Resources in Early American History
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Abolition, emancipation, freedom (5)
Abolitionists -- United States -- Attitudes (1)
Abolitionists. (1)
Adena culture -- West Virginia (1)
Advance (Brig) (1)
Africa, West -- Description and travel (1)
African American churches (1)
African American churches -- United States (1)
African Americans -- Religion (1)
Agriculture (1)
American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
American Colonization Society (1)
American Philosophical Society (2)
Animals -- Habits and behavior of (1)
Anishinaabe (1)
Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania (1)
Apprentices -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Archaeology -- Pennsylvania (1)
Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration (1)
Art -- United States. (1)
Astronomy -- 18th century (1)
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. Birds of America (1)
Aztecs. (1)
Bankruptcy -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. (1)
Banks and banking -- Equipment and supplies. (1)
Banks and banking -- United States -- History -- 19th century. (1)
Banks and banking -- United States. (1)
Birds -- Study and teaching (1)
Birds. (1)
Boilers. (1)
Book industries and trade -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Bookbinding (1)
Botanists. (1)
Botany. (1)
Brandywine, Battle of, 1777 (2)
Brewing industry -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- Accounting. (1)
British Landing at Head of Elk, Maryland, 1777 (2)
Business and politics -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Carpenters -- Labor unions -- United States. (1)
Cemeteries -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. (1)
Cherokee Indians (1)
Choctaw Indians (1)
Cholic Acid (1)
Church buildings -- Pennsylvania-Philadelphia (1)
Cicada (Genus) (1)
Civil engineering -- United States. (1)
Colonization, repatriation (1)
Columbidia (1)
Commerce. (2)
Communicable diseases. (1)
 Author:  Aitken, Jane, 1764-1832Requires cookie*
 Title:  Jane Aitken Papers     
 Dates:  1784-1814 
 Abstract:  This collection consists of Aitken family papers and correspondence. The bulk of the collection relates to Jane Aitken's life and dates from 1800 to 1814, the height of Jane Aitken's business career. Much of the correspondence is between Aitken and John Vaughan, a wealthy Philadelphia merchant who served as Jane's investor and benefactor when she fell on hard times.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Ai9 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Philadelphia History | Printing and Publishing | Women's History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts 
 Subjects:  American Philosophical Society | Bookbinding | Finance, Personal | Printers -- Pennsylvania -- History | Printing -- Pennsylvania -- History | Women Printers 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Journal of a voyage in the Ship Sampson, May 23, 1819 - August 23, 1819     
 Dates:  1819 
 Abstract:  The "Journal of a Voyage in the Ship Sampson" tracks the transatlantic crossing of an unknown immigrant from Liverpool to Philadelphia in 1819. The last pages describe the approach to Philadelphia in detail. The journal also touches on some of the emotions the author felt as he disembarked. The last page contains a poem written by the journal's author titled "On Leaving England for America" and a letter written to friends from "this land of liberty."

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 Call #:  Mss.910.J82 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Philadelphia History | Travel 
 Genre:  Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Emigration and immigration. | Voyages and travels. 
 Author:  Bache, Catherine Wistar, 1770-1820Requires cookie*
 Title:  Catharine Wistar Bache Papers     
 Dates:  1788-1822 
 Abstract:  This relatively small collection contains rich correspondence often directed to Catherine Wistar Bache, the daughter of prominent doctor Caspar Wistar and wife of Richard Bache's son. The collection is one of the many to the Bache-Franklin collections at the APS. This specific collection contains numerous letters from other women, often wives and mothers, to Catherine. There are a few letters to Caspar Wistar and William Bache (Catherine's husband), which often discuss current events, specifically Anthony Wayne's victory at Fallen Timbers in 1794 and the Whiskey Rebellion. The letters to Catherine discuss current affairs, such as the Yellow Fever epidemic and the War of 1812. More often, however, the letters relate family and personal matters. The letters primarily discuss husbands, family activities, children, and other such topics. Some of the early letters also touch upon gender relations and courtship. For instance, a male correspondent wrote Catherine that he has not received any letters from his "female correspondents" and was thus hoping "to renew the friendly intercourse," and Mary Eddy discussed flirtations. The correspondence in this collection spans more than thirty years, and therefore also provides insight on the changing concerns of Catherine as a young single woman, wife, and mother. William Bache was sent to Louisiana in 1803 in an official post overseeing a hospital. Discussion of moving to Louisiana is included in the collection, during which references to "Captain Lewis" are made, likely Meriwether Lewis. Because of her position in society, these letters often provide portraits and anecdotes of prominent figures.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B124 
 Extent:  0.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Early National Politics | Marriage and Family Life | Native America | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | War of 1812 | Women's History 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence 
 Subjects:  United States -- History -- War of 1812 | United States -- Politics and government -- 1783-1809 | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 
 Author:  Bache, Sarah Franklin, 1743-1808Requires cookie*
 Title:  Sarah Franklin Bache Papers     
 Dates:  1768-1807 
 Abstract:  The Sarah Franklin Bache Papers, along with the various other Bache family papers, provides great insight into the family relations of the extended Franklin family. The correspondence in this collection ranges from 1768-1807 and thus traverses a number of significant historical events. Much of the correspondence relates to family life and is personal in nature. The letters provide a clear picture of Sally as the central figure in the Franklin family, corresponding with all members of the family, including her brother William after he had been disowned by his father. Notably, most of the letters are to and from other women, showing that Sally was also a central figure in a network of prominent women in the Atlantic World and early republic who corresponded about their lives and current events.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B1245 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Early National Politics | International Affairs | Marriage and Family Life | Medicine | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Women's History 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- 18th century. 
 Author:  Bancker familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Charles Nicoll Bancker family papers, 1733-1894     
 Dates:  1733-1894 
 Abstract:  This extensive collection (13 boxes) contains a range of correspondence, although the bulk of it relates to Charles Nicoll Bancker, a prominent Philadelphia businessman in the 1800s. The letters provide a picture of the family life and business career of Bancker from his earliest beginnings to his success later in life. Aside from the Charles Bancker portion of the collection, the holdings contain a wide variety of other documents, ranging from colonial era documents written in Dutch in Albany to letters from James Madison to Thomas Jefferson from the nineteenth century on religious education.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B22.c 
 Extent:  3.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Antebellum Politics | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Early National Politics | Education | Land and Speculation | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Trade | Travel | Women's History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Insurance agents -- United States. 
 Author:  Bartram, John, 1699-1777Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Bartram correspondence, 1735-1775     
 Dates:  1735-1775 
 Abstract:  The John Bartram Collection consists of typed transcriptions of originals held at the Historical Society of Pennsylvania. The transcripts take up two volumes and are extensive.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B28.w 
 Extent:  719 item(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Natural history | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Botanists. | Botany. | Horticulture. | Horticulturists. | Natural history. | Plant collectors. | Plants -- Collection and preservation. 
 Author:  Binny, Archibald, 1762-1838Requires cookie*
 Title:  Binny & Ronaldson ledgers, 1796-1798, 1798-1800, 1800-1801     
 Dates:  1796-1801 
 Abstract:  These three volumes contain the business records of the Binny and Ronaldson type foundry that operated in Philadelphia for the years 1796-1801. Archibald Binny and James Ronaldson established the first type foundry in America in 1796. Binny was trained and worked in Scotland as a punchcutter before setting off for Philadelphia in 1796. There he met a fellow Scot, James Ronaldson, who provided the business background to launch the firm. Binny and Ronaldson printed the first dollar marks in 1797 and in 1806 purchased the remnants of Benjamin Franklin's press operations.

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 Call #:  Mss.655.21.B51 
 Extent:  3 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Philadelphia History | Printing and Publishing 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts 
 Subjects:  Printing -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. | Type and type-founding -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. 
 Author:  Bohlen, JohnRequires cookie*
 Title:  John Bohlen Collection     
 Dates:  1889-1912 
 Abstract:  John Bohlen was a prominent Philadelphia merchant in the nineteenth century, dying a millionaire. Bohlen, a Hollander, established a firm with his brother that specialized in trade with his native country. His greatest success came in the lucrative gin trade. As his business increased, so too did his connections. He served on the Board of the first Bank of the United States and was well-connected with highest the political and business leaders in the nation. Although John Bohlen was a prominent and successful businessman, these documents have little bearing on Bohlen himself. Instead, they are a series of letters (ten total) written by prominent Americans either to Bohlen or to his relatives.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B63 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | International Trade. | Philadelphia History | Religion | Trade 
 Genre:  General Correspondence 
 Author:  Breck, Samuel, 1771-1862Requires cookie*
 Title:  Recollections of my acquaintance with deceased members of the American Philosophical Society, 1862     
 Dates:  1862 
 Abstract:  The Samuel Breck Collection consists of two separately-cataloged, bound volumes. The first, "Historical Sketch of the Continental Bills of Credit, from 1775 to 1781, with Specimens thereof" (332.5 B74h), is a long manuscript essay on Continental Bills of credit from 1775 – 1781, which reflects Breck's interest in historical matters. The second volume is a handwritten account of Breck at 92 years old reminiscing on prominent APS members he had met.

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 Call #:  Mss.920.B74 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Manuscript Essays 
 Author:  Cadwalader, LambertRequires cookie*
 Title:  Lambert Cadwalader Papers     
 Dates:  1779-1798 
 Abstract:  This collection of letters, while tiny, is actually quite rich in content. Cadwalader wrote to Samuel Meredith, a politician and fellow Revolutionary War soldier, concerning the war, his real estate holdings in Philadelphia, and the local political climate. The seven items are dated from October 5, 1779 to March 9, 1798, during which Cadwalader served in the military, reentered politics, got married, and then retired from public service.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C625.1 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Land and Speculation | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Inoculation | Smallpox | Taxation -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 
 Author:  Carpenters' Company of the City and County of PhiladelphiaRequires cookie*
 Title:  Carpenters' Company of the City and County of Philadelphia Records, 1683-1983     
 Dates:  1683-1983 
 Abstract:  The Carpenter's Company Collection is a potentially rich source for those interested in Philadelphia history and early trade unions. The Carpenters' Company was one of the most prominent trade associations in colonial Philadelphia and the early national period. The collection includes official minutes of the Carpenter's Company for nearly all of early America. These volumes capture the inner workings of one of the most prominent business institutions in the city. The minute books capture a wide range of company business, including establishing prices for the public, member procedures, and public relations. The collection also includes the minutes of the Friendship Company from its founding in 1769 – 1775 and their accounts from 1769-1799.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.811.C22.a 
 Extent:  18 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Institutional Records | Miscellaneous 
 Subjects:  Carpenters -- Labor unions -- United States. | Guilds -- United States. 
 Author:  Carré, John Thomas, ca.1744-ca.1825Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Thomas Carré diary     
 Dates:  1807-1809 
 Abstract:  This recently acquired diary contains information on the founding and operation of Clermont Seminary, a private school Carre founded in Philadelphia after being exiled from Haiti.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C232 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Education | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Diaries | Educational Material 
 Subjects:  Refugees -- Saint Domingue | Teachers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 
 Author:  Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  Note nécrologique sur le Docteur Wistar, 1818     
 Dates:  1818 
 Abstract:  This small bound volume contains a range of information on Caspar Wistar's life. There is a French essay on Wistar, a 47-page printed eulogy published by the APS, various newspaper clippings, and letters from others, all commemorating Wistar's life. A range of significant moments in Wistar's life are discussed, such as the yellow fever epidemic, scientific pursuits and friends, and his career as a professor at the University of Pennsylvania

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 Call #:  Mss.B.W76c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Medicine | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays | Printed Material 
 Subjects:  Physicians 
 Author:  Foulke, William Parker, 1816-1865Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Parker Foulke Papers, 1840-1865     
 Dates:  1840-1865 
 Abstract:  The William Parker Foulke Collection is one of the largest and richest collections at the APS. The collection, described and inventories in depth in MOLE, reflects the wide and varied interests of one of Philadelphia's most prominent 19th century citizens.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F826 
 Extent:  3.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Law | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Legal Records | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Miscellaneous | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Advance (Brig) | Africa, West -- Description and travel | American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.) | American Colonization Society | Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania | Archaeology -- Pennsylvania | Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration | Colonization, repatriation | Dinosaurs -- New Jersey | Eastern State Penitentiary (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Freemasons -- Pennsylvania | Geological Survey of Pennsylvania | Geology -- Pennsylvania | Haviland, John, 1792-1852 | Hayes, I. I. (Isaac Israel), 1832-1881 | Kane, Elisha Kent, 1820-1857 | Lancaster (Penn.) County Prison | Lyceums -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Mesmerism | New York Prison Association | Pennsylvania -- Description and travel -- 19th century | Philadelphia -- History -- 19th century | Philadelphia Society For Alleviating the Miseries of Public Prisons | Prison reformers -- Pennsylvania | Prisons -- Design and construction | Prisons -- New York (State) | Prisons -- Pennsylvania | Reformers -- Pennsylvania | Slavery -- United States. | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 | Wilson, John Wall 
 Author:  Fox, George, 1759-1828Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Temple Franklin-George Fox Collection     
 Dates:  1791-1800 
 Abstract:  This collection of correspondence complements the much larger collection of William Temple Franklin Correspondence and the records and correspondence of George Fox, Franklin's business agent and executor. This collection contains a series of letters from William Temple Franklin to George Fox that begins in the 1791 when W.T. Franklin was in London and ends in 1800. Most of the letters deal with Franklin's business, especially his land speculations. There are two documents from Goveneur Morris that deal with business.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F86f 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Land and Speculation | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts 
 Subjects:  Real property -- Pennsylvania | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 
 Author:  Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Requires cookie*
 Title:  Franklin-Bache Papers     
 Dates:  1707-1799 
 Abstract:  The Papers of Benjamin Franklin are a rich source as varied and expansive as Dr. Franklin's storied life. The Collection has been calendared, catalogued, and much of it is available online at franklinpapers.org and in printed volumes. The APS inventory in MOLE is extraordinarily detailed. The aim of this entry is not to reproduce what is already readily accessible, but to focus on material that is unavailable in printed or online sources.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F85.ba 
 Extent:  4 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Printing and Publishing 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Miscellaneous 
 Subjects:  Postal service -- United States | Printing -- France 
 Author:  Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Requires cookie*
 Title:  To the freeholders and freemen     
 Dates:  1727 
 Abstract:  This essay, written in 1727, advocates free and open election in Philadelphia. It criticizes the recent practice of governor's appointing assessors and other officers. Instead, it argues that more power should reside in the legislature of the colony. This document is in Benjamin Franklin's hand, although it is likely that Franklin transcribed a printed pamphlet published by Andrew Bradford.

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 Call #:  Mss.324.F85 
 Extent:  1 item(s) 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays 
 Author:  Frazer, John Fries, 1812-1872Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Fries Frazer papers, 1834-1871     
 Dates:  1834-1871 
 Abstract:  John Fries Frazer was a prominent Pennsylvania scientist in nineteenth century America, serving as a professor at the University of Pennsylvania and very active in both the Franklin Institute and the APS. This large collection of his correspondence provides a snapshot of the growing scientific community in mid-nineteenth century America. Frazer's correspondence involves a wide range of topics: science and scientific institutions (shipbuilding, mechanical engineering, geology, geography, astronomy, chemistry, among others), although there are fragments of personal correspondence. His range of correspondents is as diverse as the topics, but there is a notably large collection of letters from scientific heavyweights Titian Ramsey Peale, Louis Aggasiz, Joseph Henry, and Alexander Dallas Bache.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F865 
 Extent:  3 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Boilers. | Education -- United States. | Electricity. | Geology -- United States. | Haida Indians | Magnetism. | Natural history. | Paleontology. | Scientific apparatus and instruments. | Scientists -- United States. | Solar eclipses. | Tsimshian Indians | Weights and measures. 
 Author:  Frazer, R. (Robert)Requires cookie*
 Title:  R.(Robert) Frazer papers, 1814     
 Dates:  1814 
 Abstract:  The Robert Frazer Collection is a small but rich series of letters detailing Philadelphia's military defenses during the War of 1812. The letters contain accounts of Greater Philadelphia's geography and include hand drawn maps of fortifications and areas of Philadelphia deemed vulnerable to attack.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F868 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Military History | Philadelphia History | War of 1812 
 Genre:  Maps and Surveys | Military Records 
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