American Philosophical Society
Member History

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401. Archaeology[X]
1Name:  Dr. Deborah Howard
 Institution:  St. John's College, University of Cambridge
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1947
Deborah Howard is Professor Emerita of Architectural History at the University of Cambridge, where she is a Fellow of St John’s College. A graduate of Cambridge University (Newnham College, 1964-68, first class honours), she did her postgraduate studies at the Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London (MA with distinction 1969; PhD 1973). After a research Fellowship at Clare Hall, Cambridge, she taught at University College London, the University of Edinburgh and the Courtauld Institute, before returning to the University of Cambridge in 1992. She was appointed to a Personal Chair in Architectural History in 2001 and served as Head of the Department of History of Art for six years (2002-9, with sabbatical break) before retiring in 2013. On her retirement, her contribution was recognised by two Festschrift volumes, edited by Nebahat Avcıoǧlu, Emma Jones and Allison Sherman (2016-2018). She has an honorary doctorate from University College Dublin (2014). In 2010 Howard was elected a Fellow of the British Academy. She is also a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Honorary Fellow of the Royal Incorporation of Architects of Scotland and Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. She has held visiting appointments at Yale (summer Term program in London), Harvard (Aga Khan program and the Villa I Tatti), the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC, Smith College, Princeton, and the Universities of Melbourne and Queensland. Among her many committee memberships she served on two Royal Commissions in Scotland between 1987 and 1999 and was Chairman of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain from 1997 to 1999. She was a Trustee of British Architecture Library Trust (2001-10) and a non-executive Director of the British Architectural Trust Board (2011- 16). Since 2011 she has been a board member of the Centro di Studi di Architettura ‘Andrea Palladio’ in Vicenza. She is a Trustee of Venice in Peril, and was elected an Honorary Patron Member of the Society of Architectural Historians of GB in 2020. Her principal research interests are the art and architecture of Venice and the Veneto; music and architecture in the Renaissance; and the relationship between Italy and the Eastern Mediterranean. In 2005 she established the Centre for Architectural and Musical Experiments in Renaissance Architecture (CAMERA) at Cambridge, supported by grants from the Arts and Humanities Research Council, the British Academy and the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation. She was one of the leaders of a major four-year ERC-funded research project entitled Domestic Devotions: The Place of Piety in the Italian Renaissance home 1400-1600 (2013-7). She has recently completed a research project funded by the Leverhulme Trust on the proto-industrial architecture of the Veneto. Her monographs include Venice Disputed: Marc’Antonio Barbaro and Venetian Architecture 1550-1600 (Yale UP, 2011); Venice and the East: the Impact of the Islamic World on Venetian Architecture 1100-1500 (Yale UP, 2000); Scottish Architecture from the Reformation to the Restoration 1560 - 1660 (Edinburgh UP, 1995); The Architectural History of Venice (rev. edn. Yale UP, 2002, 1st edn. Batsford 1980); Jacopo Sansovino: Architecture and Patronage in Renaissance Venice (Yale University Press, 1975; rev. 1987). She is the joint author, with Mary Laven and Abigail Brundin, of The Sacred Home in Renaissance Italy (Oxford UP, 2018). With Laura Moretti she co-authored Sound and space in Renaissance Venice: Architecture, Music, Acoustics (Yale UP, 2009). 2011. She particularly enjoys collaborative projects that give opportunities to younger scholars, usually resulting in co-edited books. Among these are La Chiesa di San Giacomo dall’Orio, Venezia (ed. with Isabella Cecchini and Massimo Bisson, Viella, 2018); Madonnas and Miracles: The Holy Home in Renaissance Italy (ed. with Maya Corry and Mary Laven, exh. cat., Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge 2017); The Image of Venice: Fialetti’s View and Sir Henry Wotton (ed. with Henrietta McBurney, London 2014); Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari: Immagini di Devozione, Spazi della Fede (ed. with Carlo Corsato, Padua 2015); Architecture and Pilgrimage 1000-1500: Southern Europe and Beyond (ed. with Paul Davies and Wendy Pullan, Ashgate Press, 2013); and The Music Room in Early Modern France and Italy: Sound, Space and Object (ed. with Laura Moretti, Oxford UP, 2012).
2Name:  Dr. Richard J. Powell
 Institution:  Duke University
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1953
Richard J. Powell is the John Spencer Bassett Professor of Art & Art History at Duke University, where he has taught since 1989. After receiving his B.A. at Morehouse College, he earned the M.F.A. from Howard University. Shortly thereafter Powell completed a Rockefeller Foundation Fellowship in Museum Education at New York's Metropolitan Museum of Art and, after a brief teaching stint in Virginia, he entered Yale University, where he received the M.A. in African American Studies and the M.Phil. and Ph.D. in the History of Art. While attending Yale, Powell was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship, which enabled him to conduct dissertation research in Copenhagen's National Museum of Denmark and throughout several Scandinavian countries. It was during Powell's time at the Metropolitan Museum of Art that he became interested in art criticism and organizing art exhibitions. In 1979 the Studio Museum in Harlem enlisted Powell as guest curator for Impressions/Expressions: Black American Graphics, one of the first art museum surveys of works by African American printmakers. After Powell's year in Denmark, he settled in Washington, D.C. where, while completing his dissertation under the auspices of the Smithsonian American Art Museum, he became Director of Programs for the Washington Project for the Arts (WPA): one of several alternative art spaces in the 1980s whose contemporary exhibitions and programs fueled that era's "culture wars." As a visual artist, Powell has exhibited his prints and drawings in group and solo exhibitions in the U.S. and abroad and, in the 1980s, worked as a periodical and book illustrator, most notably for: The Massachusetts Review; Callaloo; Roseann Bell, Bettye Parker and Beverly Guy Sheftall's Sturdy Black Bridges: Visions of Black Women in Literature (1979); and Jessica Hagedorn's Pet Food and Tropical Apparitions (1981). His works are in the permanent collections of the Bradford Art Galleries and Museums (Bradford, UK), the Library of Congress, the Yale University Art Gallery, and in many private hands. Richard J. Powell, a recognized authority on African American art and culture, has organized numerous art exhibitions, most notably: The Blues Aesthetic: Black Culture and Modernism (1989); Rhapsodies in Black: Art of the Harlem Renaissance (1997); To Conserve A Legacy: American Art at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (1999); Back to Black: Art, Cinema, and the Racial Imaginary (2005); and Archibald Motley: Jazz Age Modernist (2014). Among the major museums where his curated exhibitions have been presented are the Art Institute of Chicago, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the New Orleans Museum of Art, London's Whitechapel Art Gallery, and the Whitney Museum of American Art. Along with teaching courses in American art, the arts of the African Diaspora, and contemporary visual studies, he has written extensively on topics ranging from primitivism to postmodernism, including such titles as Homecoming: The Art and Life of William H. Johnson (1991), Black Art: A Cultural History (1997, 2002 & 2021), Cutting a Figure: Fashioning Black Portraiture (2008), and Going There: Black Visual Satire (2020). From 2007 until 2010, Powell was Editor-in-Chief of The Art Bulletin, the world’s leading English language journal in art history. In 2013 Powell received the Lawrence A. Fleischman Award for Scholarly Excellence in the Field of American Art History from the Smithsonian’s Archives of American Art, and in 2016 was honored at the College Art Association's Annual Conference as the year's most Distinguished Scholar. In 2018 Powell was inducted into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
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