American Philosophical Society
Member History

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Resident (45)
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4. Humanities (57)
Subdivision
405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century[X]
 Name:  Dr. Milton V. Anastos
 Institution:  University of California, Los Angles
 Year Elected:  1967
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1909
 Death Date:  4/10/97
   
 Name:  Dr. D. R. Shackleton Bailey
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  1977
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1917
 Death Date:  November 28, 2005
   
 Name:  Dr. John W. Baldwin
 Institution:  Johns Hopkins University
 Year Elected:  2004
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1929
 Death Date:  February 8, 2015
   
 
John Baldwin was a leading American specialist on the history of medieval France. Like Charles Homer Haskins, he had worked on the institutional and intellectual history of the twelfth century. His early works on the "just price" and the schoolman Peter the Chanter opened new vistas of research on economic growth and the culture of power. His book on the government of Philip Augustus won major prizes in America and France. The recipient of major honors in France and the United States, Dr. Baldwin was a generous colleague, a venerated teacher, and a distinguished medievalist in the mode of C. H. Haskins and J. R. Strayer. He had been at Johns Hopkins University since 1986 as Charles Homer Haskins Professor of History and Professor of History Emeritus. He was awarded the Medieval Academy's Haskins Medal in 1990 and the Chevalier de l'Ordre National de la Légion d'Honneur, France in 2001. He was a member of the Medieval Academy of America (president, 1996-97); the British Academy; and l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2004.
 
 Name:  Dr. James Barr
 Institution:  Vanderbilt University
 Year Elected:  1993
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1924
 Death Date:  October 14, 2006
   
 Name:  Dr. Wm. Theodore de Bary
 Institution:  Columbia University
 Year Elected:  1999
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1919
 Death Date:  July 14, 2017
   
 
Wm. Theodore de Bary began his career as a teacher at Columbia in 1949 when he undertook to develop the undergraduate general education program in Asian Studies. For this he developed basic source readings in Asian Civilizations for India, China, Japan and now Korea. These volumes dealing with the major traditions of Asia, published in 1958-60, have seen wide use in colleges and universities throughout the United States and abroad. They have now been supplemented by over 140 other texts and translations for use in general educations on Asia. As chair of the Department of East Asian Languages and Cultures from 1960-66 and as first director of the National Defense Languages and Area Center he led a major expansion of the language programs in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. From 1969-70 he was President of the Association for Asian Studies. From 1969-71 he served as the first chair of the Executive Committee of the University Senate. From 1971-78 as Provost of the University, among other duties, Dr. de Bary assisted in the renovation and expansion of the East Asian Library and established the Heyman Center for the Humanities, which includes among other programs, offices and a reading room for the Human Rights Program. In 1974, Dr. de Bary was elected to the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and in 1999 to the American Philosophical Society. He had received honorary degrees from St. Lawrence University, Loyola University in Chicago, and Columbia. Professor de Bary's scholarly work focused on the major religious and intellectual traditions of East Asia, especially Confucianism in China, Japan and Korea. Among the more than twenty-five works authored by him, he has dealt principally with the issues of civil society and human rights in China. They include Asian Values and Human Rights (1998) and Nobility and Civility: Asian Ideals of Leadership and the Common Good (2004). In 2014 he was awarded the National Humanities Medal. Wm. Theodore de Bary died July 14, 2017, at age 97, in Tappan, New York.
 
 Name:  Dr. Hans-Georg Beck
 Institution:  University of Munich
 Year Elected:  1988
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1910
 Death Date:  5/25/99
   
 Name:  Dr. Herbert Bloch
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  1958
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1911
 Death Date:  September 6, 2006
   
 Name:  Dr. Derk Bodde
 Institution:  University of Pennsylvania
 Year Elected:  1961
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1909
 Death Date:  November 3, 2003
   
 Name:  Dr. William J. Bouwsma
 Institution:  University of California, Berkeley
 Year Elected:  1981
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1923
 Death Date:  March 2, 2004
   
 Name:  Dr. T. Robert S. Broughton
 Institution:  University of North Carolina
 Year Elected:  1955
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1900
 Death Date:  9/16/93
   
 Name:  Dr. Walter Burkert
 Institution:  University of Zurich
 Year Elected:  1987
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1931
 Death Date:  March 11, 2015
   
 
An Emeritus Professor of Classics at the University of Zurich, Walter Burkert was a well-known historian of Greek religion. He brought methodological innovation and keen insight to the ancient texts and materials of his field, and his work has implications for all aspects of ancient Mediterranean studies, from literature to science to philosophy to religion. Dr. Burkert received training in classical philology, history and philosophy at the Universities of Erlangen and Munich, obtained his doctorate in philosophy from the University of Erlangen in 1955 and taught there over much of the next ten years. In 1965 he served as a junior fellow at the Center for Hellenic Studies in Washington, D.C. for one year before becoming a professor of classical philology at the Technical University of Berlin. He joined the faculty of the University of Zurich in 1969 and taught there for 27 years before retiring. He had published books on the balance between lore and science in the followers of Pythagoras; on ritual and archaic cult survival; on the ritual killing at the heart of religion; and on the reception in the Hellenic world of Near Eastern and Persian culture, which sets Greek religion in its wider Aegean and Near Eastern context. Among his works are Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth (English translation, 1982), which is considered an outstanding account of concepts in Greek religion; Ancient Mystery Cults (1987); and Creation of the Sacred (1996). Walter Burkert died March 11, 2015, at the age of 84 in Zurich, Switzerland.
 
 Name:  Professor Alan Cameron
 Institution:  Columbia University
 Year Elected:  1992
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1938
 Death Date:  July 31, 2017
   
 
Alan Cameron was a British classicist and Charles Anthon Professor of the Latin Language and Literature at Columbia University. He taught for nearly 30 years at Columbia, before which time he served for 13 years as lecturer and reader in Latin and professor of Latin Language and Literature at Kings' College London. Dr. Cameron's areas of expertise include Hellenistic and Roman poetry; later Roman literature; Byyzantium; and the transmission of texts. He was awarded the American Philological Association's Goodwin Award of Merit in classical scholarship in 1997 and was honored with the Lionel Trilling Book Award for an outstanding book by a Columbia faculty member for his work Greek Mythography in the Roman World (2004). The latter work traces the beginnings of different versions of myths, including those fabricated in ancient times, while exploring the ways in which ancient Romans learned the myths that pervaded their culture's art. Dr. Cameron's other important works include Porphyrius the Charioteer (1973); Blues and Greens at Rome and Byzantium (1976); and Literature and Society in the Early Byzantine World (1985). He was a member of the British Academy and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1992. Alan Cameron died July 31, 2017, at the age of 79, in New York.
 
 Name:  Dr. Giles Constable
 Institution:  Institute for Advanced Study
 Year Elected:  1987
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1929
 Death Date:  January 18, 2021
   
 
Giles Constable was Medieval History Professor Emeritus at the Institute of Advanced Study's School of Historical Studies. An outstanding medievalist with a particular interest in monastic culture and the religious life of the 12th century, he has published more than 20 books in the area of medieval religious and intellectual history; these include Monastic Tithes from their Origins to the Twelfth Century (1964), The Letters of Peter the Venerable (2 volumes, 1967), Medieval Monasticism: A Select Bibliography (1976), People and Power in Byzantium (with Alexander Kazhdan, 1982), Three Studies in Medieval Religious and Social Thought (1995), The Reformation of the Twelfth Century (1996), Crusaders and Crusading in the Twelfth Century (2009), The Abbey of Cluny (2010) and a translation of How to Defeat the Saracens by William of Adam (2012), as well as over a hundred articles, most of which have been reprinted in five volumes. In addition to his work in monastic studies, Dr. Constable has also conducted research on medieval social, economic and intellectual history of the Middle Ages, and he is known as a scholar of unusual depth and sensitivity. Dr. Constable received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1957 and taught there from 1958-84, serving as Henry Charles Lea Professor of Medieval History (1966-77) and director of Dumbarton Oaks (1977-84), among other positions. He died on January 18, 2021.
 
 Name:  Dr. Patricia Crone
 Institution:  Institute for Advanced Study
 Year Elected:  2001
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1945
 Death Date:  July 11, 2015
   
 
Patricia Crone was a brilliant historian who illuminated the social history of early Islam, the meaning of legal systems, and the history of trade. She had extended her expertise to general stories of social history and to the edition and translation of texts. A native of Denmark, Dr. Crone received her Ph.D. from the University of London's School of Oriental Studies in 1974 and went on to teach at Oxford University (1977-90) and Cambridge University (1990-97) before joining the Institute for Advanced Study as Mellon Professor from 1997-2014. Dr. Crone's many publications include (with M. Cook) Hagarism (1977); Slaves on Horses (1980); Roman, Provincial and Islamic Law (1987); Meccan Trade (1987); Pre-Industrial Societies (1989); The Book of Strangers (1999); and Medieval Islamic Political Thought (2005). Her book From Arabian Tribes to Islamic Empire: Army, State and Society in the Near East c. 600-850 (2008) is a collection of articles that study the development of early Muslim society. The Nativist Prophets of Early Islamic Iran: Rural Revolt and Local Zoroastrianism earned four major awards. In 2013 she was awarded the Giorgio Levi Della Vida Medal for Excellence in Islamic Studies. Patricia Crone died July 11, 2015, at age 70 in Princeton, New Jersey. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2001.
 
 Name:  Dr. Merle Curti
 Institution:  University of Wisconsin
 Year Elected:  1948
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1897
 Death Date:  3/9/96
   
 Name:  Dr. Charles Till Davis
 Institution:  Tulane University
 Year Elected:  1998
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1929
 Death Date:  4/10/98
   
 Name:  Dr. Robert Fagles
 Institution:  Princeton University
 Year Elected:  1997
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1933
 Death Date:  March 26, 2008
   
 Name:  Dr. Christian Habicht
 Institution:  Institute for Advanced Study
 Year Elected:  1983
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1926
 Death Date:  August 6, 2018
   
 
Christian Herbert Habicht greatly illuminated the transition between the world of the Greek city state and that of imperial Rome, and dealt in a masterly way with some of the fundamental problems of the religious, political and social life of the ancient Mediterranean. Born in Dortmund, Germany in 1926, Dr. Habicht received his academic training in ancient history, Greek, Latin and classical archaeology at Hamburg, Heidelberg and Göttingen, earning a D. Phil. degree in 1952 from the University of Hamburg. From 1952-57 he served as an assistant professor at the University of Hamburg and traveled throughout Italy, Greece and the Near East through a German Archaeological Institute stipend. He served as Privatdozent at the University of Hamburg from 1957-61 before becoming Professor of Ancient History at the University of Marburg from 1961-65. Dr. Habicht served as co-editor of Hypomnemata. Untersuchungen zur Antike und zu ihrem Nachleben, Göttingen (1962-96), Jüdische Schriften aus hellenistisch-römischer Zeit, Gütersloh (1973-98) and The American Journal of Ancient History (1976-2000). From 1965-73 he was Professor of Ancient History at the University of Heidelberg and was also Dean of the Faculty of Philosophy there from 1966-67. From 1972-73 he was a Visiting Member at the School of Historical Studies, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, where he later became a professor (1973-98) and professor emeritus (1998). AFter 1973 he was also Honorary professor at the University of Heidelberg. Dr. Habicht was a member of the German Archaeological Institute, the Heidelberg Academy (elected 1970), and the Academy of Athens and a corresponding fellow of the British Academy. He received the Reuchlin Prize in the Humanities (1996), the American Philosophical Society's Henry Allen Moe Prize and the Criticos Prize of the London Hellenic Society, among his many honors. In 2017, he edited a new version The Histories by Polybius (Loeb Classical Library, Vols 1 & 2, 2010; Vol 3 2011), translated by W.R. Paton. Christian Habicht died on August 6, 2018 in Princeton, New Jersey at the age of 92.
 
 Name:  Dr. Albert Henrichs
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  1998
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1942
 Death Date:  April 16, 2017
   
 
Through his work in papyrology, Albert Henrichs made himself one of the most original and versatile scholars in Classics. His most signal and seminal contributions were in the field of religious thought, ranging from an edition of magical texts to new interpretations of religious tenets of leading Sophists, from a commentary on the book of Job to a text of Mani. His research led to innumerable insights into Greek tragedy and comedy, into Homer and into Greek history (where his work on the Theramenes papyrus deserves special mention). Dr. Henrichs has written on mythography and on rhetoric; in short, there is hardly a field of Greek (and related) studies that has not been enriched by the profound questions he asked and the novel answers at which he had arrived. A native of Cologne, Germany, Dr. Henrichs was Eliot Professor of Greek at Harvard University from 1984 to 2017. He was a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences (1985); the American Philological Association; l'Association Internationale de papyrologues; and the Egypt Exploration Society. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1998. Dr. Henrichs died April16, 2017, at age 74 in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
 
 Name:  Dr. Jack H. Hexter
 Institution:  Washington University & Yale University
 Year Elected:  1985
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1910
 Death Date:  12/8/96
   
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