American Philosophical Society
Member History

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1Name:  Dr. Kamaljit S. Bawa
 Institution:  University of Massachusetts; Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  2. Biological Sciences
 Subdivision:  205. Microbiology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1939
   
 
Kamal Bawa (www.kbawa.com) is Distinguished Professor of Biology at the University of Massachusetts Boston, and Founder-President of the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE). The Ashoka Trust, based in Bangalore, is one of India’s top-ranked environmental think tanks and in 2019 received the UNESCO Sultan Qaboos Prize for Environmental Conservation. He has done extensive work in the Himalaya for a number of years on a wide range of issues from biodiversity conservation to climate change. Kamal Bawa has published more than 200 papers and has authored or edited more than 10 books, and special issues of journals. Among the many awards he has received are: Bullard Fellowship at Harvard University (1972, 2009) Guggenheim Fellowship (1987), Pew Scholar in Conservation and the Environment (1992), Giorgio Ruffolo Fellowship at Harvard University (2009), the Gunnerus Prize in Sustainability Science from the Royal Norwegian Society of Letters and Sciences (2012), the international MIDORI Prize in Biodiversity (2014) from the Aeon Foundation in Japan, the Linnean Medal (2018), and honorary doctorates from the University of Alberta (2014) and Concordia University in Montreal(2019). He is an elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (2012), the Royal Norwegian Society of Letters and Sciences (2012), and the Royal Society (2015). Kamal Bawa is founding Editor-in Chief of two interdisciplinary journals: Conservation and Society (www.conservationandsociety.org) and Ecology, Economy and Society (http://ecoinsee.org/journal/eb_editors). His latest coffee table book Himalaya: The Mountains of Life, a companion volume to Sahyadri: India’s Western Ghats, was published in 2013.
 
2Name:  Professor Sir David Cannadine
 Institution:  British Academy; Princeton University
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1950
   
 
David Cannadine is currently President of the British Academy, Dodge Professor of History at Princeton University, and Visiting Professor of History at Oxford University. He earned his D.Phil. from Oxford University in 1975. His work history includes St. John's College and Christ's College at Cambridge University, being Moore Collegiate Professor of History at Columbia University, being Director of the Institute of Historical Research and Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother Professor of British History at University of London, and Whitney J. Oates Senior Research Scholar and Lecturer with the rank of Professor at Princeton University. David Cannadine is a distinguished historian of modern Britain (knighted for his work in 2009) who for many years has led a trans-Atlantic life, teaching at Princeton and Oxford while publishing a steady stream of well-received books. The first in his family to attend university, he has a deep research interest in the role of class in British life and history. He is active in many British learned societies and became president of the British Academy in 2017. Among his honors are the Lionel Trilling Prize in 2009, the Dean's Distinguished Award in the Humanities of Columbia University in 1996, the Dickinson Medal of the Newcomen Society in 2003, Knight Bachelor in 2008, Tercentenary Medal of the Society of Antiquaries in 2008, and the Minerva Medal of the Royal Philosophical Society of Glasgow in 2012. He is a member of the Royal Historical Society (1981), the Royal Society of Arts (1998), the Royal Society of Literature (1999), the British Academy (1999), the Society of Antiquaries of London (2005), and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences (2018). His works include Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy (1990), The Rise and Fall of Class in Britain (1998), Ornamentalism: How the British Saw the Empire (2001), Margaret Thatcher: A Life (2016), and Victorious Century: The United Kingdom 1800-1906 (2017). David Cannadine was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2019.
 
3Name:  Dr. Karine Chemla
 Institution:  CNRS, Université Paris 7
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1957
   
 
Karine Chemla studied mathematics at the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Jeunes Filles (1976-1982). In 1979, the Director, Josiane Serre, nominated her for a scholarship awarded by the Singer Polignac Foundation for students to spend a year overseas working in an area distinct from their primary research area. For her project, entitled “Science and Culture,” she selected China. In September 1980, she started a self-directed programme of Chinese language, and, in 1981, the Institute for the History of Natural Sciences (Chinese Academy of science, Beijing) established a curriculum for her. She was the first foreign student to study the History of Science in China at the Institute. In 1982, she obtained a PhD degree with a thesis devoted to a 13th century Chinese text, and was hired in the French National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), where she is now Senior Researcher of exceptional class, affiliated to the research group SPHERE (Université de Paris). Chemla contributes to fundamental research, by producing research tools. With Guo Shuchun, she has published a critical edition and a French translation of the main Chinese mathematical canonical text: The Nine Chapters on Mathematical Procedures and its two key ancient commentaries. For this, Chemla also composed the first glossary ever published of Chinese technical terms used in ancient mathematics. K. Chemla & Guo Shuchun, Les Neuf chapitres, with a glossary by K. Chemla, was awarded the Prize Hirayama, 2006, Academy of Inscriptions & Belles-Lettres. Chemla also contributes theoretical work to the history of science, on topics related to the historiography of mathematics in the ancient world, scientific cultures and epistemological values. Her publications include: The History of Mathematical Proof in Ancient Traditions (ed., 2012); Texts, Textual acts and the History of Science (ed., with Jacques Virbel, 2015); The Oxford Handbook of Generality in Mathematics and the Sciences (ed., with Renaud Chorlay and David Rabouin, 2016); Cultures without culturalism (ed., with Evelyn Fox Keller, 2017). Chemla is past president of the European Society for the History of Science (2014-2016) and was awarded an Advanced Research grant of the European Research Council (2011-2016). Chemla was elected Member of the Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina (2005-) and of the Academia Europaea (2013-). In 2008 she was awarded the Silver medal from CNRS.
 
4Name:  Dr. Jean-Louis Ferrary
 Institution:  École Pratique des Hautes Études
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1948
 Death Date:  August 9, 2020
   
 
Jean-Louis Ferrary, born at Orleans (France) on may 5th 1948 is an alumnus of the École Normale Supérieure of Paris. Member of the École française de Rome from 1973 to 1976, he lectured on Latin in Paris Sorbonne University from 1971 to 1973 and 1976 to 1989. In 1989 he became professor at the École Pratique des Hautes Études, his « Direction d’études » being entitled « History of political institutions and ideas in the Roman World ». He is emeritus since 2016. In 1993 he was member of the Institute for Advanced Study of Princeton. He has been elected a member of several academies (Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Academia Europaea, Istituto Lombardo, Reial Acadèmia de Bones Lletres de Barcelona, British Academy). His major interests are Rome and the Greek cities, Roman institutions during the Republican period and the Early Principate, Antiquarianism and jurisprudence in Renaissance humanism. Main publications : Philhellénisme et impérialisme. Aspects idéologiques de la conquête romaine du monde hellénistique, Rome, 1988 (revised edition, Rome, 2014) ; Correspondance de Lelio Torelli avec Antonio Agustín et Jean Matal (1542-1553), Como, 1992 ; Onofrio Panvinio et les Antiquités romaines, Rome, 1996 ; Recherches sur les lois comitiales et sur le droit public romain, Pavia, 2012 ; Les Mémoriaux de délégations du sanctuaire oraculaire de Claros, d’après la documentation conservée dans le Fonds Louis Robert, Paris, 2014 ; Dall’ordine repubblicano ai poteri di Augusto. Aspetti della legislazione romana, Rome, 2016 ; Rome et le monde grec. Choix d’écrits, Paris, 2016 ; (in collaboration with A. Schiavone and E. Stolfi), Quintus Mucius Scaevola, Rome, 2018.
 
5Name:  Dr. Fabiola Gianotti
 Institution:  CERN
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  106. Physics
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1960
   
 
Fabiola Gianotti is currently Director-General at CERN. She earned her Ph.D. from the University of Milano in 1989. As a Ph.D. student, Fabiola Gianotti worked on one of the first proton-antiproton collider experiments at CERN, the UA2 detector, which together with UA1, discovered the carriers of the weak force, the massive W and Z bosons. Next, Gianotti was involved in the ALEPH detector at the Large Electron Positron (LEP) collider at CERN, which made precision measurements establishing the Standard Model of Particle Physics. She was a leader in the design, building, and data analysis of ATLAS, one of the two detectors at the Large Hadron Collider, which announced in 2012 the discovery of the Higgs boson, the final piece in the Standard Model of Particle Physics. In 2016, she became the Director-General of CERN and is overseeing the operation and the upgrades of the world’s most complex and expensive science experiment, as well as being a leader in the design of the next global particle accelerator. Her research career is distinguished by her hardware skills (electronics on UA2 and liquid Argon calorimetry for LHC), software and analysis expertise (ATLAS), and leadership (ATLAS). In a field dominated by men for more than 100 years, Gianotti has established herself as the most influential high-energy physicist in the world today. Among her awards are the Special Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics in 2013, the Enrico Fermi Prize of the Italian Physical Society in 2013, the Medal of Honour of the Niels Bohr Institute in 2013, and the Magellanic Premium of the American Philosophical Society in 2018. She is a member of the Italian Academy of Sciences (2012), the National Academy of Sciences (2015), French Academy of Science (2015), and Royal Society, 2018. Fabiola Gianotti was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2019.
 
6Name:  Dr. Adi Shamir
 Institution:  Weizmann Institute of Science
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  107
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1952
   
 
Adi Shamir is currently Paul and Marlene Borman Professorial Chair of Applied Mathematics in the Department of Applied Mathematics at the The Weizmann Institute of Science. He earned his Ph.D., The Weizmann Institute of Science, 1977. Adi Shamir is beyond doubt one of the most recognized cryptographers worldwide. He has a number of claims to fame including being a co-inventor of the RSA public-key cryptography algorithm, the father of the idea and first realization of secret sharing, the co-inventor of identity based and visual cryptography, and a major actor in what has become known as differential cryptanalysis. For over thirty years Shamir continues his visionary leadership obtaining breakthrough results in essentially all fields within cryptography, opening new research avenues towards a better understanding of both new and well established cryptographic tools. His many honors and awards include: the Baker Prize in 1986, the PIUS XI Gold Medal of the The Vatican's Pontifical Academy in 1992, the Kanellakis Prize in 1997, the Kobayashi Prize of the IEEE in 2000, the Turing award, together with Rivest and Adleman, in 2002, the Israel Prize and the Okawa Prize in 2008, the NEC Prize in 2009, the Grand Medaille of the French Académie des Sciences in 2012, and the Japan Prize in 2017. He is a member of the Israel Academy of Science (1998), the National Academy of Sciences (2005), Academia Europaea (2007), French Académie des Sciences (2015), and the Royal Society (2018). Adi Shamir was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2019.
 
7Name:  Dr. Christopher Stringer
 Institution:  Natural History Museum, London
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  2. Biological Sciences
 Subdivision:  203. Evolution & Ecology, Systematics, Population Genetics, Paleontology, and Physical Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1947
   
 
I first worked at the Natural History Museum in 1969-1970, but joined the permanent staff in 1973, where I'm now a Research Leader in Human Origins. My early research was on the relationship of Neanderthals and early modern humans in Europe, but through my work on the Recent African Origin model for modern human origins, I now collaborate with archaeologists, dating specialists, and geneticists in attempting to reconstruct the evolution of modern humans globally. I've excavated at sites in Britain and abroad, and I directed the Ancient Human Occupation of Britain project from 2001 until it finished in 2013. Now I'm co-director of the follow-up Pathways to Ancient Britain project, as part of our funding from the Calleva Foundation, which has also contributed to the foundation of our new Centre for Human Evolution Research. As well as many scientific papers, I've also written a number of books, most recently Britain: one million years of the human story (2014, with Rob Dinnis) and Our Human Story (2018, with Louise Humphrey).
 
8Name:  Dr. Romila Thapar
 Institution:  Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1931
   
 
Romila Thapar is Emeritus Professor of History at the Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, where she was Professor of Ancient Indian History from 1970 to 1991. She was General President of the Indian History Congress in 1983. She is a Fellow of the British Academy and holds an Honorary D.Litt. each from Calcutta, Oxford, and Chicago Universities, among others. She is an Honorary Fellow of Lady Margaret Hall, and of St. Anthony's College, Oxford, and of the School of Oriental and African Studies, London University. In 2008 Professor Thapar was awarded the prestigious Kluge Prize of the United States Library of Congress, which honours lifetime achievement in studies such as history that are not covered by the Nobel Prize.
 
Election Year
2019[X]