American Philosophical Society
Member History

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Resident (10)
Class
4. Humanities[X]
1Name:  Dr. Leonard Barkan
 Institution:  Princeton University
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1944
   
 
Leonard Barkan is the Arthur W. Marks '19 Professor of Comparative Literature at Princeton and Director of the Society of Fellows in the Liberal Arts. He has been a professor of English and of Art History at universities including Northwestern, Michigan, and N.Y.U. Among his books are The Gods Made Flesh: Metamorphosis and the Pursuit of Paganism and Unearthing the Past: Archaeology and Aesthetics in the Making of Renaissance Culture, which won prizes from the Modern Language Association, the College Art Association, the American Comparative Literature Association, Phi Beta Kappa, and the PEN America Center. He has been an actor and a director; he is also a regular contributor to publications in both the U.S. and Italy, where he writes on the subject of food and wine. He has recently completed Satyr Square, which is an account of art, literature, food, wine, Italy, and himself; it will be published by Farrar, Straus & Giroux in 2006. His current project is a scholarly study of the relations among words, images, and pleasure from Plato to the Renaissance. He recently won the Morton Dauwen Zabel Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters.
 
2Name:  Dr. Hans Belting
 Institution:  Internationales Forschungszentrum Kulturwissenschaften, Vienna
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1935
   
 
Hans Belting is perhaps Germany's most creative art historian. In his College Art Association citation he is described as "the most influential scholar of medieval art of his generation," having made "fundamental contributions to the history of Byzantine wall painting and manuscript illumination, Carolingian art in Rome and Gaul, Italian Trecento mural decoration and early Flemish panel painting." His many books are based on a wide spectrum of methods: traditional style and iconographic analysis, reception theory, archaeological and anthropological techniques and the critique of patronage. But he has also contributed powerfully to contemporary theory in the discipline, particularly in The End of the History of Art, and to the history and criticism of contemporary art. Dr. Belting's other published works include Likeness and Presence: A History of the Image Before the Era of Art (1984); The Germans and Their Art: A Troublesome Relationship (1998); The Invisible Masterpiece: The Modern Myths of Art (2001); and Hieronymus Bosch: The Garden of Earthly Delights (2002). Formerly the Mary Jane Crowe Professor at Northwestern University and the director of the Internationales Forschungszentrum Kulturwissenschaften in Vienna, Dr. Belting is a member of the Medieval Academy of America; the American Academy of Arts & Sciences; the Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften; and the Academia Europaea. He received his Ph.D. from Mainz University in 1959.
 
3Name:  Dr. Stanley Cavell
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  407. Philosophy
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1926
 Death Date:  June 19, 2018
   
 
Stanley Cavell was one of the most distinguished and most independent American philosophers of the last half-century. His major interests center on the relation of the analytical tradition (especially the work of Austin and Wittgenstein) with key figures of the Continental tradition (for example, Heidegger and Nietzsche); with American philosophy (especially Emerson and Thoreau); and with the arts (for example, Shakespeare, film, and opera). At a time when one hears the fear that American philosophy is limiting itself to philosophy of cognitive science and philosophy of language and logic and European philosophy is dominated by Postmodernism, Dr. Cavell was perhaps the outstanding example of a philosopher who is simultaneously humanistic and rigorous. The extent of his influence was testified to by the fact that he had been the subject of books and collections of papers in the United States, England, Germany, France, Spain and Japan. In 1997 Dr. Cavell became Walter M. Cabot Professor of Aesthetics and the General Theory of Value Emeritus at Harvard University, where he had taught since 1963. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1961 and was a Junior Fellow in Harvard's Society of Fellows from 1953 to 1956. He earned his A.B. in music at the University of California, Berkeley in 1947 and returned to Berkeley as an assistant professor of philosophy from 1956 to 1962. Stanley Cavell died June 19, 2018, at the age of 91 in Boston, Massachusetts.
 
4Name:  Dr. Ross Chambers
 Institution:  University of Michigan
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  402. Criticism: Arts and Letters
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1934
 Death Date:  October 18, 2017
   
 
Born in Australia and educated in large part in France, Ross Chambers first established himself as among the world's leading Nerval and Baudelaire scholars, then later became one of this country's most eminent theorists of narratology and the historical place of literature. Over his many years of teaching at the University of Michigan, where he was Melvin Felheim Distinguished University Professor Emeritus, Dr. Chambers became legendary for his role as mentor to younger generations of scholars. His generosity and critical acuity made him universally liked and respected. His work was known and cited in both the U.S. and France - he published regularly in both languages - and after his retirement from active teaching in 2002, he was more active than ever in the profession. To highlight a few of his many books: Meaning and Meaningfulness carefully investigates the way texts create and readers activate meanings; Story and Situation contributes importantly to the study of narrative, and particularly the communicative situations activated by narrative; Mélancolie et Opposition explores the beginnings of modernism in France in the wake of the Revolution of 1848, stressing the importance of textual context on the production of meaning; and Room for Maneuver posits reading as an "oppositional practice productive of change"; it demonstrates how literature simultaneously draws upon and opposes the authoritative texts upon which it depends. Ross Chambers died October 18, 2017, at the age of 84.
 
5Name:  Dr. Kent V. Flannery
 Institution:  University of Michigan
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1934
   
 
Kent Flannery is an internationally renowned archaeologist who is justifiably recognized as one of the most important theorists in the field today. The James Bennett Griffin Distinguished University Professor of Anthropological Archaeology at the University of Michigan since 1985, he has made outstanding and lasting contributions to the field of archaeology over the past four decades not only in the realms of theory and method but substantively as well. He has significantly advanced scholarly understanding of the rise of agriculture in both the Old and New Worlds, with his research and writings having provided a number of important insights into the growth of preindustrial civilizations. In particular, he has convincingly demonstrated how material and ideological factors are inextricably linked in the development of cultural complexity. The field research of Dr. Flannery and his collaborators on the ancient Zapotec civilization in Mexico is especially notable in this regard. Dr. Flannery received his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1964 and has served on the University of Michigan faculty since 1967. He was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1978; the American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 1998; and the American Philosophical Society in 2005.
 
6Name:  Dr. Julia Haig Gaisser
 Institution:  Bryn Mawr College
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  402b
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1941
   
 
Julia Haig Gaisser is a scholar of international distinction, a leader in the interpretation of the Classics and Roman Humanism. From her early Homeric studies, she has turned her attention to Roman poetry of the late Republic and the Empire, particularly Catullus, and the works of Apuleius, and has carried these interests into the Renaissance, with acclaimed studies of the reception of Catullus in the Renaissance and of the world of the Humanist, Piero Valeriano. Her work is characterized by depth of insight and rigorous analysis, and also by notable grace of style. She has contributed significantly to the welfare of the organizations on which the vitality of classical studies depends - as president of the American Philological Association, chairman of the Managing Committee of the Intercollegiate Center for Classical Studies in Rome, editor of the Bryn Mawr Latin Commentaries, and spokesperson for humanistic concerns in many contexts. In addition to her many publications, she has lectured widely in this country and abroad, has excelled in teaching undergraduates and graduate students, and by her work for the Marshall Scholarships and the American Academy in Rome she has strengthened the bonds between American and European scholars. Dr. Gaisser's recent projects include her Martin Classical Lectures at Oberlin (The Fortunes of Apuleius) as well as Oxford Readings in Catullus and a translation of the dialogues of Giovanni Pontano for the I Tatti Renaissance Library. Professor Emeritus of Latin and Eugenia Chase Guild Professor Emeritus in the Humanities at Bryn Mawr College, Dr. Gaisser was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2005.
 
7Name:  Dr. Allan Gibbard
 Institution:  University of Michigan
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  406. Linguistics
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1942
   
 
Allan Gibbard is Richard B. Brandt Distinguished University Professor of Philosophy at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. He is the author of Wise Choices, Apt Feelings (1990), Thinking How to Live (2003), and Reconciling Our Aims (2008), as well as articles on ethical theory, theory of social choice, and topics in decision theory, philosophy of language, epistemology, and metaphysics. His papers include \"Manipulation of Voting Schemes\" (1973); \"Contingent Identity\" (1975); \"Two Recent Theories of Conditionals\" (1981); \"Meaning and Normativity\" (1994); and \"Rational Credence and the Value of Truth” (2008)\". He earned a B.A. in mathematics from Swarthmore College in 1963 and a Ph.D. in philosophy at Harvard University in 1971. He taught mathematics and physics at Achimota School in Ghana in the U.S. Peace Corps and has taught philosophy at the University of Chicago, the University of Pittsburgh, and, since 1977, at the University of Michigan. He has held research fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences, the Rockefeller Foundation, the Guggenheim Foundation, and the American Council of Learned Societies. He is a Fellow of the Econometric Society, a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, a Member of the American Philosophical Society, a Membre Titulaire of the Institut International de Philosophie, and has been President of the Central Division of the American Philosophical Association. He is working on a book on the philosopical claim that the concepts of meaning and of mental content are normative concepts.
 
8Name:  Dr. Sandra M. Gilbert
 Institution:  University of California, Davis
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  402a
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1936
   
 
Sandra Gilbert is known both as a critic and as a poet. Her most important critical works have been written in collaboration with Susan Gubar. The first of these collaborative works, The Madwoman in the Attic, originally published in 1979, still retains its status as one of the most important documents of feminist literary criticism. In conjunction with the succeeding three-volume No Man's Land, which extends the critical enterprise from the nineteenth to the twentieth century, The Madwoman in the Attic stands as a monumental work. Sandra Gilbert has published numerous volumes of poetry throughout her career, culminating in a collection selected from thirty years of productivity. In addition, she has published a memoir, Wrongful Death (1995), and a literary/cultural study, Death's Door (2006). She has distinguished herself also as a reader of poetry. Dr. Gilbert has also been active in service to the profession, most notably as an officer of the Modern Language Association, in which she served successfully as second vice-president, vice-president, and president. Presently Professor of English Emerita at the University of California, Davis (1989-), Dr. Gilbert has also taught at California State University, Indiana University and Princeton University. She earned her Ph.D. from Columbia University in 1968.
 
9Name:  Dr. Sally Falk Moore
 Institution:  Peabody Museum, Harvard University
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1924
 Death Date:  May 2, 2021
   
 
Sally Falk Moore was Professor of Anthropology (emerita) at Harvard University, where she served as Dean of the Graduate School from 1985-89. Intermittently, she also has taught "Anthropological Approaches to Law" at Harvard Law School. She has an L.L.B. from Columbia Law School (1945). Her major anthropological fieldwork has been in East Africa. Her books include Power and Property in Inca Peru (1958), Law as Process (1978), Social Facts and Fabrications: "Customary" Law on Kilimanjaro 1880-1980 (1986), Anthropology and Africa (1994), and most recently a reader, Law and Anthropology (2005). She is a past president of the American Ethnological Society and the Society for Political and Legal Anthropology. She was elected Huxley Medalist and Lecturer for 1999 by the Royal Anthropological Institute and has been awarded the Kalven Prize by the Law and Society Association (2005). She died on May 2, 2021.
 
10Name:  Dr. Richard Rorty
 Institution:  Stanford University
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  407. Philosophy
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1931
 Death Date:  June 8, 2007
   
11Name:  Dr. Ronald S. Stroud
 Institution:  University of California, Berkeley
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1933
 Death Date:  October 7, 2021
   
 
Ronald Stroud is an extraordinary scholar of Greek history, inscriptions and archaeology. An inspirational teacher, he has been a benefactor to all who work in these areas through his many years meticulously editing the indispensible annual supplement of newly discovered and newly studied inscriptions (Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum). A comprehensive, balanced use of the ancient historians, inscriptions and archaeology to understand ancient society is a goal sought by many but rarely achieved with the sureness, learning and elegance of Dr. Stroud. His greatest contributions have been the publication of Athenian laws on stone and the excavation of the sanctuary of the goddess Demeter at Corinth. Presently Klio Distinguished Professor of Classical Languages and Literature Emeritus, Dr. Stroud has been affiliated with the University of California, Berkeley since earning his Ph.D. from the university in 1965. His published works include Drakon's Law on Homicide (1968); The Axones and Kyrbeis of Drakon and Solon (1979); The Athenian Grain-Tax Law of 374/3 B.C. (1998); and The Sanctuary of Demeter and Kore: Architecture and Topography (1998).
 
Election Year
2005[X]