American Philosophical Society
Member History

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21Name:  Dr. Gordon Randolph Willey
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  1984
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1913
 Death Date:  April 28, 2002
22Name:  Dr. James Q. Wilson
 Institution:  University of California, Los Angeles
 Year Elected:  1984
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1931
 Death Date:  March 2, 2012
Dr. James Q. Wilson taught political science at Harvard University from 1961 to 1987 as the Shattuck Professor of Government. He was the James Collins Professor of Management and Public Policy from 1985 to 1997. He then was the Ronald Reagan Professor of Public Policy at Pepperdine University. Dr. Wilson was the author or coauthor of fifteen books, including The Marriage Problem, Moral Judgement, The Moral Sense, Bureaucracy, Crime and Human Nature (with Richard J. Herrnstein), Political Organizations, Thinking About Crime, Varieties of Police Behavior, The Amateur Democrat, and Negro Politics. His essays on morality and human character have been collected in On Character: Essays by James Q. Wilson. His textbook on American government is widely used on college and high school campuses. Dr. Wilson has served on a number of national commissions. He was chairman of the White House Task Force on Crime in 1966, the National Advisory Council on Drug Abuse Prevention in 1972-73, and the Committee on Law and Justice of the National Academies. He was a member of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board from 1985 to 1991. He has been a trustee of the Rand Corporation, the Police Foundation, State Farm Mutual Insurance Company, and Protection One. Dr. Wilson has been president of the American Political Science Association (1991-1992) and received the APSA's James Madison Award for a career of distinguished scholarship and the John Gaus Award for exemplary scholarship in political science and public administration. He has been elected a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. He was educated at the University of the Redlands (B.A., 1952) and the University of Chicago (Ph.D., 1959). In 2003 he received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor, at the White House. He died March 2, 2012, at age 80 in Boston, Massachusetts.
23Name:  Dr. Kenneth G. Wilson
 Institution:  Ohio State University
 Year Elected:  1984
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  106. Physics
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1936
 Death Date:  June 15, 2013
Kenneth Wilson was born in 1936 in Waltham, Massachusetts, the son of a very distinguished chemist who taught at Harvard University throughout his career. Dr. Wilson was an undergraduate at Harvard College and obtained his doctorate in 1961 from the California Institute of Technology, where he was a student of Murray Gell-Mann. He was then a Junior Fellow in Harvard's Society of Fellows before joining Cornell University's Department of Physics in 1963. He held a professorship there beginning in 1970 and became the James A. Weeks Chair in Physical Sciences in 1974. Dr. Wilson became the Director of the Center for Theory and Simulation in Science and Engineering (Cornell Theory Center) - one of five national supercomputer centers created by the National Science Foundation - in 1985. In 1988 he moved to The Ohio State University's Department of Physics, where he became the Hazel C. Youngberg Trustees Distinguished Professor. From 1991-96 he was co-principal investigator on Ohio's Project Discovery, one of the National Science Foundation's Statewide Systemic Initiatives. Dr. Wilson co-directed Learning by Redesign. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 1975. In 1980 he shared Israel's Wolf Prize in Physics with Michael Fisher and Leo Kadanoff. The ultimate recognition of his achievements in physics came with his 1982 award of the Nobel Prize in Physics, presented for discoveries he made in understanding how bulk matter undergoes "phase transition", i.e. sudden and profound structural changes resulting from variations in environmental conditions. Dr. Wilson's background prior to educational reform ranged from elementary particle theory and condensed matter physics (critical phenomena and the Kondo problem) to quantum chemistry and computer science. He also helped to popularize C++ among theoretical physicists. He became emeritus from Ohio State University in 2006 and moved to Gray, Maine. He died June 15, 2013, at the age of 77.
24Name:  Dr. Theodore J. Ziolkowski
 Institution:  Princeton University
 Year Elected:  1984
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1932
 Death Date:  December 5, 2020
Theodore Ziolkowski was the Class of 1900 Professor of German and Comparative Literature Emeritus and former Dean of the Graduate School at Princeton University. He has been affiliated with the university since 1964, before which time he taught at Yale University (1956-62) and Columbia University (1962-64). A fascinating and elegant writer on literary subjects, he has a broad and respected knowledge of German and European literature of recent centuries. The editor of collections of letters and critical essays by Hermann Hesse, Dr. Ziolkowski is also the author of works such as Novels of Hermann Hesse (1965); Dimensions of the Modern Novel (1969); Fictional Transfigurations of Jesus (1972); Disenchanted Images (1977); The Classical German Elegy (1980); The Institutions of German Romanticism (1990); The Mirror of Justice (1997); The Sin of Knowledge: Ancient Themes and Modern Variations (2000); Ovid and the Moderns (2004); Modes of Faith (2007); Minos and the Moderns: Cretan Myth in Twentieth Century Literature and Art (2008); Gilgamesh among Us: Modern Encounters with the Ancient Epic (2012), and five volumes in German on German Romanticism. He died on December 5, 2020 in Bethlehem, PA.
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