American Philosophical Society
Member History

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International (51)
Resident (502)
Class
3. Social Sciences[X]
141Name:  Dr. Shmuel Eisenstadt
 Institution:  Hebrew University
 Year Elected:  1973
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  301. Anthropology, Demography, Psychology, and Sociology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1923
 Death Date:  September 2, 2010
   
 
Israeli sociologist Shmuel Eisenstadt was the Rose Isaacs Professor of Sociology Emeritus at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and worked at the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute. A truly international scholar, he applied in his work a comparative-studies approach to Jewish, Japanese, and European cultures. Known worldwide as a synthesizer and a bridge-builder to other disciplines, Prof. Eisenstadt coined the concept of "multiple modernities", according to which each civilization has its own strengths and weaknesses between which there can develop strong contestations. This concept is antithetical to that of a clash of civilizations. The author of works including Modernization, Protest and Change (1966), The Protestant Ethic and Change (1968) and Tradition, Change and Modernity (1992), Explorations in Jewish Historical Experience: The Civilizational Dimension (2004). Prof. Eisenstadt was also the editor of Multiple Modernities (2002). A member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and of the National Academy of Sciences, he held a Ph. D. from the Hebrew University and was recognized with awards including the Balzan Prize, the Max Planck research prize and the Holberg International Memorial Prize for 2006. S. N. Eisenstadt died on September 2, 2010, at the age of 87, at home in Jerusalem.
 
142Name:  Dr. Jon Elster
 Institution:  Columbia University
 Year Elected:  2012
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1940
   
 
Jon Elster (Ph.D., University of Paris, 1972) taught at Paris, Oslo and Chicago before coming to Columbia. His publications include Ulysses and the Sirens, Sour Grapes, Making Sense of Marx, The Cement of Society, Solomonic Judgements, Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences, Local Justice, Political Psychology, Alchemies of the Mind, Ulysses Unbound, and Closing the Books: Transitional Justice in Historical Perspective. His research interests include the theory of rational choice, the theory of distributive justice, and the history of social thought (Marx and Tocqueville). He is currently working on a comparative study of constitution-making processes from the Federal Convention to the present and is engaged in a project on the microfoundaitons of civil war.
 
143Name:  Dr. Ernest Andre Gellner
 Institution:  University of Cambridge
 Year Elected:  1993
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  302. Economics
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1925
 Death Date:  11/5/95
   
144Name:  Dr. Solomon Fabricant
 Institution:  New York University
 Year Elected:  1954
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  302. Economics
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1906
 Death Date:  9/13/89
   
145Name:  Merle Fainsod
 Year Elected:  1961
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1907
 Death Date:  2/12/1972
   
146Name:  Dr. John King Fairbank
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  1969
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1907
 Death Date:  9/14/91
   
147Name:  Prof. E. Allan Farnsworth
 Institution:  Columbia University
 Year Elected:  1994
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1928
 Death Date:  January 31, 2005
   
148Name:  Max Farrand
 Year Elected:  1928
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1886
 Death Date:  6/17/1945
   
149Name:  Dr. Paula S. Fass
 Institution:  University of California, Berkeley; Rutgers University, New Brunswick
 Year Elected:  2011
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1947
   
 
Paula S. Fass is the Professor of the Graduate School and Margaret Byrne Professor of History Emerita at the University of California, Berkeley, where she has taught for the past four decades. She has also been the Distinguished Visitor in Residence at Rutgers University, New Brunswick. Trained as a social and cultural historian of the United States at Columbia University, she has over the last decade been active in developing the field of children's history and worked to make this an interdisciplinary field with a global perspective. She was the president of the Society of the History of Children and Youth, which she helped to found, from 2007-2009. Her books include Children of a New World: Society, Culture, and Globalization (2007); Kidnapped: Child Abduction in America (1997); Outside In: Minorities and the Transformation of American Education (1989); The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920s (1977). With Mary Ann Mason, she edited Childhood in America (2000), the first anthology in children's history, a project she carried forward as Editor-in-Chief of the award-winning Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood in History and Society (2004). She is currently editing the Routledge History of Childhood in the Western World. Inheriting the Holocaust: A Second Generation Memoir (2009) her most recent book, is a family memoir that recounts and examines her experiences as the daughter of concentration camp victims eager to understand the history of her new country and culture. Paula Fass has contributed to many collections in areas such as education, immigration, globalization, children's history and children's policy. She has toured Italy as a Department of State lecturer, and has also lectured in Sweden (as the Kerstin Hesselgren Professor of the Swedish Research Council), Poland, Chile, France, Turkey, and Israel. Paula Fass often appears on radio and television as a commentator on childhood in history and contemporary culture and has been widely interviewed on celebrity trials and the kidnapping of Charles Lindbergh, Jr. She is working on a history of American parent-child relations over the course of two hundred years, from the founding of the republic through the global era.
 
150Name:  Dr. Drew Gilpin Faust
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  2004
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1947
   
 
Drew Gilpin Faust took office as Harvard University's 28th president on July 1, 2007. A historian of the U.S. Civil War and the American South, Faust is also the Lincoln Professor of History in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. She previously served as founding dean of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study (2001-2007). During her tenure, Faust led Radcliffe's transformation from a college into one of the country's foremost scholarly institutes. Before coming to Radcliffe, Faust was the Annenberg Professor of History and director of the Women's Studies Program at the University of Pennsylvania. She is the author of six books, including Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War (1996), for which she won the Francis Parkman Prize in 1997. Her lastest book, This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War (2008), chronicles the impact of the Civil War's enormous death toll on the lives of nineteenth-century Americans; it was recently the subject to a PBS documentary. Faust has served as a trustee of Bryn Mawr College, the Andrew Mellon Foundation, and the National Humanities Center, and she is a member of the educational advisory board of the Guggenheim Foundation. She has been president of the Southern Historical Association, vice president of the American Historical Assocation, and executive board member of the Organization of American Historians and the Society of American Historians. She has served on numerous editorial boards and selection committees, including the Pulitzer Prize history jury in 1986, 1990, and 2004. Faust's honors include awards in 1982 and 1996 for distinguished teaching at the University of Pennsylvania and the 2011 Jefferson Lecture in the Humanities. She was elected to the American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 1994, the Society of American Historians in 1993, and the American Philosophical Society in 2004. She received her bachelor's degree from Bryn Mawr in 1968, magna cum laude with honors in history, and master's (1971) and doctoral (1975) degrees in American civilization from the University of Pennsylvania. In 2013 she won the Ruth Ratner Miller Award for Excellence in American History. Faust left her role as President in 2017 and become a University Professor at Harvard in January 2019.
 
151Name:  Sidney Bradshaw Fay
 Year Elected:  1947
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1876
 Death Date:  8/29/1967
   
152Name:  Dr. Martin Feldstein
 Institution:  Harvard University & National Bureau of Economic Research
 Year Elected:  1989
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  302. Economics
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1939
 Death Date:  June 11, 2019
   
 
Martin Feldstein was George F. Baker Professor of Economics at Harvard University and President and president emeritus of the National Bureau of Economic Research. From 1982 through 1984, he was Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers and President Ronald Reagan's chief economic adviser. He was known for his contributions toward the analysis of taxation and social insurance. A Corresponding Fellow of the British Academy, a Fellow of the Econometric Society and a Fellow of the National Association of Business Economists, Dr. Feldstein served as President of the American Economic Association in 2004 and was also a member of the Trilateral Commission, the Council on Foreign Relations, the Group of 30 and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences. In 1977, he received the John Bates Clark Medal of the American Economic Association, a prize awarded every two years to the economist under the age of 40 who is judged to have made the greatest contribution to economic science. He was the author of more than 300 research articles in economics, director of three corporations (American International Group; HCA; and Eli Lilly), and a regular contributor to the Wall Street Journal. Born in 1939, he attended Harvard College and Oxford University. Martin Feldstein died June 11, 2019 in Boston, Massachusetts at the age of 79.
 
153Name:  Samuel S. Fels
 Year Elected:  1939
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1860
 Death Date:  6/23/1950
   
154Name:  Dr. Richard F. Fenno
 Institution:  University of Rochester
 Year Elected:  1989
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1926
 Death Date:  April 21, 2020
   
 
Richard F. Fenno, Jr. is Distinguished University Professor Emeritus at the University of Rochester, where he has taught since 1957. The author of a number of major works dealing with aspects of American politics, he is the winner of numerous prizes, including the Woodrow Wilson Foundation Book Award (for Home Style, named the best political science book of 1978) and the V.O. Key Award (for Congress at the Grassroots, named the best book on Southern politics, 2001). Dr. Fenno has also taught at Wheaton and Amherst Colleges and holds a Ph.D. from Harvard University. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and has served as president of the American Political Science Association. The Political Science Association's Legislative Studies section now annually awards the Richard Fenno Prize for the most highly regarded book on the subject. Richard F. Fenno, Jr. died April 21, 2020 in Rye, New York at the age of 93.
 
155Name:  Frank A. Fetter
 Year Elected:  1935
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1863
 Death Date:  3/21/1949
   
156Name:  Sir Raymond W. Firth
 Institution:  University of London
 Year Elected:  1965
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  301. Anthropology, Demography, Psychology, and Sociology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1901
 Death Date:  February 22, 2002
   
157Name:  Dr. Wolfram Fischer
 Institution:  Freie Universitat, Berlin
 Year Elected:  1995
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1928
   
 
Wolfram Fischer is a leading economic historian who has published important works on 19th- and 20th-century economic and social history. His subjects have included the history of crafts and unions in Germany; the history of corporations in the industrial world; and European depression and inflation. As head of the Berlin Historical Commission, he supervised the voluminous publications of the commission, including its yearbook and series on the history of the German labor movement and the history of Jews and anti-semitism in Central and Eastern Europe. Dr. Fischer became Professor of Economic and Social History at the Freie Universitat, Berlin, in 1964, and he has also served as a visiting professor at Stanford and Georgetown Universities and as a fellow at the Center for Advanced Study at Stanford, the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton, and the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C. He received his D. Phil. from Tubingen University in 1951. Author of 12 monographs, including German Economic Policy, 1918-1945 (1968) and Poverty in History (1982), he has also edited over 20 volumes and series on subjects from industrialization to the history of statistics.
 
158Name:  Dr. Claude S. Fischer
 Institution:  University of California, Berkeley
 Year Elected:  2017
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  301. Anthropology, Demography, Psychology, and Sociology
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1948
   
 
Claude S. Fischer is Professor of the Graduate School in Sociology at the University of California, Berkeley, where he has been since 1972. Most of his early research focused on urban studies, social networks, and economic inequality (The Urban Experience, 1976; Fischer et al., Networks and Places, 1977; To Dwell Among Friends, 1982; Fischer et al., Inequality by Design, 1996). More recently, he has worked on American social history: adoption of the telephone (America Calling, 1992); social change during the 20th century (Fischer and Hout, Century of Difference, 2006); and a social history of American culture and character (Made in America, 2010). In 2011, he published Still Connected: Family and Friends in America Since 1970. Several of these books have won awards. A collection of his columns for the Boston Review appeared in 2014 as Lurching Toward Happiness in America. His major current project, funded by the National Institute of Aging, is a multi-year panel study of how personal ties change. In 1996, Fischer won Robert and Helen Lynd Award of the American Sociological Association for lifetime contributions to urban studies. In 2011, he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Fischer blogs at http://madeinamericathebook.wordpress.com/ .
 
159Name:  Irving Fisher
 Year Elected:  1927
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1867
 Death Date:  4/29/1947
   
160Name:  Dr. Susan T. Fiske
 Institution:  Princeton University
 Year Elected:  2014
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  305
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1952
   
 
Susan T. Fiske is Eugene Higgins Professor, Psychology and Public Affairs, Princeton University (Ph.D., Harvard University; honorary doctorates, Université Catholique de Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; Universiteit Leiden, Netherlands; Universität Basel, Switzerland). She investigates social cognition, especially cognitive stereotypes and emotional prejudices, at cultural, interpersonal, and neuro-scientific levels. Author of over 300 publications and winner of numerous scientific awards, she has most recently been elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Her just-published book is The HUMAN Brand: How We Relate to People, Products, and Companies (with Chris Malone, 2013). Sponsored by a Guggenheim, her 2011 Russell-Sage-Foundation book is Envy Up, Scorn Down: How Status Divides Us. With Shelley Taylor, she has written four editions of a classic text: Social Cognition (2013, 4/e). Currently an editor of Annual Review of Psychology, PNAS, and Policy Insights from Behavioral and Brain Sciences, she is also President of the Federation of Associations in Behavioral and Brain Sciences. Her graduate students arranged for her to win the University’s Mentoring Award. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2014. In 2017 she was awarded the Wilhelm Wundt - William James Award.
 
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