Resources in Early American History
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61Author:  Ordway, John,b. ca. 1775.Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Ordway journal, 1804-1806     
 Dates:  1804-1806 
 Abstract:  These three volumes contain the journal kept by John Ordway from May 1804 to September 1806, while serving as a sergeant of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Ordway's journals note wildlife, daily happenings on the expedition, and interactions with Native peoples. These volumes can serve as a good complement to the original Lewis and Clark ones. The journals have been edited and printed elsewhere, including a recent edition published by the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.917.3.Or2 
 Extent:  3 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Exploration. | Native America | Natural history 
 Genre:  Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America | Louisiana Purchase -- Discovery and exploration. | Natural history. 
62Author:  Collinson, Peter, 1694-1768Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peter Collinson papers, 1560-1811 (inclusive), 1713-1811 (bulk)     
 Dates:  1560-1811 
 Abstract:  This is a microfilm of an early American collection that may be of interest to researchers at the APS and may complement an original manuscript collection at the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.Film.629 
 Extent:  1 microfilm_reel(s) 
 Genre:  Microfilm Collection 
 Subjects:  Botany. | Natural history. | Plants -- Collection and preservation. | Society of Friends -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. 
63Author:  Peale, Titian Ramsay, 1799-1885Requires cookie*
 Title:  Titian Ramsay Peale journal, 1819     
 Dates:  1819 
 Abstract:  This is a microfilm of an early American collection that may be of interest to researchers at the APS and may complement an original manuscript collection at the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.Film.694 
 Extent:  1 microfilm_reel(s) 
 Genre:  Microfilm Collection 
 Subjects:  Discoveries in geography. | Natural history. | Voyages and travels. 
64Author:  Murchison, Roderick Impey, Sir, 1792-1871Requires cookie*
 Title:  Sir Roderick Impey Murchison correspondence, 1829-1871     
 Dates:  1829-1871 
 Abstract:  This manuscript collection falls outside the geographic scope of the Early American guide (British North America and the United States before 1840). It may be of interest to scholars interested in global history, international relations, imperialism, or the U.S. in the world.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M93 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America 
 Subjects:  Entomology. | Geology -- Soviet Union -- Surveys. | Geology. | Glaciers. | Natural history | Zoology. 
65Author:  Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875Requires cookie*
 Title:  Sir Charles Lyell papers, 1806-1874     
 Dates:  1806-1874 
 Abstract:  This manuscript collection falls outside the geographic scope of the Early American guide (British North America and the United States before 1840). It may be of interest to scholars interested in global history, international relations, imperialism, or the U.S. in the world.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.L981 
 Extent:  0.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America 
 Subjects:  Botany. | Evolution. | Geology. | Natural history. | Natural selection. | Paleontology. | Science -- Great Britain. | Scientists -- Great Britain. 
66Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  John Torrey papers, 1819-1864     
 Dates:  1819-1864 
 Abstract:  The John Torrey Papers consist of two separate collections. The first contains original documents, often from John Torrey, a prominent botanist in the nineteenth century. Torrey's letters often discuss natural history, books, and flora. Amos Eaton is his most regular correspondent, and the letters are often of a personal nature in which Torrey gives Eaton support for his scientific pursuits. Mention is also made of temperance. This portion of the collection is relatively small. The second part of the collection contains various notes and transcriptions Chapman Robbins made for a study she undertook on Torrey. This larger part of the collection consists of over two boxes of transcriptions of Torrey correspondence and provides a far more complete picture of Torrey.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.T63.1 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Botany. | Geology -- New York (State) -- Surveys. | Insects. | Mineralogy. | Natural history. | Temperance. 
67Author:  Wheatley, Charles M. (Charles Moore), 1822-1882Requires cookie*
 Title:  Charles M.(Charles Moore) Wheatley papers, 1840-1882     
 Dates:  1840-1882 
 Abstract:  This collection contains the correspondence of Charles Wheatley. The correspondence captures his scientific undertakings in the mid/late-nineteenth century. Wheatley was based in Phoenixville, Pennsylvania and he was active in Philadelphia's scientific community.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.W558 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Mineralogy. | Mines and mineral resources -- Pennsylvania -- Phoenixville. | Mining engineers. | Natural history. | Paleontology. | Shells. 
68Author:  Hooker, Joseph Dalton, Sir, 1817-1911Requires cookie*
 Title:  Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker correspondence, 1844-1910     
 Dates:  1844-1910 
 Abstract:  This manuscript collection falls outside the geographic scope of the Early American guide (British North America and the United States before 1840). It may be of interest to scholars interested in global history, international relations, imperialism, or the U.S. in the world.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H76 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America 
 Subjects:  Botanical gardens -- England. | Botanical literature -- England. | Botany -- England. | Botany -- India. | Natural history. | Plants -- Collection and preservation -- 19th century. 
69Author:  Malesherbes, Chrétien Guillaume de Lamoignon de, 1721-1794Requires cookie*
 Title:  Essays on botanical and horticultural topics, [ca. 1716-1849], 1716-1861     
 Dates:  [ca. 1716-1849], 1716-1861 
 Abstract:  This is a microfilm of an early American collection that may be of interest to researchers at the APS and may complement an original manuscript collection at the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.H.S.Film.10,1 
 Extent:  1 microfilm_reel(s) 
 Genre:  Microfilm Collection 
 Subjects:  Botanical gardens -- United States. | Botany -- North America. | Botany. | Fishes. | Horticulture. | Natural history. 
70Author:  Bartram, John, 1699-1777Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Bartram correspondence, 1735-1775     
 Dates:  1735-1775 
 Abstract:  The John Bartram Collection consists of typed transcriptions of originals held at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. The transcripts take up two volumes and are extensive.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B28.w 
 Extent:  719 item(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Natural history | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Botanists. | Botany. | Horticulture. | Horticulturists. | Natural history. | Plant collectors. | Plants -- Collection and preservation. 
71Author:  Fougeroux de Bondaroy, AugusteRequires cookie*
 Title:  Auguste-Denis Fougeroux de Bondaroy Collection     
 Dates:  1755-1789 
 Abstract:  This manuscript collection falls outside the geographic scope of the Early American guide (British North America and the United States before 1840). It may be of interest to scholars interested in global history, international relations, imperialism, or the U.S. in the world.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F8245 
 Extent:  14 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America 
 Subjects:  Fruit trees. | Library catalogs -- 18th century. | Musical instruments, Ancient -- Italy. | Natural history. | Voyages and travels. | Wire industry -- 18th century. 
72Author:  Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882Requires cookie*
 Title:  Charles Darwin papers, 1831-1882     
 Dates:  1831-1882 
 Abstract:  This microfilm collection may be of interest to early American scholars.

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 Call #:  Mss.Film.496 
 Extent:  8 microfilm_reel(s) 
 Genre:  Microfilm Collection 
 Subjects:  Evolution. | Natural history. | Natural selection. | Religion and science -- History -- 19th century. | Variation (Biology) 
73Author:  Peale-Sellers families.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peale-Sellers Family Collection, 1686-1963     
 Dates:  1686-1963 
 Abstract:  The Peale-Sellers Collection is an extensive collection that contains various records of the extended Peale family. MOLE contains an extensive inventory.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P31 
 Extent:  19 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Art -- United States. | Civil engineering -- United States. | Drawing. | Engineering. | Locomotives. | Medicine, Military. | Natural history. | Portraits, American. | Technology. | Washington, George, 1732-1799 
74Author:  Muhlenberg family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Muhlenberg family papers, 1769-1866     
 Dates:  1769-1866 
 Abstract:  The collection contains miscellaneous papers from this prominent Pennsylvania family. Some of the material is in German. Included in the collection are diplomas and various certificates of family members, including Peter Muhlenberg's original certificate of membership in the Society of the Cincinnati. There is a significant amount of correspondence from Christian Dencke to the Muhlenbergs in 1798-1799, a period when he was setting up a mission to Indians in Ontario. The letters, in German and Latin, seem to discuss natural history.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M891 
 Extent:  4.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Military History | Native America | Natural history | Pennsylvania History | Religion 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | Foreign Language | General Correspondence | Military Records | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Agriculture -- United States. | Barns. | Botany | Delaware Indians | Fungi. | Grasses. | Herbaria. | Lichens. | Lutheran Church -- Clergy. | Meteorology - Observations | Natural history. | Plants. | Shrubs. | Trees. | Zoology -- Vermont. 
75Author:  Le Conte, John Eatton, 1784-1860Requires cookie*
 Title:  Entomological drawings, n.d.     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  These eight volumes of John LeConte's work contain thousands of entomological drawings, some in color and others in black and white. A couple of drawings have been attributed to Titian Peale.

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 Call #:  Mss.595.7.L493 
 Extent:  8 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Science and technology 
 Genre:  Art | Scientific Data | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Beetles. | Diptera. | Entomology. | Flies. | Hemiptera. | Hymenoptera. | Insects. | Lepidoptera. | Myriapoda. | Natural history. | Spiders. 
76Author:  Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873Requires cookie*
 Title:  Louis Jean Rodolph Agassiz papers, 1833-1873     
 Dates:  1833-1873 
 Abstract:  The collection of Louis Agassiz correspondence consists of approximately fifty letters that discuss a wide range of topics at the fore of scientific thought in the mid to late nineteenth century. Many letters are short acknowledgements sent to various friends and acquaintances. Some letters are in French, although most are in English and are addressed to American correspondents. Topics of longer letters include his views on the origins of mankind and races, plant life in the Caribbean, and the possible scientific causes for "spiritual manifestations." Most letters date from 1850 onward and are thus outside the scope of this guide.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Ag12.ms 
 Extent:  50 item(s) 
 Topics:  Religion | Science and technology 
 Subjects:  Fossils -- Collection and preservation. | Geology -- Research -- United States. | Mineralogy - Research - United States | Natural history museums -- Massachusetts. | Natural history. | Naturalists. | Scientific expeditions. | Zoological museums -- Massachusetts. | Zoology. 
77Author:  Fabbroni, Giovanni Valentino Mattia, 1752-1822Requires cookie*
 Title:  Giovanni Valentino Mattia Fabbroni papers, ca. 1770s-1875     
 Dates:  Circa 1770-1875 
 Abstract:  This Collection of Giovanni Fabbroni letters contain a range of correspondence that Fabbroni carried on with fellow scientists throughout Europe. Although much of Fabbroni's travel and correspondence focused on Continental Europe, his wide-ranging correspondence can offer insight into the British Atlantic World and the flow of ideas and information within it.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F113 
 Extent:  8 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Agriculture | Botany. | Bridges. | Coinage. | Geology. | Locks (Hydraulic engineering) -- Middle Atlantic states -- History. | Machinery -- Drawings. | Manufacturing processes. | Museums -- History. | Natural history. | Tools -- Drawings. | Weights and measures. 
78Author:  Hays, Isaac,1796-1879.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Isaac and I. Minis Hays papers     
 Dates:  Circa 1820-1925 
 Abstract:  Isaac Hays was a Philadelphia ophthalmologist who was also deeply involved in natural history. The Isaac Hays material has two discreet sections: a volume of correspondence for 1824-1855 and a collection of loose manuscripts. The first part of the collection is a bound volume that contains the correspondence Hays carried on with other prominent naturalists in the nineteenth century from 1824–1855, although the bulk come from the 1820s and early 1830s. Prominent correspondents in this series include Charles Lucien Bonaparte, George Ord, Thomas Say, and Charles Lesueur. All of the correspondence is incoming, addressed to Hays. Occasionally the correspondence involves commentary on other current events in addition to the obvious scientific nature of the correspondence. A letter from Bonaparte, for instance, discusses the rivalry between the Philadelphia and New York orchestras. The Ord correspondence, written mostly from Europe, makes reference to Audubon, Ord's ornithological rival, and scientific publications and thought prominent in Europe. The Say correspondence, written from New Harmony, also provides insight on that utopian experiment and his relationship with Lesueur, who also settled in New Harmony. There are only a few Lesueur letters, all of which are in French and written from New Harmony.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H334 
 Extent:  1.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Medical publishing -- United States -- 19th century. | Medical publishing -- United States. | Medicine -- Societies, etc. | Medicine -- United States -- 19th century. | Medicine -- United States. | Natural history. | Paleontology. 
79Author:  Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Fries Frazer papers, 1834-1871     
 Dates:  1834-1871 
 Abstract:  John Fries Frazer was a prominent Pennsylvania scientist in nineteenth century America, serving as a professor at the University of Pennsylvania and very active in both the Franklin Institute and the APS. This large collection of his correspondence provides a snapshot of the growing scientific community in mid-nineteenth century America. Frazer's correspondence involves a wide range of topics: science and scientific institutions (shipbuilding, mechanical engineering, geology, geography, astronomy, chemistry, among others), although there are fragments of personal correspondence. His range of correspondents is as diverse as the topics, but there is a notably large collection of letters from scientific heavyweights Titian Ramsey Peale, Louis Aggasiz, Joseph Henry, and Alexander Dallas Bache.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F865 
 Extent:  3 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Boilers. | Education -- United States. | Electricity. | Geology -- United States. | Haida Indians | Magnetism. | Natural history. | Paleontology. | Scientific apparatus and instruments. | Scientists -- United States. | Solar eclipses. | Tsimshian Indians | Weights and measures. 
80Author:  Bache, A.D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867Requires cookie*
 Title:  A. D. Bache Collection     
 Dates:  1833-1873 
 Abstract:  This collection consists of a wide-range of general correspondence to and from Alexander Dallas Bache from 1833-1865. The correspondence includes letters to many prominent scientists, such as Louis Agassiz, Maria Mitchell, and Charles Babbage. The content reflects the wide range of Bache's scientific activity and his extensive contacts. Topics range from cartography to lighthouses to education reform to phrenology.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B123 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Antebellum Politics | Early National Politics | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Cooper Union | Education | Geological Survey of the State of New Jersey | Geology | Girard College | Lighthouses | National Academy of Sciences | Natural history | United States Coast Survey 
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