American Philosophical Society
Member History

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3. Social Sciences[X]
Subdivision
303. History Since 1715[X]
1Name:  Dr. Frederick B. Adams
 Institution:  Pierpont Morgan Library
 Year Elected:  1965
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1910
 Death Date:  January 7, 2001
   
2Name:  Dr. Joyce Appleby
 Institution:  University of California, Los Angeles
 Year Elected:  1994
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1929
 Death Date:  December 23, 2016
   
 
One of the most important historians of early America of her generation, Joyce Appleby was born in Omaha, Nebraska in 1929 and taught at the University of California, Los Angeles for twenty years. After graduating from Stanford University in 1950, she worked in the field of newspaper and magazine writing, including a stint for Mademoiselle magazine in New York City. She later returned to California, where she raised her family while earning a Ph.D. in history from Claremont Graduate School. Despite a late career start, Dr. Appleby has, through her books and about 25 important articles, reshaped perspectives on the ideological dimensions of early American life. She published a presidential biography of Thomas Jefferson in 2003, a collection of her essays, A Restless Past: History and the American Public, in 2005, and also recently edited a volume of the writings of Thomas Paine. Her latest book, The Relentless Revolution (2010), traces Capitalism through its various twists and turns and analyses its function as an extension of culture. She has served as president of the Organization of American Historians and as Harmsworth Professor at Oxford University. Dr. Appleby co-directed the History News Service, wrote op-ed essays and worked on the living wage movement in Los Angeles. She died December 23, 2016, at the age of 87.
 
3Name:  Dr. Bernard Bailyn
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  1971
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1922
 Death Date:  August 7, 2020
   
 
American historian Bernard Bailyn received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1953 and taught history there, becoming full professor in 1961, University Professor in 1980, and professor emeritus in 1993. He won the Pulitzer Prize twice: first for his book The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution (1967) which also won the Bancroft Prize, in which he challenged long-standing interpretations of the causes of the American Revolution, and then for Voyagers to the West (1986), a study of Anglo-American migration patterns on the eve of the Revolution. Dr. Bailyn's other books include The New England Merchants in the Seventeenth Century (1955); Education in the Forming of American Society (1960); The Origins of American Politics (1968); The Ordeal of Thomas Hutchinson (1974), which won the National Book Award; The Peopling of British North America (1986); On the Teaching and Writing of History (1994); To Begin the World Anew: The Genius and Ambiguities of the American Founders (2003); Atlantic History: Concept and Contours (2005); and The Barbarous Years (2013). One of the wisest scholars on the colonial and Revolutionary period, Dr. Bailyn has also worked on economic, social and intellectual history. Since 1995 he has concentrated on Atlantic history, the interactions among the peoples of the four continents that border the Atlantic basin. Other posts he has held include editor-in-chief of the John Harvard Library, co-editor of the journal Perspectives in American History and Director of the Charles Warren Center for Studies in American History. Professor bailyn was a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Academia Europaea, the British Academy, the Royal Society of Edinburgh, and the Mexican Academy of History and Geography. He was awarded the 2010 National Humanities Medal by President Obama.
 
4Name:  Dr. Keith Michael Baker
 Institution:  Stanford University
 Year Elected:  1997
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1938
   
 
Keith Baker is the J. E. Wallace Sterling Professor in Humanities; a professor of history; and director of the France-Stanford Center for Interdisciplinary Studies at Stanford University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of London in 1964 and taught at Reed College and the University of Chicago before joining the Stanford faculty in 1988. At Stanford, he has served as Chair of the Department of History (1994-95), Director of the Stanford Humanites (1995-2000) and Cognizant Dean for the Humanities in the School of Humanities and Sciences. One of the world's foremost historians of 18th-century France, Dr. Baker also served for almost a decade as co-editor of the Journal of Modern History, the leading English-language quarterly for research in modern European history. Dr. Baker's own research has focused on problems of intellectual history and the history of political culture. He is the author of what is widely considered to be the definitive study of the Marquis de Condorcet, the philosopher of progress and social science who was one of the great figures of the French Enlightenment and Revolution. More recently, Dr. Baker has studied the cultural and political origins of the French Revolution and has made important contributions to the development of a new understanding of that event and of its significance for the creation of modern politics. Among his many honors and awards, he has held a Guggenheim Fellowship, has been named Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Palmes Academiques and is an elected member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences.
 
5Name:  Mr. Silvio A. Bedini
 Institution:  Smithsonian Institution
 Year Elected:  1975
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1917
 Death Date:  November 14, 2007
   
6Name:  Dr. Whitfield J. Bell
 Institution:  American Philosophical Society
 Year Elected:  1964
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1914
 Death Date:  January 2, 2009
   
 
Whitfield J. Bell, Jr. was Librarian and Executive Officer of the American Philosophical Society. He received his Bachelor's degree from Dickinson College in 1935 and went on to earn a Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1947. Dr. Bell taught history at Dickinson College from 1937-54 and was visiting professor of history at the College of William and Mary and visiting editor of the William and Mary Quarterly. He left to edit the Papers of Benjamin Franklin. He was an adjunct professor at the University of Pennsylvania for two decades, beginning in 1977. Dr. Bell came to the American Philosophical Society Library in 1954, serving as librarian from 1966-80. He also served as Executive Officer from 1977-83. Dr. Bell was a member of many historical societies, including the American Antiquarian Society, the American Historical Association, and the American Association for the History of Medicine, of which he was president from 1970-72. He was an honorary Fellow of the College of Physicians and recently received the Distinguished Service Medal from the College in recognition of his bicentennial history of the College. He authored several books and many articles on history, history of science, history of medicine and Benjamin Franklin. He also authored "Patriot Improvers," a collection of biographical sketches of members of the American Philosophical Society. Whitfield Bell died January 2, 2009 in Carlisle, Pennsylvania at the age of 94.
 
7Name:  Dr. James H. Billington
 Institution:  Library of Congress
 Year Elected:  1988
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1929
 Death Date:  November 20, 2018
   
 
James H. Billington served as the Librarian of Congress beginning in 1987. Born in Bryn Mawr, PA, he attended Princeton University and earned his D.Phil. degree in 1953 from Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar at Balliol College. Following service in the military, Dr. Billington taught history at Harvard University (1957-62) and Princeton University (1962-74). In late 1973, Dr. Billington became director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, founding both the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russia Studies as well as the Wilson Quarterly during his fourteen-year tenure at the Center. His publications in the field of Russian history and culture included The Face of Russia (1998), a companion book to a three-part PBS television series of the same title narrated and written by Dr. Billington, and Russia in Search of Itself (2004). Dr. Billington received forty honorary degrees as well as the Woodrow Wilson Award of Princeton University and the UCLA Medal. He was a member of the Board of Foreign Scholarships (1971-76; chairman, 1973-75), which administers the Fulbright Exchange Program worldwide. He was the founder and Chairman of the Board of the Open World Exchange program. He received state honors from the governments of Brazil, Italy, Germany, the Republic of Korea, and the Kyrgz Republic, as well as the highest honors awarded to foreigners by France (The Legion of Honor) and Russia (The Order of Friendship). He championed the addition of digital collections to traditional analog materials and services to the Library of Congress and gained UNESCO backing in 2007 for a new World Digital Library of original and important primary materials from the world's varied cultures. Dr. Billington served on the Board of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts and was a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences as well as the Academy of Sciences of the Russian Federation. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1988.
 
8Name:  Dr. David W. Blight
 Institution:  Yale University
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1949
   
 
David W. Blight is Sterling Professor of History and Director of the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition at Yale University. He previously taught at North Central College in Illinois, Harvard University, and Amherst College. He is the author or editor of a dozen books, including Frederick Douglass: Prophet of Freedom; American Oracle: The Civil War in the Civil Rights Era; Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory; American Oracle: The Civil War in the Civil Rights Era; and A Slave No More: Two Post-Civil War Slave Narratives, and annotated editions of Douglass’s first two autobiographiers. He has worked on Douglass most much of his professional life, and been awarded the Pulitzer Prize, the Bancroft Prize, the Abraham Lincoln Prize, and the Frederick Douglass Prize, among others. He writes frequently for the popular press, including the Atlantic, the New York Times, and many other journals. His lecture course on the Civil War and Reconstruction Era at Yale is on the internet at https://oyc.yale.edu/history/hist-119. He is an elected member of the American Philosophical Society, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Academy of Arts and Letters, which award him the Gold Medal in History in 2020. Blight has always been a teacher first. At the beginning of his career, he spent seven years as a high school history teacher in his hometown of Flint, Michigan. Blight maintains a website, including information about public lectures, books, articles and interviews at http://www.davidwblight.com/.
 
9Name:  Dr. Jerome Blum
 Institution:  Princeton University
 Year Elected:  1979
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1913
 Death Date:  5/7/93
   
10Name:  Dr. Daniel J. Boorstin
 Institution:  Library of Congress
 Year Elected:  1981
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1914
 Death Date:  February 28, 2004
   
11Name:  Dr. Carl Bridenbaugh
 Institution:  Brown University
 Year Elected:  1958
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1903
 Death Date:  1/6/92
   
12Name:  Dr. Diana L. Kormos Buchwald
 Institution:  California Institute of Technology
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1956
   
 
Diana Kormos Buchwald is the Robert M. Abbey Professor of History at the California Institute of Technology and is married to Jed Z. Buchwald (APS 2011), the Doris and Henry Dreyfuss Professor of History, also at Caltech. She is the Director of the Einstein Papers Project and General Editor of The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Under her leadership, the project has published nine volumes with Princeton University Press, in both the original language and in English translation (17 volumes). This ongoing research effort is aimed at making available in print and online Einstein’s massive written legacy, which ranges from his work on the special and general theories of relativity and the origins of quantum theory, to his active involvement with international collaboration and cooperation, human rights, education, and disarmament. More than 10,000 documents have been made available so far. Diana Kormos Buchwald was trained in physical chemistry at the Technion Institute (BSc ’81) and the University of Tel Aviv (MSc ’83) before turning to the study of the history of modern science at Harvard University (Ph.D. ’90). She specializes in 19th and 20th century history of physical sciences, scientific institutions, instruments, and interdisciplinarity. She is a fellow of the AAAS, the American Physical Society, and has been a member of the Institute for Advanced Study, the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, and the Internationales Forschungszentrum Kulturwissenschaften, Vienna. She has recently joined the Advisory Board of the Global Observatory on Academic Freedom.
 
13Name:  Dr. Carol Anderson
 Institution:  Emory University
 Year Elected:  2023
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1959
   
 
Carol Anderson is the Charles Howard Candler Professor of African American Studies at Emory University. She is the author of Eyes Off the Prize: The United Nations and the African-American Struggle for Human Rights, 1944-1955, which was published by Cambridge University Press and awarded both the Gustavus Myers and Myrna Bernath Book Awards; as well as, Bourgeois Radicals: The NAACP and the Struggle for Colonial Liberation, 1941-1960, which was also published by Cambridge. Her third book, White Rage: The Unspoken Truth of our Racial Divide, won the 2016 National Book Critics Circle Award for Criticism and is also a New York Times Bestseller, a New York Times Editor’s Pick, and listed on the Zora List of 100 Best Books by Black Woman Authors since 1850. Her fourth book, One Person, No Vote: How Voter Suppression is Destroying our Democracy, was Long-listed for the National Book Award in Non-Fiction and was a finalist for the PEN/Galbraith Book Award in Non-Fiction. Her young adult adaptation of White Rage, We are Not Yet Equal was nominated for an NAACP Image Award. Her fifth book, The Second: Race and Guns in a Fatally Unequal America, explores the anti-Blackness of the Second Amendment and the consequences for African Americans’ citizenship and lives. The Second was chosen as a New York Times Editor’s pick, Best Social Science Books of 2021 by Library Journal, and one of Writer’s Bone, Best Books of 2021. She has been elected into the Society of American Historians, named a W.E.B. Du Bois Fellow of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and elected to the American Philosophical Society. In addition to numerous teaching awards, her research has garnered fellowships from the American Council of Learned Societies, the Ford Foundation, National Humanities Center, Harvard University’s Charles Warren Center, the University of Chicago’s Pozen Center for Human Rights, and the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation. She’s been awarded the Joseph B. and Toby Gittler Prize from Brandeis University. She also was honored with the James W. C. Pennington Award from Heidelberg University (Germany). Anderson has also been selected as a Presidential Scholar at Amherst College. Professor Anderson was a member of the U.S. State Department’s Historical Advisory Committee; the Pulitzer Prize Committee for History; and the National Book Awards Committee in Non-fiction. She earned her Ph.D. in history from The Ohio State University.
 
14Name:  Dr. Edward C. Carter
 Institution:  American Philosophical Society
 Year Elected:  1983
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1928
 Death Date:  October 1, 2002
   
15Name:  Dr. Alfred D. Chandler
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  1984
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1918
 Death Date:  May 9, 2007
   
16Name:  Dr. Thomas C. Cochran
 Institution:  University of Pennsylvania
 Year Elected:  1953
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1902
 Death Date:  5/2/99
   
17Name:  Dr. I. Bernard Cohen
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  1995
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1914
 Death Date:  June 20, 2003
   
18Name:  Ms. Ellen R. Cohn
 Institution:  Yale University
 Year Elected:  2023
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1955
   
 
Ellen R. Cohn is Editor-in-Chief of The Papers of Benjamin Franklin and Senior Research Scholar in the Department of History, Yale University. She joined the Franklin Papers in 1979, when the team was commencing work on Franklin’s diplomatic mission to France (1777-1785), and has directed the project since 1999. She has written and lectured widely on various aspects of Franklin’s views and activities including science, diplomacy, his literary essays, his musical life, and the private press and typefoundry he established in France during the American Revolution.
 
19Name:  Dr. Ruth Schwartz Cowan
 Institution:  University of Pennsylvania
 Year Elected:  2014
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1941
   
 
Ruth Schwartz Cowan is an historian of science, technology and medicine, with degrees from Barnard College (BA), the University of California at Berkeley (MA) and The Johns Hopkins University (PhD). She was a member of the History Department of the State University of New York at Stony Brook from 1967 to 2002, attaining the rank of Professor in 1984. Between 1997 and 2002 she was the Chair of the Honors College at SUNY-Stony Brook; she also served as Director of Women's Studies from 1985-1990. She became Professor Emerita at Stony Brook in 2002. In July, 2002 she became Janice and Julian Bers Professor of the History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania. Between 2003 and 2008 and again in 2011-2012 she was Chair of the Department. She became Professor Emerita at Penn in July, 2012. Professor Cowan is the author of six books and numerous articles. Her books are: Heredity and Hope: The Case for Genetic Screening (Harvard University Press, 2008); The Social History of American Technology (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997); (with Neil M. Cowan) Our Parents' Lives: The Americanization of Eastern European Jews (New York: Basic Books, 1989) [revised second edition published as Our Parent's Lives: Everyday Life and Jewish Assimilation (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1996)]; Sir Francis Galton and the Study of Heredity in the Nineteenth Century (New York: Garland Press, 1985); and More Work for Mother: The Ironies of Household Technology from the Open Hearth to the Microwave (New York: Basic Books, 1983). With Daniel J Kevles and Peter Westwick she has recently begun a commissioned sesquicentennial history of the National Academy of Science. Currently, she is also working on a revision (for 2016) of her textbook, A Social History of American Technology. Professor Cowan has been a Fulbright Scholar, a Guggenheim Fellow, a Phi Beta Kappa Lecturer and a Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar at the California Institute of Technology. She has had grants in support of her research from the Sloan Foundation, NSF, NEH, NIH (through ELSI) and the ACLS. Professor Cowan has been awarded the Leonardo daVinci Medal and the Dexter Prize of the Society for the History of Technology as well as the J.D. Bernal Prize of the Society for the Social Study of Science. She was elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society in 2014. Professor Cowan is active in the Society for the History of Technology (President,1992-1994). She serves on the editorial boards of Social Studies of Science and Science and Culture. She has been a member of the Smithsonian Council, and of the IEEE History Committee. For several years she was the Chair of the US National Committee, International Union for the History and Philosophy of Science, a member of the Visiting Committee for the Humanities, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Trustee of the College of Physicians of Philadelphia. She is a founding board member of the Philadelphia Area Center for the History of Science (PACHS) and is currently the Chair of the Research Community Advisory Board, North Shore/LIJ Hospital System on Long Island.
 
20Name:  Dr. Gordon A. Craig
 Institution:  Stanford University
 Year Elected:  1963
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1913
 Death Date:  October 30, 2005
   
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