American Philosophical Society
Member History

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1Name:  Dr. Bryan C. Clarke
 Institution:  University of Nottingham
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  2. Biological Sciences
 Subdivision:  203. Evolution & Ecology, Systematics, Population Genetics, Paleontology, and Physical Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1932
 Death Date:  February 27, 2014
   
 
Bryan Clarke had a distinguished career as a leading figure in the genetical study of populations in nature. More than any other he demonstrated the widespread occurence and importance of frequency-dependent selection. This work, both theoretical and empirical and strikingly original, has helped to explain such diverse phenomena as clinal variation in gene frequencies, evolutionary dynamics of parasite-host interactions, speciation mechanisms in snails, and the maintenance of genetic variation in human populations. He gained prominence as an international spokesman for ecological genetics and as advisor to organizations including the International Union for the Conservation of Nature. Dr. Clarke served on the faculty of the University of Nottingham since 1971 and became Professor of Genetics Emeritus in 1997. He was awarded the Linnean Society of London's Darwin-Wallace Medal in 2008 and the Royal Society's Darwin Medal in 2010. Bryan Clarke died February 27, 2014, at the age of 81 in Nottingham, UK.
 
2Name:  Dr. Ronald D. Ekers
 Institution:  CSIRO, Australia Telescope National Facility
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  101. Astronomy
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1941
   
 
Professor Ron Ekers was appointed Foundation Director of CSIRO's Australia Telescope National Facility in 1988 and he continued in this role until March 2003, when he took up his Federation Fellowship. He graduated from the University of Adelaide in 1963 and gained his Ph.D. in astronomy at the Australian National University in 1967. His professional career has taken him to the California Institute of Technology, the Institute of Theoretical Astronomy in Cambridge, UK, the Kapteyn Laboratory in Groningen, The Netherlands, and the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in New Mexico. He was director of the VLA, the major national radio telescope in the USA, from 1980 until 1987. He was elected a Fellow of the Australian Academy of Science, a Foreign Member of the Royal Dutch Academy of Science and a Foreign Member of the American Philosophical Society. He is the president of the International Astronomical Union. Dr. Ekers's research interests include extragalactic astronomy, especially cosmology, galactic nuclei and radio astronomical techniques.
 
3Name:  Dr. Benjamin H. Isaac
 Institution:  Tel Aviv University
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1945
   
 
Benjamin Isaac received his Ph.D. from Tel Aviv University in 1980. He remained at Tel Aviv and is currently the Fred and Helen Lessing Professor of Ancient History. His books and his more than 50 articles, book reviews, and contributions to the Lexicon of Greek Personal Names, the Anchor Bible Dictionary, and the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World have established him as a leading authority on Roman imperialism, the Roman military establishment, relations with conquered peoples (especially Greeks and Jews), epichoric inscriptions in Greek, Latin, and Hebrew, and the road system of the Near East, especially in Judaea. His current work on Greeks, Romans, and Others deals magisterially with the perceptions of aliens prevalent in the ancient world from Homer to the beginning of the Middle Ages. Numerous honors, participation in international conferences and lectures testify to his international renown. Dr. Isaac's books include (with R. van Royen) The Arrival of the Greeks: The Evidence from the Settlements (1979); (with I. Roll) Roman Roads in Judaea I: The Scythopolis-Legio Road (1982); The Greek Settlements in Thrace until the Macedonian Conquest (1986); The Limits of Empire: The Roman Army in the East (1990, 1992); (with M. Fischer, I. Roll) Roman Roads in Judaea, II: The Jaffa-Jerusalem Roads (1996); The Near East Under Roman Rule: Selected Papers (1998); The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity (2004); and Empire and Ideology in the Graeco-Roman World: Selected Papers (2017). He received the Best Book Award from the American Military Institute in 1991. Dr. Isaac is a member of the Deutsches Archäologisches Institut and the Israel Academy of Sciences & Humanities. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2003. He received the Israel Prize in 2008.
 
4Name:  Lord Anthony Lester
 Institution:  Blackstone Chambers; International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights (INTERIGHTS)
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1936
 Death Date:  August 8, 2020
   
 
Anthony Lester QC (Lord Lester of Herne Hill) practiced at the English Bar and specialized in constitutional and human rights law. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge and received his law degree from Harvard University Law School in 1962 as a Harkness Commonwealth Fellow. He was called to the Bar by Lincoln's Inn in 1964 and became a QC in 1975. Lord Lester has argued constitutional and human rights cases in the United Kingdom and in European and Commonwealth courts. Between 1974 and 1976, he served as Special Advisor to Home Secretary Roy Jenkins and was charged with the responsibility for developing policy on race relations, sex discrimination and human rights. He also served as Special Advisor to the Standing Advisory Commission in Northern Ireland (1975-1977). Lord Lester was a founding member of the Social Democratic Party. He has written numerous books and articles on human rights and constitutional law including Race and Law and Justice in the American South and Five Ideas to Fight For. He is also the co-editor of Butterworths Human Rights Law and Practice. Lord Lester campaigned successfully for the Human Rights Act (1998) and is president of INTERIGHTS (the International Centre for the Legal Protection of Human Rights). These accomplishments were acknowledged when he was made a Life Peer in 1993. Lord Lester was elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society in 2003. He died on August 8, 2020, at age 84.
 
5Name:  Dr. Onora O'Neill
 Institution:  Equality and Human Rights Commission; Newnham College, University of Cambridge
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1941
   
 
Among the most distinguished contemporary philosophers of ethics and international justice, Baroness Onora O'Neill, CBE, PBA, Hon FRS, served as President of the British Academy 2005 to 2009. She chairs the Nuffield Foundation and is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge. She was formerly Principal at Newnham College, University of Cambridge. Among John Rawls's most outstanding students, her writings on political philosophy and the philosophy of Kant are most noteworthy. In recent years she has become an influential voice on ethical issues facing society today. Her BBC Reith lectures on "A Question of Trust" were widely praised by academics and communicators alike. Her opinion on ethical issues in medicine, genetics, and a variety of social issues is widely sought. In 2017 she won both the Holberg Prize and the Berggruen Prize for Philosophy.
 
6Name:  Dr. Erika Rummel
 Institution:  University of Toronto; Wilfrid Laurier University
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1942
   
 
Erika Rummel began as an Erasmus scholar and made herself the best and most productive one in the world today. Then she looked at the broader field of northern humanism, including Spain, and especially the relationship between humanism and the Reformation. She has brought fresh eyes, openness, even a sense of humor to a stagnant field. One has to read her books to appreciate fully that she tackles important topics, has keen curiosity, great analytical intelligence, and impeccable linguistic skills. Dr. Rummel has made the study of Renaissance humanism outside of Italy lively and fun again. A native of Austria, Dr. Rummel earned her Ph.D. from the University of Toronto (1976) and has been a member of the faculty at Wilfrid Laurier University, Ontario since 1992. She has held the title of Professor Emerita since 2002.
 
7Name:  Ms. Mitsuko Uchida
 Institution:  Marlboro Music Festival, Vermont
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  501. Creative Artists
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1948
   
 
Mitsuko Uchida is one of the world's most renowned pianists. Born to a family of Japanese diplomats, she spent most of her life in various European capitals. At the age of 15, she gave her first public recital in the Brahms Hall in Vienna. Her recordings of Mozart's complete piano sonatas and concertos in the 1980s rank among the most sensitive and profound interpretations of Mozart's keyboard music. She has since set similar milestones for the piano music of Schubert and Schoenberg. Ms. Uchida has been an inspired artistic director at the Marlboro Festival since 2000 and at the Ojai Festival in California in earlier years. She lectures frequently on music and performing arts. She is deeply interested in musical history and musicology, and that interest is integrated in her performances. In 2015 she was awarded the Praemium Imperiale, Japan's highest cultural honor. She has won two Grammy awards: one for Best Instrumental Soloist Performance in 2011 and one for Best Classical Solo Vocal Album in 2017.
 
8Name:  Dr. Jacob Ziv
 Institution:  Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  1. Mathematical and Physical Sciences
 Subdivision:  103. Engineering
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1931
   
 
Jacob Ziv has made important theoretical and practical contributions to information theory. On the theoretical side, he developed techniques for estimating the capacity of various channels and showed the centrality of the Rate-distortion function. On the practical side, he (with A. Lempel) developed a compression algorithm for data compression which is widely used for efficient storage of large data bases. Jacob Ziv has also contributed to the well being of science in Israel both in his capacity as the Chair of the Planning and Grants Committee (which looks after the quality and funding of the Israeli universities), and as the president of the Israel National Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Since 1983 Dr. Ziv has been Technion Distinguished Professor and Herman Gross Professor of Communications at the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology. He has an extensive technical knowledge and deep concern for the well being of science.
 
Election Year
2003[X]