American Philosophical Society
Member History

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Resident[X]
Subdivision
503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors[X]
1Name:  Mr. Theodore L. Cross
 Institution:  CHII Publishers, Inc.
 Year Elected:  1995
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1924
 Death Date:  February 28, 2010
   
 
Theodore Lamont Cross was editor-in-chief of Bankers Magazine for over 30 years, and he edited Business and Society Review for over 20 years. He earned a law degree in 1950 from Harvard University, where he was editor of the Harvard Law Review. Following that, he served as a consultant to HEW (Federal Office of Economic Opportunity); as director of the Legal Defense Fund and the NAACP; and as public governor of the American Stock Exchange. In 1959 he founded the Atomic Energy Law Journal and in 1993 founded the Journal of Blacks in Higher Education, of which he remains editor and publisher. Mr. Cross has also served as chairman of Faulkner & Gray Publications and is the author of numerous books, including Black Capitalism: Strategy for Business in the Ghetto (1969), which won the McKinsey Foundation Book Award, and Waterbirds (2009). He has lectured on inner city economics and minority economic development at Harvard and Cornell Universities and at the University of Virginia. Throughout his life Mr. Cross has combined effective public service with an impressive blend of legal, publishing and business skills.
 
2Name:  Dr. Henry Louis Gates
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  1995
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1950
   
 
Among the best-known scholars of African-American studies, Henry Louis Gates, Jr. is the W.E.B. Du Bois Professor of the Humanities, Chair of African and African American Studies, and Director of the W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for Afro-American Research at Harvard University. He is the author of several works of literary criticism, including Figures in Black: Words, Signs and the 'Racial' Self (1987); The Signifying Monkey: A Theory of Afro-American Literary Criticism (1988); and Loose Canons: Notes on the Culture Wars (1992). He has also authored Colored People: A Memoir (1994), which traces his childhood experiences in a small West Virginia town in the 1950s and 1960s; The Future of the Race (1996), co-authored with Cornel West; Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Black Man (1997); and Life Upon These Shores: Looking at African American History, 1513-2008 (2011). His most recent book is The Black Church: This Is Our Story, This Is Our Song (2021). Professor Gates's work as an editor has also reshaped the study of blacks in American culture. He has edited several anthologies, including The Norton Anthology of African American Literature (1996) and The Oxford-Schomburg Library of Nineteenth Century Black Women Writers (1991). In addition, he is a co-editor of Transition magazine. His critical studies have explored the racial self, proposed a theory of Afro-American criticism, and dealt with culture wars. Most recently, he co-edited a new edition of Cane (2011), originally published in 1923 by Jean Toomer, with Rudolph P. Byrd. An influential cultural critic, Professor Gates has written a cover story for Time magazine on the black Renaissance in art, as well as numerous articles for The New Yorker. Professor Gates earned his M.A. and Ph.D. in English literature from Clare College at the University of Cambridge. He received a B.A. summa cum laude from Yale University in 1973 in English Language and Literature. Before joining the faculty of Harvard in 1991, he taught at Yale, Cornell, and Duke Universities. His honors and grants include a MacArthur Foundation "genius grant" (1981), the George Polk Award for Social Commentary (1993), the Chicago Tribune Heartland Award (1994), the Golden Plate Achievement Award (1995), Time magazine's "25 Most Influential Americans" list (1997), a National Humanities Medal (1998), election to the American Academy of Arts and Letters (1999), a 2018 Common Wealth Award, the 2018 Benjamin Franklin Creativity Laureate Prize of the Smithsonian Associates and the Creativity Foundation, and the 2021 Don M. Randel Award for Humanistic Studies. Professor Gates has also hosted the PBS series "African-American Lives" and "The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross". His interests include black critical thought; cultural criticism; social theory; modern and post-modern philosophy and literature; and the future of American youth.
 
3Name:  Mr. Bill D. Moyers
 Institution:  Public Affairs TV, Inc
 Year Elected:  1995
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1934
   
 
One of the chief inheritors of the Edward R. Murrow tradition of "deep-think" journalism, Bill Moyers has been involved in broadcast journalism for more than 40 years, principally in the areas of investigative documentary and long-form conversations with some of the world's leading thinkers. Formerly a print journalist, ordained Baptist minister, press secretary to President Lyndon Johnson, and newspaper publisher, Mr. Moyers came to television in 1970, delivering elegantly written and deceptively soft-spoken narrations that came out of the story-telling traditions of his East Texas upbringing. Examining the failings of constitutional democracy in his 1974 Essay on Watergate and exposing governmental illegalities and cover-ups during the Iran Contra scandal, he repeatedly explored countless important issues of of our time, from race, class and gender to the power media images held for a nation of "consumers," not citizens. Mr. Moyers could be said to have explored virtually every aspect of American political, economic and social life in his documentaries. Equally influential was Mr. Moyers' World of Ideas series, in which he used his soft, probing style to talk to a remarkable range of articulate intellectuals on his two foundation-supported interview series on PBS. In discussions that ranged from an hour to, in the case of mythology scholar Joseph Campbell, six hours on the air, Moyers brought to television what he called the "conversation of democracy." He spoke with social critics such as Noam Chomsky and Cornel West, writers such as Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe, Mexican poet and novelist Carlos Fuentes and American novelist Toni Morrison, and social analysts like philosopher Mortimer Adler and University of Chicago sociologist William Julius Wilson. Mr. Moyers engaged voices and ideas that had been seldom, if ever, heard on television, and transcribed versions of many of his series often became best selling books as well (Joseph Campbell and the Power of Myth, 1988; The Secret Government, 1988; A World of Ideas, 1989; A World of Ideas II, 1990, Healing the Mind, 1992). Mr. Moyers' television work is as prolific as his publishing record. In all he produced over 600 hours of programming (filmed and videotaped conversations and documentaries) between 1971 and 1989, and he broadcast another 125 programs between 1989 and 1992. In 1986 he formed his own company, Public Affairs Television, to distribute many of his own shows, and by the early 1990s he had established himself as a significant figure of television talk. Upon receiving the prestigious Gold Baton Award in 1991, Mr. Moyers was referred to as "a unique voice, still seeking new frontiers in television, daring to assume that viewing audiences are willing to think and learn." He was honored with the National Academy of Television Arts & Sciences' Lifetime Achievement Award in 2006. After a brief hiatus, Moyers returned to public television in 2012 with "Moyers & Company," continuing in the tradition of his earlier work.
 
4Name:  Mr. Hugh B. Price
 Institution:  National Urban League
 Year Elected:  1995
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1941
   
 
Hugh Price, a leading spokesman for African Americans, was the President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Urban League from 1994-2002. He was born and raised in Washington, D.C., and during his childhood he witnessed and became a part of many changes in that city as schools and neighborhoods became integrated. After graduating from Amherst College and Yale Law School, Mr. Price moved on to public broadcasting as Senior Vice President of WNET in New York, and in 1988 he entered the world of philanthropy as Vice President of the Rockefeller Foundation. In 1994 he assumed the leadership of the National Urban League, the nation's premier social service and civil rights organization serving African Americans and others who are striving to enter the economic mainstream. Mr. Price has been described by The New York Times as one of the "true leaders... who will make things better for future generations." He is the author of the books Getting Your Child the Best Education Possible and Destination: the American Dream. He is currently senior advisor and co-chair of the Nonprofit and Philanthropy Practice Group for the law firm of Piper Rudnick.
 
5Name:  Dr. Judith Rodin
 Institution:  The Rockefeller Foundation; University of Pennsylvania
 Year Elected:  1995
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1944
   
 
In 1994, Dr. Judith Rodin became the first woman to be named to the presidency of an Ivy League institution, the University of Pennsylvania, after 22 years on the faculty of Yale University, where she served as Provost from 1992-94. During a decade of service Dr. Rodin guided the University of Pennsylvania through a period of unprecedented growth and development that transformed Penn's academic core and dramatically enhanced the quality of life on campus and in the surrounding community. She held faculty appointments as a professor of psychology in the School of Arts and Sciences and as a professor of medicine and psychiatry in the School of Medicine. Judith Rodin serves on the boards of the Brookings Institution and Catalyst, and on the boards of Aetna, Inc., AMR Corporation, Citigroup and Comcast Corporation. She became president of the Rockefeller Foundation, one of the world's oldest and largest private philanthropies, in March 2005 and served as president until 2017. In 2015 she won the Edmund Bacon Prize of the Philadelphia Center for Architecture. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1995.
 
6Name:  Dr. Carl Sagan
 Institution:  Cornell University
 Year Elected:  1995
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1934
 Death Date:  12/20/96
   
7Name:  Mr. Henry B. Schacht
 Institution:  E.M. Warburg, Pincus & Company, LLC
 Year Elected:  1995
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1934
   
 
Among American businessmen, Henry B. Schacht stands out as a thoughtful and serious leader who considers his responsibilities to his country and its institutions as seriously as those of his companies. As chairman and chief executive officer (1973-94), Mr. Schacht led the Cummins Engine Company to the forefront of U.S. industry. Later he would serve as CEO of Lucent Technologies (1995-97, 2001) and at present is Managing Director and Senior Advisor of the venture-capital firm Warburg Pincus LLC. Mr. Schacht has also devoted significant time and attention to matters of scholarship and education through his involvement with the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations and as a trustee of Yale University. He received his M.B.A. from Harvard University in 1962.
 
Election Year
1995[X]