American Philosophical Society
Member History

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Resident (2)
304. Jurisprudence and Political Science[X]
1Name:  Dr. Elinor Ostrom
 Institution:  Indiana University
 Year Elected:  2006
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1933
 Death Date:  June 12, 2012
Elinor Ostrom's pioneering scholarship, for which she won the 2009 Nobel Prize in Economics, provided a compelling framework for understanding collective action, resource management, property rights, and institutional design. Her work reached across disciplinary lines to deal with some of society's most vexing social problems - poverty, inequality, and sustainability - combining game theory, laboratory experimentation, field study, and institutional analysis. Her seminal publication, Governing the Commons, notes that rational choice theory predicts that without external intervention people will over-use common pool resources (CPRs) such as fisheries or irrigation water. In fact, many communities manage their commonly shared resources collectively. Through field research from Nepal to Mexico to Los Angeles, she explored successful and unsuccessful CPR institutions, offering a theory of institutional choice that has fundamentally changed how social scientists think about collective action, institutional choice and self-governance. This work shows how people can resolve dilemmas of collective action without external coercion. Scientifically, she triggered a productive dialogue between formal theorists and empirical field researchers, and she applied her analytical approach to an ever-wider set of immediate practical problems and human experiences around the globe. From 1973 to 2009 Dr. Ostrom was the Co-Director of the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University, then served as the Senior Research Director until her death. Additionally, she had been the Arthur F. Bentley Professor of Political Science at Indiana University since 1973. She recevied a Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles (1965). In 2010 she was awarded the University Medal from Indiana University and the rank of Distinguished Professor. Elinor Ostrom died on June 12, 2012, at the age of 78, in Bloomington, Indiana.
2Name:  Dr. Theda Skocpol
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  2006
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1947
Theda Skocpol is the Victor S. Thomas Professor of Government and Sociology and formerly Dean of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Harvard University. She also served as Director of the Center for American Political Studies at Harvard from1999 to 2006. Dr. Skocpol received her B.A. in 1969 from Michigan State University and her Ph.D. in 1975 from Harvard University. In 1996, she served as President of the Social Science History Association, an interdisciplinary professional group; and from 2001-03 she served as President-Elect and then President of the 14,000-member American Political Science Association. She is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and the American Philosophical Society and has held fellowships from the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, the Russell Sage Foundation, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. She has been awarded honorary degrees by Michigan State University, Northwestern University, and Amherst College. The author of nine books, nine edited collections, and more than seven dozen articles, Dr. Skocpol is recognized as one of the most cited and widely influential scholars in the modern social sciences; her work has contributed to the study of comparative politics, American politics, comparative and historical sociology, U.S. history, and the study of public policy. Her first book, States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia, and China (1979), won the 1979 C. Wright Mills Award and the 1980 American Sociological Association Award for a Distinguished Contribution to Scholarship. A leader in historical-institutional and comparative research, Dr. Skocpol edited Vision and Method in Historical Sociology (1984) and co-edited the influential Social Science Research Council collection Bringing the State Back In (1985). For the past fifteen years, Dr. Skocpol's research has focused on U.S. politics in historical and comparative perspective. Her Protecting Soldiers and Mothers: The Political Origins of Social Policy in the United States (1992), won five scholarly awards: the J. David Greenstone Award of the Politics and History Section of the American Political Science Association; the Outstanding Book Award of the Political Sociology Section of the American Sociological Association; the 1993 Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award of the American Political Science Association, given annually for "the best book published in the United States during the prior year on government, politics or international affairs"; the 1993 Allan Sharlin Memorial Award of the Social Science History Association; and the 1993 Ralph Waldo Emerson Award of Phi Beta Kappa, given to honor "a comprehensive study that contributes significantly to historical, philosophical, or religious interpretations of the human condition." Dr. Skocpol's recent books include Boomerang: Health Reform and the Turn Against Government (1996); Diminished Democracy: From Membership to Management in American Civic Life (2003, winner of the 2004 Greenstone Award); Inequality and American Democracy: What We Know and What We Need to Learn (edited with Lawrence R. Jacobs, 2005), What a Mighty Power We Can Be: African American Fraternal Groups and the Struggle for Racial Equality (with Ariane Liazos and Marshall Ganz, 2007), and The Tea Party and the Remaking of Republican Conservatism (with Vanessa Williamson, 2012). Active in civic as well as academic life, Dr. Skocpol was included in policy discussions with President Bill Clinton at the White House and Camp David. She writes both for scholarly outlets and for publications appealing to the educated public. Married since 1967 to Bill Skocpol, an experimental physicist who teaches at Boston University, Theda Skocpol is the proud mother of Michael Allan Skocpol, born in 1988.
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