American Philosophical Society
Member History

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1Name:  Professor Sir Michael Victor Berry
 Institution:  University of Bristol
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  106. Physics
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1941
   
 
Michael Berry is Melville Wills Professor of Physics (Emeritus) at the University of Bristol, UK, where he has been for more than twice as long he has not. He is a physicist, focusing on the physics of the mathematics...of the physics. Applications include the geometry of singularities (caustics on large scales, vortices on fine scales) in optics and other waves, connections between classical and quantum physics, and the physical asymptotics of divergent series. He delights in finding the arcane in the mundane - abstract and subtle concepts in familiar or dramatic phenomena: *Singularities of smooth gradient maps in rainbows and tsunamis; *The Laplace operator in oriental magic mirrors; *Elliptic integrals in the polarization pattern of the clear blue sky; *Geometry of twists and turns in quantum indistinguishability; *Matrix degeneracies in overhead-projector transparencies; *Gauss sums in the light beyond a humble diffraction grating.
 
2Name:  Professor Mireille Delmas-Marty
 Institution:  French Academy of Moral and Political Sciences; Collège de France
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1941
 Death Date:  February 12, 2022
   
 
Mireille Delmas-Marty is a French jurist, honorary professor at the Collège de France and a member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences of the French Institute. She earned her Ph.D. from the University of Paris II in 1969. She has been a leader in European law reform projects, including the Criminal Code Reform Commission. She presided over the commission on “Criminal Justice and Human Rights” and coordinated the Committee of Experts of the European Union on the project “Corpus Juris.” She developed new standards that found a place in the work of the Supervisory Committee of the European Anti-Fraud Office. She has participated in the landmark effort for the President of the French Republic to revise the Constitution in 1992, the reform of the Penal Code in 1981 and the reform of criminal procedure in 1988. She is one of the international leaders in the comparative study of criminal law. Mireille Delmas-Marty's publications include: Les grands systèmes de politique criminelle, 1992; Le flou du droit, 1986; Pour un droit commun, 1994; Trois défis pour un droit mondial, 1998; Libertés et sureté dans un monde dangereux, 2010; Les forces imaginantes du droit, série en 4 volumes: Le relatif et l’universel, (2004), Le Pluralisme ordonné, (2006), La refondation des pouvoirs, (2007), Vers une communauté de valeurs?, (2011); Résister, responsabiliser, anticiper, 2013; Le travail à l’heure de la mondialisation, 2013; Aux quatre vents du monde, petit guide de navigation sur l’océan de la mondialisation, 2016. Her honors include: National Order of Merit (France), 2003; Beccaria Prize, International Society of Social Defense, 2007; Jeschek Prize, International Association of Penal Law, 2008; Prominent Woman in International Law Award, American Society of International Law, 2012; Grand Officer, Franch Order of the Legion of Honour, 2016. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2021.
 
3Name:  Professor Sir Charles Godfray
 Institution:  Oxford Martin School, University of Oxford
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  2. Biological Sciences
 Subdivision:  205. Microbiology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1958
   
 
Charles Godfray was an undergraduate at the University of Oxford and received his PhD from Imperial College London in 1983. He held a temporary lectureship at Oxford before joining the faculty at Imperial College in 1987 where he remained until 2006, latterly as Director of the NERC Centre for Population Biology. He then returned to Oxford as Hope Professor in the Department of Zoology, in 2018 taking up a new role in the University as Director of the interdisciplinary Oxford Martin School and Professor of Population Biology. He is a fellow of Balliol College. Charles’ research has been in ecology, evolution and epidemiology, and has involved both theoretical approaches as well as field and laboratory studies, typically using insect systems. Starting from his PhD work he has been interested in the structure of communities and pioneered ways of testing theories in community ecology by the construction of quantitative food webs and then doing manipulation experiments in the field. Most recently his community ecology work has included the effects of symbionts (the insect microbiome). He has worked extensively on insect population dynamics and its application to pest management, especially in the tropics. In evolution he has used a group of insects called parasitic wasps to test broad questions in areas such as sex ratio and life history theory. He has employed game theory to develop evolutionary theories of parent-offspring conflict and of signalling within the family. He is very interested in the science policy interface and has worked extensively on food systems, both academically and in advisory roles for UK Government and other organisations. Charles has received the Scientific Medal and the Frink Medal from the Zoological Society of London, and the Linnaean Medal from the Linnaean Society. He is an Honorary Member or Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society, the British Ecological Society, and the International Academy of Food Science and Technology. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society and a member of Academia Europaea and the American Academy of Arts and Science. He was knighted for contributions to science and science advice to government in 2017.
 
4Name:  Dr. Moshe Halbertal
 Institution:  Hebrew University; New York University Law School
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1958
   
 
Moshe Halbertal is Professor of Jewish Thought and Philosophy at Hebrew University and Gruss Professor of Law at the New York University Law School. He earned his Ph.D. from the Hebrew University in 1989. Moshe Halbertal is known for applying deep knowledge of ancient philosophical traditions to modern questions of democratic theory. He was a co-author of Israel’s military code of ethics and speaks widely on the current challenges confronting constitutional democracy. He spends every fall semester at New York University where, despite lacking a law degree, he is a tenured law professor. Colleagues there praise the insights he brings to questions of U.S. constitutional law. He has been a visiting professor at many U.S. law schools, including Yale, Harvard, and Penn. His publications include: People of the Book: Canon, Meaning and Authority, 1997; By Way of Truth: Nahmanides and the Creation of Tradition, 2006; Concealment and Revelation: Esotericism in Jewish Thought and its Philosophical Implications, 2007; (with D. Hartman) Judaism and the Challenges of Modern Life, 2007; On Sacrifice, 2012; Maimonides: Life and Thought, 2013; (with S. Holmes) The Beginning of Politics: Power in the Biblical Book of Samuel, 2017; The Birth of Doubt: Confronting Uncertainty in Early Rabbinic Literature, 2020. He won the Goldstein-Goren Book Award in 1997 and the National Jewish Book Award in 2013. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2021.
 
5Name:  Dr. Deborah Howard
 Institution:  St. John's College, University of Cambridge
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1947
   
 
Deborah Howard is Professor Emerita of Architectural History at the University of Cambridge, where she is a Fellow of St John’s College. A graduate of Cambridge University (Newnham College, 1964-68, first class honours), she did her postgraduate studies at the Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London (MA with distinction 1969; PhD 1973). After a research Fellowship at Clare Hall, Cambridge, she taught at University College London, the University of Edinburgh and the Courtauld Institute, before returning to the University of Cambridge in 1992. She was appointed to a Personal Chair in Architectural History in 2001 and served as Head of the Department of History of Art for six years (2002-9, with sabbatical break) before retiring in 2013. On her retirement, her contribution was recognised by two Festschrift volumes, edited by Nebahat Avcıoǧlu, Emma Jones and Allison Sherman (2016-2018). She has an honorary doctorate from University College Dublin (2014). In 2010 Howard was elected a Fellow of the British Academy. She is also a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, Honorary Fellow of the Royal Incorporation of Architects of Scotland and Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. She has held visiting appointments at Yale (summer Term program in London), Harvard (Aga Khan program and the Villa I Tatti), the National Gallery of Art in Washington DC, Smith College, Princeton, and the Universities of Melbourne and Queensland. Among her many committee memberships she served on two Royal Commissions in Scotland between 1987 and 1999 and was Chairman of the Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain from 1997 to 1999. She was a Trustee of British Architecture Library Trust (2001-10) and a non-executive Director of the British Architectural Trust Board (2011- 16). Since 2011 she has been a board member of the Centro di Studi di Architettura ‘Andrea Palladio’ in Vicenza. She is a Trustee of Venice in Peril, and was elected an Honorary Patron Member of the Society of Architectural Historians of GB in 2020. Her principal research interests are the art and architecture of Venice and the Veneto; music and architecture in the Renaissance; and the relationship between Italy and the Eastern Mediterranean. In 2005 she established the Centre for Architectural and Musical Experiments in Renaissance Architecture (CAMERA) at Cambridge, supported by grants from the Arts and Humanities Research Council, the British Academy and the Gladys Krieble Delmas Foundation. She was one of the leaders of a major four-year ERC-funded research project entitled Domestic Devotions: The Place of Piety in the Italian Renaissance home 1400-1600 (2013-7). She has recently completed a research project funded by the Leverhulme Trust on the proto-industrial architecture of the Veneto. Her monographs include Venice Disputed: Marc’Antonio Barbaro and Venetian Architecture 1550-1600 (Yale UP, 2011); Venice and the East: the Impact of the Islamic World on Venetian Architecture 1100-1500 (Yale UP, 2000); Scottish Architecture from the Reformation to the Restoration 1560 - 1660 (Edinburgh UP, 1995); The Architectural History of Venice (rev. edn. Yale UP, 2002, 1st edn. Batsford 1980); Jacopo Sansovino: Architecture and Patronage in Renaissance Venice (Yale University Press, 1975; rev. 1987). She is the joint author, with Mary Laven and Abigail Brundin, of The Sacred Home in Renaissance Italy (Oxford UP, 2018). With Laura Moretti she co-authored Sound and space in Renaissance Venice: Architecture, Music, Acoustics (Yale UP, 2009). 2011. She particularly enjoys collaborative projects that give opportunities to younger scholars, usually resulting in co-edited books. Among these are La Chiesa di San Giacomo dall’Orio, Venezia (ed. with Isabella Cecchini and Massimo Bisson, Viella, 2018); Madonnas and Miracles: The Holy Home in Renaissance Italy (ed. with Maya Corry and Mary Laven, exh. cat., Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge 2017); The Image of Venice: Fialetti’s View and Sir Henry Wotton (ed. with Henrietta McBurney, London 2014); Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari: Immagini di Devozione, Spazi della Fede (ed. with Carlo Corsato, Padua 2015); Architecture and Pilgrimage 1000-1500: Southern Europe and Beyond (ed. with Paul Davies and Wendy Pullan, Ashgate Press, 2013); and The Music Room in Early Modern France and Italy: Sound, Space and Object (ed. with Laura Moretti, Oxford UP, 2012).
 
6Name:  Dr. Sarah Stroumsa
 Institution:  Hebrew University of Jerusalem
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1950
   
 
Sarah Stroumsa is the Alice and Jack Ormut Professor Emerita of Arabic Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She received her academic education at the Hebrew University, as well as at the École Pratique des Hautes Études in Paris. She taught in the Department of Arabic Language and Literature and the Department of Jewish Thought at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where she served as Vice-Rector and then as Rector. She is a member of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities, as well as of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts. She is a laureate of the Humboldt Research Award, a holder of the Italian Order of Merit, and a recipient of the Leopold Lucas Prize. Her academic focus is the history of philosophical and theological thought in Arabic in the early Islamic Middle Ages, and the medieval Judaeo-Arabic philosophical literature. She strives to offer a multifocal approach to the study of intellectual history, an approach she used in her publications as well as in the Intellectual Encounters of the Islamicate World, a master’s program she initiated with her colleagues Sabine Schmidtke and Sari Nusseibeh. Among her published books in English: Freethinkers of Medieval Islam: Ibn al-Rāwaādī, Abū Bakr al-Rāzī, and Their Impact on Islamic Thought (Leiden: Brill, 1999); Maimonides in his World: Portrait of a Mediterranean Thinker (Princeton: Princeton University, 2010); Dāwūd al-Muqammaṣ, Twenty Chapters (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 2016); and Andalus and Sefarad: On Philosophy and Its History in Islamic Spain (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2019). Her current work focuses on methodological questions in the study of medieval intellectual history (e.g. linear and non-linear tracing of influences, the reliability of unique sources, and the reconstruction of unwritten elements of the texts, such as mimic and tone).
 
7Name:  Dr. K. VijayRaghavan
 Institution:  Tata Institute of Fundamental Research
 Year Elected:  2021
 Class:  2. Biological Sciences
 Subdivision:  202. Cellular and Developmental Biology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1954
   
 
K. VijayRaghavan is Principal Scientific Advisor of the Government of India. He earned his Ph.D. from the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, in 1984. Before working for the government, he was a professor at then director of the National Center of Biological Sciences, Bangalore. K. VijayRaghavan is a well-known developmental biologist, noted for his work on integrated, sequential development of sensory and locomotory organs of the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster. He has led the Indian scientific community—the third largest in the world—as the Principal Scientific Advisor to the Government of India. Thus, he is India’s top science policy maker at time when the pandemic is spreading all over the country. Earlier he was Secretary to the Government of India, in-charge of the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), a very large government agency that oversees several national research institutes, affiliated with DBT. His election as a Fellow of the Royal Society and the National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) recognizes his scientific accomplishments. He is accomplished in both doing science and influencing science policy. Among his awards are the Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (1998) and the HK Firodia Award (2012). He is a member of the Indian Academy of Sciences (1997), Indian National Science Academy (1999), TWAS (Academy of Sciences for the Developing World, 2010), the Royal Society (2012), and the National Academy of Sciences (2014). He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2021.
 
Election Year
2021[X]