American Philosophical Society
Member History

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Residency
International[X]
Class
4. Humanities[X]
Subdivision
401. Archaeology[X]
1Name:  Dr. Hans Belting
 Institution:  Internationales Forschungszentrum Kulturwissenschaften, Vienna
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1935
   
 
Hans Belting is perhaps Germany's most creative art historian. In his College Art Association citation he is described as "the most influential scholar of medieval art of his generation," having made "fundamental contributions to the history of Byzantine wall painting and manuscript illumination, Carolingian art in Rome and Gaul, Italian Trecento mural decoration and early Flemish panel painting." His many books are based on a wide spectrum of methods: traditional style and iconographic analysis, reception theory, archaeological and anthropological techniques and the critique of patronage. But he has also contributed powerfully to contemporary theory in the discipline, particularly in The End of the History of Art, and to the history and criticism of contemporary art. Dr. Belting's other published works include Likeness and Presence: A History of the Image Before the Era of Art (1984); The Germans and Their Art: A Troublesome Relationship (1998); The Invisible Masterpiece: The Modern Myths of Art (2001); and Hieronymus Bosch: The Garden of Earthly Delights (2002). Formerly the Mary Jane Crowe Professor at Northwestern University and the director of the Internationales Forschungszentrum Kulturwissenschaften in Vienna, Dr. Belting is a member of the Medieval Academy of America; the American Academy of Arts & Sciences; the Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften; and the Academia Europaea. He received his Ph.D. from Mainz University in 1959.
 
2Name:  Professor Paul Bernard
 Institution:  L'Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Paris
 Year Elected:  2001
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1929
 Death Date:  December 1, 2015
   
 
Paul Bernard was a member of the Academy of Inscriptions and Fine Letters (Institute of France, Paris) since 1992. After studies in Paris (Ecole Normale Supérieure, Sorbonne), he received archaeological training at the French School in Athens (1958-1961) and then became a member of the French Institute of Archaeology in Beirut (1961-1965). He quickly specialized in the archaeology and history of Hellenism east of the Mediterranean shores. In 1965, Professor Bernard became director of the French archaeological mission in Afghanistan and, until 1978, he headed the excavations, by a French team, of a Greek colonial city in Northern Afghanistan at the site, now completely plundered, of Aï Khanum. Upon his return to France, he taught graduate and postgraduate courses at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes (Sorbonne) on the history of Hellenism in the Orient. He was an associate member of the Italian Academia dei Lincei and of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He was elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society in 2001. Paul Bernard died December 1, 2015, at the age of 86, in Paris, France.
 
3Name:  Dr. Claude Cahen
 Institution:  University of Paris
 Year Elected:  1983
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1909
 Death Date:  11/18/91
   
4Name:  Professor Halet Çambel
 Institution:  Istanbul University
 Year Elected:  1979
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1916
 Death Date:  January 12, 2014
   
 
An eminent scholar and expert in the archaeology of the Anatolian Peninsula, Halet Çambel was born in Germany in 1916. The daughter of an old and distinguished Ottoman family, she received her Ph.D. from Istanbul University in 1945 and went on to found the chair of prehistoric archaeology at Istanbul University, where she taught and inspired generations of students. Renowned for conducting rescue excavations of endangered heritage sites, Dr. Çambel introduced stone restoration techniques and ensured proper conservation of significant cultural heritage in Turkey. She was instrumental in protecting a village of unique Turkish houses and opened an Art and Culture House where concerts, exhibitions and other cultural activities take place. Halet Çambel's meticulous scholarship, commitment to international collaboration and enthusiasm for innovative research are praised both in Turkey and in the wider international community. Her numerous publications, television programs, documentaries, and the first open-air museum of antiquities at the Karatepe-Aslanta site are among her contributions to knowledge of and accessibility to the civilizations and historical riches of Turkey. Among Dr. Çambel's many awards is the Prince Claus Award honoring her dedicated scholarship and her role in expanding the possibilities for interaction between people and their cultural heritage. Halet Çambel died January 12, 2014, at the age of 97 at her home in Instanbul.
 
5Name:  Dr. Gilberto deMello Freyre
 Year Elected:  1962
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1900
 Death Date:  7/18/87
   
6Name:  Dr. Marie-Therese d'Alverny
 Year Elected:  1974
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1903
 Death Date:  4/26/91
   
7Name:  Mr. Russell Meiggs
 Year Elected:  1981
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1902
 Death Date:  6/24/89
   
8Name:  Dr. Lorenzo Minio-Paluello
 Year Elected:  1971
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1907
 Death Date:  5/6/86
   
9Name:  Dr. Arnaldo D. Momigliano
 Year Elected:  1969
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1908
 Death Date:  9/1/87
   
10Name:  Mr. Jean J. F. Perrot
 Institution:  Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
 Year Elected:  1991
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1920
 Death Date:  December 24, 2012
   
 
One of the world's great archaeologists, Jean J.F. Perrot directed French archaeological missions throughout Iran, Palestine and southwestern Asia during his distinguished career. Among his many accomplishments, Perrot pioneered the recovery and interpretation of background evidence concerning the appearance of a food-producing way of life in southwestern Asia 10,000 years ago, and his brilliant excavations at the open air settlement of Mallaha in northern Israel in effect brought the early Natufians out of caves and into the beginning of village life. His career was interrupted for a period when he was asked to take over work at the great site of Susa in Iran, but Perrot would later happily return to the Levant to continue his work there. Given his wide familiarity with much of the early Near East, Jean J.F. Perrot is held in high esteem for his thoughtful and informed cultural-historical interpretations. He joined the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in 1946 and later became its director. He was Directeur de recherche honoraire at CNRS at the time of his death on December 26, 2012, at the age of 92.
 
11Name:  Professor Erika Simon
 Institution:  University of Würzburg
 Year Elected:  2002
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1927
 Death Date:  February 15, 2019
   
 
Erika Simon was born in Ludwigshafen (then in the suburb Rheingönheim), and from 1930 she lived in Aschaffenburg/Main (not far from Frankfurt) where she attended high school. Then from 1947 on she was a student at Heidelberg University and Munich University. From 1953-59 she was an assistant at Mainz University, and from 1959-63 she was a Docent at Heidelberg University. She had a visiting position from 1961-62 at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. From 1964-94 she was Professor of Classical Archaeology at Würzburg University and Director of the Antiquities in Martin-von-Wagner Museum. She has been professor emerita since 1994. Dr. Simon is the author of Die Götter der Griechen (1969); Das antike Theater (1972); Pergamon und Hesiod (1975); Festivals of Attica, An Archaeological Commentary (1983); Die konstantinischen Deckengemälde in Trier (1986); Die Götter der Römer (1990); and Ausgewahlte Schriften I/II (1998). She is a member of the German Archaeological Institute and has honorary doctorates at Athens and Thessaloniki Universities.
 
12Name:  Sir Ronald Syme
 Institution:  University of Oxford
 Year Elected:  1959
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Subdivision:  401. Archaeology
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1903
 Death Date:  9/4/89
   
Election Year
2005 (1)
2002 (1)
2001 (1)
1991 (1)
1983 (1)
1981 (1)
1979 (1)
1974 (1)
1971 (1)
1969 (1)
1962 (1)
1959 (1)