Resources in Early American History
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1Author:  Collinson, Peter, 1694-1768Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peter Collinson letters, [ca. 1740]-1770     
 Dates:  1740-1770 
 Abstract:  The APS has a number of Collinson collections on microfilm. Its primary source holdings contain approximately thirty-seven letters written to Peter Collinson, a prominent figure in the eighteenth century British scientific community. Because of his networks in trade and science, he served as an important node in the conveyance of knowledge throughout the Atlantic World.The majority of the letters involve discussions of natural history. The letters offer a range of correspondence. There is a letter written about the culture of bathing in Wales in the 1730s to extended correspondence between Collinson and Lady Petre on the botanical gardens on the Petre's estate, and a series of letters from Spanish officials in the Caribbean relaying information to Collinson. There is also a notable amount of correspondence between Collinson and various nobility discussing horticultural issues.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C692 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Natural history. 
2Author:  Lyon, John,d. 1814.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Botanical journal, 1799-1814     
 Dates:  1799-1814 
 Abstract:  This bound journal details botantist John Lyon's various travels throughout the eastern United States, especially the Southeast. Included in his annotations are expenses, various plants purchased and collected, as well as occasional comments about the areas and people he visited.

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 Call #:  Mss.580.L99 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Natural history | Travel 
 Genre:  Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Botany. | Natural history. 
3Author:  Nicklin, Philip Houlbrooke,178Requires cookie*
 Title:  Lamarck's genera of shells, [ca. 1831]     
 Dates:  Circa 1831 
 Abstract:  This volume is a manuscript copy of of Lamarck's Genera of Shells. It was copied from various sources, including the "London Quarterly Journal of Science."

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 Call #:  Mss.594.L16 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Mollusks. | Natural history. | Zoology. 
4Author:  Say, Thomas, 1787-1834Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Say papers, 1819-1883, 1955     
 Dates:  1819-1883 
 Abstract:  The Thomas Say Collection contains correspondence and scientific material relating to Say's work as a conchologist. The correspondence has a few items written to the New Harmony utopian community before Say decided to live there. The scientific correspondence contains letters to prominent fellow natural historians, such as Charles Lucien Bonaparte. The data includes sketches of shells, some in color. There is also a relatively detailed biographical profile, likely written in the late-nineteenth century.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sa95.g 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation | Natural history | Science and technology | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Scientific Data | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Entomology. | Mollusks. | Natural history. 
5Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  John Torrey papers, 1819-1864     
 Dates:  1819-1864 
 Abstract:  The John Torrey Papers consist of two separate collections. The first contains original documents, often from John Torrey, a prominent botanist in the nineteenth century. Torrey's letters often discuss natural history, books, and flora. Amos Eaton is his most regular correspondent, and the letters are often of a personal nature in which Torrey gives Eaton support for his scientific pursuits. Mention is also made of temperance. This portion of the collection is relatively small. The second part of the collection contains various notes and transcriptions Chapman Robbins made for a study she undertook on Torrey. This larger part of the collection consists of over two boxes of transcriptions of Torrey correspondence and provides a far more complete picture of Torrey.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.T63.1 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Botany. | Geology -- New York (State) -- Surveys. | Insects. | Mineralogy. | Natural history. | Temperance. 
6Author:  Morgan, John, 1735-1789Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Morgan correspondence, 1749-1788     
 Dates:  1749-1788 
 Abstract:  The John Morgan Collection consists of photocopies of Morgan's correspondence, 1763-1768. Many of the letters discuss medicine and medical education.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M82 
 Extent:  26 item(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Medicine | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Medicine -- Study and teaching. | Natural history. | Paleontology -- North America. 
7Author:  Walker, John,1731-1803.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Natural History, May 3, 1790 - December 2, 1790     
 Dates:  1790 
 Abstract:  This volume contains lectures and essays compiled by John Walker, a professor of natural history at Edinburgh.

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 Call #:  Mss.504.W15 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Education | Natural history 
 Genre:  Educational Material 
 Subjects:  Botany. | Mineralogy. | Natural history. | Ornithology. | Zoology. 
8Author:  Ordway, John,b. ca. 1775.Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Ordway journal, 1804-1806     
 Dates:  1804-1806 
 Abstract:  These three volumes contain the journal kept by John Ordway from May 1804 to September 1806, while serving as a sergeant of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Ordway's journals note wildlife, daily happenings on the expedition, and interactions with Native peoples. These volumes can serve as a good complement to the original Lewis and Clark ones. The journals have been edited and printed elsewhere, including a recent edition published by the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.917.3.Or2 
 Extent:  3 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Exploration. | Native America | Natural history 
 Genre:  Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America | Louisiana Purchase -- Discovery and exploration. | Natural history. 
9Author:  Bartram, John, 1699-1777Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Bartram correspondence, 1735-1775     
 Dates:  1735-1775 
 Abstract:  The John Bartram Collection consists of typed transcriptions of originals held at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. The transcripts take up two volumes and are extensive.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B28.w 
 Extent:  719 item(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Natural history | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Botanists. | Botany. | Horticulture. | Horticulturists. | Natural history. | Plant collectors. | Plants -- Collection and preservation. 
10Author:  Hays, Isaac,1796-1879.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Isaac and I. Minis Hays papers     
 Dates:  Circa 1820-1925 
 Abstract:  Isaac Hays was a Philadelphia ophthalmologist who was also deeply involved in natural history. The Isaac Hays material has two discreet sections: a volume of correspondence for 1824-1855 and a collection of loose manuscripts. The first part of the collection is a bound volume that contains the correspondence Hays carried on with other prominent naturalists in the nineteenth century from 1824–1855, although the bulk come from the 1820s and early 1830s. Prominent correspondents in this series include Charles Lucien Bonaparte, George Ord, Thomas Say, and Charles Lesueur. All of the correspondence is incoming, addressed to Hays. Occasionally the correspondence involves commentary on other current events in addition to the obvious scientific nature of the correspondence. A letter from Bonaparte, for instance, discusses the rivalry between the Philadelphia and New York orchestras. The Ord correspondence, written mostly from Europe, makes reference to Audubon, Ord's ornithological rival, and scientific publications and thought prominent in Europe. The Say correspondence, written from New Harmony, also provides insight on that utopian experiment and his relationship with Lesueur, who also settled in New Harmony. There are only a few Lesueur letters, all of which are in French and written from New Harmony.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H334 
 Extent:  1.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Medical publishing -- United States -- 19th century. | Medical publishing -- United States. | Medicine -- Societies, etc. | Medicine -- United States -- 19th century. | Medicine -- United States. | Natural history. | Paleontology. 
11Author:  Muhlenberg family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Muhlenberg family papers, 1769-1866     
 Dates:  1769-1866 
 Abstract:  The collection contains miscellaneous papers from this prominent Pennsylvania family. Some of the material is in German. Included in the collection are diplomas and various certificates of family members, including Peter Muhlenberg's original certificate of membership in the Society of the Cincinnati. There is a significant amount of correspondence from Christian Dencke to the Muhlenbergs in 1798-1799, a period when he was setting up a mission to Indians in Ontario. The letters, in German and Latin, seem to discuss natural history.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M891 
 Extent:  4.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Military History | Native America | Natural history | Pennsylvania History | Religion 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | Foreign Language | General Correspondence | Military Records | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Agriculture -- United States. | Barns. | Botany | Delaware Indians | Fungi. | Grasses. | Herbaria. | Lichens. | Lutheran Church -- Clergy. | Meteorology - Observations | Natural history. | Plants. | Shrubs. | Trees. | Zoology -- Vermont.