American Philosophical Society
Member History

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Resident[X]
Class
5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs[X]
1Name:  Mr. James O. Freedman
 Institution:  Dartmouth College; University of Iowa
 Year Elected:  2002
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1935
 Death Date:  March 21, 2006
   
2Name:  Mr. Conrad K. Harper
 Institution:  Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP
 Year Elected:  2002
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1940
   
 
Conrad Harper received an LL.B. at Harvard Law School in 1965. He was a staff lawyer at the NAACP Legal Defense Fund from 1966-70. He began as an associate at Simpson Thacher & Bartlett in 1971, becoming a partner of the firm in 1974. He left to serve as a legal adviser of the U.S. Department of State, 1993-96, and as a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, The Hague, 1993-96, and 1998-2004. Mr. Harper returned as partner of Simpson Thacher in 1996 and became of counsel in 2003. Beyond his litigation and international practice with one of New York City's premier firms, Conrad Harper's legal abilities have been applied to such diverse assignments as Chancellorship of the Episcopal Diocese of New York and leadership in the American Law Institute. His civic leadership has similarly taken him into diverse assignments including Vice Chair of the New York Public Library, presidency of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, co-chairmanship of the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights under Law, and the Harvard Corporation. He is a director of New York Life Insurance Company and the Public Service Enterprise Group. He is a trustee of the William Nelson Cromwell Foundation and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences. Mr. Harper was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2002.
 
3Name:  Dr. Richard A. Meserve
 Institution:  Carnegie Institution of Washington; International Nuclear Safety Group; Covington & Burling LLP
 Year Elected:  2002
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1944
   
 
Dr. Richard A. Meserve served as the ninth president of the Carnegie Institution from 2003 until 2014, after stepping down as Chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). He continues to serve on the board. The Carnegie Institution conducts basic research in biology, astronomy and geophysics. As Chairman of the NRC, Meserve served as the principal executive officer of the federal agency with responsibility for ensuring public health and safety in the operation of nuclear power plants and in the usage of nuclear materials. He served as Chairman under both Presidents Clinton and Bush and lead the NRC in responding to the terrorism threat that came to the fore after the 9/11 attacks. Before joining the NRC, Meserve was a partner in the Washington, D.C., law firm of Covington & Burling, and he now serves as Senior Of Counsel to the firm. With his Harvard law degree, received in 1975, and his Ph.D. in applied physics from Stanford, awarded in 1976, he devoted his legal practice to technical issues arising at the intersection of science, law, and public policy. Early in his career, he served as legal counsel to the President’s science advisor, and was a law clerk to Justice Harry A. Blackmun of the United States Supreme Court and to Judge Benjamin Kaplan of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court. He received his undergraduate degree from Tufts University in 1966. Meserve has served on numerous legal and scientific committees over the years, including many established by the National Academies of Sciences and Engineering. He also currently serves as Chairman of the International Nuclear Safety Group, which is chartered by the International Atomic Energy Agency, and as a member of the National Commission on Energy Policy. Among other affiliations, he is a member of the American Philosophical Society, the National Academy of Engineering, and Sigma Xi, and he is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the American Physical Society, and the Phi Beta Kappa Society. Meserve serves on the Board of Directors of PG&E Corporation, Luminant Holding Company LLC, and of the Universities Research Association, Inc., on the Advisory Committee for UniStar Nuclear Energy LLC, and on the Council, Executive Committee, and Trust of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is a member of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University.
 
4Name:  Mr. Carl F. Miller
 Institution:  American Philosophical Society
 Year Elected:  2002
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1943
   
 
For thirty years Carl Miller has been a dedicated member of the American Philosophical Society's administration. He continually demonstrates a thorough knowledge of the Society's activities and contributes to all aspects of the Society's management. In college and graduate school he studied history with a special focus on colonial America. He received an M.A. at the University of Pennsylvania in 1969. In 1971 he joined the American Philosophical Society's staff as the assistant manuscripts librarian. In 1976, he became Assistant Librarian. A year later, Miller was given additional responsibilities as Assistant to the Executive Officer, a position that grew into his current position as Financial Officer. He is responsible for preparing and supervising all facets of the budget, reviewing and authorizing expenses and deposits, administering employee benefits, and assisting accounting, actuarial, and legal consultants in preparing various federal and state documents. In short, he is a key figure in the day-to-day operations of the Society. Carl Miller has the respect and confidence of the Society staff, and has worked closely with the officers and members of the Society for thirty years. His deep commitment to the Society and the breadth of his experience and knowledge in all facets of its operations are qualities that were honored in his election to its membership in 2002.
 
5Name:  Dr. Don Michael Randel
 Institution:  University of Chicago
 Year Elected:  2002
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1940
   
 
Don Michael Randel received a Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1967. He joined the faculty of Cornell University in 1968 and served as chair of the department of music (1971-76), vice-provost (1978-79), associate dean of the College of Arts and Sciences (1989-91), the Harold Tanner Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences (1991-2000) Given Foundation Professor of Music (1990-2000) and provost (1995-2000). He became the president of the University of Chicago in 2000, serving until 2006. In July 2006 he became president of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and he retired in May 2013. A musical scholar of major stature, Dr. Randel has a record of original contributions on matters as diverse as Mozarabic plainchant, Arabic music theory, the polyphony of early modern Europe, and the popular music of contemporary Central America in its encounter with the African- and Anglo-American musical scenes. At home in ethnomusicology, traditional musicology, modern literary theory, and medieval liturgy, Dr. Randel has long been a preeminent figure among musicologists and a favored mentor at Cornell. He has earned further esteem for his gentle, genial effectiveness as a high-level university administrator, bringing his powerful commitment to scholarship, to liberal education, and to realizing the ideals of an academic community to the service of the University of Chicago and now to the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Dr. Randel is the author of The Responsorial Psalm Tones for the Mozarabic Office (1969); An Index to the Chant of the Mozarabic Rite (1973); Harvard Concise Dictionary of Music (1978); and The New Harvard Dictionary of Music (1986). He is a member of the American Musicological Society, where he was editor-in-chief of the Journal of the American Musicological Society and served as its vice president (1977-78). In 2007 he was named a member of the Board of Governors for Argonne National Laboratory. Dr. Randel was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2002.
 
6Name:  The Honorable Sonia Sotomayor
 Institution:  United States Supreme Court
 Year Elected:  2002
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1954
   
 
Sonia Sotomayor received a B.A.. summa cum laude from Princeton University in 1976 and a J.D. from Yale Law School in 1979. She was an assistant district attorney for New York County until 1984 when she joined the law firm Pavia & Harcourt, becoming a partner in 1988. She was a member of the board of directors of the Puerto Rican Legal Defense and Education Fund, 1980-92, and she became the U.S. District Judge of the Southern District of New York in 1992. She served as a U.S. Court of Appeals Judge, 2nd Circuit, 1998 to 2009, and she was also a lecturer at Columbia Law School and a former adjunct professor at New York University School of Law. President Barack Obama nominated her for the Supreme Court seat left vacant when Justice Souter announced his retirement. She was confirmed and on August 8, 2009, she was sworn in as an Associate Justice on the U.S. Supreme Court. Sotomayor has been widely recognized as one of the ablest federal judges. Her opinions are exceptionally thoughtful, courageous, and clear headed. She showed these qualities as a trial judge in her powerful and controversial opinion during the baseball strike and continued to do so on the Court of Appeals. Before becoming a judge she was a distinguished international lawyer and is viewed on the court as one of the leading experts on comparative and international legal problems. Justice Sotomayor has been honored with the M. Taylor Pyne Honor Prize from Princeton University, the Charles W. Froessel Award of the New York Law School Law Review, the Distinguished Lawyers Award from Lawyers College of Puerto Rico, the Lance Liebman Nice Guys/Gals Do Not Necessarily Finish Last Award from the Columbia Law School Center for Public Interest Law, the Katharine Hepburn Medal (2015), the John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service (2015), the Hispanic Heritage Foundation's Leadership Award, and the Thomas Jefferson Foundation Medal in Law (2020). Justice Sotomayor has received honorary degrees from Brooklyn Law School, Princeton University, Herbert H. Lehman College, Pace University and Northeastern University. Additionally, Bryn Mawr College awarded her the 2015 Katherine Hepburn Medal. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2002. She is the author of My Beloved World, 2013; The Beloved World of Sonia Sotomayor, 2018; and Turning Pages: My Life Story, 2018. She was elected to the American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 2018.
 
7Name:  Dr. Joan E. Spero
 Institution:  Columbia University
 Year Elected:  2002
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1944
   
 
Joan E. Spero is a Senior Research Scholar at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs, where she researches and writes about international philanthropy and its role in the global system. From 2009 to 2010, Ms. Spero was a Visiting Scholar at the Foundation Center, where she conducted research on the role of American private foundations in U.S. foreign policy and in the global system. That research culminated in 2010 with the publication titled The Global Role of U.S. Foundations. From 1997 to the end of 2008, Ms. Spero served as President of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation; President of the Duke Farms Foundation, a 2,700 acre property in New Jersey devoted to environmental stewardship; and the Doris Duke Foundation for Islamic Art, whose mission is the study and understanding of Islamic arts and culture. From 1993 to 1997, Ms. Spero served in the U.S. Department of State as Undersecretary for Economic, Business, and Agricultural Affairs. From 1981 to 1993, she held several offices with American Express Company, the last being Executive Vice President, Corporate Affairs and Communications. She was Ambassador to the United Nations for Economic and Social Affairs from 1980 to 1981 and an Assistant Professor at Columbia University from 1973 to 1979. She graduated Phi Beta Kappa from the University of Wisconsin and holds a master’s degree in international affairs and a doctorate in political science from Columbia University. She also studied at the Institut d’Études Politiques in Paris and is fluent in French. Ms. Spero has authored several books, including The Politics of International Economic Relations (7th Edition, 2009) and The Failure of the Franklin National Bank (1980). She also has contributed to numerous professional journals. Active in professional associations in foreign affairs and economics, Ms. Spero is a member of the Council of American Ambassadors, the Academy of Diplomacy and the American Philosophical Society. She serves as Trustee of the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation and the Morgridge Institute for Research, as well as a Director of the International Center for Transitional Justice. She is also a Trustee Emeritus of Columbia University, Amherst College, the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Brookings Institution. Ms. Spero is a Director of IBM and International Paper.
 
Election Year
2002[X]