Resources in Early American History
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Algonquian languages (1)
Algonquin language (3)
Anishinaabe (2)
Arabic language (1)
Arawak language (2)
Arawak language -- Dictionaries -- German (1)
Atacapas language (2)
Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Bible stories, German. (1)
Botanists (1)
Botany -- Study and teaching -- 19th century (1)
Botany -- Virginia (1)
Caddo language (1)
Cakchikel language (1)
Canals -- New York (State) (1)
Carib language (1)
Cayuga language (1)
Chemistry -- 18th century (1)
Cheroenhaka Indians (1)
Cherokee Indians (1)
Cherokee language (3)
Chickasaw language (2)
Chippewa language (1)
Chitimacha language (1)
Choctaw Indians (1)
Choctaw language (2)
Choctaw language -- Dictionaries -- French (1)
Chontal language (1)
Courts -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County. (1)
Cree language (1)
Creek language (2)
Delaware language (4)
Dysentery. (1)
Education -- United States -- Curricula. (1)
Electricity -- 18th century (1)
Engineers -- New York (State) (1)
Ethnobotany (1)
Fox language (1)
Freemasons -- New York (State) (1)
Geology -- 18th century (1)
Gout (1)
Greek language (1)
Indians of North America (1)
Indians of North America -- Agriculture (1)
Indians of North America -- Canada -- Languages -- Writing (1)
Indians of North America -- Languages (19)
Indians of North America -- Maritime Provinces (1)
Indians of North America -- Wisconsin -- Genealogy (1)
Indians of South America -- Languages (3)
Iroquoian languages (1)
1Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Vocabulaire Chacta     
 Dates:  1820 
 Abstract:  This volume contains Choctaw words with French equivalents. Acquired by Peter Du Ponceau in 1827, it is part of the APS's large collection of language materials from the early-nineteenth century.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.V852c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material 
 Subjects:  Choctaw language -- Dictionaries -- French 
2Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  A vocabulary of the most common words in use among the Sac & Fox Indians, n.d.     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This volume contains Sak and Fox words with their English equivalents. It likely dates to the nineteenth century. One of the more notable features of this collection is that it includes words for relatively recent inventions, such as the steam boat.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.F11 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material 
 Subjects:  Fox language | Indians of North America -- Languages 
3Author:  Potier, Pierre-Philippe,1708-1Requires cookie*
 Title:  Huron linguistic materials, 1743-1744     
 Dates:  1743-1744 
 Abstract:  Dating from the 1740s, this Huron-French dictionary contains more than just linguistic material. The volume also has data on the Huron, such as a description of a village and names of their leaders.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.2.P845 
 Extent:  1 item 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Wyandot Indians | Wyandot language 
4Author:  Gardiner, Emma JaneRequires cookie*
 Title:  Penobscot Indian vocabulary, 1821     
 Dates:  1821 
 Abstract:  This bound volume includes approximately twenty pages of Abenaki words and their English translations compiled by Emma Gardiner of Gardiner, Maine in 1821. Although the origins of this document are not clear, it is possible that Gardiner worked with Abenaki Indians to compile this list. The document contains the annotations and other notes of Peter Du Ponceau.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.G16 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Penobscot language 
5Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  Indian-English dictionary, 1822     
 Dates:  1822 
 Abstract:  The Henry B. Kelso collection consists of a single, slender bound journal that contains Ojibwa-English translations of some words, the numerical system from one to ten used by Winnebago's, and records of Kelso births for 1823 and 1826. The journal was compiled in Green Bay, Wisconsin beginning in 1822.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.K295 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Anishinaabe | Indians of North America -- Wisconsin -- Genealogy | Ojibwa Indians | Ojibwa language -- Dictionaries -- Polyglot | Ojibwe people | Winnebago language 
6Author:  Peirronet, ThomasRequires cookie*
 Title:  Specimen of the Mountaineer, or Sheshatapooshshoish, Skoffie, and Micmac Languages, 1797     
 Dates:  1797 
 Abstract:  This slender volume is the notebook of Thomas Pierronet. This volume contains a range of material on Native American languages and cultures. It contains a comparative vocabulary of Micmac, Montagnais, and Nascapee Indians. It also has a record of prayers and pictographs of the Micmac.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.P61s 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Algonquin language | Indians of North America -- Canada -- Languages -- Writing | Indians of North America -- Languages | Indians of North America -- Maritime Provinces | Micmac Indians | Micmac language -- Writing | Montagnais language | Naskapi language 
7Author:  Schmick, Joh. Jac. (Johann Jacob), 1714-1778Requires cookie*
 Title:  Miscellanea linguae nationis Indicae Mahikan     
 Dates:  Circa 1753-1767 
 Abstract:  These two bound volumes contain a large dictionary of Mohican. The collection was the gift of John Heckwleder, suggesting that he may have used the books in his missionary efforts.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.Sch5 
 Extent:  0.2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics | Mahican language | Mahican language -- Dictionaries -- German | Moravians -- Missions 
8Author:  Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  Names of various trees, shrubs, and plants in the language of the Lennape [sic], 1840     
 Dates:  1840 
 Abstract:  This volume contains a vocabulary of Indian words for natural items compiled by John Heckewelder .

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.W85 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Algonquian languages | Algonquin language | Cheroenhaka Indians | Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Iroquoian languages 
9Author:  Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808Requires cookie*
 Title:  Onondago-German vocabulary, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains an Onondago to German vocabulary compiled by David Zeisberger, a prominent Moravian missionary.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.33.Z3o 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Onondaga language 
10Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Indian vocabularies, 1820-1844     
 Dates:  1820-1844 
 Abstract:  This portion of the Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection relates to his collection of Native American languages. As a leading linguist of the era, the Du Ponceau collection has three portions that reflect his interest in linguistics. The first is a large volume of 73 Indian languages for both South and North American Indians (497 In2), which is what this entry refers to. The second is a nine volume set of notes on philology that focuses on Native American languages but includes notes on range of other language groups, such as the language of Polynesians and Greeks (410 D92). The notes also make numerous observations about Native American customs, practices, and beliefs. The third portion of linguistic material is a dictionary of terms relating to the sea and seafaring (359.03 D92).

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 Call #:  Mss.497.In2 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Courts -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County. | Indians of North America -- Languages | Indians of South America -- Languages 
11Author:  James, Edwin,1797-1861.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Conjugation of the verb "to hear" in its various forms in the Chippeway language, [ca. 1833]     
 Dates:  Circa 1833 
 Abstract:  This bound volume, given to the APS in 1839, contains the conjugation of the Chippeway word "to hear." Compiled by of Edwin James, the volume also contains notes by Peter Du Ponceau.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.J23 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Anishinaabe | Indians of North America -- Languages | Ojibwa language 
12Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Comparative vocabularies of several Indian languages, 1802-1808     
 Dates:  1802-1808 
 Abstract:  Presented to the APS by Thomas Jefferson in 1817, this volume contains Jefferson's compilation of Indian Vocabularies.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.J35 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Atacapas language | Caddo language | Cayuga language | Cherokee language | Chickasaw language | Chitimacha language | Choctaw language | Cree language | Creek language | Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Mahican language | Miami language (Ind. and Okla.) | Munsee language | Nanticoke language | Oneida language | Onondaga language | Ottawa language | Shawnee language | Tuscarora language | Unami jargon | Unquachog language 
13Author:  American Philosophical Society. Historical & Literary CommitteeRequires cookie*
 Title:  American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection     
 Dates:  1784-1828 
 Abstract:  These three volumes contain APS's correspondence and records relating to Native American languages. MOLE contains a detailed inventory of the collection. The first volume contains extensive correspondence on Native American languages, some of which is addressed to Thomas Jefferson. Much of this material is from the early to mid nineteenth centutry. The second volume contains Thomas Jefferson's printed form that he sent out to individuals asking for Native American language information. The third volume contains photostats of a dictionary of the Miami language.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.V85 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Atacapas language | Cherokee language | Chickasaw language | Chippewa language | Choctaw language | Chontal language | Creek language | Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics | Massachusett language | Miami language (Ind. and Okla.) | Micmac language | Mohegan language | Munsee language | Nanticoke language | Osage language | Quapaw language | Taino language | Unquachog language 
14Author:  Reeland, Adriaan, 1676-1718Requires cookie*
 Title:  Vocabularia variarum linguarum Americanarum, 1822     
 Dates:  1822 
 Abstract:  Peter Du Ponceau made this copy of Adriaan Reland's Dictionary in 1822. Reland made his dictionary in 1708. It contains the vocabularies of various Native American languages.

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 Call #:  Mss.498.R27 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Algonquin language | Arawak language | Carib language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Indians of South America -- Languages | Mapuche language | Massachusett language | Nahuatl language | Pokomam language | Quechua language | Wyandot language 
15Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peter Stephen Du Ponceau notebooks on philology, [1815-1834]     
 Dates:  Circa 1815-1834 
 Abstract:  The Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection has a wide array of material. This entry refers to a nine volume set of notes on philology that focuses on Native American languages but includes notes on range of other language groups, such as the language of Polynesians and Greeks (410 D92). The notes also make numerous observations about Native American customs, practices, and beliefs.

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 Call #:  Mss.410.D92 
 Extent:  9 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Commonplace Book | Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Arabic language | Greek language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Language and languages | Polynesian languages | Turkic languages 
16Author:  Sagard, Gabriel.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Dictionnaire de la langue huronne, 1632     
 Dates:  1632 
 Abstract:  This slender manuscript volume contains a transcription of a dictionary of the Huron compiled by Sagard Gabriel in the early 17th century. The document was transcribed and given to Peter DuPonceau in the 19th century for his work on Native American languages. It is in French with an occasional marginalia note in English.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.33.Sa1 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Manuscript Essays | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Missionaries. | Wyandot language 
17Author:  James, Edwin,1797-1861.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Some account of the Menomonies, with a specimen of an attempt to form a dictionary of their language, 1827     
 Dates:  1827 
 Abstract:  This volume appears to be a draft of a language textbook for the Menomonee and Ojibwa. It begins with an overview of the Menomonee, their culture, history, and location. The text then goes on to describe their language with examples of words and usage.

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 Call #:  Mss.970.1.J23 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Manuscript Essays | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Menominee language -- Dictionaries 
18Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  John Gottlieb Ernestus Heckewelder papers     
 Dates:  1800-1870 
 Abstract:  The John Heckewelder Collection consists of an assortment of documents, almost all of which deal with Native Americans. Heckewelder was a Moravian missionary to Delaware Indians in Pennsylvania who was a prominent figure in nineteenth century intellectual circles. The primary focus of the collection is on his attempt to preserve Native American languages, especially those of the Lenni Lenape (Delaware) in Pennsylvania. His correspondence and one publication also chronicle Native American history, customs, and life. Heckewelder also kept a meteorological journal while on his mission to Gnadenhutten, Pennsylvania from 1802-1814, which is part of the collection. Much of the collection comes from Heckewelder's correspondence with the APS and its prominent member and linguist Stephen Du Ponceau.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H35 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Diaries | Language Material | Native American Materials | Oral History 
19Author:  Roth, Johann Ferdinand,d. 1814Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ein Versuch: der Geschichte unsers Herrn u. Heylandes Jesu Christi in dass Delawarische übersezt der Unami von der Marter Woche an bis zur Himmalfahrt unsers Herrn, 1770-1772     
 Dates:  1770-1772 
 Abstract:  This volume contains an account of Jesus' life that was translated into Delaware. Compiled by a Moravian missionary, the volume may lend insight into the proselytizing techniques of Moravian missionaries. MOLE contains an extended description of the volume and its background.

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 Call #:  Mss.232.9.R74 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Bible stories, German. | Missionaries. 
20Author:  Alexander, Caleb, 1755-1828Requires cookie*
 Title:  A grammatical institute of the Latin language intended for the use of Latin schools in the United States     
 Dates:  1794 
 Abstract:  This volume consists of a handwritten draft of Caleb Alexander's A Grammatical Institute of the Latin Language Intended for the Use of Latin in Schools. Although this work does not relate to Alexander's better known missionary activities, this volume does give some insight into the public school movement in the early republic. After the American Revolution, state governments and individual reformers addressed public education with renewed vigor. This text is one of three Alexander wrote. He expected it to be assigned in public schools throughout the country. Its publisher, Isaiah Thomas gifted this volume to the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.470.AL2 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Language Material 
 Subjects:  Education -- United States -- Curricula. | Latin language -- Grammar -- 1800-1870 | Latin language -- Study and teaching 
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