American Philosophical Society
Member History

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1Name:  Dr. M. Ali Alpar
 Institution:  Sabanci University; The Science Academy, Istanbul
 Year Elected:  2013
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  106. Physics
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1950
   
 
M. Ali Alpar is the founding president of the Science Academy, Istanbul, Turkey and Professor of Physics at Sabanci University. He has made important contributions in theoretical astrophysics, to our understanding of superfluid dynamics in neutron stars, to the evolution of millisecond pulsars. His current research focuses on neutron star glitches and on neutron star evolution with fallback disks. He is a member of the Academia Europaea. He was elected an international member of the American Philosophical Society in 2013.
 
2Name:  Dr. Margaret Bent
 Institution:  All Souls College, Oxford
 Year Elected:  2013
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1940
   
 
Margaret Bent read Music at Cambridge (where she was Organ Scholar at Girton College), gaining the Ph.D. in 1969 with a dissertation on the early fifteenth century Old Hall Manuscript. She taught peripatetically and at Goldsmiths’ College, London, before going to the United States in 1975, holding professorships and departmental chairmanships successively at Brandeis (1975-81) and Princeton Universities (1981-92), when she returned to the U.K. as the first woman Senior Research Fellow at All Souls College, Oxford, of which she is now an Emeritus Fellow. She is a Fellow of the British Academy, an honorary Fellow of Girton College, and was appointed CBE (Commander of the British Empire) in 2008. She holds honorary doctorates from the universities of Glasgow, Notre Dame and Montréal. Honorific or corresponding memberships or fellowships include the American Musicological Society (of which she was President 1984-6), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Royal Historical Society, Academia Europea , the Society of Antiquaries of London, the Medieval Academy of America, the London University School of Advanced Studies, the Royal Musical Association. Her most recent visiting professorships were at Villa I Tatti, Florence, and the Universities of Chicago, Harvard and Basel, and she serves on a number of editorial boards. In 2019 she shared the Guido Adler Prize of the International Music Association with fellow APS member Lewis Lockwoord, in honor of "scholars who have made an outstanding contribution to musicology." Apart from a critical edition of Rossini’s opera Il Turco in Italia, her publications range widely over English, French and Italian music of the 14th to 16th centuries, including editions (some joint) of John Dunstaple, Old Hall, English masses, and Johannes Ciconia. A facsimile and study of the 15th-century Veneto manuscript Bologna Q15: The Making and Remaking of a Musical Manuscript (LIM, Lucca, 2008) won the Claude Palisca prize of the AMS. Other books include: Counterpoint, Composition, and Musica Ficta (London and New York: Routledge, 2002); Fauvel Studies: Allegory, Chronicle, Music and Image in Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS français 146, ed. Margaret Bent and Andrew Wathey (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998); Margaret Bent and Robert Klugseder, A Veneto Liber cantus (c. 1440): Fragments in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, Munich, and the Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna (Wiesbaden: Reichert, 2012). Full listing of publications can be accessed at http://www.all-souls.ox.ac.uk/people.php?personid=4 (classified by subject) and http://www.music.ox.ac.uk/index.php?id=844 (chronological). Known for revisionist and often controversial contributions in several areas of late-medieval music theory and practice, her work has overturned long-held suppositions about manuscript relationships and datings, meanings of notational signs, interpretations of medieval writings, and modern historiographical impositions (notably concepts of isorhythm, chromaticism, diminution). Starting points are nearly always manuscripts, notation, archives, texts, genres (especially motets). She addresses compositional and analytical techniques, counterpoint, musical grammar and rhetoric, the construing and complementing of notations, codicological and stemmatic issues. She has described (and sometimes discovered) manuscript fragments and reconstructed their music, and is currently documenting musical networks in the Veneto. She co-founded the Digital Image Archive of Medieval Music (http://www.diamm.ac.uk/), continues to lead early music seminars and singing sessions from original notation in facsimile in Oxford, and is a closet pianist, viol player and Wagnerian. Margaret Bent was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2013.
 
3Name:  Dr. Carlo Ginzburg
 Institution:  University of California, Los Angeles; Scuola Normale, Superiore, Pisa
 Year Elected:  2013
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1939
   
 
Carlo Ginzburg has taught at the University of Bologna, at UCLA, at the Scuola Normale of Pisa. His books, translated into more than twenty languages, include The Night Battles; The Cheese and the Worms; Clues, Myths, and the Historical Method; The Enigma of Piero della Francesca; History, Rhetoric, and Proof; The Judge and the Historian; Wooden Eyes; No Island is an Island; and Threads and Traces. He received the Aby Warburg Prize (1992), the Humboldt-Forschungs Prize (2007), the Balzan Prize for the History of Europe, 1400-1700 (2010).
 
4Name:  Dame Zaha Hadid
 Institution:  Zaha Hadid Architects
 Year Elected:  2013
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1950
 Death Date:  March 31, 2016
   
5Name:  His Excellency, Svante Lindqvist
 Institution:  The Royal Court, Sweden
 Year Elected:  2013
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  303. History Since 1715
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1948
   
 
Svante Lindqvist (b. 1948) is Marshal of the Realm (riksmarskalk) to the Swedish Royal Court, having assumed the position on January 1, 2010. Prior to that, he was founding Director of the Nobel Museum, 1998-2009. Previously he held a chair as Professor of History of Technology at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, where he established and became Chairman of its Department for History of Science and Technology. He has a M.Sc.Eng. (Physics) from the Royal Institute of Technology (1977) and a Ph.D. in History of Science and Ideas from Uppsala University (1984). He was a Visiting Scholar in the Office for History of Science and Technology at the University of California, Berkeley, during the academic year 1986-1987, and a Visiting Professor in the Department for History and Sociology of Science at the University of Pennsylvania during the fall semester of 1992. During the academic year 1995-96, he was an Overseas Fellow at Churchill College, Cambridge. In the fall of 2003, he was a Visiting Professor in the STS Program at MIT. In 2011, he received an honorary doctorate from Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST). Since its conception in 1998, the Nobel Museum was developed into a research-oriented multi-faceted institution with a constantly growing attendance, staffed research library, an active school outreach program, as well as research seminars and public lectures. The museum has engaged in producing and sending large traveling exhibitions abroad. Its first traveling exhibition "Cultures of Creativity" visited 14 venues during the period 2001-2007: Oslo, Tokyo, Seoul, Houston, Chicago, Kuala Lumpur, Florence, San Francisco, New York, London, Bangalore, Singapore, Sydney, and Abu Dhabi. The Nobel Museum’s traveling exhibition "Alfred Nobel: Networks of Innovation" opened in Dubai in the spring of 2008, and was shown in Paris during the fall of 2008. In the spring of 2009, it visited St. Petersburg. Svante Lindqvist’s dissertation, Technology on Trial: The Introduction of Steam Power Technology into Sweden, 1715-1736, Uppsala Studies in History of Science, 1 (Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International, 1984), was awarded three national prizes, including the Letterstedt Prize by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1985. Subsequent publications include an edited volume in 1993, Center on the Periphery: Historical Aspects of 20th-Century Swedish Physics (Canton, Mass.: Science History Publications, 1993) and another one in 2000, Museums of Modern Science, Nobel Symposium 112. In 2008, he was a co-editor of Research and Museums: Proceedings of An International Symposium in Stockholm 22-25 May 2007, as well as of Aurora Torealis: Studies in the History of Science and Ideas in Honor of Tore Frängsmyr. Most recently he published: Changes in the Technological Landscape: Essays in the History of Science and Technology (Sagamore Beach:Mass.: Science History Publications, 2011). He has been a member of the Kuratorium (1992-2008) and the Wissenschaftlichen Beirats (1998-2008) of the Deutsches Museum, München. During the period 1991-1999, he was on the Advisory Committee for the history project at the European Space Agency (ESA), Paris, and in 1996-2004 a member of the Corporation Visiting Committee for the Humanities at MIT, Cambridge, Mass. In 2008-2009, he was a member of the International Advisory Board of the Medical Museion in Copenhagen. A member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences (1992), the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (1994) and the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities (2002). He was elected President of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and served for a three-year term, 2009-2012. In 2010, he was awarded the Leonardo da Vinci Medal for lifetime achievement from the Society for the History of Technology. In 2011, he was elected a foreign member of the Korean Academy of Science and Technology. Svante Lindqvist was elected an international member of the American Philosophical Society in 2013.
 
6Name:  Professor Giorgio Parisi
 Institution:  Sapienza University of Rome I
 Year Elected:  2013
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  106. Physics
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1948
   
7Name:  Professor Dr. Hermann Parzinger
 Institution:  Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
 Year Elected:  2013
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1959
   
 
Professor Dr. HERMANN PARZINGER was born in 1959 in Munich. He studied Prehistory, Archaeology and Medieval History from 1979 to 1984 at universities in Munich, Saarbrücken and Ljubljana (Slovenia). In 1985 he received his doctoral degree from the Ludwig-Maximilian-University in Munich, where he then worked as Associate Professor from 1986 to 1990. After completing his Habilitation he was appointed in 1990 to the position of Deputy Director of the Römisch-Germanische Kommission of the German Archaeological Institute in Frankfurt/Main; in this capacity he headed up excavations in Spain and Turkey. From 1995 to 2003 he acted as Director of the Eurasian Department of the German Archaeological Institute in Berlin and led various archaeological research projects in Siberia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tadzhikistan and Iran. In 1996 he was appointed Honorary Professor for Pre-historic archaeology at the Free University in Berlin, where he continues to teach at present. From 2003 to 2008 he was appointed President of the German Archaeological Institute, and since March 2008 he is President of the Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz (Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation). In 1998 Hermann Parzinger received the highly distinguished Leibniz Award of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation). In 2009 President D. Medvedev of Russia bestowed upon him the “Medal of Friendship”, the highest Russian symbol of recognition for foreign citizens. Nominated by the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences he received in 2011 the Reuchlin Award of the City of Pforzheim for outstanding achievements in the Humanities. In 2011 he was admitted into the highly selective Orden Pour le mérite for Arts and Sciences. In 2012 he received from the German president the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany. In 2013 the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz awarded him the Sybille Kalkhof-Rose Academy Award for outstanding contribution in the Humanities. He is a member of numerous academies in Russia, China, Spain, Great Britain, Romania, the United States of America and Germany such as amongst others the British Academy, the Royal Academy of History in Madrid, the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences, the Leopoldina National Academy of Sciences in Germany, and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences. In addition he is amongst other President of the German Association of Archaeology, Speaker in the German-Russian Museum Dialogue, Chairman of the Working Group Culture in the Petersburg Dialogue, Chairman of the members of the Forum for Transregional Studies and Member of the Board of the Berlin Cluster of Excellence "TOPOI. The Formation and Transformations of Space and Knowledge in Ancient Civilizations". His primary academic focus is on cultural transformations in zones of contact in Europa and Asia. His research projects were dedicated to different periods and topics, dealing with man’s transition to sedentary life in the early Neolithic as well as the beginnings of early nomadism in the 1st millennium BC in the Eurasian steppe belt. Especially noteworthy were his outstanding discoveries of a royal tomb from the Scythian period in Arzhan in Tuva (South Siberia) and of an ice mummy from the same period in the Altai mountains. To this day questions revolving around the origins and of mounted nomads, their conditions of life and culture and the emergence of elite groups in prehistoric societies are central to him. He has written 15 books and over 250 essays on these topics. Furthermore since 2008 he has increasingly published works dealing with cultural and academic policy issues. Hermann Parzinger was elected an international member of the American Philosophical Society in 2013.
 
8Name:  Professor Sir Adam Roberts
 Institution:  University of Oxford
 Year Elected:  2013
 Class:  3. Social Sciences
 Subdivision:  304. Jurisprudence and Political Science
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1940
   
 
Sir Adam Roberts, Emeritus Professor of International Relations at Oxford University, specializes in international security, international organizations, and international law, including the laws of war. He has also worked on the role of civil resistance against oppressive regimes and foreign rule, and on the history of thought about international relations. He was born in Penrith, England, on 29 August 1940. He studied Modern History at Oxford University, where he won the Stanhope Historical Essay Prize in 1961 and was awarded a B.A. degree in 1962. His main academic jobs have been: Lecturer in International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE), 1968-81; Alastair Buchan Reader in International Relations at Oxford University, and Fellow of St Antony’s College, 1981-86; Montague Burton Professor of International Relations at Oxford University, and Fellow of Balliol College, 1986-2007. He has held visiting appointments at New York University, Tokyo University, the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna and the Woodrow Wilson Center for Scholars in Washington DC. He was a Member of the Council, Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs), London, 1985-91; Governor, Ditchley Foundation, 2001-11; Member of the Council, International Institute for Strategic Studies, London, 2002-08; and Member of the UK Council for Science and Technology, 2010-13. He has been a Member, UK Defence Academy Advisory Board, since 2003. In 1990 he was elected Fellow of the British Academy (FBA), and 2009 to July 2013 was President of the British Academy. In 2002 he was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG), ‘for services to the study and practice of international relations’. He is an Honorary Fellow of LSE and of St Antony’s College, Oxford, and a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He has honorary degrees from King’s College London (2010), Aberdeen University (2012), and Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo (2013). Adam Roberts was elected an international member of the American Philosophical Society in 2013. His numerous publications (many jointly authored or edited) include The Strategy of Civilian Defence: Non-violent Resistance to Aggression (1967); Czechoslovakia 1968: Reform, Repression and Resistance (1969); Nations in Arms: The Theory and Practice of Territorial Defence (2nd edn., 1986); Documents on the Laws of War (3rd edn., 2000); United Nations, Divided World: The UN’s Roles in International Relations (2nd edn., 1993); Hugo Grotius and International Relations (1990); The United Nations Security Council and War: The Evolution of Thought and Practice since 1945 (2008); Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present (2009); and Democracy, Sovereignty and Terror: Lakshman Kadirgamar on the Foundations of International Order (2012). He has published articles in numerous journals, including American Journal of International Law, British Year Book of International Law, International Affairs, International Security, Survival, and The Times Literary Supplement. He has also given expert evidence to several parliamentary and judicial inquiries. He is married with two grown-up children, and lives in Oxford. His interests include mountaineering and cycling.
 
Election Year
2013[X]