American Philosophical Society
Member History

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303. History Since 1715[X]
101Name:  Dr. Russell F. Weigley
 Institution:  Temple University
 Year Elected:  1993
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1930
 Death Date:  March 3, 2004
102Name:  Dr. Hayden White
 Institution:  University of California, Santa Cruz & Stanford University
 Year Elected:  2000
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1928
 Death Date:  March 5, 2018
Perhaps more than anyone since Collingwood, Hayden White has influenced the ways in which we think about historical writing. With his now classic Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe (1973) he almost single-handedly introduced the so-called "linguistic turn" into the study of historiography, showing that historical texts are decisively shaped by genre and narrative codes and that form and meaning are as inextricably entwined in history as in literature. In Germany, Holland, Italy, Great Britain and increasingly now also in Russia, Poland and Hungary, as well as in the U.S., Dr. White's work is an essential point of departure for reflection on the nature of history. He was University Professor Emeritus at the University of California, Santa Cruz and Bonsall Professor of Comparative Literature at Stanford University at the time of his death on March 5, 2018, at age 89. Dr. White was the author of works such as Metahistory: The Historical Imagination in Nineteenth Century Europe (1973) and The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation (1986).
103Name:  Dr. Richard White
 Institution:  Stanford University
 Year Elected:  2016
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1947
I was born in New York City, and grew up in and around Los Angeles. I attended the University of California at Santa Cruz and received my Ph.D. from the University of Washington. I am an accidental historian inspired by my involvement in Indian fishing rights controversies in Washington in the late 1960s. One thing led to another, and my interest in Native American and Western history led me to environmental history. I have more recently become interested in memory and history and in political economy. I find it hard to specialize, and equally hard to stay within my own discipline. Maybe I just have a short attention span. I have also found it hard to stay in one place. I have taught at Michigan State, the University of Utah, the University of Washington, and Stanford University, where I have remained largely because the university has treated me well and my wife became a born-again Californian. She has no intention of leaving. I have always been interested in the techniques of writing history and the crafting of narratives; after receiving a Mellon Distinguished Achievement Award in the Humanities, I used the grant to co-found the Spatial History Project at Stanford and became fascinated by digital visualizations as a way to analyze and present historical data. This, in turn, has increased my interest in photography. Although I am primarily a historian of the United States, I have written about Mexico, Canada, and France as well as Ireland. I also have an interest in New Zealand, Australia, and the Pacific World but this has not, so far, led to publications.
104Name:  Dr. Garry Wills
 Institution:  Northwestern University
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1934
Garry Wills is an author and historian and a frequent contributor to the New York Review of Books. He is Professor Emeritus of History at Northwestern University and received his Ph.D. in classics from Yale University in 1961. In 1993, Dr. Wills won a Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction for his book Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America, which describes the background and effect of Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. Dr. Wills' many other books include penetrating studies of George Washington, Richard Nixon, the Kennedy family, Ronald Reagan, and religion in America. His book, "What Paul Meant" (2006), makes the argument for Paul as the most reliable guide to Jesus' teachings. Dr. Wills' numerous honors and prizes include the Merle Curti Award of the American Historical Association, the National Book Critics Award, the Presidential Medal of the Endowment for the Humanities, and honorary doctorates from nineteen colleges. His recent publications include "Head and Heart: American Christianities" (2007); "What the Gospels Meant" (2008); "Martial's Epigrams", a collection of translations of the verse of Marcus Valerius Martialis; and "Bomb Power: The Modern Presidency and the National Security State" (2010). In 2011 he published both Rome and Rhetoric; Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" and Verdi's Shakespeare: Men of the Theater and in 2013 he released Why Priests? A Failed Tradition.
105Name:  Dr. Gordon S. Wood
 Institution:  Brown University
 Year Elected:  1994
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1933
Gordon Wood has earned international distinction as an interpreter of 18th century colonial American and United States history. His first book, The Creation of the Republic (1969), is a stunning work of scholarship and exposition that won two of the most important book awards open to historians. Dr. Wood's 1992 work The Radicalism of the American Revolution has also won several awards, including the Pulitzer Prize for History, and is considered among the definitive works on the social, political and economic consequences of the Revolution. Dr. Wood has taught at Brown University, where he is Alva O. Way University Professor Emeritus. He has also served on the faculties of the College of William and Mary (1964-66), Harvard (1966-67), and the University of Michigan (1967-69). A member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences and the Society for Historians of the Early Republic, Dr. Wood also served for a number of years as chairman of the National Historical Society; as a consultant to the National Constitution Center and to the United States Capitol renovation; and on the Board of Trustees for Colonial Williamsburg. His most recent books include The Americanization of Benjamin Franklin (2004), Revolutionary Characters: What Made the Founders Different (2006),The Purpose of the Past: Reflections on the Uses of History (2007), the American History Book Prize winning Empire of Liberty (2009), The Idea of America: Reflections on the Birth of the United States (2011), and Friends Divided: John Adams and Thomas Jefferson (2017). He was awarded the 2010 National Humanities Medal by President Obama, the Centennial Medal by Harvard University Graduate School in 2015, and the Luminary Award of the Precision Medecine World Conference in 2018. Gordon Wood was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1994.
106Name:  Dr. C. Vann Woodward
 Institution:  Yale University
 Year Elected:  1959
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1908
 Death Date:  12/17/99
107Name:  Dr. Gordon Wright
 Institution:  Stanford Universtiy
 Year Elected:  1978
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1912
 Death Date:  January 11, 2000
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