American Philosophical Society
Member History

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21Name:  Prof. Georges Daux
 Institution:  Sorbonne & French School in Athens
 Year Elected:  1953
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1899
 Death Date:  12/23/88
   
22Name:  Dr. Anna Morpurgo Davies
 Institution:  University of Oxford
 Year Elected:  1991
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  406. Linguistics
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1937
 Death Date:  September 27, 2014
   
 
Anna Morpurgo Davies was born in 1937 in Milan (Italy) to Maria (née Castelnuovo), a teacher, and Augusto Morpurgo, an industrial engineer. Her father died when she was one and a half years old, and her mother moved with her four children to Rome, where they miraculously survived Mussolini's anti-Jewish laws and the year of German occupation. Anna took her first degree in classics and comparative philology at the University of Rome with a dissertation on Mycenaean declensions (1959), and she then served for two years as an assistant to the Chair of Greek and Latin Grammar before obtaining a Junior Fellowship at the Center for Hellenic Studies newly founded by Harvard University in Washington DC (1961-62). In 1962 she married J.K. Davies, a British ancient historian (marriage dissolved 1978), and moved to Oxford, England, where in 1964 she was appointed to a University Lectureship in Classical Philology and in 1966 to a Fellowship of St. Hilda's College (Hon. Fellow from 1972). In 1963 she obtained an Italian libera docenza. In 1971 she was elected to the Oxford Chair of Comparative Philology (renamed the Diebold Chair of Comparative Philology from 2003) and to a Fellowship of Somerville College; she retired in September 2004. She was a member of the British Academy and of the Academia Europaea, a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences, a Corresponding Member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres (Paris), of the Austrian Academy (Vienna) and of the Bavarian Academy (München). She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1991. In 1981 she received an Hon. D.Litt. From the University of St. Andrews (Scotland) and from 1993 she was an Honorary Member of the Linguistic Society of America. She was the President of the (British) Philological Society from 1976-80 (Hon. Vice-President 1980-), and she served as Delegate of Oxford University Press for twelve years. In 2001 she was awarded an Honorary D.B.E. for services to philology and linguistics. She was a Visiting Professor at the University of Pennsylvania in 1971, at Yale University in 1977, at the University of California, Berkeley in 2006 and 2007, and the Sather Professor of Classical Literature at the University of California, Berkeley in 2000; she had also given a series of named lectures at the University of Cincinnati, Stanford University, Harvard University and the Scuola Normale di Pisa. In 1975 she was the Collitz Professor of the Linguistic Society of America. In broad terms her work was concerned with Indo-European comparative and historical linguistics, but she has mainly concentrated on three areas: the history and prehistory of Ancient Greek; the Indo-European languages of Anatolia and in particular Hieroglyphic Luwian (often in collaboration with J .D. Hawkins), the history of Nineteenth Century Linguistics. Her first book (1963) was a lexicon of Mycenaean Greek, the language of the Second Millennium B.C. clay tablets written in Linear B (a syllabic script deciphered in 1952) and found in Crete and the Peloponnese. She continued to work on Mycenaean all through her career. She had also written extensively on the ancient Greek dialects of the First Millennium B.C. and in general on Greek historical linguistics. Her Nineteenth Century Linguistics (1998) was preceded by an Italian version (1996). In 2004 she was presented with a Festschrift published by Oxford University Press (Indo-European Perspectives. Studies in Honour of Anna Morpurgo Davies, edited by J.H.W. Penney; also Morpurgo Davies, Anna in K. Brown, ed., Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2006). For an autobiographical essay see K. Brown and V. Law eds., Linguistics in Britain: Personal Histories (Publications of the Philological Society, 36), Oxford 2002, pp. 213-227. Anna Morpurgo Davies died September 27, 2014 at the age of 77 in Oxford.
 
23Name:  Prof. Georges Duby
 Institution:  College de France
 Year Elected:  1977
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  405 [401]
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1919
 Death Date:  12/3/96
   
24Name:  Dr. Dietz Otto Edzard
 Institution:  Institut für Assyriologie und Hethitologie, Universität München
 Year Elected:  1996
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  406. Linguistics
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1930
 Death Date:  June 2, 2004
   
25Name:  Dr. Katharine Ellis
 Institution:  University of Cambridge
 Year Elected:  2017
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1963
   
 
Katharine Ellis is best known for her pioneering work on the cultural history of music in France during the long nineteenth century. Her research straddles musicology, history and French studies, and covers musical repertoires ranging from medieval plainchant to 20th-century modernism. She seeks to explain the cultural import of musical tastes and practices, while also asking how those in the art-worlds of music negotiated France’s complex aesthetic, social and regulatory frameworks. In journal articles and book chapters she has published widely on the history of music and education, on women's musical careers, on opera and its institutions, on Paris−province relations, and on musical fiction. Her monographs embrace reception history and canon-formation via the historical press (Music Criticism in Nineteenth-Century France, 1995), the early music revival (Interpreting the Musical Past, 2005), and the tangled web of Benedictine musical politics and Church/State relations around 1900 (The Politics of Plainchant in fin-de-siècle France, 2013). Two co-edited collections address the pan-European career of Hector Berlioz (The Musical Voyager, 2008) and text/music relations in the long nineteenth century (Words & Notes, 2013). After degrees in Music at Oxford, a Junior Research Fellowship in French Studies at St Anne’s College, Oxford, lectureships at the Open University and Royal Holloway University of London, and chairs at the Universities of London and Bristol, Katharine Ellis is 1684 Professor at the Faculty of Music in Cambridge. She has acted as joint and solo editor for Music & Letters and the Journal of the Royal Musical Association respectively, and has been a joint guest editor of Dix-neuf. She currently sits on several editorial boards in France and the UK, and is a series editor for Boydell & Brewer’s ‘Music in Society and Culture’ monographs. She co-directs the Francophone Music Criticism 1789-1914 international network www.fmc.ac.uk, was inaugural Director of the Institute of Musical Research at the University of London’s School of Advanced Study (2006-2009), and was recently (2017) elected as a Director-at-Large of the American Musicological Society. She has received major funding awards from the Arts and Humanities Research Council of the UK, the British Academy, and the Leverhulme Foundation. She was elected to the Academia Europaea in 2010 and became a Fellow of the British Academy in 2013.
 
26Name:  Dr. Jean-Louis Ferrary
 Institution:  École Pratique des Hautes Études
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1948
 Death Date:  August 9, 2020
   
 
Jean-Louis Ferrary, born at Orleans (France) on may 5th 1948 is an alumnus of the École Normale Supérieure of Paris. Member of the École française de Rome from 1973 to 1976, he lectured on Latin in Paris Sorbonne University from 1971 to 1973 and 1976 to 1989. In 1989 he became professor at the École Pratique des Hautes Études, his « Direction d’études » being entitled « History of political institutions and ideas in the Roman World ». He is emeritus since 2016. In 1993 he was member of the Institute for Advanced Study of Princeton. He has been elected a member of several academies (Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres, Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Academia Europaea, Istituto Lombardo, Reial Acadèmia de Bones Lletres de Barcelona, British Academy). His major interests are Rome and the Greek cities, Roman institutions during the Republican period and the Early Principate, Antiquarianism and jurisprudence in Renaissance humanism. Main publications : Philhellénisme et impérialisme. Aspects idéologiques de la conquête romaine du monde hellénistique, Rome, 1988 (revised edition, Rome, 2014) ; Correspondance de Lelio Torelli avec Antonio Agustín et Jean Matal (1542-1553), Como, 1992 ; Onofrio Panvinio et les Antiquités romaines, Rome, 1996 ; Recherches sur les lois comitiales et sur le droit public romain, Pavia, 2012 ; Les Mémoriaux de délégations du sanctuaire oraculaire de Claros, d’après la documentation conservée dans le Fonds Louis Robert, Paris, 2014 ; Dall’ordine repubblicano ai poteri di Augusto. Aspetti della legislazione romana, Rome, 2016 ; Rome et le monde grec. Choix d’écrits, Paris, 2016 ; (in collaboration with A. Schiavone and E. Stolfi), Quintus Mucius Scaevola, Rome, 2018.
 
27Name:  Dr. Maribel Fierro
 Institution:  CSIC (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas)
 Year Elected:  2020
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1956
   
 
Maribel Fierro is Research Professor at the Institute of Languages and Cultures of the Mediterranean (ILC) at the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC = Higher Council for Scientific Research) in Spain. She has taught at the Universidad Complutense and Universidad Autónoma (Madrid), and at the Universities of Stanford, Chicago, Exeter and the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (Paris). She was trained in Semitic Philology (with an interest in Arabic) at the Universidad Complutense where she submitted her PhD Thesis in 1985 after carrying out part of her doctoral research at the School of Oriental and African Studies. She was then Lecturer at the Universidad Complutense (Madrid) and in 1987 moved to the CSIC. Her interests are the political, religious and intellectual history of the pre-modern Islamic West (al-Andalus and North Africa), Islamic law, the construction of orthodoxy, violence and its representation in Medieval Arabic sources, and the edition and translation of Medieval Arabic texts. Among her publications: Abd al-Rahman III: The first Cordoban caliph (2005) and The Almohad revolution: Politics and religion in the Islamic West during the twelfth-thirteenth centuries (2012). She is the editor of volume 2 The Western Islamic world, eleventh-eighteenth centuries of the The New Cambridge History of Islam (2010), Orthodoxy and heresy in Islam: Critical Concepts in Religious Studies (2013) and the The Routledge Handbook on Muslim Iberia (2020). She has co-edited El cuerpo derrotado: cómo trataban musulmanes y cristianos a los enemigos vencidos (Península Ibérica, ss. VIII-XIII) (The defeated body: how Muslims and Christians treated the vanquished. Iberian Peninsula 8th-13th centuries) (2008), The legal status of dimmi-s in the Islamic West (2013) and Accusations of unbelief in Islam: A diachronic perspective on takfir (2015). She is presently preparing a monograph on Abd al-Mu,min, the first Almohad caliph and on The turban in al-Andalus, and co-editing Rulers as authors in Islamic societies. https://digital.csic.es/cris/rp/rp04381 http://csic.academia.edu/maribelfierro
 
28Name:  Meyer Fortes
 Year Elected:  1972
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1906
 Death Date:  1/27/83
   
29Name:  Dr. Tore Frängsmyr
 Institution:  Uppsala University
 Year Elected:  1999
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1938
 Death Date:  August 28, 2017
   
 
Tore Frängsmyr was a prominent member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and its Nobel prize system; the leader of the characteristic Swedish discipline of the history of science and learning; a respected contributor to literary journals; an expert historian of science and of its relations with religion; an original interpreter of the European Enlightenment; and an institution-builder both nationally (at Uppsala and Stockholm) and internationally (through bilateral research projects, especially with the University of California, Berkeley, and as Secretary General of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science). His research professorship at Uppsala was established for him by act of the Swedish parliament. Dr. Frängsmyr received a Fil.dr. at Uppsala University, and continued his career there. He was Research Professor in History of Science Emeritus at Uppsala University and a former Director of the Center for History of Science and Advisory Board member at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He was the recipient of many awards, including the King Oscar's Prize for young scholars, the Ragnar Oldberg Literary Prize, the Letterstedt Prize, and the Gierow Prize. Professor Frängsmyr was the author of (English titles) Geology and the Doctrine of Creation (1969); The Emergence of Wolffianism (1972); The Discovery of the Ice Age (1976); The Dreamer in the House of Sciences (1977); and The Search for Enlightenment (1993, French edition 1998). He was also the editor of Linnaeus, the Man and his Work (1983); Science in Sweden: The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, 1739-1989 (1989); Solomon's House Revisited (1990); The Quantifying Spirit in the 18th Century (1990); and Les Prix Nobel, 1988. Dr. Frängsmyr was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences, Academia Europeaa, Académie Internationale d'Histoire des Sciences, and the Royal Swedish Academy of Belles Lettres, History, and Antiquities. He was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1999. Tore Frängsmyr died August 28, 2017, at the age of 79.
 
30Name:  Lord Oliver Shewell Franks
 Year Elected:  1949
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  406. Linguistics
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1905
 Death Date:  10/15/92
   
31Name:  Dr. Gilberto deMello Freyre
 Year Elected:  1962
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1900
 Death Date:  7/18/87
   
32Name:  Dr. Northrop Frye
 Institution:  University of Toronto
 Year Elected:  1976
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1912
 Death Date:  1/23/91
   
33Name:  Dr. Marc Fumaroli
 Institution:  Collège de France
 Year Elected:  1997
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1932
 Death Date:  June 24, 2020
   
 
Historian and essayist Marc Fumaroli was a professor at the Collège de France and a member of the Academie Française (1995). In recognition of his signal contribution to the history of French and European literature, the Collège de France created a chair in rhetoric for him. The subjects in literature and the arts he addressed, together with his consumate literary style and his acute analysis of both the higher educational system and government cultural policy, secured his election to the French Academy. A native of Marseille, Dr. Fumaroli is the author of over 150 articles and more than 20 books, including Heros et orateurs, Rhetorique e dramaturgie corneliennes (1990); L'Etat culturel. Essai sur une religion moderne, (1992); Trois institutions litteraires (1994); and more recent studies of Poussin (2001), Richelieu (2002) and Chateaubriand (2004). Marc Fumaroli was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1997. He died June 24, 2020 in Paris, France at the age of 88.
 
34Name:  Professor Paolo Galluzzi
 Institution:  Istituto e Museo Nazionale di Storia della Scienza, Florence; University of Florence
 Year Elected:  2002
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1942
   
 
Paolo Galluzzi is a prominent figure in the scientific and cultural life of Italy and a well known collaborator on international projects. He is a teacher-scholar, the author of several books on the science and technology of the Renaissance and other aspects of the history of science in Italy and the creator of widely acclaimed exhibitions that unite period machines with beautifully reconstructed working models. He is a master at designing and using information technology for instruction and research; a member of several commissions to conserve Italy's cultural heritage; and a tireless innovator of ways to interest high-school students and their parents in the history and culture of science and technology. Paolo Galluzzi has directed the Istituto e Museo Nazionale di Storia della Scienza, Florence since 1982 and has been Professor of the History of Science at the University of Florence since 1994.
 
35Name:  Dr. Helen Gardner
 Year Elected:  1982
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1908
 Death Date:  6/4/86
   
36Name:  Prof. Eugenio Garin
 Institution:  Istituto Nazionale di Studi sul Rinascimento
 Year Elected:  1972
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  407. Philosophy
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1909
 Death Date:  December 29, 2004
   
37Name:  Dr. Carlo Ginzburg
 Institution:  University of California, Los Angeles; Scuola Normale, Superiore, Pisa
 Year Elected:  2013
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1939
   
 
Carlo Ginzburg has taught at the University of Bologna, at UCLA, at the Scuola Normale of Pisa. His books, translated into more than twenty languages, include The Night Battles; The Cheese and the Worms; Clues, Myths, and the Historical Method; The Enigma of Piero della Francesca; History, Rhetoric, and Proof; The Judge and the Historian; Wooden Eyes; No Island is an Island; and Threads and Traces. He received the Aby Warburg Prize (1992), the Humboldt-Forschungs Prize (2007), the Balzan Prize for the History of Europe, 1400-1700 (2010).
 
38Name:  Dr. Teresa Gisbert
 Institution:  Universidad de La Paz, Bolivia
 Year Elected:  2006
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1926
 Death Date:  February 19, 2018
   
 
Teresa Gisbert is an internationally recognized pioneer - some might say the pioneer - in the history of the art and architecture of the Andean world. She is currently Professor and Dean at the University of Barcelona, on whose faculty she has served since 1988. Working at times on her own, and at other times with her husband José de Mesa and with colleagues and students, she has written about most aspects of Andean visual expression. Her corpus of writings comprises monographs about Andean painting and architecture, textiles and popular arts. Her most famous book, Iconografía y mitos indígenas en el arte (2nd edition, 1994), displaying profound understanding of both European and indigenous American artistic traditions, continues to influence and inspire all who work in the field. In her native Bolivia she is universally known and admired. Mention of her name will open almost any door in the world of archives, libraries and museums, and her intellectual and human generosity are legendary.
 
39Name:  Sir Ernst H. Gombrich
 Institution:  University of London
 Year Elected:  1968
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  404. History of the Arts, Literature, Religion and Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1909
 Death Date:  November 3, 2001
   
40Name:  Dr. Frantz Grenet
 Institution:  Collège de France
 Year Elected:  2017
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1952
   
 
Frantz Grenet was born on 6 November 1952 at Gruchet-le-Valasse (Normandy, France). From 1972 to 1977 he studied History at the École Normale Supérieure (Paris) (« agrégation d’Histoire » in 1975), Persian at the Institut des Langues Orientales, Middle Iranian languages at the École Pratique des Hautes Etudes. After a first acquaintance with Middle Eastern field archaeology in Lebanon (Tell Arqa), he met Central Asian archaeology in 1975, when he took part to the excavations of the Hellenistic city of Ai Khanum. From 1977 to 1981 he was posted in DAFA (Délégation Archéologique Française en Afghanistan, Kabul), first as research fellow, then as deputy-director, under the successive directorships of Paul Bernard and Jean-Claude Gardin. Excavations in Ai Khanum continued in 1977 and 1978, then were interrupted by the war. In 1981 he presented his thesis Les pratiques funéraires dans l’Asie centrale sédentaire de la conquête grecque à l’islamisation (Université Paris 1, director Jean-Marie Dentzer) ; an expanded version of this thesis was published under the same title in 1984 (Paris, Éditions du CNRS). From 1981 to 2013 he worked in the CNRS (research fellow, then research director since 1990), in the team UMR 8546 « Archéologie d’Orient et d’Occident » based at the École Normale Supérieure (45 rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris). In addition, from 1999 onwards he taught as « directeur d’études » at the École Pratique des Hautes Études (Sorbonne, Paris), section of Religious Sciences, chair « Religions of the ancient Iranian world », a consequence of his continuous interest in Zoroastrian studies linked with his joint work with the late Professor Mary Boyce (M. Boyce, F. Grenet, A History of Zoroastrianism, vol. III: Zoroastrianism under Macedonian and Roman rule, Leiden, 1991). In 1989 he has the opportunity to return to the Central Asian archaeological field, with the establishment under his directorship of the French-Uzbek Archaeological Mission in Sogdiana, which since then has continuously carried out excavations and surveys at Afrasiab (the site of ancient Samarkand) and other sites in Uzbekistan, bringing new information on all periods from the early Iron Age to the Mongol invasion. In 2004 and 2012 he also returned to Afghanistan for fieldwork. In 2001, invited professor at UC Berkeley. Since 2013, professor at the Collège de France (Paris), chair « History and Cultures of pre-Islamic Central Asia ». In 2017, invited professor at Renmin University (Peking). Author of four books : Les pratiques funéraires…, 1984 ; L’Asie centrale préislamique, bibliographie critique 1977-1986, 1988 ; La Geste d’Ardashir fils de Pâbag, 2003; The Golden Journey to Samarkand (in Chinese), 2016. Editor or co-editor of four volumes, co-organizer of four international conferences (lastly : Third SEECHAC International Colloquium Interaction in the Himalayas and Central Asia, Vienna, Austrian Academy of Sciences, 2013, published 2017), author or co-author of about 170 specialized articles in specialized journals or conference volumes. Member of the editorial boards of Studia Iranica (Paris), Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum (London). Corresponding member of Istituto Italiano per l’Africa e l’Oriente (since 1994), Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-lettres (since 1997). Foreign Correspondent of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (since 2014). President of SEECHAC (European Society for the Study of Cultures of the Himalaya and Central Asia) since 2012. Member of the Advisory Board of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (University of New York) since 2013. In October 2018 Frantz Grenet was awarded honorary citizenship of the city of Samarkand, in a ceremony at the Embassy of Uzbekistan in Paris. Personal Website : http://frantz.grenet.free.fr
 
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