Resources in Early American History
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Algonquian languages (1)
Algonquin language (3)
Anishinaabe (2)
Arabic language (1)
Arawak language (2)
Arawak language -- Dictionaries -- German (1)
Atacapas language (2)
Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Bible stories, German. (1)
Botanists (1)
Botany -- Study and teaching -- 19th century (1)
Botany -- Virginia (1)
Caddo language (1)
Cakchikel language (1)
Canals -- New York (State) (1)
Carib language (1)
Cayuga language (1)
Chemistry -- 18th century (1)
Cheroenhaka Indians (1)
Cherokee Indians (1)
Cherokee language (3)
Chickasaw language (2)
Chippewa language (1)
Chitimacha language (1)
Choctaw Indians (1)
Choctaw language (2)
Choctaw language -- Dictionaries -- French (1)
Chontal language (1)
Courts -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia County. (1)
Cree language (1)
Creek language (2)
Delaware language (4)
Dysentery. (1)
Education -- United States -- Curricula. (1)
Electricity -- 18th century (1)
Engineers -- New York (State) (1)
Ethnobotany (1)
Fox language (1)
Freemasons -- New York (State) (1)
French language (1)
Geology -- 18th century (1)
Gout (1)
Greek language (1)
Hebrew language (1)
Indians of North America (1)
Indians of North America -- Agriculture (1)
Indians of North America -- Canada -- Languages -- Writing (1)
Indians of North America -- Languages (19)
Indians of North America -- Maritime Provinces (1)
Indians of North America -- Wisconsin -- Genealogy (1)
Indians of South America -- Languages (3)
Iroquoian languages (1)
Iroquois Indians (1)
Kaigana Indians (1)
Kaskaskia Indians (1)
Language and languages (2)
Latin language -- Grammar -- 1800-1870 (1)
Latin language -- Study and teaching (1)
Letter-writing, Turkish (1)
Linguistics (3)
Linguistics. (1)
Mahican language (2)
Mahican language -- Dictionaries -- German (1)
Mammals -- Classification (1)
Mandan Indians (1)
Mandingo language (1)
Mapuche language (1)
Massachusett language (2)
Mastodons (1)
Materia medica (1)
Mayan languages (2)
Medicine -- Practice -- 18th century (1)
Medicine -- Study and teaching -- 18th century (1)
Menominee language -- Dictionaries (1)
Meteorology -- United States -- 18th century (1)
Meteors (1)
Miami language (Ind. and Okla.) (2)
Micmac Indians (1)
Micmac language (1)
Micmac language -- Writing (1)
Mineralogy (1)
Missionaries. (2)
Mohawk language (1)
Mohegan language (1)
Montagnais language (1)
Moravians -- Missions (2)
Munsee language (2)
Nahuatl language (1)
Nanticoke language (2)
Naskapi language (1)
Natural history -- 18th century (1)
Natural history -- 19th century (1)
Ogden Land Company (1)
Ojibwa Indians (1)
Ojibwa language (1)
Ojibwa language -- Dictionaries -- Polyglot (1)
Ojibwe people (1)
Oneida language (1)
Onondaga language (3)
Osage language (2)
Ottawa language (1)
Penobscot language (1)
Philology. (2)
Physicians -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia (1)
Physics (1)
Pokomam language (1)
Polynesian languages (1)
Quapaw language (1)
Quechua language (1)
Quiché language (1)
Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 (1)
Seminole Indians (1)
Seneca Indians (1)
Seneca Indians -- Missions (1)
Seneca Indians -- New York (State) (1)
Seneca Indians -- Religion (1)
Seneca language (1)
Shawnee language (1)
Society of Friends -- Relations with Indians (1)
Taino language (1)
Tonawanda Indian Reservation (N.Y.) (1)
Turkey -- Politics and government (1)
Turkic languages (1)
Turkish language (1)
Tuscarora Indians (1)
Tuscarora language (1)
Unami jargon (1)
University of Pennsylvania -- Faculty (1)
Unquachog language (2)
Venereal disease (1)
Winnebago language (1)
Wyandot Indians (1)
Wyandot language (3)
Yellow fever (1)
Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- 1793 (1)
Zoology -- 18th century (1)
1Author:  Ord, George, 1781-1866Requires cookie*
 Title:  George Ord notes, [n.d.], on the use of French verbs     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  These two volumes contain transcriptions and notes in French and were used by Ord to help with his French language skills. One volume contains instructions on using French verbs. The examples used include excerpts from Voltaire and Rousseau.

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 Call #:  Mss.445.Or2 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics 
 Genre:  Language Material 
 Subjects:  French language 
2Author:  Buxtorf, Johann, 1564-1629Requires cookie*
 Title:  Hebrew grammar     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This large volume, written in 1824, contains a guide to Hebrew grammar.

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 Call #:  Mss.492.4.B98th 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material 
 Subjects:  Hebrew language 
3Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Vocabulaire Chacta     
 Dates:  1820 
 Abstract:  This volume contains Choctaw words with French equivalents. Acquired by Peter Du Ponceau in 1827, it is part of the APS's large collection of language materials from the early-nineteenth century.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.V852c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material 
 Subjects:  Choctaw language -- Dictionaries -- French 
4Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  A vocabulary of the most common words in use among the Sac & Fox Indians, n.d.     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This volume contains Sak and Fox words with their English equivalents. It likely dates to the nineteenth century. One of the more notable features of this collection is that it includes words for relatively recent inventions, such as the steam boat.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.F11 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material 
 Subjects:  Fox language | Indians of North America -- Languages 
5Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Mandingo dictionary, [ca. 19th century]     
 Dates:  Circa 19th century 
 Abstract:  This volume contains Latin translations of what appears to be the Mandingo language and likely dates to the early-19th century.

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 Call #:  Mss.499.22.D56 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  African American | Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics 
 Genre:  Language Material 
 Subjects:  Mandingo language 
6Author:  Roth, Johann Ferdinand,d. 1814Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ein Versuch: der Geschichte unsers Herrn u. Heylandes Jesu Christi in dass Delawarische übersezt der Unami von der Marter Woche an bis zur Himmalfahrt unsers Herrn, 1770-1772     
 Dates:  1770-1772 
 Abstract:  This volume contains an account of Jesus' life that was translated into Delaware. Compiled by a Moravian missionary, the volume may lend insight into the proselytizing techniques of Moravian missionaries. MOLE contains an extended description of the volume and its background.

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 Call #:  Mss.232.9.R74 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Bible stories, German. | Missionaries. 
7Author:  Du Ponceau, Peter Stephen, 1760-1844Requires cookie*
 Title:  Sea terms in different languages, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  The Peter Stephen Du Ponceau Collection has a wide array of material. This entry refers to a dictionary of terms relating to the sea and seafaring (359.03 D92). This portion likely reflected both Du Ponceau's personal interest in linguistics and his career as a lawyer who specialized in international law and trade. This volume include terms from French, English, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, and Danish.

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 Call #:  Mss.359.03.D92 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  International Trade. | Law 
 Genre:  Language Material | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Language and languages | Philology. 
8Author:  Alexander, Caleb, 1755-1828Requires cookie*
 Title:  A grammatical institute of the Latin language intended for the use of Latin schools in the United States     
 Dates:  1794 
 Abstract:  This volume consists of a handwritten draft of Caleb Alexander's A Grammatical Institute of the Latin Language Intended for the Use of Latin in Schools. Although this work does not relate to Alexander's better known missionary activities, this volume does give some insight into the public school movement in the early republic. After the American Revolution, state governments and individual reformers addressed public education with renewed vigor. This text is one of three Alexander wrote. He expected it to be assigned in public schools throughout the country. Its publisher, Isaiah Thomas gifted this volume to the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.470.AL2 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Language Material 
 Subjects:  Education -- United States -- Curricula. | Latin language -- Grammar -- 1800-1870 | Latin language -- Study and teaching 
9Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Turkish Manuscripts     
 Dates:  ca. 19th century 
 Abstract:  These Turkish manuscripts reflect Stephen DuPonceau's attempt to acquire a wide-array of language materials for the APS's archives in the early 19th century

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 Call #:  Mss.494.9.T84 
 Extent:  2 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Language Material 
 Subjects:  Letter-writing, Turkish | Turkey -- Politics and government | Turkish language 
10Author:  Potier, Pierre-Philippe,1708-1Requires cookie*
 Title:  Huron linguistic materials, 1743-1744     
 Dates:  1743-1744 
 Abstract:  Dating from the 1740s, this Huron-French dictionary contains more than just linguistic material. The volume also has data on the Huron, such as a description of a village and names of their leaders.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.2.P845 
 Extent:  1 item 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Wyandot Indians | Wyandot language 
11Author:  Gardiner, Emma JaneRequires cookie*
 Title:  Penobscot Indian vocabulary, 1821     
 Dates:  1821 
 Abstract:  This bound volume includes approximately twenty pages of Abenaki words and their English translations compiled by Emma Gardiner of Gardiner, Maine in 1821. Although the origins of this document are not clear, it is possible that Gardiner worked with Abenaki Indians to compile this list. The document contains the annotations and other notes of Peter Du Ponceau.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.G16 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Penobscot language 
12Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  Indian-English dictionary, 1822     
 Dates:  1822 
 Abstract:  The Henry B. Kelso collection consists of a single, slender bound journal that contains Ojibwa-English translations of some words, the numerical system from one to ten used by Winnebago's, and records of Kelso births for 1823 and 1826. The journal was compiled in Green Bay, Wisconsin beginning in 1822.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.K295 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Anishinaabe | Indians of North America -- Wisconsin -- Genealogy | Ojibwa Indians | Ojibwa language -- Dictionaries -- Polyglot | Ojibwe people | Winnebago language 
13Author:  Peirronet, ThomasRequires cookie*
 Title:  Specimen of the Mountaineer, or Sheshatapooshshoish, Skoffie, and Micmac Languages, 1797     
 Dates:  1797 
 Abstract:  This slender volume is the notebook of Thomas Pierronet. This volume contains a range of material on Native American languages and cultures. It contains a comparative vocabulary of Micmac, Montagnais, and Nascapee Indians. It also has a record of prayers and pictographs of the Micmac.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.P61s 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Algonquin language | Indians of North America -- Canada -- Languages -- Writing | Indians of North America -- Languages | Indians of North America -- Maritime Provinces | Micmac Indians | Micmac language -- Writing | Montagnais language | Naskapi language 
14Author:  Schmick, Joh. Jac. (Johann Jacob), 1714-1778Requires cookie*
 Title:  Miscellanea linguae nationis Indicae Mahikan     
 Dates:  Circa 1753-1767 
 Abstract:  These two bound volumes contain a large dictionary of Mohican. The collection was the gift of John Heckwleder, suggesting that he may have used the books in his missionary efforts.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.Sch5 
 Extent:  0.2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics | Mahican language | Mahican language -- Dictionaries -- German | Moravians -- Missions 
15Author:  Heckewelder, John Gottlieb Ernestus, 1743-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  Names of various trees, shrubs, and plants in the language of the Lennape [sic], 1840     
 Dates:  1840 
 Abstract:  This volume contains a vocabulary of Indian words for natural items compiled by John Heckewelder .

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.W85 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Algonquian languages | Algonquin language | Cheroenhaka Indians | Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages | Iroquoian languages 
16Author:  Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808Requires cookie*
 Title:  A grammar of the language of the Lenni Lennape, or Delaware Indians, [1816]     
 Dates:  Circa 1816 
 Abstract:  This volume contains a translation done by Peter DuPonceau of David Zeisberger's grammar dictionary for the Lenni Lenape.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.Z3g 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Delaware language | Indians of North America -- Languages 
17Author:  Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808Requires cookie*
 Title:  On the prepositions of the Onondago language, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This small, bound notebook contains German equivalents for prepositions in the Onondago language. The manuscript appears to be in David Zeisberger's hand, with his name listed on the title page, although the cardboard cover bears the signature of Paul Zeisberger.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.Z3o 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Onondaga language 
18Author:  Pyrlaeus, John Christopher,171Requires cookie*
 Title:  Lexicon der Macquaischen Sprachen, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This volume contains a German-Mohawk dictionary that Moravian missionary John Pylareus compiled in the eighteenth century.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.33.P99 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Mohawk language 
19Author:  Zeisberger, David, 1721-1808Requires cookie*
 Title:  Onondago-German vocabulary, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  n.d. 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains an Onondago to German vocabulary compiled by David Zeisberger, a prominent Moravian missionary.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.33.Z3o 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Language and Linguistics | Native America 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Languages | Onondaga language 
20Author:  UnidentifiedRequires cookie*
 Title:  Doctrina Christiana     
 Dates:  Circa 1692 
 Abstract:  This bound volume from the eighteenth century contains language and cultural material relating to the Cakchiquel.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.4.D65 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Language and Linguistics | Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Language Material | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Cakchikel language | Mayan languages 
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