American Philosophical Society
Member History

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61Name:  Dr. Marie-Therese d'Alverny
 Year Elected:  1974
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1903
 Death Date:  4/26/91
   
62Name:  Professor Hans E. Mayer
 Institution:  University of Kiel, Germany
 Year Elected:  1978
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1932
   
 
Hans Eberhard Mayer is Professor of Medieval and Modern History Emeritus at the University of Kiel, Germany, where he has taught since 1967. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Innsbruck, Austria in 1955 and for the following 12 years was affiliated with the German Institute for Medieval Research. Among the leading medievalists in Germany, Dr. Mayer is a particularly outstanding historian of the European Crusades. He is the author of the definitive text on the subject, The Crusades, of which a second edition was published in 1997.
 
63Name:  Dr. Manfred Mayrhofer
 Institution:  University of Vienna
 Year Elected:  1992
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  406. Linguistics
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1926
 Death Date:  October 31, 2011
   
 
Professor Emeritus at the University of Vienna, Manfred Mayrhofer is a noted Indo-Europeanist specializing in Indo-Iranian languages. Renowned for his etymological dictionary of Sanskrit, he studied Indo-European and Semitic linguistics along with philosophy at the University of Graz, Austria, which awarded him a Ph.D. in 1951. Prior to joining the faculty at the University of Vienna in 1962, Dr. Mayrhofer taught at the Universities of Wurzburg and Saarbrucken. He is a member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences and an honorary member of the Linguistic Society of America. Manfred Mayhofer died October 31, 2011, at age 86 in Vienna.
 
64Name:  Mr. Russell Meiggs
 Year Elected:  1981
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1902
 Death Date:  6/24/89
   
65Name:  Dr. Lorenzo Minio-Paluello
 Year Elected:  1971
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1907
 Death Date:  5/6/86
   
66Name:  Dr. Arnaldo D. Momigliano
 Year Elected:  1969
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1908
 Death Date:  9/1/87
   
67Name:  Sir Roger A. B. Mynors
 Year Elected:  1985
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1903
 Death Date:  10/17/89
   
68Name:  Professor Chie Nakane
 Institution:  University of Tokyo
 Year Elected:  1977
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1926
 Death Date:  October 12, 2021
   
 
Social anthropologist Chie Nakane is a respected scholar who has spent a lifetime studying human societies and chronicling her theories. One of the first women to graduate from the University of Tokyo, Ms. Nakane was the University's first female professor and the first female member of the Japan Academy. Now a professor emeritus, she traces her profound interest in social anthropology to her teenage years when she returned to Japan after living in China and was struck by the cultural and social differences between the two countries. After receiving her M.A. in 1950, she embarked on a career investigating Asian societies, including those of Japan, India, China and her special area of expertise, Tibet. In 1987, she won a Japan Foundation Award for this comparative research. Ms. Nakane's incisive study of Japan is presented in her seminal book, Japanese Society, which offers insight into what distinguishes Japanese society from other complex societies. Published in 1970, the book characterizes Japan as being built on a vertical organizational principle where a hierarchical order based on rank prevails. Ms. Nakane's other works include Kinship and Economic Organization in Rural Japan (1967) and Human Relationships in Japan (1972).
 
69Name:  Dr. Carl Nordenfalk
 Year Elected:  1970
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  402. Criticism: Arts and Letters
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1907
 Death Date:  6/13/92
   
70Name:  Dr. Carl Nylander
 Institution:  Swedish Institute of Classical Studies
 Year Elected:  2000
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1932
   
 
In Sweden, Carl Nylander is regarded as epitomizing "kulturpersonlighet," a man of the broadest intellectual interests and achievements. A highly esteemed lecturer and writer, he has been director emeritus of the Swedish Institute for Classical Studies since 1997 and has coordinated Scandinavian excavations of the Temple of the Dioscuri, Forum Romanum in Rome since 1983. Dr. Nylander has published approximately 80 scientific publications, among them Pasargadae: Studies in Old Persian Architecture (1970) and The Deep Well, translated from Swedish in 1970, with its fascinating excursions into the world of archaeology. Dr. Nylander has also taught at Bryn Mawr College and the University of Copenhagen and holds Fil. lic and Fil.Dr. degrees from the University of Uppsala, Sweden.
 
71Name:  Sir Dimitri Obolensky
 Institution:  University of Oxford
 Year Elected:  1990
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1918
 Death Date:  December 23, 2001
   
72Name:  Dr. Onora O'Neill
 Institution:  Equality and Human Rights Commission; Newnham College, University of Cambridge
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1941
   
 
Among the most distinguished contemporary philosophers of ethics and international justice, Baroness Onora O'Neill, CBE, PBA, Hon FRS, served as President of the British Academy 2005 to 2009. She chairs the Nuffield Foundation and is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge. She was formerly Principal at Newnham College, University of Cambridge. Among John Rawls's most outstanding students, her writings on political philosophy and the philosophy of Kant are most noteworthy. In recent years she has become an influential voice on ethical issues facing society today. Her BBC Reith lectures on "A Question of Trust" were widely praised by academics and communicators alike. Her opinion on ethical issues in medicine, genetics, and a variety of social issues is widely sought. In 2017 she won both the Holberg Prize and the Berggruen Prize for Philosophy.
 
73Name:  Mr. Jean J. F. Perrot
 Institution:  Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
 Year Elected:  1991
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1920
 Death Date:  December 24, 2012
   
 
One of the world's great archaeologists, Jean J.F. Perrot directed French archaeological missions throughout Iran, Palestine and southwestern Asia during his distinguished career. Among his many accomplishments, Perrot pioneered the recovery and interpretation of background evidence concerning the appearance of a food-producing way of life in southwestern Asia 10,000 years ago, and his brilliant excavations at the open air settlement of Mallaha in northern Israel in effect brought the early Natufians out of caves and into the beginning of village life. His career was interrupted for a period when he was asked to take over work at the great site of Susa in Iran, but Perrot would later happily return to the Levant to continue his work there. Given his wide familiarity with much of the early Near East, Jean J.F. Perrot is held in high esteem for his thoughtful and informed cultural-historical interpretations. He joined the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in 1946 and later became its director. He was Directeur de recherche honoraire at CNRS at the time of his death on December 26, 2012, at the age of 92.
 
74Name:  Sir John Pope-Hennessy
 Institution:  Metropolitan Museum of Art & British Museum
 Year Elected:  1974
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1913
 Death Date:  10/31/94
   
75Name:  Lord Colin Renfrew
 Institution:  McDonald Institute of Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge
 Year Elected:  2006
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1937
   
 
Colin Renfrew is one of the most influential and renowned archaeologists in the world today. From his important excavations in Greece and the Aegean - at Saliagos, Melos, and Sitagroi - and the influential publications on this research that followed, to his research on the Orkneys in northern Scotland, he has played a leading role in world archaeology for more than three decades. He is the author of the path-breaking books The Emergence of Civilization: The Cyclades and the Aegean in the Third Millennium B.C. and Before Civilization: the Radiocarbon Revolution and Prehistoric Europe in the early 1970s, which had profound impacts on scholarly understanding of Aegean and European prehistory. He has also made numerous contributions to archaeological theory and method, such as his early research on trace element analysis of obsidian and trade and his formulations on peer polity interaction and the rise of political complexity, to his pioneering work in cognitive, social and linguistic archaeology. With his elevation to a life peerage and a seat in the House of Lords, Lord Renfrew also has been able to play an important political role in furthering the role of arts and culture in the United Kingdom and in combating the ravages of archaeological looting. Lord Renfrew received his Sc.D. from the University of Cambridge in 1976 and has been Disney Professor of Archaeology Emeritus there since 2004. He also serves as Director Emeritus of the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.
 
76Name:  Dr. Georges Le Rider
 Institution:  Collège de France & l'Institut de France
 Year Elected:  1996
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1928
 Death Date:  July 3, 2014
   
 
French historian Georges le Rider was a professor at the Collège de France, a member of l'Institut de France and a specialist in Greek numismatics. Born in Saint-Hernin in 1928, he became a member of the French School of Athens in 1952 and of the French Institute of Archaeology in Beirut in 1955. In 1958 he began his career at the Bibliothèque Nationale, where he would serve as conservator and director of the department of medals, currencies and antiques. In 1975 he was named General Administrator of the Bibliothèque Nationale. He served in this capacity until 1981 when he assumed direction of the French Institute of Anatolian Studies in Istanbul. Georges le Rider also served as a professor at the University of Lille and as director of the CNRS research group. At the Collège de France he focused on economic and monetary history. His published works include the three volume "Etudes d'histoire monetaire et financiere du monde grec. Ecrits 1958-1998," (with François de Callatay) "Séleucides and Ptolémées: The Monetary and Financial Heritage of Alexander the Great" (2006), and Alexander the Great: Coinage, Finance and Policy (2007). Georges Le Rider died on July 3, 2014 at the age of 86 in Givors, Rhône, France.
 
77Name:  Professor Martin de Riquer
 Institution:  University of Barcelona
 Year Elected:  1975
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405. History and Philology, East and West, through the 17th Century
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1914
 Death Date:  September 17, 2013
   
 
Literary scholar Martin de Riquer was born in Spain in 1914. Author of numerous articles in professional journals, he has long been regarded as one of the most productive and brilliant Spanish literary scholars and philologists. In his prodigious and consistently splendid scholarship, he tirelessly explored and significantly illuminated almost every facet and genre of the medieval and Renaissance literatures of Spain, France, Catalonia and Provence, with important excursions into Italian literature and the history of medieval architecture in Spain as well. His works are characterized by originality, great erudition and true stylistic elegance. Dr. de Riquer was a member of the Real Academia Espanola and had served as president of the Real Academia de Buenas Letras of Barcelona. He died September 17, 2013, at the age of 99 in Barcelona, Spain.
 
78Name:  Joan Violet Robinson
 Year Elected:  1983
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1903
 Death Date:  8/5/83
   
79Name:  Professor Daniel Roche
 Institution:  Collège de France
 Year Elected:  2009
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1935
   
 
Daniel Roche is a Professor at the Collège de France. In his career as teacher and scholar, Daniel Roche has been one of the greatest forces in the renewal of historical studies over the last thirty years. As a specialist on urban societies, his work has focused upon three lines of inquiry: understanding the link between urban milieu and both scholarly and popular forms of culture; analyzing the birth of societies of consumption taking both material and intellectual culture as their starting point; and, finally, demonstrating mobility in traditional societies. His many works include (titles translated from French): The Century of the Enlightenment in the Provinces: Provincial Academies and Academicians, 1689-1789, 1978; The People of Paris: Essay on Popular Culture in the Eighteenth Century, 1981; Diary of My Life: Critical Edition of the Diary of Jacques-Louis Ménétra, an Eighteenth-century Master Glazier, 1982; Paris under the Old Régime, 1983; French People and the Old Régime, I. Society and State, II. Culture and Society, 1984; French Republicans of Letters: Persons of Culture and Enlightenment in the Eighteenth Century, 1988; The Culture of Appearances: Essay on the History of Clothing in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries, 1989; France of the Enlightenment, 1993; A History of Ordinary Things: Birth of the Society of Consumption, Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries, 1997; Paris Almanac for Foreigners, 2001; Wandering Moods: the History of Voyages and the Journeyings of Peoples, 2003. He is a member of Academia Europea (1989) and the American Academy of Arts & Sciences (1998).
 
80Name:  Professor Jacqueline de Romilly
 Institution:  Collège de France
 Year Elected:  1978
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1913
 Death Date:  December 18, 2010
   
 
Jacqueline de Romilly was an authority on ancient Greek, having studied mainly the history of political and moral ideas in the fifth century B.C. Born in Chartres, France in 1913, she had been a professor at the University of Lille and at the Sorbonne and chair of Greek and the formation of moral and political thought at the Collège de France. In 1975 she became the first woman elected to the Académie des Inscripitons et Belles-Lettres, the learned society devoted to the humanities and part of the Institut de France, and in 1988, she became the second woman to enter the Académie Française. Professor de Romilly is the author of numerous books, including Time in Greek Tragedy (1968), Magic and Rhetoric in Ancient Greece (1975) and The Rise and Fall of States According to Greek Authors (1991). In addition to her works on ancient Greece, she wrote a novel and several collections of short stories, a travel book on Provence and several volumes of memoirs. Internationally prominent, she obtained Greek nationality in 1995 and was nominated ambassador to Greece in 2000. She had been elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1978.
 
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