American Philosophical Society
Member History

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Residency
Resident (8)
Class
3. Social Sciences[X]
1Name:  Dr. Paul A. David
 Institution:  Stanford University; University of Oxford
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  302. Economics
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1935
   
 
Paul Allan David is Professor of Economics Emeritus and Senior Fellow of the Institute for Economic Policy Research at Stanford University. He is Professor Emeritus of Economics and Economic History in the University of Oxford, Emeritus Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford. Currently he is Titular Professor of Research on the Digital Economy at l'Ecole Polytechnique and l'Ecole National Superior de Telecommunications (Paris). Dr. David is the author of more than 160 journal articles and contributions to edited volumes, as well as of the author and editor of several books including Technical Choice, Innovation and Economic Growth (1975) and The Economic Future in Historical Perspective (2003). He was among the pioneering practitioners of the "new economic history" and is known internationally for wide-ranging contributions in the fields of American economic history, economic and historical demography, and the economics of science and technology. Investigation of the conditions that give rise to "path dependence" - the persisting influence of historical events in micro- and macro-economic phenomena - is a recurring theme in his research. Two main areas of contemporary economic policy research have emerged in his work in the past two decades: the evolution of information technology standards and network industries, and the influence of legal institutions and social norms upon the funding and conduct of scientific research in the public sector, and the interactions between that latter and private sector R&D. Dr. David currently leads an international research project on the organization, performance and viability of free and open source software. Many professional honors have been bestowed upon Dr. David in the course of his career, including election as Fellow of the International Econometrics Society (1975), Pitt Professor of American History and Institutions at the University of Cambridge, as Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences (1979), Vice-President, and President of the Economic History Association (1988-89), as Marshall Lecturer at the University of Cambridge (1992), Ordinary Fellow of the British Academy (1995), Member of Council of the Royal Economics Society (1996-2002), and Member of the American Philosophical Society (2003). He was made Professor of Economics and Economic History by the University of Oxford, "in recognition of distinction" (1997) and was awarded a Doctorate Honoris Causa by the University of Torino (2003). He serves on the Advisory Boards of Science Commons, l'Ecole Paris de l'Economie, Alta Scuola de Politechnico Milano and Turino, and on the Executive Committee of the international organization CODATA. Dr. David's extensive service as a consultant to international organizations has included work for the World Bank, the United Nations Commission on Trade and Development, the United Nations University Institute, the OECD, several directorates of the European Commission of the EU, the European Committee for Future Accelerators, the Economic and Social Research Council (U.K.), the Treasury and the Ministry of Science and Technology of New Zealand, and the German Monopolies Commission. He also has had extensive service experience as a consultant to U.S. government agencies and foundations, including the National Academy of Sciences (National Research Council), the National Science Foundation, the Departments of Commerce and Energy, the Rockefeller Foundation, the Sloan Foundation and other public and non-profit organizations. He has been a non-executive director of La Compagnie de Saint-Gobain (2002-07).
 
2Name:  Dr. Carol Gluck
 Institution:  Columbia University
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1941
   
 
Carol Gluck received her Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1977. She began as an assistant professor in the departments of history and East Asian languages and cultures, and is currently the George Sansom Professor of History. Carol Gluck is a brilliant intellectual historian of modern Japan whose writings have focused on Japanese historians' portrayal of their recent past. Her work has been published in Japan and Europe, and her leadership in both scholarship and education won her election to the presidency of the Association for Asian Studies (1996-1997) - the leading professional organization in the Asian field - and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 1991. She lectures in the United States and abroad to university, corporate, and public audiences, and is active in efforts to develop East Asian studies in undergraduate education and in promoting the teaching of Asian and world history in the schools. Dr. Gluck is the author of Japan's Modern Myths: Ideology in the Late Meiji Period (1985) and Past Obsessions: War and Memory in the Twentieth Century (2006). She is the co-editor of Showa: The Japan of Hirohito (1992) and Asia in Western and World History (1997). She is the recipient of the Mark Van Doren Award for Columbia University (1982), the John King Fairbank Prize (1986) and the Lionel Trilling Award (1987) for Japan's Modern Myths: Ideology in the Late Meiji Period; the Great Teacher Award from Columbia University (1989); the Fulbright 50th Anniversary Distinguished Scholar Award (2002); and the Order of the Rising Sun, Gold Rays with Neck Ribbon, the second highest honor awarded by the Japanese government. Dr. Gluck was elected member of the American Philosophical Society in 2003.
 
3Name:  Dr. Thomas P. Hughes
 Institution:  University of Pennsylvania; Massachusetts Institute of Technology
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1923
 Death Date:  February 3, 2014
   
 
Thomas Hughes received his Ph.D. from the University of Virginia in 1953. He served on the faculty of Washington and Lee University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, The Johns Hopkins University, and Southern Methodist University before joining the University of Pennsylvania faculty in 1973 where he became Andrew W. Mellon Professor Emeritus of History and Sociology of Science. He had also been Distinguished Visiting Professor of the History of Technology at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Thomas Hughes was considered the dean of American historians of technology. His versatility and style appear in Elmer Sperry, Inventor and Engineer (1971), a definitive biography that incorporates the technical detail required for the life of an engineer; Networks of Power, Electification of Western Society, 1880-1930 (1983), a comparative history of German and American electric power systems conceived as integrations of technical, managerial and financial networks; and American Genesis, A Century of Invention and Technological Enthusiasm, 1870-1970 (1989, 1990), a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize, a portrayal of the heroic century of American invention for a wide readership. Dr. Hughes' work on systems and his book on cultural history show the same breadth and mastery. He served his profession and the public as a teacher, as a member of several national committees, and as a creator of television documentaries. Dr. Hughes' other books include (with A. Hughes) Lewis Memford: Public Intellectual (1990); Rescuing Prometheus (Managing the Creation of Large Technological Systems) (1997); (with A. Hughes) Systems, Experts, and Computers (2000); and Human-Built World: How to Think about Technology and Culture (2004). He was the recipient of the Leonardo da Vinci Medal (1984), the John Desmond Bernal Prize from the Society for Social Studies of Science (1990), and a two-time recepient of the Dexter Prize of Society for the History of Technology (for Elmer Sperry and Networks of Power). He was a member of the National Academy of Engineering and held honorary degrees from the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, and from Northwestern University. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2003. Thomas Hughes died February 3, 2014, at the age of 90, in Charlottesville, Virginia.
 
4Name:  Dr. Lynn Hunt
 Institution:  University of California, Los Angeles
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1945
   
 
Lynn Hunt is an extraordinarily gifted, imaginative, and tough-minded scholar, the author of a boldly conceived set of eight interlocking books on the French Revolution, gender history, cultural history and historiography. Her books have been translated into French, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Turkish, Portuguese, Chinese and Polish. Her best known book, The Family Romance of the French Revolution, shows how the revolutionaries destroyed the paternal image of King Louis XVI by pornographic attacks on Queen Marie Antoniette and then, having liberated themselves from the royal family, created a new model of domesticity. Her latest works are Inventing Human Rights: A History (2007), the question of time and history writing, Measuring Time: Making History (2008), and early 18th century views of the world's religions, Bernard Picart and the First Global Vision of Religion (with M. Jacob and W. Mijnhardt, 2010). Her current research projects include a study of cultural history in the global era and another of the French Revolution in global context. Lynn Hunt has served as president of the American Historical Association and is currently Distinguished Professor of History and Eugen Weber Professor of Modern European History at the University of California, Los Angeles (1998-). She holds a Ph.D. from Stanford University (1973) and has also taught at the University of California, Berkeley (1974-87) and the University of Pennsylvania (1987-98).
 
5Name:  Dr. Robert J. Shiller
 Institution:  Yale University
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  302. Economics
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1946
   
 
Robert J. Shiller is the Arthur M. Okun Professor of Economics, Department of Economics and Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, and Professor of Finance at the International Center for Finance, Yale School of Management. He received his B. A. from the University of Michigan in 1967 and his Ph.D. in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1972. He has written on financial markets, financial innovation, behavioral economics, macroeconomics, real estate, statistical methods, and on public attitudes, opinions, and moral judgments regarding markets. His 1989 book Market Volatility (MIT Press) is a mathematical and behavioral analysis of price fluctuations in speculative markets. His 1993 book Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's Largest Economic Risks proposes a variety of new risk-management contracts, such as futures contracts in national incomes or in real estate that would permit the management of risks to standards of living. His book Irrational Exuberance (2000) is an analysis and explication of speculative bubbles, with special reference to the stock market and real estate. His book The New Financial Order: Risk in the 21st Century (2003) is an analysis of an expanding role of finance, insurance, and public finance in our future. He was vice president of the American Economic Association (2005) and a research associate with the National Bureau of Economic Research. He writes a column "Finance in the 21st Century" for Project Syndicate, which publishes around the world. He is co-founder of Case Shiller Weiss, Inc., an economics research and information firm, which was sold in 2002 and renamed Fiserv CSW, Inc. He is also co-founder and principal of MacroMarkets, LLC, a firm devoted to the securitization of new risks, and of Macro Financial, LLC, a boutique investment bank. His book Subprime Solution: How Today's Financial Crisis Happened and What to Do About It (2008) outlines important new economic measures. He recently wrote (with George A. Akerlof) Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism (2009) and Finance and the Good Society (2012). In 2013 he won the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science with Eugene Fama.
 
6Name:  Dr. Laurel Thatcher Ulrich
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1938
   
 
Laurel Thatcher Ulrich received her Ph.D. at the University of New Hampshire in 1980, then joined the UNH faculty, remaining until 1995. She then moved to Harvard University where she is currently the 300th Anniversary University Professor, having previously been the James Duncan Phillips Professor of Early American History. She is the author of Good Wives: Image and Reality in the Lives of Women in Northern New England, 1650-1750 (1982); A Midwife's Tale: The Life of Martha Ballard Based on Her Diary, 1785-1820 (1990); and The Age of Homespun: Objects and Stories in the Making of an American Myth (2001). Her latest work is entitled "We're No Angels: Well-Behaved Women Seldom Make History" (2007). Dr. Ulrich is one of the finest, most innovative historians working today. Her three books are compelling. A Midwife's Tale is a trail-blazing book that has had an extraordinary impact on the history profession because of its innovative shift in the angle from which local history is viewed. It has won the most distinguished prizes in American history. Dr. Ulrich is credited with having made a major breakthrough in the history of women in the colonial era, as she found ways to make them real instead of abstractions from statistics or representatives of an elite class. Her use of material objects as evidence has changed the way we think about early American domestic life and work and has reconstructed an important dimension of eighteenth-century culture. She is a wonderful stylist, and her works are widely read. Dr. Ulrich received the Best Book Award from the Society for History of the Early Republic in 1990; the Best Book Award from the Berkshire Conference of Women Historians in 1990; the John Dunning Prize and Joan Kelly Prize from the American Historical Association in 1990; the Bancroft Prize for American History in 1991; and the Pulitzer Prize for History in 1991. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2003.
 
7Name:  Dr. Sidney Verba
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1932
 Death Date:  March 4, 2019
   
 
Sidney Verba was one of the most prominent political scientists of his time. His books explored the many dimensions of political participation, and he is credited with profoundly changing the field of political behavior and the political science profession. When he won the Warren E. Miller prize, the citation asserted that he was "unsurpassed in the quality of his research, in his devotion to social science standards, and his concern with improving society through social science research." The Skytte Foundation, whose prize is one of the world's largest and most prestigious in the social sciences, said that Dr. Verba was chosen "for his penetrating empirical analysis of political participation and its significance for the functioning of democracy." In addition, he was a brilliant leader of the Harvard University Library, having brought the many libraries in that system into a collaborative working relationship. The Carl H. Pforzheimer University Professor and Director of the University Library at Harvard for 23 years, Dr. Verba retired from these posts in 2007. A former president of the American Political Science Association, he published such works as Small Groups and Political Behavior (1961); The Civic Culture (1963); Caste, Race and Politics (1969); Participation in America (1972); Vietnam and the Silent Majority (1972); The Changing American Voter (1976); Participation and Political Equality (1978); Injury to Insult (1979); Equality in America (1985); Elites and the Idea of Equality (1987); Designing Social Inquiry (1994); Voice and Equality (1995); and The Private Roots of Public Action (2001). Sidney Verba died on March 4, 2019 in Cambridge, Massachusetts at the age of 86.
 
8Name:  Dr. Garry Wills
 Institution:  Northwestern University
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1934
   
 
Garry Wills is an author and historian and a frequent contributor to the New York Review of Books. He is Professor Emeritus of History at Northwestern University and received his Ph.D. in classics from Yale University in 1961. In 1993, Dr. Wills won a Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction for his book Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America, which describes the background and effect of Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. Dr. Wills' many other books include penetrating studies of George Washington, Richard Nixon, the Kennedy family, Ronald Reagan, and religion in America. His book, "What Paul Meant" (2006), makes the argument for Paul as the most reliable guide to Jesus' teachings. Dr. Wills' numerous honors and prizes include the Merle Curti Award of the American Historical Association, the National Book Critics Award, the Presidential Medal of the Endowment for the Humanities, and honorary doctorates from nineteen colleges. His recent publications include "Head and Heart: American Christianities" (2007); "What the Gospels Meant" (2008); "Martial's Epigrams", a collection of translations of the verse of Marcus Valerius Martialis; and "Bomb Power: The Modern Presidency and the National Security State" (2010). In 2011 he published both Rome and Rhetoric; Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" and Verdi's Shakespeare: Men of the Theater and in 2013 he released Why Priests? A Failed Tradition.
 
Election Year
2003[X]