American Philosophical Society
Member History

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41Name:  The Honorable John Paul Stevens
 Institution:  United States Supreme Court
 Year Elected:  2008
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1920
 Death Date:  July 16, 2019
   
 
John Paul Stevens served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from December 19, 1975 until his retirement on June 29, 2010. For more than three decades he was one of the shaping architects of American constitutional law. However, he was not always law-directed. As an undergraduate at the University of Chicago, he was an English major, but following service as a naval officer in World War II, he turned to law. After graduating from Northwestern Law School in 1947, Stevens served as law clerk to Justice Wiley B. Rutledge during the Supreme Court's 1947-48 term. Following the clerkship, Stevens practiced law in Chicago for some twenty years, with a two-year Washington detour as counsel to a congressional committee. In 1970, President Nixon appointed Stevens a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. In 1975, President Ford named Stevens to the Supreme Court, thereby returning him, as a Justice, to the courthouse where, as a law clerk, he had apprenticed almost thirty years before. John Paul Stevens was the senior Justice, having been a member of the Court for just under thirty-five years. On a Court which moved to the right, Stevens stayed in place: rock-solid for the maintenance of constitutional rights, and - as a steadfast adherent of the Constitution's separation of powers - a strong voice against undue accretion of the authority of the executive branch. Animating Stevens's jurisprudence is a set of perspectives that may be thought to trace back to his undergraduate concentration in English. In a 1992 lecture entitled The Shakespeare Canon of Statutory Construction, Stevens wrote: "As times change there is…a fluctuation in perceptions about the importance of studying humanistic values and their relation to rules of law. Nevertheless, a society that is determined and destined to remain free must find time to nourish these values." John Paul Stevens was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2008. His memoir Five Chiefs was published in 2011 and in 2012 he was awarded the Medal of Freedom by President Obama. He died July 16, 2019 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, at the age of 99.
 
42Name:  The Honorable David S. Tatel
 Institution:  United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit
 Year Elected:  2007
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1943
   
 
Judge David S. Tatel was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit by President Bill Clinton in October 1994. Judge Tatel earned an undergraduate degree from the University of Michigan and a J.D. from the University of Chicago. Following law school, he was an instructor at the University of Michigan Law School and then joined Sidley & Austin in Chicago. Since then, he has served as founding Director of the Chicago Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Director of the National Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, and Director of the Office for Civil Rights of the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare during the Carter Administration. Returning to private practice in 1979, Judge Tatel joined Hogan & Hartson, where he founded and headed the firm’s education practice until his appointment to the D.C. Circuit. While on sabbatical from Hogan & Hartson, Judge Tatel spent a year as a lecturer at Stanford Law School. Judge Tatel has served on many non-profit boards, including The Spencer Foundation, which he chaired from 1990 to 1997. He currently chairs the Board of The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Judge Tatel is a member of the American Philosophical Society, the National Academy of Education, and the National Academy of Sciences’ Committee on Science, Technology and Law. Judge Tatel and his wife, Edith, have four children and six grandchildren.
 
43Name:  Mr. Mark Thompson
 Institution:  Ancestry
 Year Elected:  2017
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1957
   
 
Mark Thompson is currently the Chair of the Board of Directors of Ancestry. Previously, he was president and chief executive officer of The New York Times Company from 2012 to 2020. He was responsible for leading the Company's strategy, operations and business units, and working closely with the chairman to direct the vision of the company. Mr. Thompson was instrumental in accelerating the pace of The Times's digital transformation. Under his leadership, The Times became the first news organization in the world to pass the one million digital-only subscription mark. The company has also introduced a new era of international growth, launched an industry leading branded content studio and invested in virtual reality, producing some of the most celebrated work in this emerging medium. Before joining the Times Company, Mr. Thompson served as Director-General of the BBC from 2004, where he reshaped the organization to meet the challenge of the digital age, ensuring that it remained a leading innovator with the launch of services such as the BBC iPlayer. He also oversaw a transformation of the BBC itself, driving productivity and efficiency through the introduction of new technologies and bold organizational redesign. Mr. Thompson joined the BBC in 1979 as a production trainee. He helped launch Watchdog and Breakfast Time, was an output editor on Newsnight, and was appointed editor of the Nine O'Clock News in 1988 and of Panorama in 1990. He became controller (programming and scheduling chief) for the TV network BBC2 and Director of Television for the BBC before leaving the BBC in 2002 to become CEO of Channel 4 Television Corporation in the United Kingdom. His book, "Enough Said: What’s Gone Wrong with the Language of Politics?" which is based on lectures he gave as a visiting professor of Rhetoric and the Art of Public Persuasion at the University of Oxford, was published in the UK and US in September 2016. Mark Thompson was educated at Stonyhurst College and Merton College, Oxford.
 
44Name:  Ms. Billie Tsien
 Institution:  Tod Williams Billie Tsien Architects
 Year Elected:  2017
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1949
   
 
Billie Tsien and Tod Williams formed their New York-based collaborative practice in 1986. Their studio of about 35 people is known for successfully combining theory and practice, architecture, and the fine arts. The firm’s work emphasizes the importance of place and materials. Williams and Tsien have been the architects for many notable projects including the Barnes Foundation campus in Philadelphia, the Neurosciences Institute in La Jolla, California, the Desert House in Phoenix, Arizona, the David Rubenstein Atrium in New York City, and the Center for Advancement of Public Action at Bennington College in Vermont. The magnificent Barnes Foundation building and grounds honor the legacy of Dr. and Mrs. Barnes and the core educational mission of the Foundation through a series of spaces that maintain the intimate character of the gallery while allowing for greater access to the collections and programs. In June, the Obama Foundation selected Tsien and Williams as the architects for the Obama Presidential Center, a combination library and museum to be built in Chicago. The foundation said that the two architects “stood out in their commitment to explore the best ways of creating an innovative center for action that inspires communities and individuals to take on our biggest challenges.” In 2021 Billie Tsien was appointed to President Biden's Commission on Fine Arts.
 
45Name:  Mr. Robert Venturi
 Institution:  Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates, Inc.
 Year Elected:  2006
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1925
 Death Date:  September 18, 2018
   
 
Robert Venturi, founding principal of Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates (VSBA), derived his reputation from both his architecture and theoretical and critical writings. In his most recent book, written with Denise Scott Brown, its publisher, Harvard University Press, refers to Mr. Venturi and Ms. Scott Brown's contributions as "(having) influenced architects worldwide for nearly half a century." Mr. Venturi's work includes a provincial capitol building of the Haute-Garonne in Toulouse, France; the Mielparque Nikko Kirifuri resort hotel near Nikko, Japan; the Sainsbury Wing of the National Gallery in London; additions to the Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego; the Seattle Art Museum; conceptual design of two high-rise offices in Shanghai; major expansions to Lehigh Valley Hospital; an extension to the Woodmere Art Museum; and a chapel for the Episcopal Academy near Philadelphia. VSBA has engaged in over 70 projects for over 30 institutions of higher learning, many involving repeat work, including labs for the University of Kentucky, Princeton, Penn, Michigan, UCLA, UC Santa Barbara, and Yale; libraries at Dartmouth, Penn, Bard, and Harvard's Dumbarton Oaks; and campus centers for Princeton, Dartmouth, Penn, Delaware, Harvard, and Swarthmore. VSBA's architecture and planning are known for particular responsiveness to the client's program, schedule, and budget and to the building's context, accommodating a distinctive aesthetic for each project. Mr. Venturi's teaching, lecturing, and writing received widespread attention and critical review. "Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture" (Museum of Modern Art Press, 1966) has been translated and published in 18 languages, including a Samizdat edition in Czechoslovakian. It was honored with the AIA's Classic Book Award. Mr. Venturi's awards also included the Anne d'Harnoncourt Award for Artistic Excellence from the Arts & Business Council of Philadelphia (with Denise Scott Brown, 2010), the Pritzker Architecture Prize (1991) and the Presidential Medal of the Arts (1992). He, with Denise Scott Brown, was awarded the 2016 AIA Gold Medal. Robert Venturi died died September 18, 2018 in Philadelphia at the age of 93.
 
46Name:  The Honorable Patricia McGowan Wald
 Institution:  Open Society Justice Initiative; War Crimes Tribunal for for former Yugoslavia (The Hague) & U.S. Court of Appeals
 Year Elected:  2000
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1928
 Death Date:  January 12, 2019
   
 
Patricia M. Wald received her B.A. from Connecticut College for Women and was a 1951 graduate of the Yale Law School. From 1999-2001, Judge Wald served as a judge on the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) at The Hague. Prior to her tenure on the ICTY, she was on the District of Columbia Circuit Court of Appeals from 1979-99 and was the Chief Judge from 1986-91. As the first woman to serve on the appeals court, she was known for handling cases involving the rights of women, children and the poor. From 1977-79 she was Assistant Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Legislative Affairs. Before that she practiced public interest law, was an associate of Arnold and Porter and was a member of national and local criminal policy commissions. Judge Wald was a council member (1978-2009) and was Vice President of the American Law Institute from 1988-98. Later in her life she was a member of the Board of Directors of the Open Society Justice Initiative, for which she was formerly a chair. She also served on the President's Commission on Intelligence Capabilities, the independent body that examined U.S. intelligence gathering in light of the war in Iraq. She traveled and consulted with Eastern European judicial and legal organizations as a representative of the Central and Eastern European Law Initiative-American Bar Association. Patricia Wald wrote extensively on judicial administration, women's rights, international and comparative law, legislative history, criminal procedure, juvenile law, administrative law (environmental review), judicial ethics, and mental health law. Important decisions in which she took part include cases involving children's television programming and protest demonstrations at abortion clinics. Judge Wald was elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society in 2000. She was awarded the 2013 Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama. She died on January 12, 2019 in Washington, DC at the age of 90.
 
47Name:  Dr. Marna C. Whittington
 Institution:  Allianz Global Investors Capital; Oaktree Capital Group
 Year Elected:  2014
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1947
   
 
As former CEO of Allianz Global Investors Capital, Marna Whittington was responsible for overseeing all business and investment functions within the firm. In addition, she was Chief Operating Officer and a member of the Management Board of Allianz Global Investors, the holding company for Allianz's asset management activities. Prior to joining Allianz Global Investors, she was Managing Director and Chief Operating Officer of Morgan Stanley Asset Management. Dr. Whittington started in the investment industry in 1992, joining Philadelphia-based Miller Anderson & Sherrerd which was acquired by Morgan Stanley in 1996. Previously she was Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer of the University of Pennsylvania where she served from 1984 to 1992. Earlier, she had been first, Budget Director and later, Secretary of Finance for the State of Delaware. Prior to that, she served as the Deputy Secretary of Education for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. She earned a B.A. with a concentration in mathematics from the University of Delaware and an M.S. and Ph.D. in quantitative methods from the University of Pittsburgh. She currently serves on the boards of trustees for the Salk Institute for Biological Studies and Middlebury College. She is also on the board of directors of Macy's Inc., the Philadelphia Contributionship (a company founded by Benjamin Franklin), Fireman's Fund, Allianz Life, Phillips 66, and Oaktree Capital Management L.P. Marna Whittington was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2014.
 
48Name:  Dr. Charles K. Williams
 Institution:  American School of Classical Studies at Athens
 Year Elected:  2012
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1930
   
 
Charles K. Williams II is both a Trustee of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens and Field Director Emeritus of its Corinth Excavations. Born in Pennsylvania, he received his Ph.D. in 1978 from the University of Pennsylvania. In 1993 he was awarded the Gold Medal of the Archaeological Institute of America. He is the author of The Temple of Zeus at Nemea, revision of B.H. Hill's 1966; Hesperia, annual reports of excavations at Corinth, 1966-96; and editor of Corinth the Centenary: 1896, 1996 (with N. Bookidis). Charles K. Williams may well be the finest excavator among all contemporary classical archaeologists. He devoted thirty years as Director of excavations at ancient Corinth in Greece, where he spent the greater part of every year and trained scores of archaeology students in what are now famous methods of excavation. Every season was promptly followed by a very substantial report. His guidance and encouragement of other scholars and openness to new interests and approaches, e.g. study of the neglected Frankish period and of faunal remains, made Corinth an unmatched center of research in classical archaeology. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2012.
 
49Name:  Mr. Tod Williams
 Institution:  Tod Williams Billie Tsien Architects
 Year Elected:  2017
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1943
   
 
Billie Tsien and Tod Williams formed their New York-based collaborative practice in 1986. Their studio of about 35 people is known for successfully combining theory and practice, architecture, and the fine arts. The firm’s work emphasizes the importance of place and materials. Williams and Tsien have been the architects for many notable projects including the Barnes Foundation campus in Philadelphia, the Neurosciences Institute in La Jolla, California, the Desert House in Phoenix, Arizona, the David Rubenstein Atrium in New York City, and the Center for Advancement of Public Action at Bennington College in Vermont. The magnificent Barnes Foundation building and grounds honor the legacy of Dr. and Mrs. Barnes and the core educational mission of the Foundation through a series of spaces that maintain the intimate character of the gallery while allowing for greater access to the collections and programs. In June, the Obama Foundation selected Tsien and Williams as the architects for the Obama Presidential Center, a combination library and museum to be built in Chicago. The foundation said that the two architects stood out in their commitment to explore the best ways of creating an innovative center for action that inspires communities and individuals to take on our biggest challenges.
 
50Name:  Mr. Richard B. Worley
 Institution:  Permit Capital LLC
 Year Elected:  2014
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1945
   
 
Richard B. Worley is Managing Partner of Permit Capital LLC which he founded in 2002. He began his career in 1970 as an economist at Goldman Sachs. In 1978 he joined Miller Anderson and Sherrerd, an independent investment management firm in the Philadelphia area. At MAS he was elected Partner in 1980 and Chairman in 1988, a position he held until the firm was acquired by Morgan Stanley in 1996. At Morgan Stanley he served in several capacities including as President and CEO of Morgan Stanley Investment Management. Mr. Worley holds a Bachelor of Sciences degree from the University of Tennessee. He also attended graduate school at the University of Texas for two years before joining Goldman Sachs. Currently, he is a member of the board of directors of the Philadelphia Orchestra Association and of Neuberger Berman, a global investment management company headquartered in New York City, a member of the American Philosophical Society, a director at the Philadelphia Inquirer, a director at Two River Theater and is on the board of directors at The Fund for the School District of Philadelphia. Mr. Worley was the Chairman of the Philadelphia Orchestra Association a position he held from 2009 to 2019. He is a former trustee of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the University of Pennsylvania and Penn Medicine, the National Constitution Center and he is a former director of the Colonial Williamsburg Foundation and the Independence Seaport Museum. Richard B. Worley was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2014.
 
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