American Philosophical Society
Member History

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3. Social Sciences[X]
301. Anthropology, Demography, Psychology, and Sociology[X]
1Name:  Dr. James G. March
 Institution:  Stanford University
 Year Elected:  2001
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  301. Anthropology, Demography, Psychology, and Sociology
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1928
 Death Date:  September 27, 2018
James March is correctly regarded as the inventor and developer, with Herbert Simon, of the entire field of organizational research. His work is quintessentially interdisciplinary as demonstrated by his contributions to leading academic journals in sociology, psychology, political science, and economics. His works on organizations and decision making have shaped thinking about rationality, learning, and change in business firms, universities, and public organizations. His contributions to contemporary thinking include ideas about bounded rationality, the political nature of business firms, organizational slack and search, limitations in the concept of power, temporal sorting (garbage can) models of choice, the problems of balancing exploitation and exploration in adaptive systems, the myopia of learning and the symbolic elements in organizational life.
2Name:  Sir Anthony Wrigley
 Institution:  The British Academy; University of Cambridge; Corpus Christi College, Cambridge
 Year Elected:  2001
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  301. Anthropology, Demography, Psychology, and Sociology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1931
E.A. Wrigley (Sir Tony) was president of the British Academy from 1997-2001. Educated at Cambridge University, he was awarded a Ph.D. degree in 1957. Initially working in the field of geography, he is now best characterized as a historical demographer, a discipline that combines geography with economic history. In 1965, he co-founded the Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure, serving as its co-director from 1974-94. During this time, he also held single year appointments at both the Institute for Advanced Study and Johns Hopkins University. Sir Tony has held chairs in Population Studies at the London School of Economics and Political Studies and in Economic History at Cambridge. During this period, he published, along with R.S. Schofield, the exhaustive study, The Population History of England, 1541-1871 (1981). He also served as co-editor of an eight volume collection entitled The Works of Thomas Robert Malthus. From 1988-94, he served as a senior research fellow at All Souls College, Oxford and as president of Manchester College. He left both posts in 1994 to become Master of Corpus Christi College, a position he held until 2000. Sir Tony has been awarded the title of Knight Bachelor (1996) for his services to historical demography as well as the 1997 Founder's Medal of the Royal Geographical Society.
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