American Philosophical Society
Member History

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5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs[X]
1Name:  Justice Rosalie Silberman Abella
 Institution:  Supreme Court of Canada
 Year Elected:  2018
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1946
   
 
Justice Rosalie Abella, born in a displaced persons’ camp to survivors of Theresienstadt and Buchenwald and brought to Canada as a young child, has been honored around the world as a leading voice for human rights among judges of the world’s high courts. Abella is an expert on human rights law and has taught at McGill Law School. She has authored several books and over 75 articles. She was called to the Ontario bar in 1972 and appointed to the Canadian Supreme Court in 2004. Her 14 years on the Canadian Supreme Court have been distinguished for the clarity and wisdom of her opinions. At an earlier phase of her career, her work on equal employment opportunity established an analytical framework that the Canadian Supreme Court and courts around the world have adopted. In the past she has been a member of the Human Rights Commission of Ontario, of the Ontario Public Service Labour Relations Tribunal, and was the first woman chair of the Ontario Labour Relations Board. Rosalie Silberman Abella was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2018.
 
2Name:  The Honorable Shirley S. Abrahamson
 Institution:  Supreme Court of the State of Wisconsin
 Year Elected:  1998
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1933
 Death Date:  December 19, 2020
   
 
Shirley S. Abrahamson was the Chief Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court. She was initially appointed to that body by Governor Patrick Lucey in 1976 and was subsequently elected in 1979, 1989 and 1999. She became the Chief Justice on August 1, 1996 and is the first woman to serve as either Justice or as Chief Justice of the Wisconsin Supreme Court. Born and raised in New York City, Chief Justice Abrahamson received a bachelor's degree from New York University in 1953, a law degree from Indiana University Law School in 1956 and a doctor of law in American legal history in 1962 from the University of Wisconsin Law School. She is the recipient of 15 honorary doctor of laws degrees and the Distinguished Alumni Award of the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Prior to joining the court, Chief Justice Abrahamson practiced law in Madison, Wisconsin and taught at the University of Wisconsin Law School. She is the past president of the National Conference of Chief Justices and past chair of the board of directors of the National Center for State Courts. She also served as chair of the National Institute of Justice's National Commission on the Future of DNA Evidence. She was a member of the Council of the American Law Institute and the board of directors of New York University School of Law Institute of Judicial Administration. She died on December 19, 2020.
 
3Name:  Ms. Jill Abramson
 Institution:  Harvard University
 Year Elected:  2012
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1954
   
 
Jill Abramson has been a Senior Lecturer in the Department of English at Harvard University since 2014. She was the executive editor of The New York Times from September 2011 to May 2014. Previously she was managing editor of the paper from August 2003 until August 2011. As managing editor, Ms. Abramson helped supervise coverage of two wars, four national elections, hurricanes and oil spills. She also wrote about politics, in the Week in Review and Book Review sections. She served as Washington bureau chief from December 2000 until July 2003. She joined the newspaper in September 1997 and became Washington editor in 1999. Previously, Ms. Abramson worked at The Wall Street Journal from 1988 to 1997. While there, she served as deputy bureau chief in its Washington, D.C., bureau and investigative reporter, covering money and politics. Ms. Abramson is the author of Merchants of Truth, published in 2019. She is also the co-author of Strange Justice: The Selling of Clarence Thomas, published in 1994, and Where They Are Now: The Story of the Women of Harvard Law 1974, published in 1986. Strange Justice, a non-fiction finalist for the National Book Award and National Book Critics Circle Award in 1994, details the circumstances surrounding the confirmation hearings of Justice Clarence Thomas. Where They Are Now is a study of the 71 women in the Harvard Law School class of 1974. Ms. Abramson won the National Press Club award for national correspondence in 1992 for political coverage of money and politics.in 2018 she was appointed Adjunct Professor at Dublin City University's School of Communications. Ms. Abramson is a member of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences. She serves on the Journalism Advisory Board of ProPublica, an independent, non-profit newsroom that produces investigative journalism in the public interest. She also serves on the board of visitors of Columbia University's School of Journalism. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2012.
 
4Name:  The Honorable Arlin M. Adams
 Institution:  Schnader, Harrison, Segal & Lewis
 Year Elected:  1979
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1921
 Death Date:  December 22, 2015
   
 
Arlin M. Adams was a Court of Appeals Judge, having served from 1969 to 1987. He was of counsel at one of Philadelphia's largest law firms, Schnader, Harrison, Segal & Lewis, where he spent a significant amount of time on issues of public interest. Judge Adams earned his undergraduate degree from Temple University. He received his J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, serving as Editor-in-Chief of Penn Law Review. Later, he served on the school's faculty. Prior to his appointment to the Federal bench by President Richard M. Nixon, Judge Adams had a long history of public service, including a term as Secretary of Public Welfare of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania from 1963 to 1966. He was also the author of books and many articles on law and religion, including (with C. Emmerich and W. Burger) Nation Dedicated to Religious Liberty: The Constitutional Heritage of the Religious Clauses (1990) and (with W. Miller and M. Marty) Religion and the Public Good: A Bicentennial Forum (1989). Judge Adams was President of the American Judicature Society and chairman of the U.S. Supreme Court Fellows. In 1997 he received the Philadelphia Award, the highest award for civic service in the Delaware Valley. In addition to his having received numerous honorary degrees, the University of Pennsylvania Law School and Drexel University created professorships in his name in 2005 and 2007, respectively, and in 2001, Susquehanna University named a law center in his honor. Judge Adams served as trustee for numerous boards, including the University of Pennsylvania, Bryn Mawr College, Einstein Medical Center, the Philadelphia Diagnostic Center, and the National Constitution Center. Arlin Adams was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1979 and served as its President from 1993 to 1999. He died December 22, 2015, at the age of 94 in Elkins Park, Pennsylvania.
 
5Name:  Mr. David Adjaye
 Institution:  Adjaye Associates
 Year Elected:  2016
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1966
   
 
Adjaye Associates was established in June 2000 by founder and principal architect, David Adjaye OBE. Receiving ever-increasing worldwide attention, the practice's largest commission is the design of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of African American History and Culture on the National Mall in Washington, DC. Further projects range in scale from private houses, exhibitions and temporary pavilions to major arts centres, civic buildings and masterplans in Europe, North America, the Middle East, Asia and Africa. Renowned for an eclectic material and color palette and a capacity to unfold cinematically, the buildings differ in form and style, yet are unified by their ability to challenge typologies and to generate a dynamic cultural discourse.
 
6Name:  Dr. Elizabeth Alexander
 Institution:  Mellon Foundation
 Year Elected:  2020
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1962
   
 
Elizabeth Alexander - poet, educator, memoirist, scholar, and cultural advocate - is president of The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the nation’s largest funder in arts and culture, and humanities in higher education. With more than two decades of experience leading innovative programs in education, philanthropy, and beyond, Dr. Alexander builds partnerships at Mellon to support the arts and humanities while strengthening educational institutions and cultural organizations across the world. Prior to joining the Foundation, Dr. Alexander served as the director of Creativity and Free Expression at the Ford Foundation, shaping Ford’s grantmaking vision in arts and culture, journalism, and documentary film. There, she co-designed the Art for Justice Fund-an initiative that uses art and advocacy to address the crisis of mass incarceration-and guided the organization in examining how the arts and visual storytelling can empower communities. Over the course of a distinguished career in education, Dr. Alexander has taught and inspired a generation of students. She was the Wun Tsun Tam Mellon Professor in the Humanities at Columbia University from 2015 until joining the Foundation in 2018. Between 2000 and 2015, Dr. Alexander taught at Yale University, where she was a professor in the departments of African American Studies, American Studies, and English, helping rebuild the school's African American Studies department while serving as its chair for four years. In 2015, she was appointed Yale University's inaugural Frederick Iseman Professor of Poetry. At Smith College, Dr. Alexander was the Grace Hazard Conkling Poet-in-Residence and the inaugural director of the Poetry Center. While an assistant professor at the University of Chicago, she was awarded the Quantrell Prize for Excellence in Undergraduate Teaching. An author or co-author of fourteen books, Dr. Alexander was twice a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize: for poetry with American Sublime and for biography with her 2015 memoir, The Light of the World. Her poetry and essays include Crave Radiance: New and Selected Poems 1990-2010 (2010), Power and Possibility: Essays, Reviews, Interviews (2007), American Sublime (2005), The Black Interior: Essays (2004), Antebellum Dream Book (2001), Body of Life (1996), and The Venus Hottentot (1990). Accolades for her work include the Jackson Poetry Prize, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship, the George Kent Award, the National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship, and three Pushcart Prizes for Poetry. In 2009, Dr. Alexander composed and delivered a poem, "Praise Song for the Day," for President Barack Obama's inauguration. Alexander earned a BA from Yale University, an MA from Boston University, and a PhD in English from the University of Pennsylvania. She holds honorary doctorates from Yale University, Haverford College, Simmons College, and the College of St. Benedict. Dr. Alexander is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, chancellor of the Academy of American Poets and serves on the board of the Pulitzer Prize. She was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2020.
 
7Name:  Mr. Woody Allen
 Year Elected:  2010
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  501. Creative Artists
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1935
   
 
In a career spanning nearly five decades and three dozen films, Woody Allen has established himself as one of the major auteurs of contemporary international cinema, with a comic voice that is distinctively twentieth-century American-jokey, anxious, unmistakably New York-and a moral and aesthetic vision that owes much to the filmmaker’s immersion in the great classics of European literature and cinema. Having established his comic bona fides with early works from Play It Again, Sam (an early foray into magical realism) to his paranoid futuristic fantasy Sleeper, Allen came into his own as a serious artist, with a special talent for depicting wry romantic disappointment in the context of American subcultural conflicts, in films such as his Oscar-winning Annie Hall and Manhattan. A series of marvelously rich tragicomedies of the 1980s, tinged with distinctively Continental colors and experimenting with great success with magical realism and metafictionality as technical means of exploring his perennial interest in the relationships between eros, art, and morality, includes The Purple Rose of Cairo, Crimes and Misdemeanors and Alice-an evolution that has been capped, in more recent years, by such acclaimed later works as Match Point and Vicky Christina Barcelona. His recent films include Midnight in Paris (2011) and Blue Jasmine (2013). In 2014 he was awarded the Cecil B. DeMille Lifetime Achievement Award.
 
8Name:  Ms. Marin Alsop
 Institution:  Baltimore Symphony Orchestra; Vienna Radio Orchestra, Ravinia Festival; Peabody Institute, Johns Hopkins University; Vienna Radio Orchestra, Ravinia Festival; São Paulo Symphony
 Year Elected:  2020
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  501. Creative Artists
 Residency:  resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1956
   
 
Marin Alsop is an inspiring and powerful voice, a conductor of vision and distinction who passionately believes that "music has the power to change lives". She is recognised internationally for her innovative approach to programming and audience development, for her deep commitment to education and advocating for music’s importance in the world. From the 2019/20 season, Alsop becomes Chief Conductor of the ORF Vienna Radio Symphony Orchestra (Vienna RSO), performing in their main series at the Wiener Konzerthaus and Wiener Musikverein, recording, broadcasting, and touring nationally and internationally. Her first season coincides with the Orchestra’s 50th anniversary and will emphasize women in classical music. Her outstanding success as Music Director of the Baltimore Symphony Orchestra (BSO) since 2007 has resulted in two extensions in her tenure until 2021. Alsop has led the orchestra on its first European tour in 13 years and created several bold initiatives including OrchKids, for the city’s most disadvantaged young people. At the end of 2019, following a seven-year tenure as Music Director, she becomes Conductor of Honour of the São Paulo Symphony Orchestra (OSESP), where she will return to conduct major projects each season. Marin Alsop was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2020.
 
9Name:  Mr. S. James Anaya
 Institution:  University of Colorado Law School, Boulder
 Year Elected:  2019
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1957
   
 
S. James Anaya is currently Dean and Charles Inglis Thomson Professor at the University of Colorado Law School. He earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School in 1983. Prior to coming to the University of Colorado, he worked with the National Indian Youth Council, at the University of Iowa College of Law, as Special Rapporteur for Indigenous Peoples at the United Nations, and the University of Arizona Regents’ and James J. Lenoir Professor of Human Rights Law and Policy at the James E. Rogers College of Law of the University of Arizona. James Anaya teaches, writes, and litigates in the areas of international human rights, constitutional law, and the rights of indigenous peoples. He occupies a unique position in international indigenous rights and at the United Nations, and is internationally acknowledged as an articulate spokesperson. In 2014, he completed two terms as the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Prior to working at the U.N., he helped indigenous peoples win groundbreaking cases before the Organization of American States and he produced important and innovative scholarship on indigenous international rights. He helped shape and influence the development of international law. As the Rapporteur, he reported on the conditions of indigenous peoples worldwide and responded to allegations of human rights violations. His work included visiting affected countries and writing official reports, and direct contacts with governments and indigenous peoples. He also helped draft the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Among his awards are: the Haywood Burns / Shanara Gilbert Award of the Northeast People of Color Conference (2009); the Bernard S. Rodey Award of the University of New Mexico Alumni Association (2014); and the Goler T. Butcher Award of the American Society of International Law (2016). He is the author of: Indigenous Peoples in International Law, 1996; International Human Rights and Indigenous Peoples, 2009; (with H. Hannum, D. Shelton) International Human Rights: Problems of Law, Policy and Practice, 2011. James Anaya was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2019.
 
10Name:  Ms. Natalie Marie Angier
 Institution:  The New York Times
 Year Elected:  2005
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1958
   
 
Fascinated by science since her youth and endowed with a unique facility for words, Natalie Marie Angier writes with a lucidity and enthusiasm that have identified her as a most gifted and respected science writer. A science correspondent for The New York Times since 1990, she has also written for Discover and Time magazines and worked in journalism education, most recently as a visiting professor at Cornell University. Ms. Angier has a captivating way of seducing her readers into understanding complex scientific concepts without sacrificing the truth. Her first book, Natural Obsessions, disseminated an accurate understanding of the profound significance of the oncogene concept to scientists and nonscientists alike and earned her a Pulitzer Prize. Her writing is visual and kinetic, colorful and festive, while at the same time playful and full of surprises. Each scientific story reads like an exciting novel, difficult to put down. But she combines this skill in storytelling with an originality of thinking, and the unusual capacity for synthesizing seemingly unrelated facts into original perspectives. In the essays collected in The Beauty of the Beastly, she finds poetry in the "seamy" side of nature: in parasites; in animal deceit and brutality. In Woman: An Intimate Geography, she breaks out from stereotypic views of women. In the L.A. Times, it was described as "…a classic - a text so necessary and abundant and true that all efforts of its kind, for decades before and after, will be measured by it." Ms. Angier's latest book is entitled The Canon: A Whirligig Tour Through the Beautiful Basics of Science, which "sparkles with wit and charm" and "refines everything you've ever wanted to know about science into an entertaining and accessible guide."
 
11Name:  Miss Anne d'Harnoncourt
 Institution:  Philadelphia Museum of Art
 Year Elected:  1988
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1943
 Death Date:  June 1, 2008
   
12Name:  Hon. Walter H. Annenberg
 Institution:  Court of St. James's & Triangle Publications, Inc.
 Year Elected:  1990
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1908
 Death Date:  October 1, 2002
   
13Name:  The Honorable Leonore Annenberg
 Institution:  The Annenberg Foundation
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1918
 Death Date:  March 12, 2009
   
 
As president and sole director of the Annenberg Foundation, Leonore Annenberg continues to carry out the foundation's mission, established with her late husband Walter H. Annenberg (elected to the APS in 1990), to advance the public well-being through improved communication. As the principal means of achieving this goal, the foundation encourages the development of more effective ways to share ideas and knowledge. The foundation's primary grant-making interests are in education, culture, the arts, and community and civic life. It provides funding for programs likely to produce beneficent change on a large scale. In addition to the national Challenge Grant for Public School Reform, $500 million matching grants program of 18 locally-designed projects, the Annenberg Foundation provided support for a 20-year partnership in educational programming with the Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Other major grants have been made to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Gallery of Art, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Academy of Music in Philadelphia, and the Metropolitan Opera. Recent awards have supported major design and construction projects, including the Capitol Visitor Center in Washington, DC, the Liberty Bell Pavilion and the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, and the British Museum in London. In January 2007 Ms. Annenberg received the Academy of Music 150th Anniversary Award in recognition of her longtime support of both the Academy and the Philadelphia Orchestra. Her latest honor is the prestigious Philadelphia Award, given annually to a person who has worked to better the Philadelphia region.
 
14Name:  Mr. Neil Armstrong
 Institution:  NASA
 Year Elected:  2001
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1930
 Death Date:  August 25, 2012
   
 
Neil A. Armstrong will always be known as the first man to walk on the moon, saying "One small step for (a) man. One giant step for mankind." as he stepped onto the surface. As a naval aviator, he flew combat missions from the aircraft carrier USS Essex in the Korean action, and subsequently spent 17 years with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration as an engineer, research pilot, astronaut and administrator. As a research pilot for NASA's Flight Research Center at Edwards, CA, Mr. Armstrong was project pilot on many pioneering high speed aircraft, including the rocket powered X-1 and the hypersonic X-15. He was selected as an astronaut in 1962. He was commander of the Gemini 8 flight in 1966 when he performed the first successful docking of two vehicles in space. As spacecraft commander for Apollo 11, he, with colleagues Mike Collins and Buzz Aldrin, completed the first landing mission to the moon. Neil Armstrong subsequently was responsible for the management of overall NASA research and technology work related to aeronautics. During the years 1971 through 1979, he was the University Professor of Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. He was the Chairman of the EDO Corporation, an engineering systems manufacturing firm. He received his engineering education at Purdue University and the University of Southern California. Mr. Armstrong was a Fellow of the Experimental Test Pilots and the Royal Aeronautical Society, and Honorary Fellow of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics and the International Aeronautical Federation. He was a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the Academy of the Kingdom of Morocco. He served as Chairman of the Presidential Advisory Committee for the Peace Corps (1971-73), as Vice Chairman of the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident (1986), and as a member of the National Commission on Space (1985-86). Mr. Armstrong's explorations on earth include reaching the North Pole and, with the British Army, mapping caves in the Oriente of Ecuador. He was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal in 2011 and was elected to membership in the American Philosophical Society in 2001. Neil Armstrong died on August 25, 2012, at the age of 82.
 
15Name:  Dr. Babak Ashrafi
 Institution:  Consortium for History of Science, Technology, and Medicine
 Year Elected:  2015
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1960
   
 
Under Babak Ashrafi’s leadership, PACHS (Philadelphia Area Consortium for the History of Science) established a collaboration among repositories and universities for the purposes of promoting scholarly and public understanding of the history of science, technology and medicine. Beginning with a 12-member consortium of Philadelphia-region institutions, he has been highly productive and innovative, successfully establishing, for example, an on-line union catalogue of the history of science holdings of PACHS members, and deploying a unique and universally admired search facility. PACHS has been so successful it was one of the models used to establish the Chicago Collections Consortium (to which Ashrafi served as a key consultant). PACHS evolved from a regional to a national/international collaborative, and in January 2015 became the Consortium for History of Science, Technology and Medicine. In its expansion beyond its regional focus, the current 12 members are joined by the University of Toronto, Yale University, Columbia University, The New York Academy of Medicine, the American Institute of Physics, the Smithsonian Institution, and the Linda Hall Library. Ashrafi uniquely combines the talents of scholar, non-profit entrepreneur, development officer, and executive administrator, and has improved productivity prospects for an entire discipline by changing the way historians of science interact, exchange ideas and collaborate, and by providing new Fellowship and grant opportunities for both young scholars and for those engaged in more advanced research.
 
16Name:  Mr. Emanuel Ax
 Year Elected:  2009
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  501. Creative Artists
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1949
   
 
Emanuel Ax is considered to be in the front rank of today’s pianists and has been widely recognized for both solo and chamber work as well as for chamber performance. He has won many awards, including seven Grammy Awards, five of which were for his chamber music (1986, 1987, 1992, 1993, 1996) and the other two were for his solo performances of Haydn (1995, 2004). In 1974, he won the Arthur Rubinstein International Piano Competition in Tel-Aviv and in 1979 he was awarded the Avery Fisher Prize. More recently, Columbia University presented him with the Alexander Hamilton Medal for Distinguished Service and Accomplishment (2003) and he was inducted into the American Academy of Arts & Sciences (2007). Ax has performed frequently with APS member Yo-Yo Ma and regularly plays at music festivals such as Mainly Mozart, Ravinia, and Tanglewood. They (Ax and Ma) released Hope Amid Tears in 2021.
 
17Name:  The Honorable Robert Badinter
 Institution:  Paris University I, Pantheon Sorbonne; French Council
 Year Elected:  2009
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  502. Physicians, Theologians, Lawyers, Jurists, Architects, and Members of Other Professions
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1928
   
 
Robert Badinter is the President of the OSCE Court of Conciliation and Arbitration, a Senator in the Senate of France, and a Professor of Law Emeritus at the Paris University I, Panthéon Sorbonne. He has served as the President of the Arbitration Commission for the Former Yugoslavia, a member of the Brussels Convention for the European Constitution, and a member of the United Nations High Level Panel. Robert Badinter has dedicated his long career to a more human justice and fundamental freedoms. As Minister of Justice, he was the author of the bill of abolition of the death penalty in France in 1981. He has been active in the creation of the international tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Hague and the International Criminal Court. He is the author of many books, including: The Execution, 1973; Libertés, Libertés, 1975; (with E. Badinter) Condorcet: An Intellectual in Politics, 1988; Free and Equals: The Emancipation of the Jews (1789-1791), 1989; Another Justice, 1990; The Penitentiary System of the Republic, 1992; The Republican Prison (1873-1914), 1993; Ordinary Antisemitism: Vichy and the Jewish Lawyers, 1997; The Abolition, 2000; A European Constitution, 2002; The Greatest Good, 2004; Against Death Penalty, 2006. He was inducted into the American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 2006.
 
18Name:  Mr. Herbert Smith Bailey
 Institution:  Princeton University Press
 Year Elected:  1986
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1921
 Death Date:  June 28, 2011
   
 
A Princeton University graduate, Herbert Smith Bailey, Jr. became the youngest head of a university press in the country in 1954 when he assumed that role with the Princeton University Press at age thirty-two. Over the next thirty-two years, he strengthened the Press's publication program and undertook a number of long-term, monumental projects, most notably The Papers of Woodrow Wilson (a 69-volume series, edited by Arthur Link, which was completed in 1993), The Writings of Henry D. Thoreau, and The Collected Papers of Albert Einstein. Mr. Bailey also oversaw the publication of many other multi-volume editions, including the writings of Aaron Burr, Edward Fitzgerald and Soren Kierkegaard. Having come to publishing from the side of science (He was the first science editor at the Press.), Mr. Bailey became recognized as a thoughtful and eloquent spokesman for the role of scholarship across all subjects. In all, about four thousand works of scholarship were published during his tenure at the Press, including winners of the National Book Award, the Pulitzer Prize and Phi Beta Kappa Awards. Mr. Bailey was also at the forefront of book preservation, establishing a policy as early as the late 1950s that all hardbound books at the Press be printed on acid-free "permanent" paper. Herbert Smith Bailey, Jr. retired from publishing in 1986. He received degrees from Princeton (A.B., 1942; L.L.D., 1986) and Yale Universities (L.H.D., 1970). He died on June 28, 2011, at the age of 89, in Chapel Hill, North Carolinia.
 
19Name:  The Honorable Nancy Kassebaum Baker
 Institution:  U. S. Senate
 Year Elected:  1996
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1932
   
 
Nancy Landon Kassebaum was born in Topeka, Kansas in 1932. In 1954 she received a B.A. in political science from the University of Kansas and in 1956 a Masters in Diplomatic History from the University of Michigan. In 1978 she was elected to the United States Senate from Kansas and served three terms, retiring in 1997. During her Senate tenure, she served as Chairman of the Labor and Human Resources Committee, Chairman of the Subcommittee on African Affairs, and Chairman of the Subcommittee on Aviation. In 1996 she married Howard Baker, formerly U.S. Senate Majority Leader, White House Chief of Staff under President Reagan, and U.S. Ambassador to Japan. Prior to living in Japan from 2001-2005, Senator Nancy Kassebaum Baker served on the Board of Trustees for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Kaiser Family Foundation. She is past Chairman of the National Advisory Committee on Rural Health, the George C. Marshall Foundation, and the American-Turkish Council. She served as the U.S. Commissioner on Prime Minister Blair's Commission for Africa. She has four children and seven grandchildren.
 
20Name:  Dr. D. James Baker
 Institution:  Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia
 Year Elected:  2003
 Class:  5. The Arts, Professions, and Leaders in Public & Private Affairs
 Subdivision:  503. Administrators, Bankers and Opinion Leaders from the Public or Private Sectors
 Residency:  Resident
 Living? :   Living
 Birth Date:  1937
   
 
D. James Baker is a distinguished scientist, innovative administrator, and strong communicator of scientific issues to the public. He received his B. S. from Stanford University in 1958 and his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1962 and has three honorary degrees. He joined the faculty at Harvard University, becoming an associate professor of physical oceanography in 1966. At Harvard, he discovered a new fluid instability, he (with A.R. Robinson) made the first laboratory model of the equatorial ocean circulation, and developed and patented a new deep-sea pressure gauge. In 1973 he moved to the University of Washington where he (with R. B. Wearn) conducted the first deep pressure measurements for monitoring ocean currents in the Drake Passage, and co-founded and was the first Dean of the College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences. From 1983 to 1983 he served as president of Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Inc. He co-founded The Oceanography Society and was its first president. As the Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in the Clinton Administration from 1993 - 2001, he guided the modernization of the National Weather Service and achieved new funding for the Argo float program which now covers the world ocean. Later he served as president of the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia from 2002 to 2006, developing new public programs. From 2007 to 2016 he was the Director of the Global Carbon Measurement Program for the William J. Clinton Foundation. He is currently an advisor to FLINTpro, a company of forestry experts and software engineers that helps protect their forest landscapes. His book on satellite measurements, Planet Earth: The View from Space (1990), published by Harvard University Press, is an international reference work. He was awarded the Vikram Sarabhai Medal by the Government of India in 1998 for "Outstanding Contributions to Space Research in Developing Countries." Dr. Baker was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 2003.
 
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