American Philosophical Society
Member History

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3. Social Sciences[X]
1Name:  Dr. Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers
 Institution:  University of Amsterdam
 Year Elected:  2012
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  305
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1952
Jeroen G.W. Raaijmakers received his Ph.D. from the University of Nijmegen in 1979. In collaboration with Richard M. Shiffrin, he developed a new model (SAM, for Search of Associative Memory) for retrieval from long-term memory that gave a quantitative description of search processes in memory. Key features of the model were a precise description of the effects of combining several retrieval cues and the role of context in retrieval from memory. Over the past 30 years the model has been successfully applied to explain a large number of empirical phenomena and is generally considered as one of the most encompassing models of human memory and a standard in current memory research. In 1985, Dr. Raaijmakers moved to the TNO Institute for Perception (now called TNO Human Factors) to set up a new group on Applied Cognitive Psychology, focusing on knowledge systems and human decision making. In 1992, Dr. Raaijmakers became (full) professor in Cognitive Psychology at the University of Amsterdam. One of the activities there was the creation of a new interuniversity Graduate Program in Experimental Psychology. In 1993, the Graduate Research Institute for Experimental Psychology EPOS was formed with Dr. Raaijmakers as its first director. Between 2006 and 2010, Dr. Raaijmakers was director of the Cognitive Science Center Amsterdam, focusing on the stimulation of interdisciplinary research in Cognitive Science by bringing together researchers from neurobiology, cognitive psychology, linguistics, behavioral economics and information science to work on common issues in human (and animal) cognition. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2012. He was elected to the American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 2017
2Name:  Ms. Claire Tomalin
 Year Elected:  2012
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1933
Claire Tomalin, nee Delavenay, was born in 1933 in London of a French father and an English mother, studied at Cambridge, worked in publishing and journalism as literary editor of the New Statesman, then the Sunday Times, while bringing up her children. In 1974 she published her first book The Life and Death of Mary Wollstonecraft, which won the Whitbread First Book Prize. Since then she has researched and written Shelley and His World, 1980; Katherine Mansfield: A Secret Life, 1987; The Invisible Woman: the story of Nelly Ternan and Charles Dickens, 1991 [NCR, Hawthornden, James Tait Black prizes - now being filmed with Ralph Fiennes]; Mrs Jordan's Profession, 1994; Jane Austen: A Life, 1997; Samuel Pepys: the Unequalled Self, 2002 [Whitbread biography and Book of the Year prizes, Pepys Society Prize, Rose Crawshay Prize]. Thomas Hardy: The Time-Torn Man appeared in 2006, after which she made a television film about Hardy, and published a selection of Hardy’s poems. Her Charles Dickens: A Life was published in 2011. She organized two exhibitions, about the Regency actress Mrs. Jordan at Kenwood in 1995, and about Mary Wollstonecraft and Mary Shelley in 1997. She also edited and introduced Mary Shelley’s story for children, Maurice. A collection of her reviews, Several Strangers, appeared in 1999. She has served on the Committee of the London Library and as a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery and the Wordsworth Trust. She is a Vice-President of the Royal Literary Fund, of the Royal Society of Literature and of English PEN. She enjoys walking, gardening, travelling, being with her children and grandchildren, and listening to classical music and opera. She lives in London and is married to the playwright and novelist Michael Frayn.
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