). He was awarded the 2011 National Humanities Medal by President Obama.
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