American Philosophical Society
Member History

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[405] (2)
61Name:  William Allen
 Year Elected:  
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  8/5/1704
 Death Date:  9/6/1780
William Allen (5 August 1704–6 September 1780) was a jurist, politician, merchant, and landowner, and a member of the American Philosophical Society, elected in 1768. Born in Philadelphia, Allen voyaged to England in 1720 to study law at London’s Middle Temple. Following his father’s death in 1725, he returned to Pennsylvania, where he expanded his landholdings through speculation and improved them with copper mines and ironworks. Along with his mercantile ventures, these projects made possible the lavish lifestyle to which he’d grown accustomed in England. As one of the wealthiest men in the colony, Allen donated to the Pennsylvania Hospital and the College of Philadelphia, of which he was also a trustee. He was a patron of the painters Benjamin West and John Singleton Copley, and he loaned the local government the funds needed to purchase the land on which Independence Hall was built. Allen’s social prestige paved the way for a successful political career. In 1727 he became a member of the Philadelphia Council, and from 1730 to 1739 he led the proprietary party in the Pennsylvania Assembly alongside his father-in-law Andrew Hamilton. In 1750 Allen’s brother-in-law, Pennsylvania Governor (and APS member) James Hamilton, named him Chief Justice of the state’s Supreme Court. Allen continued to lead the proprietary party during its acrimonious disputes with the Quaker party during the French and Indian War. Although he traveled to England in 1763 to oppose the Sugar Act and proposed Stamp Act, he spent the next decade advocating a compromise between Britain and the colonies. When the plan for reconciliation outlined in his American Crisis (1774) failed to garner support, he withdrew from office and retired to England, returning to Philadelphia in 1779. His sons John, Andrew, and James Allen and son-in-law John Penn were APS members. (PI, ANB, DNB, DAB)
62Name:  Benjamin Allen
 Year Elected:  1812
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1772
 Death Date:  7/20/1836
63Name:  George Allen
 Year Elected:  1856
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1808
 Death Date:  5/28/1876
64Name:  W.H. Allen
 Year Elected:  1858
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1808
 Death Date:  4/19/1882
65Name:  Harrison Allen
 Year Elected:  1867
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1841
 Death Date:  11/14/1897
66Name:  Joel A. Allen
 Year Elected:  1878
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1838
 Death Date:  8/29/21
67Name:  Charles E. Allen
 Year Elected:  1922
 Class:  2. Biological Sciences
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1872
 Death Date:  6/25/54
68Name:  Don Cameron Allen
 Year Elected:  1958
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1904
 Death Date:  8/4/72
69Name:  Dr. James A. Van Allen
 Institution:  University of Iowa
 Year Elected:  1961
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  106. Physics
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1914
 Death Date:  August 9, 2006
70Name:  Dr. Frances E. Allen
 Institution:  IBM T. J. Watson Research Center
 Year Elected:  2001
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  107
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1932
 Death Date:  August 4, 2020
Frances E. Allen received her M.A. at the University of Michigan in 1957 and began her career as an engineer with IBM Research. Since 1989 she has been an IBM Fellow at the T.J. Watson Research Center. Jointly with APS member John Cocke, Dr. Allen is the principal source of machine-independent and language-independent code optimization technology. This technology is used in most compilers today: transforming the program into a simplified, largely machine-independent intermediate form; followed by optimization of this intermediate form; and finally generating the machine-dependent code which is executed. The result is a program that is easier to write and efficient to execute. Practically all subsequent work on producing efficient programs relies on Dr. Allen's seminal work. It is hard to imagine today's large and complex programs without her pioneering work. She is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2001. In 2007 she became the first woman honored with the Turing Award, one of the most prestigious prizes in computing. In 2010 she was elected to the National Academy of Sciences.
71Name:  Mr. Woody Allen
 Year Elected:  2010
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  501. Creative Artists
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1935
In a career spanning nearly five decades and three dozen films, Woody Allen has established himself as one of the major auteurs of contemporary international cinema, with a comic voice that is distinctively twentieth-century American-jokey, anxious, unmistakably New York-and a moral and aesthetic vision that owes much to the filmmaker’s immersion in the great classics of European literature and cinema. Having established his comic bona fides with early works from Play It Again, Sam (an early foray into magical realism) to his paranoid futuristic fantasy Sleeper, Allen came into his own as a serious artist, with a special talent for depicting wry romantic disappointment in the context of American subcultural conflicts, in films such as his Oscar-winning Annie Hall and Manhattan. A series of marvelously rich tragicomedies of the 1980s, tinged with distinctively Continental colors and experimenting with great success with magical realism and metafictionality as technical means of exploring his perennial interest in the relationships between eros, art, and morality, includes The Purple Rose of Cairo, Crimes and Misdemeanors and Alice-an evolution that has been capped, in more recent years, by such acclaimed later works as Match Point and Vicky Christina Barcelona. His recent films include Midnight in Paris (2011) and Blue Jasmine (2013). In 2014 he was awarded the Cecil B. DeMille Lifetime Achievement Award.
72Name:  Dr. Danielle S. Allen
 Institution:  Edmond J. Safra Foundation Center for Ethics, Professor, Harvard University
 Year Elected:  2015
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1971
Danielle S. Allen received her Ph.D. in Classics from the University of Cambridge and her Ph.D. in Government from Harvard University. She served as the UPS Foundation Professor of Social Science at the Institute for Advanced Study 2007 to 2015. In 2015 she moved to Harvard University to take up the Directorship of the Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics and a professorship in the Department of Government and Graduate School of Education. She was named James Bryant Conant University Professor in 2017. Dr. Allen is a political theorist who has published broadly in democratic theory, political sociology and the history of political thought. Widely known for her work on justice and citizenship in both ancient Athens and modern America, she is the author of The World of Prometheus: The Politics of Punishing in Democratic Athens (2000), Talking to Strangers: Anxieties of Citizenship since Brown vs. the Board of Education (2004), Why Plato Wrote (2010), Our Declaration: A Reading of the Declaration of Independence in the Defense of Equality (2014) Education and Equality (2016). And Cuz: The Life and Times of Michael A. (2017). Additionally, Dr. Allen is the co-editor of the award-winning Education, Justice and Democracy (2013, with Robert Reich) and From Voice to Influence: Understanding Citizenship in the Digital Age (forthcoming, with Jennifer Light). Dr. Allen is a member American Academy of Arts & Sciences. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2015.
73Name:  Dr. Anita L. Allen
 Institution:  University of Pennsylvania Carey School of Law
 Year Elected:  2022
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1953
Anita LaFrance Allen (aka Allen-Castellitto) is the Henry R. Silverman Professor of Law and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania. A graduate of New College, Florida and Harvard Law School with a PhD in Philosophy from the University of Michigan, Allen is an expert on privacy and data protection law, bioethics and public philosophy. She holds an honorary doctorate from Tilburg University and the College of Wooster. She is a member of the Pennsylvania and New York state bars, and briefly practiced law with Cravath, Swaine & Moore. Allen began writing about privacy and data protection in the 1980’s and has remained a distinctive voice in defense of ethical, liberal, egalitarian and inclusive approaches to privacy regulation in the digital age. In 2022 Allen was presented the Privacy Award of the Berkeley Law and Technology Center and holds a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Electronic Privacy Information Center. Allen has lectured on privacy and ethics in Europe, Japan, Taiwan, and Israel. She has published five books (including Uneasy Access, Why Privacy Isn’t Everything, and Unpopular Privacy), several textbooks (including Privacy Law and Society), and over 120 scholarly articles and chapters; contributed to and been featured in popular newspapers, magazines, podcasts and blogs; and appeared on numerous television and radio programs. Allen has been a visiting professor at Johns Hopkins University, Harvard Law, Yale Law, Villanova Law, Fordham Law, Tel Aviv Law, Waseda Law, and the Blavatnik School of Government at Oxford. In 2024 Allen will be the Hart Fellow at University College, Oxford, and also give the H.L. A. Hart Memorial Lecture at Oxford. At Penn she is a faculty affiliate of the Center for Technology, Innovation and Competition, the Warren Center for Network & Data Sciences and a Senior Fellow of the Leonard Davis Institute for Health Economics. She formerly served for seven years as Penn’s Vice Provost for Faculty and chaired the Provost’s Arts Advisory Council. In 2019 Allen was the elected President of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association (APA). In 2021 she was awarded the Philip Quinn Prize by the APA for service to philosophy and philosophers. She is an elected member of the American Law Institute, the National Academy of Medicine, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Allen was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2022. Allen served under President Barack Obama as a member of the National Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. Allen has advised the School for Criticism and Theory at Cornell and has served on the executive committees of the Association of American Law School and Association for Practical and Applied Ethics. Allen’s scholarly journal editorial board service has included Ethics, Hypatia, and the Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics and the American Journal of Bioethics. Allen has a deep history of non-profit Board of Directors leadership with the National Constitution Center, the Electronic Privacy Information Center, the Future of Privacy Forum, the Bazelon Center for Mental Health Law, Planned Parenthood of Metropolitan Washington, and, local to Philadelphia, the Maternity Care Coalition, and the West Philadelphia Alliance for Children. Born in Port Townsend, Washington, Allen is the daughter of Grover C. Allen and Carrye M. Cloud Allen of Atlanta, one of six children. She is married to retired attorney Paul V. Castellitto of Mt. Vernon and New Rochelle, New York, and has two children. She is a member of the Bryn Mawr Presbyterian Church and enjoys gardening, travel and the visual arts. Allen is the first African American woman to hold both a PhD in philosophy and a law degree, and the first to be a president of the American Philosophical Association.
74Name:  S. Austin Allibone
 Year Elected:  1865
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1816
 Death Date:  8/14/39
75Name:  Burgiss Allison
 Year Elected:  1789
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1753
 Death Date:  2/20/1827
76Name:  Nathaniel Stout Allison
 Year Elected:  1814
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Death Date:  5/13/1817
77Name:  Joseph Allison
 Year Elected:  1875
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
78Name:  Dr. Gabriel A. Almond
 Institution:  Stanford University
 Year Elected:  1966
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1911
 Death Date:  December 25, 2002
79Name:  Dr. Paul Alpers
 Institution:  University of California, Berkeley; Smith College
 Year Elected:  2004
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  402. Criticism: Arts and Letters
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1932
 Death Date:  May 19, 2013
Paul Alpers was a distinguished literary historian and classicist, a master of the English, European and classical traditions, and an academic of the first rank. In his first book, The Poetry of the Faerie Queene, he showed himself to be "a learned and sensitive reader of Elizabethan poetry." He developed an original reading of Spenser's rhetorical modes, to which he returned in an important series of articles on narration. He next, as an extension of his work on Spenser, began to study the pastoral traditions. This resulted in an analysis and translation of Virgil's Eclogues and then What is Pastoral?, winner of the Christian Gauss Award. As Dr. Alpers traces the evolution of pastoral poetry from Theocritus and Virgil, through its great incarnations in the Renaissance, to its flowerings in modern literature, he has written what is arguably the definitive study of the subject, a work of exhaustive scholarship and literary intelligence. Dr. Alpers taught at the University of California, Berkeley beginning in 1961 and became Class of 1942 Professor of English Emeritus in 2000. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2004. Paul Alpers died May 19, 2013, at the age of 80 in Northampton, Massachusetts.
80Name:  Dr. Svetlana Alpers
 Institution:  New York University; University of California, Berkeley
 Year Elected:  2011
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1936
Svetlana Alpers is an art historian, critic, and artist. She was born in Cambridge, Mass., studied History and Literature at Radcliffe, turning from text to image for a PhD. In Fine Arts. She studied briefly with Richard Krautheimer at the IFA in New York, then formatively with the visiting E.H. Gombrich at Harvard and taught at the University of California, Berkeley from 1962-94. She published on Flemish art before turning to Dutch art with The Art of Describing, with books on Rembrandt, Rubens, Tiepolo (with Michael Baxandall) and on the Vexations of Art: Velazquez and Others. She was a founding editor of Representations. A group of photographic prints after Tiepolo from the series "Painting then for now" (with James Hyde and Barney Kulok) is in the collection of the Museum of Modern Art, New York.
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