Resources in Early American History
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Algonquian languages (1)
Algonquin language (3)
Anishinaabe (2)
Arabic language (1)
Arawak language (2)
Arawak language -- Dictionaries -- German (1)
Atacapas language (2)
Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Bible stories, German. (1)
Botanists (1)
Botany -- Study and teaching -- 19th century (1)
Botany -- Virginia (1)
Caddo language (1)
Cakchikel language (1)
Canals -- New York (State) (1)
Carib language (1)
Cayuga language (1)
Chemistry -- 18th century (1)
Cheroenhaka Indians (1)
Cherokee Indians (1)
Cherokee language (3)
Chickasaw language (2)
Chippewa language (1)
Chitimacha language (1)
Choctaw Indians (1)
Choctaw language (2)
Choctaw language -- Dictionaries -- French (1)
Chontal language (1)
Courts -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County. (1)
Cree language (1)
Creek language (2)
Delaware language (4)
Dysentery. (1)
Education -- United States -- Curricula. (1)
Electricity -- 18th century (1)
Engineers -- New York (State) (1)
Ethnobotany (1)
Fox language (1)
Freemasons -- New York (State) (1)
French language (1)
Geology -- 18th century (1)
Gout (1)
Greek language (1)
Hebrew language (1)
Indians of North America (1)
Indians of North America -- Agriculture (1)
Indians of North America -- Canada -- Languages -- Writing (1)
Indians of North America -- Languages (19)
Indians of North America -- Maritime Provinces (1)
Indians of North America -- Wisconsin -- Genealogy (1)
21Author:  UnidentifiedRequires cookie*
 Title:  Uae rugotzlem Sant Andres apostol     
 Dates:  1605 
 Abstract:  This is one of two bound volumes from the sixteenth or seventeenth century Latin America. The two volumes contain translations of K'iche', common phrases, verbs, and a prayer. The bound volume is not printed, perhaps because its content was too controversial, and is instead written in a beautiful script.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.4.Ua15 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Mayan languages | Quiché language 
22Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Indian vocabularies, 1820-1844     
 Dates:  1820-1844 
 Abstract:  This portion of the Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection relates to his collection of Native American languages. As a leading linguist of the era, the Du Ponceau collection has three portions that reflect his interest in linguistics. The first is a large volume of 73 Indian languages for both South and North American Indians (497 In2), which is what this entry refers to. The second is a nine volume set of notes on philology that focuses on Native American languages but includes notes on range of other language groups, such as the language of Polynesians and Greeks (410 D92). The notes also make numerous observations about Native American customs, practices, and beliefs. The third portion of linguistic material is a dictionary of terms relating to the sea and seafaring (359.03 D92).

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 Call #:  Mss.497.In2 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Courts -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County. | Indians of North America -- Languages | Indians of South America -- Languages 
23Author:  James, Edwin,1797-1861.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Conjugation of the verb "to hear" in its various forms in the Chippeway language, [ca. 1833]     
 Dates:  Circa 1833 
 Abstract:  This bound volume, given to the APS in 1839, contains the conjugation of the Chippeway word "to hear." Compiled by of Edwin James, the volume also contains notes by Peter Du Ponceau.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.J23 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Anishinaabe | Indians of North America -- Languages | Ojibwa language 
24Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Comparative vocabularies of several Indian languages, 1802-1808     
 Dates:  1802-1808 
 Abstract:  Presented to the APS by Thomas Jefferson in 1817, this volume contains Jefferson's compilation of Indian Vocabularies.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.J35 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Atacapas language | Caddo language | Cayuga language | Cherokee language | Chickasaw language | Chitimacha language | Choctaw language | Cree language | Creek language | Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Mahican language | Miami language (Ind. and Okla.) | Munsee language | Nanticoke language | Oneida language | Onondaga language | Ottawa language | Shawnee language | Tuscarora language | Unami jargon | Unquachog language 
25Author:  American Philosophical Society. Historical & Literary CommitteeRequires cookie*
 Title:  American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection     
 Dates:  1784-1828 
 Abstract:  These three volumes contain APS's correspondence and records relating to Native American languages. MOLE contains a detailed inventory of the collection. The first volume contains extensive correspondence on Native American languages, some of which is addressed to Thomas Jefferson. Much of this material is from the early to mid nineteenth centutry. The second volume contains Thomas Jefferson's printed form that he sent out to individuals asking for Native American language information. The third volume contains photostats of a dictionary of the Miami language.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.V85 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Atacapas language | Cherokee language | Chickasaw language | Chippewa language | Choctaw language | Chontal language | Creek language | Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics | Massachusett language | Miami language (Ind. and Okla.) | Micmac language | Mohegan language | Munsee language | Nanticoke language | Osage language | Quapaw language | Taino language | Unquachog language 
26Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  Arawak manuscripts     
 Dates:  1803 
 Abstract:  This large volume contains German to Lokono dictionary. Theodor Schulz, a German Moravian missionary to British Guiana, compiled the dictionary in the nineteenth century and sent it to the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.498.3.Sch8 
 Extent:  0.3 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Arawak language | Arawak language -- Dictionaries -- German | Indians of South America -- Languages | Linguistics | Moravians -- Missions 
27Author:  Reeland, Adriaan, 1676-1718Requires cookie*
 Title:  Vocabularia variarum linguarum Americanarum, 1822     
 Dates:  1822 
 Abstract:  Peter Du Ponceau made this copy of Adriaan Reland's Dictionary in 1822. Reland made his dictionary in 1708. It contains the vocabularies of various Native American languages.

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 Call #:  Mss.498.R27 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Algonquin language | Arawak language | Carib language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Indians of South America -- Languages | Mapuche language | Massachusett language | Nahuatl language | Pokomam language | Quechua language | Wyandot language 
28Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peter Stephen Du Ponceau notebooks on philology, [1815-1834]     
 Dates:  Circa 1815-1834 
 Abstract:  The Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection has a wide array of material. This entry refers to a nine volume set of notes on philology that focuses on Native American languages but includes notes on range of other language groups, such as the language of Polynesians and Greeks (410 D92). The notes also make numerous observations about Native American customs, practices, and beliefs.

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 Call #:  Mss.410.D92 
 Extent:  9 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Commonplace Book | Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Arabic language | Greek language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Language and languages | Polynesian languages | Turkic languages 
29Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Essai de solution du problème philologique proposé en l'année 1823 par la commission de l'Institut de France, 1823     
 Dates:  1823 
 Abstract:  The Essai de Solution ... is part of the Stephen Du Poneau Collection. The collection as a whole has a wide array of material, although it is particularly strong in of Native American language material from the nineteenth century. This essay was likely submitted for the Volney Prize in linguistics and reflects Du Ponceau's interests in language more generally.

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 Call #:  Mss.410.D92.1 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Language Material | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Linguistics. | Philology. 
30Author:  Sagard, Gabriel.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Dictionnaire de la langue huronne, 1632     
 Dates:  1632 
 Abstract:  This slender manuscript volume contains a transcription of a dictionary of the Huron compiled by Sagard Gabriel in the early 17th century. The document was transcribed and given to Peter DuPonceau in the 19th century for his work on Native American languages. It is in French with an occasional marginalia note in English.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.33.Sa1 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Manuscript Essays | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Missionaries. | Wyandot language 
31Author:  James, Edwin,1797-1861.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Some account of the Menomonies, with a specimen of an attempt to form a dictionary of their language, 1827     
 Dates:  1827 
 Abstract:  This volume appears to be a draft of a language textbook for the Menomonee and Ojibwa. It begins with an overview of the Menomonee, their culture, history, and location. The text then goes on to describe their language with examples of words and usage.

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 Call #:  Mss.970.1.J23 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Manuscript Essays | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Menominee language -- Dictionaries 
32Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder papers     
 Dates:  1800-1870 
 Abstract:  The John Heckewelder Collection consists of an assortment of documents, almost all of which deal with Native Americans. Heckewelder was a Moravian missionary to Delaware Indians in Pennsylvania who was a prominent figure in nineteenth century intellectual circles. The primary focus of the collection is on his attempt to preserve Native American languages, especially those of the Lenni Lenape (Delaware) in Pennsylvania. His correspondence and one publication also chronicle Native American history, customs, and life. Heckewelder also kept a meteorological journal while on his mission to Gnadenhutten, Pennsylvania from 1802-1814, which is part of the collection. Much of the collection comes from Heckewelder's correspondence with the APS and its prominent member and linguist Stephen Du Ponceau.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H35 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Diaries | Language Material | Native American Materials | Oral History 
33Author:  Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder letters, 1816-1822, to Peter Stephen Du Ponceau     
 Dates:  1816-1822 
 Abstract:  The John Heckewelder Collection consists of an assortment of documents, almost all of which deal with Native Americans. Heckewelder was a Moravian missionary to Delaware Indians in Pennsylvania who was a prominent figure in nineteenth century intellectual circles. The primary focus of the collection is on his attempt to preserve Native American languages, especially those of the Lenni Lenape (Delaware) in Pennsylvania. His correspondence and one publication also chronicle Native American history, customs, and life. Heckewelder also kept a meteorological journal while on his mission to Gnadenhutten, Pennsylvania from 1802-1814, which is part of the collection. Much of the collection comes from Heckewelder's correspondence with the APS and its prominent member and linguist Stephen Du Ponceau.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.H35o 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Diaries | Language Material | Meteorological Data | Native American Materials | Oral History 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages 
34Author:  Sack, WilliamRequires cookie*
 Title:  A vocabulary in the Mingo tongue taken from the mouth of William Sack, a Canistogo Indian. . . and memorandum book     
 Dates:  1757-1771 
 Abstract:  This volume contains a short vocabulary and an extended memorandum book. The vocabulary was taken from Will Sack, a Conestoga Indian, in January 1757 at Fort Augusta in the midst of the Seven Years' War. Sack would later become a controversial figure in Pennsylvania history. The Paxton Boys claimed he was a murderer and used his presence in the Conestoga's camp as pretext for their assault on the Conestoga Indians. The memorandum book contains the financial transactions of an unknown individual during the 1760s, although some evidence suggests that Edward Burd kept this memorandum book and vocabulary.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.V852m 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Language Material | Native American Materials 
35Author:  Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ely Samuel Parker Papers     
 Dates:  1794-1946 
 Abstract:  The Ely Parker Collection is a large and rich amalgamation of documents relating to the New York Seneca and to Ely Parker's own life.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.P223 
 Extent:  3.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Government Affairs | Language and Linguistics | Law | Military History | Native America | Religion | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Language Material | Manuscript Essays | Native American Materials | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Canals -- New York (State) | Engineers -- New York (State) | Freemasons -- New York (State) | Iroquois Indians | Ogden Land Company | Seneca Indians -- Missions | Seneca Indians -- New York (State) | Seneca Indians -- Religion | Seneca language | Society of Friends -- Relations with Indians | Tonawanda Indian Reservation (N.Y.) 
36Author:  Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815Requires cookie*
 Title:  Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection     
 Dates:  1783-1817 
 Abstract:  The extensive Benjamin Smith Barton collection contains six sections: Correspondence, Bound Volumes (including notebooks), Subject Files, and Graphic Materials. The material includes numerous images, sketches, notes, printed material, and other correspondence. The collection also has numerous copper plates that were used to print images drawn by Barton. Although a collection this large touches on a variety of interesting and important subjects, the collection's strength is its wealth of data on nineteenth century medical, botanical, and Native American studies.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B284d 
 Extent:  10 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Education | Language and Linguistics | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Medicine | Native America | Natural history | Printing and Publishing | Science and technology | Travel 
 Genre:  Art | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Language Material | Notebooks | Political Correspondence | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Botanists | Botany -- Study and teaching -- 19th century | Botany -- Virginia | Chemistry -- 18th century | Cherokee Indians | Cherokee language | Choctaw Indians | Dysentery. | Electricity -- 18th century | Ethnobotany | Geology -- 18th century | Gout | Indians of North America | Indians of North America -- Agriculture | Indians of North America -- Languages | Kaigana Indians | Kaskaskia Indians | Mammals -- Classification | Mandan Indians | Mastodons | Materia medica | Medicine -- Practice -- 18th century | Medicine -- Study and teaching -- 18th century | Meteorology -- United States -- 18th century | Meteors | Mineralogy | Natural history -- 18th century | Natural history -- 19th century | Osage language | Physicians -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Physics | Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 | Seminole Indians | Seneca Indians | Tuscarora Indians | University of Pennsylvania -- Faculty | Venereal disease | Yellow fever | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- 1793 | Zoology -- 18th century 
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