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MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION

Creator:
American Philosophical Society
Dates:
1743-1984
Abstract:  

Founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin, the American Philosophical Society was the first learned society in the United States. For over 250 years, the Society has played an important role in American cultural and intellectual life. Until the mid-nineteenth century, the Society fulfilled the role of a national academy of science, national library and museum, and even patent office. Early members of the Society included Thomas Jefferson, David Rittenhouse, Benjamin Rush, Stephen Peter Du Ponceau, George Washington, and many other figures prominent in American history. The Archives of the American Philosophical Society consists of 192.25 linear feet of material, organized into thirteen record groups dating back to 1743. The Society's archives extensively documents not only the organization's historical development but also its role in American history and the history of science and technology.
Call #:  
APS.Archives
Extent:
192.25 Linear feet



MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION

Creator:
Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815
Dates:
1783-1817
Abstract:  

A physician, natural historian, and professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Benjamin Smith Barton (1766-1815) was one of the central figures in Philadelphia's early national scientific establishment. Having received his medical training in European universities, Barton was appointed Professor at the University of Pennsylvania in 1789, lecturing on botany, materia medica, natural history. A prolific author, he established his reputation as one of the nation's preeminent botanists through his botanical text book The Elements of Botany (1803), but his contribtions to zoology, ethnology, and medicine were equally noteworthy. Barton's monograph on the "fascinating faculty" of the rattlesnake and his efforts in historical linguistics (New Views of the Origin of the Tribes and Nations of America, 1798) were widely read, and his Philadelphia Medical and Physical Journal (1804-1809) was one of the nation's first medical journals and an important outlet for natural historical research. The Barton Papers offer a comprehensive view of the professional work of Benjamin Smith Barton from the time of his return to the United States in 1789 until his death. The collection is divided into five series: Correspondence, Subject Files, Bound Volumes, Graphic Materials, and Printing Plates. The collection includes a particularly valuable series of botanical, medical, and natural historical drawings collected by Barton for research, reference, and publication. Among the many artists represented are William Bartram, Frederick Pursh, Pierre Turpin, and Benjamin Henry Latrobe.
Call #:  
Mss.B.B284d
Extent:
10 Linear feet
Subjects:  

Art | Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815 | Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Bartram, John, 1699-1777 | Blanchard, Jean-Pierre, 1753-1809 | Botanists | Botany -- Study and teaching -- 19th century | Botany -- Virginia | Buffalo (N.Y.) -- Description and travel | Business and Skilled Trades | Chemistry -- 18th century | Cherokee Indians | Cherokee language | Choctaw Indians | Diaries. | Drawings. | Dysentery. | Education | Electricity -- 18th century | Engravings. | Ethnobotany | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Geology -- 18th century | Gout | Harden, Jane LeConte | Hopkins, John Henry, 1792-1868 -- pictorial works | Hudson River (N.Y.) -- Description and travel -- 18th century | Indians of North America | Indians of North America -- Agriculture | Indians of North America -- Languages | Kaigana Indians | Kaskaskia Indians | Language Material | Language and Linguistics | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Mammals -- Classification | Mandan Indians | Mastodons | Materia medica | Medicine | Medicine -- Practice -- 18th century | Medicine -- Study and teaching -- 18th century | Meteorology -- United States -- 18th century | Meteors | Mineralogy | Native America | Natural history | Natural history -- 18th century | Natural history -- 19th century | New Jersey -- Description and travel -- 18th century | New York (State) -- Description and travel -- 18th century | Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.) -- Description and travel | Notebooks | Osage language | Pennsylvania -- Description and travel -- 18th century | Physicians -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Physics | Political Correspondence | Printing and Publishing | Printing plates | Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 | Science and technology | Seminole Indians | Seneca Indians | Sketchbooks | Sketches. | Tlaxcala (Mexico) | Travel | Travel Narratives and Journals | Turpin, P. J. F. (Pierre Jean François), 1775-1840 | Tuscarora Indians | University of Pennsylvania -- Faculty | Venereal disease | Virginia -- Description and travel -- 18th century | Watercolors | Yellow fever | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- 1793 | Zoology -- 18th century