American Philosophical Society
Member History

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5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs[X]
1Name:  The Honorable Robert Badinter
 Institution:  Paris University I, Pantheon Sorbonne; French Council
 Year Elected:  2009
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1928
Robert Badinter is the President of the OSCE Court of Conciliation and Arbitration, a Senator in the Senate of France, and a Professor of Law Emeritus at the Paris University I, Panthéon Sorbonne. He has served as the President of the Arbitration Commission for the Former Yugoslavia, a member of the Brussels Convention for the European Constitution, and a member of the United Nations High Level Panel. Robert Badinter has dedicated his long career to a more human justice and fundamental freedoms. As Minister of Justice, he was the author of the bill of abolition of the death penalty in France in 1981. He has been active in the creation of the international tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Hague and the International Criminal Court. He is the author of many books, including: The Execution, 1973; Libertés, Libertés, 1975; (with E. Badinter) Condorcet: An Intellectual in Politics, 1988; Free and Equals: The Emancipation of the Jews (1789-1791), 1989; Another Justice, 1990; The Penitentiary System of the Republic, 1992; The Republican Prison (1873-1914), 1993; Ordinary Antisemitism: Vichy and the Jewish Lawyers, 1997; The Abolition, 2000; A European Constitution, 2002; The Greatest Good, 2004; Against Death Penalty, 2006. He was inducted into the American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 2006.
2Name:  Dr. Alison Fettes Richard
 Institution:  Yale University
 Year Elected:  2009
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1948
Professor Alison Richard, who was installed as the 344th Vice-Chancellor of the University of Cambridge on October 1, 2003, was the first woman to hold the position full time. She stepped down as Vice-Chancellor in 2010. An anthropologist with a first degree from the University of Cambridge and a doctorate from the University of London, Professor Richard joined the faculty of Yale University in 1972. She was appointed full professor in 1986, chairing the Department of Anthropology from 1986 to 1990 and later serving as Director of the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History. She was appointed Provost of Yale in April 1994 and oversaw major strengthening of Yale's financial position and significant growth in academic programs. At Cambridge, Professor Richard launched an ambitious fundraising campaign for one billion pounds to underpin and augment core expenditure, introduced new measures for the stewardship of the University's investments, and developed a bursary fund to ensure that undergraduate students and applicants are not disadvantaged by the national introduction of higher university tuition fees. She also sponsored internal policy initiatives, including a review of Cambridge's international relationships and its international student policy. Professor Richard holds honorary degrees from Peking University, China (2004), the University of Antananarivo, Madagascar (2005), York University, Canada (2006), the University of Edinburgh, UK (2006), Queens University Belfast (2008) and Anglia Ruskin University (2008). In 2005 she was appointed Officier de l'ordre National (Madagascar) and in 2008 she received the prestigious Addison Emery Verrill Medal from the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History. She was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 2010 Birthday Honours.
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