Resources in Early American History
Language exactMaterial in genre [X]
Native American Materials in genre [X]
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Algonquian languages (1)
Algonquin language (3)
Anishinaabe (2)
Arabic language (1)
Arawak language (2)
Arawak language -- Dictionaries -- German (1)
Atacapas language (2)
Caddo language (1)
Cakchikel language (1)
Canals -- New York (State) (1)
Carib language (1)
Cayuga language (1)
Cheroenhaka Indians (1)
Cherokee language (2)
Chickasaw language (2)
Chippewa language (1)
Chitimacha language (1)
Choctaw language (2)
Chontal language (1)
Courts -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County. (1)
Cree language (1)
Creek language (2)
Delaware language (4)
Engineers -- New York (State) (1)
Freemasons -- New York (State) (1)
Greek language (1)
Indians of North America -- Canada -- Languages -- Writing (1)
Indians of North America -- Languages (17)
Indians of North America -- Maritime Provinces (1)
Indians of North America -- Wisconsin -- Genealogy (1)
Indians of South America -- Languages (3)
Iroquoian languages (1)
Iroquois Indians (1)
Language and languages (1)
Linguistics (3)
Mahican language (2)
Mahican language -- Dictionaries -- German (1)
Mapuche language (1)
Massachusett language (2)
Mayan languages (2)
Menominee language -- Dictionaries (1)
Miami language (Ind. and Okla.) (2)
Micmac Indians (1)
Micmac language (1)
Micmac language -- Writing (1)
Missionaries. (1)
Mohawk language (1)
Mohegan language (1)
Montagnais language (1)
Moravians -- Missions (2)
1Author:  Potier, Pierre-Philippe,1708-1Requires cookie*
 Title:  Huron linguistic materials, 1743-1744     
 Dates:  1743-1744 
 Abstract:  Dating from the 1740s, this Huron-French dictionary contains more than just linguistic material. The volume also has data on the Huron, such as a description of a village and names of their leaders.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.2.P845 
 Extent:  1 item 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Wyandot Indians | Wyandot language 
2Author:  Gardiner, Emma JaneRequires cookie*
 Title:  Penobscot Indian vocabulary, 1821     
 Dates:  1821 
 Abstract:  This bound volume includes approximately twenty pages of Abenaki words and their English translations compiled by Emma Gardiner of Gardiner, Maine in 1821. Although the origins of this document are not clear, it is possible that Gardiner worked with Abenaki Indians to compile this list. The document contains the annotations and other notes of Peter Du Ponceau.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.G16 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Penobscot language 
3Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  Indian-English dictionary, 1822     
 Dates:  1822 
 Abstract:  The Henry B. Kelso collection consists of a single, slender bound journal that contains Ojibwa-English translations of some words, the numerical system from one to ten used by Winnebago's, and records of Kelso births for 1823 and 1826. The journal was compiled in Green Bay, Wisconsin beginning in 1822.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.K295 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Anishinaabe | Indians of North America -- Wisconsin -- Genealogy | Ojibwa Indians | Ojibwa language -- Dictionaries -- Polyglot | Ojibwe people | Winnebago language 
4Author:  Peirronet, ThomasRequires cookie*
 Title:  Specimen of the Mountaineer, or Sheshatapooshshoish, Skoffie, and Micmac Languages, 1797     
 Dates:  1797 
 Abstract:  This slender volume is the notebook of Thomas Pierronet. This volume contains a range of material on Native American languages and cultures. It contains a comparative vocabulary of Micmac, Montagnais, and Nascapee Indians. It also has a record of prayers and pictographs of the Micmac.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.P61s 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Algonquin language | Indians of North America -- Canada -- Languages -- Writing | Indians of North America -- Languages | Indians of North America -- Maritime Provinces | Micmac Indians | Micmac language -- Writing | Montagnais language | Naskapi language 
5Author:  Schmick, Joh. Jac. (Johann Jacob), 1714-1778Requires cookie*
 Title:  Miscellanea linguae nationis Indicae Mahikan     
 Dates:  Circa 1753-1767 
 Abstract:  These two bound volumes contain a large dictionary of Mohican. The collection was the gift of John Heckwleder, suggesting that he may have used the books in his missionary efforts.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.Sch5 
 Extent:  0.2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics | Mahican language | Mahican language -- Dictionaries -- German | Moravians -- Missions 
6Author:  Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  Names of various trees, shrubs, and plants in the language of the Lennape [sic], 1840     
 Dates:  1840 
 Abstract:  This volume contains a vocabulary of Indian words for natural items compiled by John Heckewelder .

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.W85 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Algonquian languages | Algonquin language | Cheroenhaka Indians | Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Iroquoian languages 
7Author:  Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808Requires cookie*
 Title:  A grammar of the language of the Lenni Lennape, or Delaware Indians, [1816]     
 Dates:  Circa 1816 
 Abstract:  This volume contains a translation done by Peter DuPonceau of David Zeisberger's grammar dictionary for the Lenni Lenape.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.Z3g 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages 
8Author:  Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808Requires cookie*
 Title:  On the prepositions of the Onondago language, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This small, bound notebook contains German equivalents for prepositions in the Onondago language. The manuscript appears to be in David Zeisberger's hand, with his name listed on the title page, although the cardboard cover bears the signature of Paul Zeisberger.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.Z3o 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Onondaga language 
9Author:  Pyrlaeus, John Christopher,171Requires cookie*
 Title:  Lexicon der Macquaischen Sprachen, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This volume contains a German-Mohawk dictionary that Moravian missionary John Pylareus compiled in the eighteenth century.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.33.P99 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Mohawk language 
10Author:  Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808Requires cookie*
 Title:  Onondago-German vocabulary, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains an Onondago to German vocabulary compiled by David Zeisberger, a prominent Moravian missionary.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.33.Z3o 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Onondaga language 
11Author:  UnidentifiedRequires cookie*
 Title:  Doctrina Christiana     
 Dates:  Circa 1692 
 Abstract:  This bound volume from the eighteenth century contains language and cultural material relating to the Cakchiquel.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.4.D65 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Cakchikel language | Mayan languages 
12Author:  UnidentifiedRequires cookie*
 Title:  Uae rugotzlem Sant Andres apostol     
 Dates:  1605 
 Abstract:  This is one of two bound volumes from the sixteenth or seventeenth century Latin America. The two volumes contain translations of K'iche', common phrases, verbs, and a prayer. The bound volume is not printed, perhaps because its content was too controversial, and is instead written in a beautiful script.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.4.Ua15 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Mayan languages | Quiché language 
13Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Indian vocabularies, 1820-1844     
 Dates:  1820-1844 
 Abstract:  This portion of the Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection relates to his collection of Native American languages. As a leading linguist of the era, the Du Ponceau collection has three portions that reflect his interest in linguistics. The first is a large volume of 73 Indian languages for both South and North American Indians (497 In2), which is what this entry refers to. The second is a nine volume set of notes on philology that focuses on Native American languages but includes notes on range of other language groups, such as the language of Polynesians and Greeks (410 D92). The notes also make numerous observations about Native American customs, practices, and beliefs. The third portion of linguistic material is a dictionary of terms relating to the sea and seafaring (359.03 D92).

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 Call #:  Mss.497.In2 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Courts -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County. | Indians of North America -- Languages | Indians of South America -- Languages 
14Author:  James, Edwin,1797-1861.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Conjugation of the verb "to hear" in its various forms in the Chippeway language, [ca. 1833]     
 Dates:  Circa 1833 
 Abstract:  This bound volume, given to the APS in 1839, contains the conjugation of the Chippeway word "to hear." Compiled by of Edwin James, the volume also contains notes by Peter Du Ponceau.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.J23 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Anishinaabe | Indians of North America -- Languages | Ojibwa language 
15Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Comparative vocabularies of several Indian languages, 1802-1808     
 Dates:  1802-1808 
 Abstract:  Presented to the APS by Thomas Jefferson in 1817, this volume contains Jefferson's compilation of Indian Vocabularies.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.J35 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Atacapas language | Caddo language | Cayuga language | Cherokee language | Chickasaw language | Chitimacha language | Choctaw language | Cree language | Creek language | Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Mahican language | Miami language (Ind. and Okla.) | Munsee language | Nanticoke language | Oneida language | Onondaga language | Ottawa language | Shawnee language | Tuscarora language | Unami jargon | Unquachog language 
16Author:  American Philosophical Society. Historical & Literary CommitteeRequires cookie*
 Title:  American Philosophical Society Historical and Literary Committee, American Indian Vocabulary Collection     
 Dates:  1784-1828 
 Abstract:  These three volumes contain APS's correspondence and records relating to Native American languages. MOLE contains a detailed inventory of the collection. The first volume contains extensive correspondence on Native American languages, some of which is addressed to Thomas Jefferson. Much of this material is from the early to mid nineteenth centutry. The second volume contains Thomas Jefferson's printed form that he sent out to individuals asking for Native American language information. The third volume contains photostats of a dictionary of the Miami language.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.V85 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Atacapas language | Cherokee language | Chickasaw language | Chippewa language | Choctaw language | Chontal language | Creek language | Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics | Massachusett language | Miami language (Ind. and Okla.) | Micmac language | Mohegan language | Munsee language | Nanticoke language | Osage language | Quapaw language | Taino language | Unquachog language 
17Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  Arawak manuscripts     
 Dates:  1803 
 Abstract:  This large volume contains German to Lokono dictionary. Theodor Schulz, a German Moravian missionary to British Guiana, compiled the dictionary in the nineteenth century and sent it to the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.498.3.Sch8 
 Extent:  0.3 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Arawak language | Arawak language -- Dictionaries -- German | Indians of South America -- Languages | Linguistics | Moravians -- Missions 
18Author:  Reeland, Adriaan, 1676-1718Requires cookie*
 Title:  Vocabularia variarum linguarum Americanarum, 1822     
 Dates:  1822 
 Abstract:  Peter Du Ponceau made this copy of Adriaan Reland's Dictionary in 1822. Reland made his dictionary in 1708. It contains the vocabularies of various Native American languages.

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 Call #:  Mss.498.R27 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Algonquin language | Arawak language | Carib language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Indians of South America -- Languages | Mapuche language | Massachusett language | Nahuatl language | Pokomam language | Quechua language | Wyandot language 
19Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peter Stephen Du Ponceau notebooks on philology, [1815-1834]     
 Dates:  Circa 1815-1834 
 Abstract:  The Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection has a wide array of material. This entry refers to a nine volume set of notes on philology that focuses on Native American languages but includes notes on range of other language groups, such as the language of Polynesians and Greeks (410 D92). The notes also make numerous observations about Native American customs, practices, and beliefs.

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 Call #:  Mss.410.D92 
 Extent:  9 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Commonplace Book | Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Arabic language | Greek language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Language and languages | Polynesian languages | Turkic languages 
20Author:  Sagard, Gabriel.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Dictionnaire de la langue huronne, 1632     
 Dates:  1632 
 Abstract:  This slender manuscript volume contains a transcription of a dictionary of the Huron compiled by Sagard Gabriel in the early 17th century. The document was transcribed and given to Peter DuPonceau in the 19th century for his work on Native American languages. It is in French with an occasional marginalia note in English.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.33.Sa1 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Manuscript Essays | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Missionaries. | Wyandot language 
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