American Philosophical Society
Member History

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5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs[X]
502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions[X]
1Name:  Mr. William T. Coleman
 Institution:  O'Melveny & Myers
 Year Elected:  2001
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1920
 Death Date:  March 31, 2017
William T. Coleman, Jr., was a Senior Partner and the Senior Counselor in O'Melveny & Myers LLP's Washington, D.C. office. He received his undergraduate education at the University of Pennsylvania and his law degree from Harvard University Law School in 1946, where he was an editor of the Law Review. As a member of Thurgood Marshall's legal team at the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, Mr. Coleman was a main architect of the legal strategy leading to Brown v. Board of Education and the desegregation of schools and other public facilities throughout the United States. He has played a leading role for nearly half a century in the effort to give reality to the principle of equality under the law. Mr. Coleman had extensive litigation experience in the corporate, antitrust, natural gas and constitutional law fields; foreign trade and other international matters; and the handling of corporate acquisitions and divestitures. In addition to his active practice of the law, he became president of the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund in 1971 - later serving as its chair - as well as adviser to six presidents, including Gerald Ford, who appointed him Secretary of Transportation in 1975. William T. Coleman was the recipient of numerous honors including the Presidential Medal of Freedom (1995), an officer of the French Legion of Honor (1979), the NAACP's Thurgood Marshall Lifetime Achievement Award (1997) and the Judge Henry J. Friendly Medal of the Council of the American Law Institute (2000). His autobiography, Counsel for the Situation, was released in 2010. Mr. Coleman was elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society in 2001. He died March 31, 2017, at the age of 96.
2Name:  Ms. Linda Greenhouse
 Institution:  Yale Law School
 Year Elected:  2001
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1947
Linda Greenhouse is a senior research scholar at Yale Law School, where she has taught since 2009. For 30 years before that, she was the Supreme Court correspondent for the New York Times and was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for her reporting. In 2005 she was awarded the American Philosophical Society's Henry Allen Moe Prize in the Humanities in recognition of her paper "'Because We Are Final': Judicial Review Two Hundred Years after Marbury," delivered as part of the symposium "The Two Hundredth Anniversary of Marbury v. Madison," at the Society's 2003 April Meeting and published in the March 2004 Proceedings. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2001, became a Vice President of the Society in 2012, and was elected its President in 2017. She is a graduate of Radcliffe College, Harvard University, and earned the degree of Master of Studies in Law from Yale Law School, which she attended on a Ford Foundation Fellowship. Among numerous awards during a 40-year career in journalism were the Pulitzer Prize (1998); the Henry J. Friendly Medal from the American Law Institute, of which she is an honorary member; and the Carey McWilliams Award from the American Political Science Association for "a major journalistic contribution to our understanding of politics." In 2020 she received the Franklin Founder Award from "Celebration! of Benjamin Franklin, Founder," a consortium of representatives of Franklin-related institutions. Among her publications are Becoming Justice Blackmun (2005); (with Reva B. Siegel) Before Roe v. Wade: Voices That Shaped the Abortion Debate Before the Supreme Court's Ruling (2010); The U.S. Supreme Court: A Very Short Introduction (2012); and (with Michael J. Graetz) The Burger Court and the Rise of the Judicial Right (2016); Just A Journalist: On the Press, Life, and the Spaces Between (2017); and Justice on the Brink: The Death of Ruth Bader Ginsburg, the Rise of Amy Coney Barrett, and Twelve Months That Transformed the Supreme Court. She is a former member of the Harvard University Board of Overseers and currently serves on the Senate of Phi Beta Kappa and the Council of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
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