Resources in Early American History
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Abolition, emancipation, freedom (1)
Admiralty (1)
Admiralty -- United States (1)
Advance (Brig) (1)
Africa, West -- Description and travel (1)
African American churches -- United States (1)
American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
American Colonization Society (1)
Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania (1)
Archaeology -- Pennsylvania (1)
Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration (1)
Bank of the United States (1816-1836) (1)
Bankruptcy -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. (1)
Banks and banking -- United States -- History -- 19th century. (1)
Colonization, repatriation (1)
Commercial law -- United States. (1)
Courts. (1)
Dinosaurs -- New Jersey (1)
Eastern State Penitentiary (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Freedom of the seas. (1)
Freemasons -- Pennsylvania (1)
Geological Survey of Pennsylvania (1)
Geology -- Pennsylvania (1)
Great Britain. High Court of Admiralty (1)
Haviland, John, 1792-1852 (1)
Hayes, I. I. (Isaac Israel), 1832-1881 (1)
Indians of North America -- Languages (1)
Judges -- New Jersey. (1)
Judges -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Judicial opinions (1)
Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857 (1)
Lancaster (Penn.) County Prison (1)
Lancaster County (Pa.) -- History (1)
Language and languages (1)
Law -- United States -- History -- 19th century (1)
Law. (1)
Legal instruments -- New Jersey. (1)
Lusanna (Vessel) -- Trials, litigation, etc. (1)
Lyceums -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia (1)
Maritime law -- United States (1)
Maritime law. (1)
Merchant mariners -- United States (1)
Mesmerism (1)
New York Prison Association (1)
Pennsylvania -- Description and travel -- 19th century (1)
Pennsylvania -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 (1)
Pennsylvania Supreme Court (1)
Personal property. (1)
Philadelphia -- History -- 19th century (1)
Philadelphia Society For Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons (1)
1Author:  Bayard, Samuel, 1767-1840Requires cookie*
 Title:  Samuel Bayard Papers     
 Dates:  1670-1929 
 Abstract:  This collection contains materials which may be of interest to students of Early American History.

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 Call #:  Mss.SMs.Coll.6 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Law 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diaries | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Great Britain. High Court of Admiralty | Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, with the United States of America (1794 November 19) 
2Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Sea terms in different languages, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  The Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection has a wide array of material. This entry refers to a dictionary of terms relating to the sea and seafaring (359.03 D92). This portion likely reflected both Du Ponceau's personal interest in linguistics and his career as a lawyer who specialized in international law and trade. This volume include terms from French, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and Danish.

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 Call #:  Mss.359.03.D92 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  International Trade. | Law 
 Genre:  Language Material | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Language and languages | Philology. 
3Author:  Gérard de Rayneval, J.-M. (Joseph-Mathias), 1736-1812Requires cookie*
 Title:  On the freedom of the seas, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  Although Du Ponceau is most well-known today for his work in Native American linguistics, the Du Ponceau Collection includes a significant amount of correspondence from Du Ponceau's legal career in the nineteenth century (B D92p). This volume on the freedom of the seas reflects Du Ponceau's legal work in international trade.

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 Call #:  Mss.341.3.R21o 
 Extent:  3 volume(s) 
 Topics:  International Trade. | Law 
 Genre:  Legal Records | Manuscript Essays | Miscellaneous 
 Subjects:  Freedom of the seas. | Maritime law. | War, Maritime (International law) 
4Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  William Tilghman papers, 1771-1838     
 Dates:  1771-1838 
 Abstract:  This collection consists of two different holdings. B.T45.2 is a small, bound volume that contains receipts from his checkbook. The second part of the collection is slightly richer and contains correspondence and receipts relating to the Tilghman family's various business interests. Land holdings and legal proceedings are discussed. Most of the correspondence dates to before 1800.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.T45 
 Extent:  58 item(s) 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation | Law 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Courts. | Law. 
5Author:  New Hampshire.Admiralty Court.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Lusanna Prize Case Records     
 Dates:  1777 - 1778 
 Abstract:  Although the record states that this bound volume contains the proceedings of the controversial Admiralty Courts for New Hampshire, the court cases brought before it cover all of New England, especially Massachusetts. The records in this volume date from 1775 to 1778 and involve a single case brought against Elisha Doane from Wellfleet. A variety of evidence is included in this case, including copies of letters, cargo manifests, depositions, and court proceedings. The case appears to have continued until 1778. The last page is signed by Charles Thomson, secretary of the Continental Congress, who reports that the case files were sent to him, but he does not know why.

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 Call #:  Mss.973.3.N41 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | International Trade. | Law | Military History 
 Genre:  Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Admiralty | Lusanna (Vessel) -- Trials, litigation, etc. | Privateering -- New Hampshire | Prize-courts -- New Hampshire | Prizes -- Cases 
6Author:  New York (State). Supreme CourtRequires cookie*
 Title:  Account pertaining to his appeal of a jury verdict, to the Privy council, ca. 1766     
 Dates:  Circa 1766 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains two printed documents. One reproduces court records for a trial in 1764; the other contains resolutions of the New York Assembly.

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 Call #:  Mss.347.9.F77 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Law 
 Genre:  Legal Records | Official Government Documents and Records | Printed Material 
 Subjects:  Trials (Assault and battery) -- New York (State) 
7Author:  Marshall, John, 1755-1835Requires cookie*
 Title:  Opinions delivered in the circuit court of the United States     
 Dates:  1803-1831 
 Abstract:  This collection contains a series of federal circuit court decisions rendered by John Marshall. The cases heard span a wide range of areas and include such topics as international law, property, banking, bankruptcy, estates, laws of evidence, and trade. Among the cases he heard was Livingston v Jefferson, which involved property rights related to the United States' purchase of the Louisiana Territory. There are also a series of cases in 1819-1820 involving merchant ships that seem to be related to fallout from property disputes from the War of 1812. One case relates to the Bank of the United States.

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 Call #:  Mss.345.41.M35 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Government Affairs | Law | War of 1812 
 Genre:  Legal Records | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Bank of the United States (1816-1836) | Judicial opinions | United States. Circuit Court (4th Circuit) 
8Author:  Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815Requires cookie*
 Title:  Jonathan Williams Papers     
 Dates:  1763-1802 
 Abstract:  The Jonathan Williams Papers contain Williams' correspondence, often of a personal nature, from the 1788-1803. This collection adds primary source materials to the H.J. Williams collection, which consists of genealogical material on the Williams family. Jonathan Williams was one of Benjamin Franklin's nephews. He attained high positions in the United States military and helped found West Point. The bulk of Jonathan Williams's papers contain letters from William Alexander to Jonathan Williams. Alexander was his father-in-law. Topics discussed include business, legal, and of course family affairs.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.W6765 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Engineering | Law | Military History 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | Legal Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Wine and wine making 
9Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  Pennsylvania. General Assembly. The Great Law, 1682     
 Dates:  1682 
 Abstract:  This collection contains a copy of the Great Law signed between William Penn and colonists when he arrived in the colony in 1682. The original is in the State Archives of Pennsylvania. Influenced by Quaker principles, the Great Law listed the crimes and punishments that the new colony would enforce and aimed to regulate morality and behavior.

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 Call #:  Mss.345.12.P38L 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Law | Pennsylvania History 
 Genre:  Legal Records | Official Government Documents and Records 
10Author:  State Penitentiary for the Eastern District of PennsylvaniaRequires cookie*
 Title:  State Penitentiary for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania Records     
 Dates:  1819-1955 
 Abstract:  These two volumes record the admissions to Eastern State Penitentiary for the years 1839-1850 (excluding, apparently, 1844). The records contain a wealth of information about each prisoner admitted. The entries often contain a physical description of the inmate, a description of the crime(s) committed, and, occasionally, statements the prisoner made. Most entries contain a detailed biographical history of the prisoner that includes information on the background of the criminal, such as their family life, how they were raised, previous incarcerations, and the social habits of the prisoner, such as drinking in taverns or their religiosity.

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 Call #:  Mss.365.P381p 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Government Affairs | Law | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Legal Records | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Prisoners -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Prisons -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Women prisoners -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 
11Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  United States. Constitution.     
 Dates:  1787 
 Abstract:  This collection contains Benjamin Franklin's copy of the United States Constitution. It has Franklin's annotations in the margins.

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 Call #:  Mss.342.73.Un3c.d 
 Extent:  1 item(s) 
 Topics:  Early National Politics | Government Affairs | Law 
 Genre:  Legal Records | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records 
12Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection     
 Dates:  1781-1844 
 Abstract:  The Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection has a wide array of material. This entry refers to his correspondence. Although Du Ponceau is most well-known today for his work in Native American linguistics, the Du Ponceau Collection includes a significant amount of correspondence from Du Ponceau's legal career in the nineteenth century (B D92p). As a practicing lawyer often working on trade issues, his correspondence also includes large collection of business news and legal affairs happening in Philadelphia. Most of these documents are from cases Du Ponceau worked on, and many of these cases involve international trade and merchant concerns. One of the more interesting case files includes a brief on whether or not the family of a mariner lost at sea can recover lost wages.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.D92p 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | International Trade. | Law 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Admiralty -- United States | Indians of North America -- Languages | Law -- United States -- History -- 19th century | Maritime law -- United States | Merchant mariners -- United States | Silk 
13Author:  Fox familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  William Temple Franklin-Charles Pemberton Fox Legal Records     
 Dates:  1692-1881 
 Abstract:  This portion of the Fox Family Collection at the APS contains information on their land holdings in western and northern Pennsylvania during the 19th century, some of which relate to the interests of William Temple Franklin.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F86L 
 Extent:  2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation | Law | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Legal Records | Maps and Surveys 
 Subjects:  Real property -- Pennsylvania 
14Author:  Zehnder, J. A.,recorder.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Bankruptcy notices, 1842-1845     
 Dates:  1842-1845 
 Abstract:  This volume contains a list of bankruptcy filings in Philadelphia with their creditors listed. There is very little additional information aside from names, docket numbers, and court dates.

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 Call #:  Mss.332.75.Z3 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Law | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Legal Records | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Bankruptcy -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. 
15Author:  Smyth, Frederick, 1732-1815Requires cookie*
 Title:  Frederick Smyth papers, 1756-1816     
 Dates:  1756-1816 
 Abstract:  Frederick Smyth was the Chief Justice of New Jersey before the American Revolution (appointed in 1764). Before that, he lived in England, Barbados, and Martinique. This collection of Smyth papers contains a range of official documents that relate to political and legal matters in New Jersey. The legal documents include petitions, reports to the grand jury, and official pronouncements and commissions. There are also several pieces of private correspondence. Some of the earliest documents contain information on Smyth's career before arriving in New Jersey. There is also a deposition relating to the firing on HMS St. John in Newport, Rhode Island in 1764 and a series of other documents relating to legal and political affairs in Rhode Island during the imperial crisis. Of particular note are two long speeches Smyth delivered before a grand jury in 1775 and 1776 in which he defends the Crown, a response to these speeches from the grand jury defending American rights, and a long letter from Edward Affleck in 1783 describing the British departure from New York City. Smyth stayed in Philadelphia after the war, although he never relinquished his British citizenship, and there are a few documents chronicling his post-war experience.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sm95 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Law 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Legal Records | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Judges -- New Jersey. | Legal instruments -- New Jersey. 
16Author:  Hicks, Isaac.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Isaac Hicks account books, 1772-1797, 1810-1824     
 Dates:  1772-1824 
 Abstract:  These two volumes record Isaac Hick's financial transactions in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, where Hicks was a magistrate (justice of the peace). The volumes cover the American Revolution and early republic. The types of transactions recorded are generally payments for services, although other transactions are recorded, such as how much he paid for whiskey. The volumes contain a name index in the front.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H521 
 Extent:  2 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Government Affairs | Law | Trade 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Legal Records | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Judges -- Pennsylvania. 
17Author:  Price, Eli K. (Eli Kirk), 1797-1884Requires cookie*
 Title:  Eli K. (Eli Kirk) Price papers, 1820-1853     
 Dates:  1820-1853 
 Abstract:  Eli Price was a prominent Philadelphia lawyer who became a member of the APS in 1854. This small manuscript collection is primarily related to his legal career and financial dealings. Court records and other legal documents comprise much of the collection. There are other types of documents as well, including some correspondence about international trade, business, and politics. The most notable letters include one to Daniel Webster regarding patent applications, a series of letters on lobbying efforts to reduce the tariffs on teas coming from Asia, and an essay by Price on the "impolicy" of slavery that he delivered to the "association formed for the education of men of colour."

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P926 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Early National Politics | Education | International Trade. | Law 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Legal Records | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Commercial law -- United States. | Personal property. | Real property. 
18Author:  Bache familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Bache family papers, 1770-1890 (bulk), 1770-1923 (inclusive)     
 Dates:  1770-1923 (Bulk 1770-1890) 
 Abstract:  The Bache Family collection contains a range of letters from members of the extended Franklin-Bache family, descendants of Benjamin Franklin. Although the vast majority are from the early republic, there are some papers from the twentieth century that involve Franklin's legacy (the collection appears to have been acquired by the APS in 1938). Among the correspondence included are letters to and from Benjamin Franklin Bache, William Temple Franklin, Sarah Franklin Bache, Richard Bache, William Bache and Catherine Wistar Bache.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B121 
 Extent:  50 item(s) 
 Topics:  Law | Marriage and Family Life | Printing and Publishing | Women's History 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Legal Records | Miscellaneous 
19Author:  Yeates, JasperRequires cookie*
 Title:  Jasper Yeates Papers     
 Dates:  1738-1910 
 Abstract:  The Jasper Yeates Collection contains a range of documents from this prominent Pennsylvania lawyer and judge, most of which are from the early republic. Because the collection is new to the APS, the MOLE entry contains an item level catalogue of the collection's content. Yeates was active during the American Revolution as a leader of opposition to Great Britain in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. After the Revolution, he became an Associate Justice on the State Supreme Court. He was also related through marriage to the Shippen and Burd families. This collection contains personal letters written between Jasper and his wife Sally. There are also legal records and court proceedings. Within these documents, there is an account of a slave insurrection in Lancaster County during the American Revoltuion.

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 Call #:  Mss.Ms.Coll.151 
 Extent:  3 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Law | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Legal Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Lancaster County (Pa.) -- History | Pennsylvania -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 | Pennsylvania Supreme Court | Slavery -- Pennsylvania. | United States -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 
20Author:  Foulke, William Parker, 1816-1865Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Parker Foulke Papers, 1840-1865     
 Dates:  1840-1865 
 Abstract:  The William Parker Foulke Collection is one of the largest and richest collections at the APS. The collection, described and inventories in depth in MOLE, reflects the wide and varied interests of one of Philadelphia's most prominent 19th century citizens.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F826 
 Extent:  3.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Law | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Legal Records | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Miscellaneous | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Advance (Brig) | Africa, West -- Description and travel | American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.) | American Colonization Society | Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania | Archaeology -- Pennsylvania | Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration | Colonization, repatriation | Dinosaurs -- New Jersey | Eastern State Penitentiary (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Freemasons -- Pennsylvania | Geological Survey of Pennsylvania | Geology -- Pennsylvania | Haviland, John, 1792-1852 | Hayes, I. I. (Isaac Israel), 1832-1881 | Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857 | Lancaster (Penn.) County Prison | Lyceums -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Mesmerism | New York Prison Association | Pennsylvania -- Description and travel -- 19th century | Philadelphia -- History -- 19th century | Philadelphia Society For Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons | Prison reformers -- Pennsylvania | Prisons -- Design and construction | Prisons -- New York (State) | Prisons -- Pennsylvania | Reformers -- Pennsylvania | Slavery -- United States. | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 | Wilson, John Wall 
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