American Philosophical Society
Member History

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Residency
International[X]
Class
4. Humanities[X]
Subdivision
403. Cultural Anthropology[X]
1Name:  Dr. John Baines
 Institution:  University of Oxford
 Year Elected:  2011
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1946
   
 
John Baines is the foremost actively engaged authority on Ancient Egypt of our time. He received his D.Phil. from the University of Oxford in 1976. His versatile scholarship is unique in its scope, covering all aspects of Egyptology, from archaeology to epigraphy and writing, from prehistory to the latest phases of the civilization. He has conducted archeological excavations, written on conceptions of color, on the origins of writing, on history, concepts of ethnicity, on historiography, literature, as well as on notions of kingship, to mention only some of his interests. His work is characterized by a vigorous engagement with other disciplines, including art history, anthropology, sociology, or the comparative study of writing systems; he has perfected an interdisciplinary approach to the study of an ancient civilization that has created a new model for the analysis of ancient societies and brought his field into dialogues with other fields of knowledge. His work is often comparative in scope, but is always grounded in deep study and analysis of the ancient sources. At the same time he has been active in communicating knowledge outside of the academy; his Atlas of Ancient Egypt, translated into at least ten languages, has provided knowledge about this ancient civilization to students and lay persons throughout the globe. Additionally, he has published: Fecundity Figures: Egyptian Personification and the Iconology of a Genre, 1985; Die Bedeutung des Reisens im alten Ägypten, 2002; Visual and Written Culture in Ancient Egypt, 2007; and High Culture and Experience in Ancient Egypt, 2011. He is a member of the Royal Anthropological Institute and was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2011.
 
2Name:  Sir John Boardman
 Institution:  University of Oxford
 Year Elected:  1999
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1927
   
 
Sir John Boardman is a scholar of classical archaeology and art, with experience in Greece (assistant director of the British School at Athens), museums (Ashmolean Museum, Oxford) and teaching (as reader and professor at Oxford University). His works include excavation publication (Chios, Crete, Libya), a series of handbooks on Greek sculpture and vases, monographs on Greek gem engraving, and various broader archaeological studies, several of them embracing the archaeology and history of the Near East and central Asia. He is a member of various academies, including the British Academy and the Institut de France, and holds honorary doctorates from Paris and Athens.
 
3Name:  Dr. J. D. Hawkins
 Institution:  School of Oriental and African Languages, University of London
 Year Elected:  1998
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1940
   
 
John David Hawkins received an M.A. at Oxford University in 1965. He began his career at the School of Oriental and African Studies at the University of London as a research fellow in 1964 and has been Professor of Ancient Anatolian Languages since 1993. At the beginning of the 20th century next to nothing was known about the eight or so different languages of the Hittite archives. Now we can read and understand most of the texts. The history of Anatolia, 1000-700 B.C., used to be known only from the point of view of the Assyrians (the future conquerors). Now that the local sources have been opened up in all their richness, everything is changed. These are discoveries that match in brilliance the most far-reaching scientific accomplishments in scholarly history, and in large measure they are due to David Hawkins and to his work of thirty years. J. D. Hawkins in the author of (with S. Dalley and C.B.F. Walker) Old Babylonian Tablets from Tell al-Rimah (1976); The Hieroglyphic Inscription of the Sacred Pool Complex at Bogazköy-Hattusa (1995); Corpus of Hieroglyphic Luwian Inscriptions (4 volumes, 1998). He was the editor of IRAQ (Journal of the British School of Archaeology in Iraq) from 1976-1995. J. D. Hawkins served as honorary secretary for the British School of Archaeology in Iraq from 1976-85. He is a member of the British Academy and was elected a foreign member of the American Philosophical Society in 1998.
 
4Name:  Dr. Mogens Trolle Larsen
 Institution:  University of Copenhagen
 Year Elected:  2011
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1937
   
 
Mogens Trolle Larsen has used ancient Assyrian texts to explore the areas shared by the humanities and the social sciences. Larsen has done this through studies of ancient merchants in Anatolia; issues of literacy; the work and temperament of Mesopotamian men and women; the connection between their families and their societies; and on the broadest economic and historical dynamics of their era in western Asia, on issues of literacy, science, and even sentiment. He has also examined the saga of nineteenth century exploration in Mesopotamia as a part of European intellectual history; his book on the subject has appeared in four languages, and other translations are in progress. Larsen is the author of seven monographs, a number of edited volumes, and over forty scholarly articles. Although officially retired, he continues to pursue a vigorous scholarly agenda. He received a D.Phil. in 1966 and a Ph.D. in 1975 from the University of Copenhagen. His published works include The Old Assyrian City-state and its Colonies (1976) and The Conquest of Assyria: Excavations in an Antique Land, 1840-1860 (1996), and he is the editor of Culture & History, Copenhagen. He is a member of both the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters (1995) and Academia Europaea, and was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2011.
 
5Name:  Dr. Larissa Adler Lomnitz
 Institution:  Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
 Year Elected:  2011
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1932
 Death Date:  April 19, 2019
   
 
Larissa Adler Lomnitz is a pioneer in the study of social networks who earned her Ph.D. from the Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico in 1974. Her classic study of poor families in Mexico City showed how they mobilize social capital to survive under marginal economic conditions by using fictive kinship to expand networks and gain access to resources while diversifying risks. Her study of a Mexican entrepreneurial family, in contrast, revealed that elites limit their social networks to conserve social capital and marshal trust. Her study of school teachers in Chile drew upon social networks in much the same way as lower class urban dwellers to survive in the wake of restructuring. Based on this work, she developed an influential theory of informal network exchange that formed the basis of network theory in migration studies and social capital theory. She has also done formative work on the socialization of scientists and professionals within developing country settings. She won the Mexican National Prize for Social Science in 1990. She is the author of a number of books, including: Migration and Networks in Latin America, 1974; Networks and Marginality, 1975; (L. Adler Lomnitz, et al) Culture & Ideology: Anthropological Perspectives, 1982; (with M. Perez-Lizaur) A Mexican Elite Family, 1820-1980: Kinship, Class, and Culture, 1988; (with L. Meyer) La Nueva Clase, 1988; (L. Adler Lomnitz, et al) Chile’s Middle Class: A Struggle for Survival in the Face of Neoliberalism, 1991; Redes Sociales, Cultura, y Poder: Ensayos de Antropología Latinoamericana, 1994; (with A. Melnick) Chile’s Political Culture and Parties: An Anthropological Explanation, 2000; (with R. Salazar Elena, I. Adler) Simbolismo y Ritual en la Política Mexicana, 2004. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2011.
 
6Name:  Dr. Linda R. Manzanilla
 Institution:  Instituto de Investigaciones Antropológicas, National Autonomous University of Mexico
 Year Elected:  2006
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1951
   
 
Linda R. Manzanilla is one of the most important and internationally renowned archaeologists in Mexico. A highly productive scholar, she has made key contributions in both empirical research and in theoretical and methodological understandings of the development of ancient civilizations. Both the breadth of her fieldwork (she has undertaken significant research in Mexico, Bolivia, Turkey, and Egypt) and the depth of her insights, especially in regard to new perspectives on the rise, growth, structure, and collapse of the great pre-Columbian city of Teotihuacan, have made Professor Manzanilla one of the leading scholars in the world in the study of early cities and states and their development through time and space. Since 1984 she has been an investigator and professor at the Institute of Anthropological Investigations at the National Autonomous University of Mexico.
 
7Name:  Professor Chie Nakane
 Institution:  University of Tokyo
 Year Elected:  1977
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1926
 Death Date:  October 12, 2021
   
 
Social anthropologist Chie Nakane is a respected scholar who has spent a lifetime studying human societies and chronicling her theories. One of the first women to graduate from the University of Tokyo, Ms. Nakane was the University's first female professor and the first female member of the Japan Academy. Now a professor emeritus, she traces her profound interest in social anthropology to her teenage years when she returned to Japan after living in China and was struck by the cultural and social differences between the two countries. After receiving her M.A. in 1950, she embarked on a career investigating Asian societies, including those of Japan, India, China and her special area of expertise, Tibet. In 1987, she won a Japan Foundation Award for this comparative research. Ms. Nakane's incisive study of Japan is presented in her seminal book, Japanese Society, which offers insight into what distinguishes Japanese society from other complex societies. Published in 1970, the book characterizes Japan as being built on a vertical organizational principle where a hierarchical order based on rank prevails. Ms. Nakane's other works include Kinship and Economic Organization in Rural Japan (1967) and Human Relationships in Japan (1972).
 
8Name:  Dr. Carl Nylander
 Institution:  Swedish Institute of Classical Studies
 Year Elected:  2000
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1932
   
 
In Sweden, Carl Nylander is regarded as epitomizing "kulturpersonlighet," a man of the broadest intellectual interests and achievements. A highly esteemed lecturer and writer, he has been director emeritus of the Swedish Institute for Classical Studies since 1997 and has coordinated Scandinavian excavations of the Temple of the Dioscuri, Forum Romanum in Rome since 1983. Dr. Nylander has published approximately 80 scientific publications, among them Pasargadae: Studies in Old Persian Architecture (1970) and The Deep Well, translated from Swedish in 1970, with its fascinating excursions into the world of archaeology. Dr. Nylander has also taught at Bryn Mawr College and the University of Copenhagen and holds Fil. lic and Fil.Dr. degrees from the University of Uppsala, Sweden.
 
9Name:  Lord Colin Renfrew
 Institution:  McDonald Institute of Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge
 Year Elected:  2006
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  403. Cultural Anthropology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1937
   
 
Colin Renfrew is one of the most influential and renowned archaeologists in the world today. From his important excavations in Greece and the Aegean - at Saliagos, Melos, and Sitagroi - and the influential publications on this research that followed, to his research on the Orkneys in northern Scotland, he has played a leading role in world archaeology for more than three decades. He is the author of the path-breaking books The Emergence of Civilization: The Cyclades and the Aegean in the Third Millennium B.C. and Before Civilization: the Radiocarbon Revolution and Prehistoric Europe in the early 1970s, which had profound impacts on scholarly understanding of Aegean and European prehistory. He has also made numerous contributions to archaeological theory and method, such as his early research on trace element analysis of obsidian and trade and his formulations on peer polity interaction and the rise of political complexity, to his pioneering work in cognitive, social and linguistic archaeology. With his elevation to a life peerage and a seat in the House of Lords, Lord Renfrew also has been able to play an important political role in furthering the role of arts and culture in the United Kingdom and in combating the ravages of archaeological looting. Lord Renfrew received his Sc.D. from the University of Cambridge in 1976 and has been Disney Professor of Archaeology Emeritus there since 2004. He also serves as Director Emeritus of the McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.
 
Election Year
2011 (3)
2006 (2)
2000 (1)
1999 (1)
1998 (1)
1977 (1)