American Philosophical Society
Member History

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2. Biological Sciences[X]
1Name:  Peter B. Medawar
 Year Elected:  1961
 Class:  2. Biological Sciences
 Residency:  International
 Living? :   Deceased
 Birth Date:  1915
 Death Date:  10/2/87
Sir Peter Medawar was a pioneer of transplantation immunology. During the 1940's and 50's he researched skin grafting and how the development of tolerance in human and animal transplantation. He was awarded the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance." In addition to his scientific research, he wrote several books of popular science and philosophy of science, including Pluto's Republic (1982) and The Hope of Progress: A Scientist Looks at Problems in Philosophym Literature and Science (1973). He also authored an autobiography, Memoirs of a Thinking Radish (1986). Medawar was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1949, only eight years after finishing his docotorate. Among his many honors are the Copley Medal (1969), the UNESCO Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science (1985), and election to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1959) and the US National Academy of Sciences (1965). He was knighted in 1965, appointed to the Companions of Honour in 1972, and to the Order of Merit in 1981. Peter Medawar was elected a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1961. He died October 2, 1987 in London, England at the age of 72.
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