American Philosophical Society
Member History

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International (99)
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4. Humanities[X]
61Name:  Dr. Yve-Alain Bois
 Institution:  Institute for Advanced Study
 Year Elected:  2016
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1952
   
 
Yve-Alain Bois is one of the most original and active critics of 20th century art working today. A pupil of Roland Barthes, he is equally at home in the theory and the history of the visual arts. In 2015 he published the first of four volumes of his monumental catalog of the American painter and sculptor Ellsworth Kelly, and is about to publish a 900-page catalog of the works by Matisse (including the famous wall-paintings) in the Barnes Collection. At the Society’s April 2015 meeting, he gave a memorable paper, “Can a Genuine Picasso be a Fake?” In addition to his many books, he has written twelve exhibition catalogs, about fifty articles with titles as surprising and diverse as “The Meteorite in the Garden” and “Painting as Trauma,” and numerous exhibition- and book-reviews. One of his current projects is the modern history of axonometric projection.
 
62Name:  Dr. Lina Bolzoni
 Institution:  Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa
 Year Elected:  2007
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1940
   
 
Lina Bolzoni is professor of Italian literature at the University of Pisa and the Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa. She has served on the University of Pisa faculty since 1976 and chaired the Department of Italian Literature from 1989-91 and 1995-97. She has also held visiting professorships at the Collège de France and Harvard, New York and Princeton Universities. She received her Ph.D. from the Scuola Normale Superiore in 1974. Lina Bolzoni has pioneered the study of relationships between literature and philosophy, literature and the figurative arts, and between memory and preaching for our generation. She has made the study of sacred and secular oratory her special province and has explored the relationship between the art of memory and figurative practice in both art and literature. She has been a generous colleague at the Scuola Normale and an innovative supporter of electronic scholarship, even exploring relationships between medieval systems of memory and modern neurological patterns of memory and modes of perception. Her approach to the study of literature is innovative and disciplined, expanding the canon in imaginative ways. Dr. Bolzoni's published works include L'universo dei poemi possibili. Studi su Francesco Patrizi da Cherso, 1980; Il teatro della memoria. Studi su Giulio Camillo, 1984; The Gallery of Memory. Literary and Iconographic Models in the Age of Printing, 1995; The Web of Images. Vernacular Preaching from its Origins to St. Bernardino da Siena, 2002; and Poesia e ritratto nel Rinascimento, 2008. She has been honored with the Premio Viareggio per la saggistica, 2002; the Premio Brancati Zafferana Etnea per la saggistica, 2002; and the Modern Language Association's Aldo and Jean Scaglione Prize, 2003. Lina Bolzoni is also a member of the Accademia La Colombaria, Firenze. She was elected an international member of the American Philosophical Society in 2007.
 
63Name:  Dr. Larissa Bonfante
 Institution:  New York University
 Year Elected:  2009
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1932
 Death Date:  August 23, 2019
   
 
Larissa Bonfante was Professor of Classics at New York University (1963-2006). Born in Italy, she came with her family to the United States as a child by way of Spain and Geneva, Switzerland. She held a BA from Barnard College, an M.A. in Classics from the University of Cincinnati, and a PhD in Art History and Archaeology from Columbia University, with Otto Brendel as dissertation adviser. Her first published article was "Emperor, God and Man: Julian the Apostate and Ammianus Marcellinus," followed by Etruscan Dress (1975). Further work on ancient dress, originally inspired by the works of Margarete Bieber, included an NEH Summer Seminar on the Symbolism of Roman Costume (1988), and publications on the Roman triumph, and nudity as a costume in classical art. Brendel’s statement, "we take the Greeks as our model, forgetting that they did everything differently from everyone else," helped direct her focus on the non-Greeks of the classical world, for example in The Etruscan Language, written with her father, the Indo-Europeanist Giuliano Bonfante. Bonfante was a member of the German Archaeological Institute, the Istituto di Studi Etruschi ed Italici, founder and President of its US Section, and co-editor of Etruscan News. She was Visiting Member of the Institute for Advanced Study in 1980, received teaching awards at New York University for her work with undergraduates, and the 2007 Gold Medal for Archaeological Achievement from the Archaeological Institute of America. She delivered the Thomas Spencer Jerome Lecture Series in 2006-07 and the AIA Norton Lecturesship in 2007-08. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2009. Larissa Bonfante died August 23, 2019 in New York, New York at the age of 88.
 
64Name:  Campbell Bonner
 Year Elected:  1938
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1876
 Death Date:  7/12/54
   
65Name:  Dr. Wayne Clayson Booth
 Institution:  University of Chicago
 Year Elected:  1992
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  402. Criticism: Arts and Letters
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1921
 Death Date:  October 10, 2005
   
66Name:  Dr. William J. Bouwsma
 Institution:  University of California, Berkeley
 Year Elected:  1981
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1923
 Death Date:  March 2, 2004
   
67Name:  Catherine Drinker Bowen
 Year Elected:  1958
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1897
 Death Date:  11/1/73
   
68Name:  Dr. Gerhard H. Bowering
 Institution:  Yale University
 Year Elected:  1994
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1939
   
 
Gerhard Böwering is Professor of Islamic Studies at Yale University. He was born and educated in Germany. After philosophical studies at Munich, he received a Diploma in Islamic Studies from Panjab University in Lahore, Pakistan and also studied Arabic in Cairo, Egypt. Following theological studies in Montreal, Dr. Böwering studied Islam at McGill University where he earned a Ph.D. in Islamic Studies in 1975. From 1975-84 he was first assistant and then associate professor at the University of Pennsylvania. In 1984, Dr. Böwering became Professor of Islamic Studies at Yale. He is the author of The Mystical Vision of Existence in Classical Islam (1980) and a critical Arabic edition of a Commentary on the Qur'an (1995 and 1997). He is presently preparing a monograph on the "Idea of Time in Islam" as well as a book entitled Wie die Muslime denken. His scholarly publications also include numerous articles and contributions to major reference books. Dr. Böwering was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1994.
 
69Name:  Dr. Glen W. Bowersock
 Institution:  Institute for Advanced Study
 Year Elected:  1989
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1936
   
 
Glen W. Bowersock has been Professor of Ancient History at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton since 1980 and Professor Emeritus since 2006. He graduated "summa cum laude" from Harvard University in 1957. Dr. Bowersock received his M.A. and D.Phil. degrees in Ancient History from Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar at Balliol College. During his distinguished career at Harvard University from 1962-80, he served as Professor of Classics and History, Chairman of the Classics Department, and Associate Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Professor Bowersock has written or edited over a dozen books and published over 300 articles on Greek, Roman, and Near Eastern history and culture as well as the classical tradition in modern literature. He was awarded the James Breasted Prize of the American Historical Association for his book Hellenism in Late Antiquity. Other books include Augustus and the Greek World, Greek Sophists in the Roman Empire, Julian and Apostate, Roman Arabia, Fiction as History, Martyrdom and Rome, Mosaics as History, From Gibbon to Auden: Essays on the Classical Tradition, Empires in Collision in Late Antiquity and Throne of Adulis: Red Sea Wars on the Eve of Islam. With Oleg Grabar and Peter Brown, Dr. Bowersock is co-editor of Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World, published in 1999 by Harvard University Press. His Selected Papers on Late Antiquity were published in Italy in 2000. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, the Institut de France (Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres), the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, and the German Archaeological Institute. He is an Honorary Fellow of Balliol College, Oxford, and a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur. He was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1989.
 
70Name:  Dr. Robert J. Braidwood
 Institution:  University of Chicago
 Year Elected:  1966
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1907
 Death Date:  January 15, 2003
   
71Name:  Dr. Germaine Brée
 Institution:  Wake Forest University
 Year Elected:  1965
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  402. Criticism: Arts and Letters
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1907
 Death Date:  September 22, 2001
   
72Name:  Mr. Robert Brentano
 Institution:  University of California, Berkeley
 Year Elected:  1996
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1926
 Death Date:  November 21, 2002
   
73Name:  Dr. Victoria Reifler Bricker
 Institution:  Tulane University
 Year Elected:  2002
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1940
   
 
Victoria R. Bricker received her Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1968. She joined the faculty of Tulane University in 1969 and became professor emerita of anthropology in 2006. Dr. Bricker's brilliant research has focused on the cultural and linguistic structure of the Maya, ancient and contemporary, with path-breaking studies of three domains: the forms of ritual humor found in modern Mayan cultures (1973); comparative analysis of Mayan insurrections against Spanish rule during the colonial and modern periods (1981); and the grammar of Mayan hieroglyphs (1986). More recently, she has focused her research on the hieroglyphs and iconography found in the Mayan codices - painted bark-cloth books - (1992), and she is now universally recognized as a preeminent world authority in this scholarly field. Dr. Bricker has been the series editor of the Supplement to the Handbook of Middle American Indians since 1977. She was an editor for American Ethnologist (1973-76) and book review editor of the American Anthropologist (1971-73). She is the author of Ritual Humor in Highland Chiapas (1973); The Indian Christ, the Indian King: The Historical Substrate of Maya Myth and Ritual (1981); A Grammar of Maya Hieroglyphs (1986); Papers on the Madrid Codex (1997); A Dictionary of the Mayan Language as Spoken in Hocaba, Yucatan (1988); (with H. Bricker) "Zodiacal References in the Maya Codices," in The Sky in Mayan Literature (1992); "Color and texture in the Maya language of Yucatan," Anthropological Linguistics (1999), (with Helga Maria Miram) "An Encounter of Two Worlds: The Book of Chilam Balam of Kaua (2002), and (with Harvey Bricker) Astronomy in the Maya Codices (2011). Victoria and Harvey Bricker are the 2011 recipients of the American Philosophical Society's John Frederick Lewis Award for Astronomy in the Maya Codices. She is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Anthropological Association, serving on its executive board from 1980-83. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2002.
 
74Name:  Clarence S. Brigham
 Year Elected:  1955
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1877
 Death Date:  8/13/63
   
75Name:  Dr. Victor H. Brombert
 Institution:  Princeton University
 Year Elected:  1987
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1923
   
 
Winner of many awards for both scholarship and teaching, Victor Brombert is, in the words of a distinguished senior colleague in the field, "a superb literary critic and polished stylist, eclectic in his tastes, averse to all dogmatic theories, and probably the most eminent and influential French scholar of his generation." Currently the Henry Putnam University Professor of Romance and Comparative Literature Emeritus at Princeton University, Dr. Brombert has taught at Princeton since 1975 and has served as chairman of its Council of Humanities. Prior to his appointment at Princeton, Dr. Brombert was assistant professor and Benjamin F. Barge Professor of Romance Language and Literature at Yale University, where he served as chairman of the Department of Romance Languages (1964-73). He received his Ph.D. from Yale in 1953 and has honorary doctorates from the University of Chicago and the University of Toronto. A former president of the Modern Language Association and a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, Dr. Brombert is the author of a dozen books of literary criticism, in addition to his wartime memoirs Trains of Thought.(2002). He has published extensively on Flaubert, both in this country and in France, and has also written widely on T.S. Eliot, Hugo and Stendhal, among others. A comparativist and literary historian, Dr. Brombert is that rare scholar from whose observations all readers of literature have benefited.
 
76Name:  Van Wyck Brooks
 Year Elected:  1939
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1886
 Death Date:  5/2/63
   
77Name:  Dr. Cleanth Brooks
 Institution:  Yale University
 Year Elected:  1973
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  402. Criticism: Arts and Letters
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1906
 Death Date:  5/10/94
   
78Name:  Dr. Peter Brooks
 Institution:  Princeton University
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1938
   
 
Peter Brooks received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1965. That same year he joined the faculty of Yale University, where he is the Sterling Professor of Comparative Literature until June, 2009. During his tenure, he has been director of the literature major, chairman of the department of French, and founding director of the Whitney Humanities Center. He is one of the most distinguished literary scholars of his generation, a generation dominated by theoretical discovery and debate. Peter Brooks has achieved an original and highly influential syntheses of his own. His contribution to the study of narrative has been particularly notable because of the connections he has established between the narrative impulse and form and sexuality and between narrative and legal argument. Several of his works have become classics of criticism, and many of his ideas have become common currency among literary scholars. Dr. Brooks is also known to a wider audience through articles in magazines and The New York Times. He is the author of The Novel of Worldliness: Crébillon, Marivaux, Laclos, Stendhal (1969); The Melodramatic Imagination: Balzac, Henry James (1976, 1985, 1995); Reading for the Plot: Design and Intention in Narrative (1984, 1992); Body Work: Objects of Desire in Modern Narrative (1993); Psychoanalysis and Storytelling (1994); World Elsewhere (1999); Troubling Confessions: Speaking Guilt in Law and Literature (2000); and Henry James Goes to Paris (2007), which won the Christian Gauss Award from Phi Beta Kappa. He is the editor of (with A. Kernan, M. Holquist) Man and his Fictions: An Introduction to Fiction-Making, its Forms and Uses (1973); and (with A. Woloch) Whose Freud? The Place of Psychoanalysis in Contemporary Culture (2000). Dr. Brooks was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2003. He was given the Mellon Foundation Distinguished Achievement Award in 2008 and began teaching at Princeton University.
 
79Name:  Dr. T. Robert S. Broughton
 Institution:  University of North Carolina
 Year Elected:  1955
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1900
 Death Date:  9/16/93
   
80Name:  W. Norman Brown
 Year Elected:  1946
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1892
 Death Date:  4/22/75
   
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