American Philosophical Society
Member History

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4. Humanities[X]
1Name:  Dr. John Dupré
 Institution:  University of Exeter
 Year Elected:  2023
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  406. Linguistics
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1952
Born in England in 1952, John Dupré is a philosopher of science, specialising in the philosophy of biology, and a naturalistic metaphysician. He received his PhD from Cambridge in 1981, also spending two years on a Harkness Fellowship as a visiting PhD student at Princeton and Stanford. He taught at Stanford University from 1982-1996, since when he has been at the University of Exeter. At Exeter he restarted the philosophy programme that had been closed in the 1980s, and in 2002 became the founding Director of Egenis, the ESRC Centre for Genomics in Society, now the Centre for the Study of Life Sciences. Egenis is now internationally known as a centre for interdisciplinary research on the life sciences. Dupré’s 1993 book, The Disorder of Things: Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science, provided an influential critique of the essentialism, reductionism and determinism then still prevalent in post-positivist philosophy of science. In Human Nature and the Limits of Science (2001), he developed a detailed critique of reductive theories of human nature, especially as presented by Evolutionary Psychology. Since the mid-2000s, his work has focused on developing a radically processual account of the life sciences, first articulated in his Spinoza Lectures at the University of Amsterdam in 2006, and most recently extended to an interpretation of the nature of the human in his Gifford Lectures in Edinburgh in 2023. He has published numerous articles and books on these topics, and on evolution, genomics, values in science, race and gender, and a range of related issues in the philosophy of biology. Dupré was President of the Philosophy of Science Association for 2000-2002. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and an International Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 2023.
2Name:  Professor Dr. Monika Fludernik
 Institution:  Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg
 Year Elected:  2023
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1957
Monika Fludernik is Professor of English Literature at the University of Frei-burg/Germany (Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg im Breisgau). She is an Austrian citizen. Fludernik studied English, Indo-European Philology, History and Mathematics at the University of Graz. She was a student of F. K. Stanzel the narratologist, who supervised her doctoral dissertation on "Narrators' and Characters' Voices in James Joyce's Ulysses" (1982). From 1984 to 1993, she was assistant professor in the De-partment of English and American Studies at the University of Vienna. Her habilitation book dealt with free indirect discourse and speech and thought representation in Eng-lish literature and conversational narratives, later published as The Fictions of Lan-guage and the Languages of Fiction (1993). Fludernik then moved to Freiburg with a Humboldt Fellowship and was appointed Professor of English Literature in Freiburg in 1994. Fludernik is one of the leading narratologists world-wide. Her work is particularly noteworthy for its diachronic range (she covers English-language narrative from the Middle Ages to postcolonial literature), its interdisciplinarity (she was one of the first narratologists to focus on cognitive issues) and its linguistic methodology (see her analyses of conversational narratives and her studies of tense and syntax in narrative texts as well as her work on second-person narrative and we narration). Fludernik teaches English literature of all periods and genres. She has established herself not only as a narratologist but has also produced significant research in the areas of post-colonial studies, eighteenth-century aesthetics and law-and-literature studies. Fludernik is the author of several monographs and over thirty edited volumes and special journal issues. She is particularly well-known for her seminal Towards a 'Nat-ural' Narratology (1996), which won the Perkins Prize of the Narrative Society, and her recent Metaphors of Confinement: The Prison in Fact, Fiction and Fantasy (2019). Among her edited volumes, the following have been particularly well received: Hy-bridity and Postcolonialism (1998); Diaspora and Multiculturalism (2003); In the Grip of the Law (with Greta Olson, 2004); Postclassical Narratology (with Jan Alber, 2010); Beyond Cognitive Metaphor Theory (2011); Idleness, Indolence and Leisure in British Literature (with Miriam Nandi, 2014); Narrative Factuality: A Handbook (with Marie-Laure Ryan, 2019); and Being Untruthful: Lying, Fiction, and the Non-Factual (2021). Fludernik has been the director of a Collaborative Research Cluster (Sonder-forschungsbereich) on identities and alterities (SFB 541), of a graduate school on Factual and Fictional Narration (GRK 1767), and was a board member of the CRC/SFB 1015 that focused on the study of otium (Muße). She is currently directing a project on "Diachronic Narratology", funded by the German Research Foundation's Reinhart-Koselleck grant programme. From 1997-2006 Fludernik was the president of IALS (International Association of Literary Semantics). She has received several priz-es and fellowships and is a member of both the Austrian Academy of Sciences as well as the Academia Europaea.
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