American Philosophical Society
Member History

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4. Humanities[X]
1Name:  Dr. Maribel Fierro
 Institution:  CSIC (Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas)
 Year Elected:  2020
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1956
Maribel Fierro is Research Professor at the Institute of Languages and Cultures of the Mediterranean (ILC) at the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC = Higher Council for Scientific Research) in Spain. She has taught at the Universidad Complutense and Universidad Autónoma (Madrid), and at the Universities of Stanford, Chicago, Exeter and the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (Paris). She was trained in Semitic Philology (with an interest in Arabic) at the Universidad Complutense where she submitted her PhD Thesis in 1985 after carrying out part of her doctoral research at the School of Oriental and African Studies. She was then Lecturer at the Universidad Complutense (Madrid) and in 1987 moved to the CSIC. Her interests are the political, religious and intellectual history of the pre-modern Islamic West (al-Andalus and North Africa), Islamic law, the construction of orthodoxy, violence and its representation in Medieval Arabic sources, and the edition and translation of Medieval Arabic texts. Among her publications: Abd al-Rahman III: The first Cordoban caliph (2005) and The Almohad revolution: Politics and religion in the Islamic West during the twelfth-thirteenth centuries (2012). She is the editor of volume 2 The Western Islamic world, eleventh-eighteenth centuries of the The New Cambridge History of Islam (2010), Orthodoxy and heresy in Islam: Critical Concepts in Religious Studies (2013) and the The Routledge Handbook on Muslim Iberia (2020). She has co-edited El cuerpo derrotado: cómo trataban musulmanes y cristianos a los enemigos vencidos (Península Ibérica, ss. VIII-XIII) (The defeated body: how Muslims and Christians treated the vanquished. Iberian Peninsula 8th-13th centuries) (2008), The legal status of dimmi-s in the Islamic West (2013) and Accusations of unbelief in Islam: A diachronic perspective on takfir (2015). She is presently preparing a monograph on Abd al-Mu,min, the first Almohad caliph and on The turban in al-Andalus, and co-editing Rulers as authors in Islamic societies.
2Name:  Dr. Eva Schlotheuber
 Institution:  Heinrich Heine University, Düsseldorf; German Historical Association
 Year Elected:  2020
 Class:  4. Humanities
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1959
Eva Schlotheuber's enthusiasm for medieval manuscripts, art and literature started at Göttingen, studying with Hartmut Hoffmann, one of the leading scholars of manuscript and archival studies. A year abroad in Copenhagen reading anthropology and experimental archaeology added to this the material side of history and environmental studies. Working at the intersection of these disciplines has never ceased to fascinate her and she has continued working on little known primary material and hidden archival sources from an interdisciplinary perspective. A particular focus has been how religious orders structure and communicate knowledge, particularly looking at how religious women staked out their claim in medieval society; she has worked closely with colleagues around the world, among them Jeffrey Hamburger (Art History, Harvard) and Margot Fassler (Musicology/Liturgy, Notre Dame). Currently, she is editing together with Henrike Lähnemann (German Studies, Oxford) what is probably the largest corpus of medieval writing by women, 1.800 letters collected in a Northern German convent (The Nuns' Network). A second area of research revolves round the influence which poets and humanists such as Dante and Petrarch had on political theory and governance structure in the 14th century, and how new collective norms are formed in times of crisis. The critical evaluation and contextualisation of sources of all kind is a particular strength of medieval studies which is crucial in understanding how systems of knowledge are changing. We can build upon this highly developed source critizism for meeting the challenges of our networked digital age. This is a challenge which can only be met by working together across the Humanities and Sciences and jointly developing a vision for the future which is collaborative. Eva Schlotheuber was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2020.
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