Resources in Early American History
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 Author:  Bancker familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Charles Nicoll Bancker family papers, 1733-1894     
 Dates:  1733-1894 
 Abstract:  This extensive collection (13 boxes) contains a range of correspondence, although the bulk of it relates to Charles Nicoll Bancker, a prominent Philadelphia businessman in the 1800s. The letters provide a picture of the family life and business career of Bancker from his earliest beginnings to his success later in life. Aside from the Charles Bancker portion of the collection, the holdings contain a wide variety of other documents, ranging from colonial era documents written in Dutch in Albany to letters from James Madison to Thomas Jefferson from the nineteenth century on religious education.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B22.c 
 Extent:  3.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Antebellum Politics | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Early National Politics | Education | Land and Speculation | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Trade | Travel | Women's History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Insurance agents -- United States. 
 Author:  Burd, James, 1726-1793Requires cookie*
 Title:  Burd-Shippen Papers     
 Dates:  1708-1792 
 Abstract:  This collection is one of the largest early American collections the APS holds. Its breadth of sources provides insight into colonial Pennsylvania history, especially that of Lancaster County. Although largely material composed of material from James Burd, there are also significant documents relating to the Shippen family. Documents touch on matters financial, political, and social. While the collection is of wide ranging material, its strength lies in three main parts: the Seven Years' War and Pontiac's Rebellion in Pennsylvania, Burd's business records, and life in Lancaster County from 1754-1776.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B892 
 Extent:  6.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Land and Speculation | Military History | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War | Surveying and Maps | Trade 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diaries | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Court calendars -- Pennsylvania. | Fort Augusta (Pa.) | Fort Duquesne | Fort Granville (Pa.) | Fort Hunter | Fort Pitt (Pa.) | Fort William Henry (N.Y.) | Fortification -- Pennsylvania. | Iroquois Indians | Lancaster County (Pa.) -- History | Meteorology -- Pennsylvania -- Observations | Military supplies. | Pennsylvania -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 | Pennsylvania -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 | Philadelphia (Pa.) -- Commerce | Shippenburg Library Company | United States -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 | United States. Army. Supplies and stores 
 Author:  Byrd, William, 1674-1744Requires cookie*
 Title:  The secret history of the line between Virginia and North Carolina, [1728]     
 Dates:  Circa 1728 
 Abstract:  The collection of William Byrd's writings consists of two leather bound, handwritten copies of Byrd's History of the Dividing Line Run in the Year 1728 (Mss.975.5.B99h) and A Secret History of the Dividing Line (Mss.975.5.B99s). The former was likely written for public audiences and contains the details of drawing the lines, interactions with Indians, observations of the flora and fauna of the area, the health and culture of settlers, and the official actions of the commissioners. Byrd regularly wrote Peter Collinson, an English scientist, about his journal and his hope that it would be of interest and benefit to a wide audience. The Secret History, on the other hand, contains a wealth of the more personal, private, and often humorous anecdotes of the trip. Neither manuscript was published in Byrd's lifetime, although both were eventually published.

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 Call #:  Mss.975.5.B99s 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Exploration. | Land and Speculation | Natural history | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays | Maps and Surveys | Official Government Documents and Records | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Boundaries, State. 
 Author:  Cadwalader, LambertRequires cookie*
 Title:  Lambert Cadwalader Papers     
 Dates:  1779-1798 
 Abstract:  This collection of letters, while tiny, is actually quite rich in content. Cadwalader wrote to Samuel Meredith, a politician and fellow Revolutionary War soldier, concerning the war, his real estate holdings in Philadelphia, and the local political climate. The seven items are dated from October 5, 1779 to March 9, 1798, during which Cadwalader served in the military, reentered politics, got married, and then retired from public service.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C625.1 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Land and Speculation | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Inoculation | Smallpox | Taxation -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 
 Author:  Clymer, George, 1739-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  George Clymer Papers, 1745-1848     
 Dates:  1745-1848 
 Abstract:  This small collection contains just twenty-seven documents relating to the life of George Clymer, one of the most prominent politicians in revolutionary Philadelphia. The majority of the collection dates to after Clymer's death and relates to his estate, beginning first with his will dated January 22, 1813. There are a few documents written by Clymer in the collection. The most notable one may be a long letter from Clymer that discusses education, particularly mathematics and mathematicians.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C625 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Education | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life 
 Genre:  Educational Material | General Correspondence | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Estate -- Valuation | Finance,Personal | Patents -- Pennsylvania | Power of Attorney -- Pennsylvania | Trust indentures-United States 
 Author:  Fox familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Fox Family papers, ca. 1690-1915     
 Dates:  1690-1915 
 Abstract:  This collection contains information on the prominent Philadelphian Fox family with a large portion of the collection focusing on the family's land holdings and business dealings. George Fox was a close friend of William Temple Franklin, who bequeathed to Fox his grandfather's papers. George Fox was a doctor educated at the University of Pennsylvania. His brother Samuel was a businessman. Samuel's son Charles became a doctor. The collection reflects various papers relating to the lives and careers of these three men.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F832f 
 Extent:  2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Education | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Law | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Medicine | Pennsylvania History | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Commonplace Book | Diaries | Educational Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Author:  Fox familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  William Temple Franklin-Charles Pemberton Fox Legal Records     
 Dates:  1692-1881 
 Abstract:  This portion of the Fox Family Collection at the APS contains information on their land holdings in western and northern Pennsylvania during the 19th century, some of which relate to the interests of William Temple Franklin.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F86L 
 Extent:  2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation | Law | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Legal Records | Maps and Surveys 
 Subjects:  Real property -- Pennsylvania 
 Author:  Fox, George, 1759-1828Requires cookie*
 Title:  George Fox letterbook, 1786-1797     
 Dates:  1786-1797 
 Abstract:  This letter book contains the correspondence of George Fox, a prominent Philadelphian and associate of William Temple Franklin, for the years 1786-1797. Fox corresponded with William Temple Franklin extensively and discussed financial and political matters. Lands owned by Franklin and Fox in western Pennsylvania were frequently discussed, as were other investments and speculations. For much of this period, Franklin was in Europe and Fox served as Franklin's business representative in Pennsylvania.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F832 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Real property -- Pennsylvania. 
 Author:  Fox, George, 1759-1828Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Temple Franklin-George Fox Collection     
 Dates:  1791-1800 
 Abstract:  This collection of correspondence complements the much larger collection of William Temple Franklin Correspondence and the records and correspondence of George Fox, Franklin's business agent and executor. This collection contains a series of letters from William Temple Franklin to George Fox that begins in the 1791 when W.T. Franklin was in London and ends in 1800. Most of the letters deal with Franklin's business, especially his land speculations. There are two documents from Goveneur Morris that deal with business.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F86f 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Land and Speculation | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts 
 Subjects:  Real property -- Pennsylvania | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 
 Author:  Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Franklin Papers, 1642-1841     
 Dates:  1642-1841 
 Abstract:  The Papers of Benjamin Franklin are a rich source as varied and expansive as Dr. Franklin's storied life. The Collection has been calendared, catalogued, and much of it is transcribed in printed volumes and online at www.franklinpapers.org.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F85 
 Extent:  85.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | Government Affairs | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Printing and Publishing | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Printed Material | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Electricity -- Early works to 1800 | Postal service -- United States | Printers -- Pennsylvania | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform 
 Author:  Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Temple Franklin Papers     
 Dates:  1775-1819 
 Abstract:  This is a large collection of William Temple Franklin papers, most of which were written while he was serving alongside his grandfather in France as the secretary of the American mission there. The bulk of the collection is correspondence written to William Temple Franklin during the American Revolution. Franklin had a wide network of friends and associates, and this correspondence captures the range of dealings Franklin had in France. As secretary, he received intelligence, requests, reports of military actions, especially those pertaining to naval actions in the Atlantic, and various other communications. As a private individual, Franklin had relations with many merchants, traders, and land speculators and continued to cultivate these relationships while in Europe. The Collection also includes a diary kept in an almanac for much of 1785, catalogued separately in MOLE.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F86 
 Extent:  4.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life | Military History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Balloons -- Early works to 1800 | Mesmerism 
 Author:  Georgia. GovernorRequires cookie*
 Title:  Grant no 115 to Patrick Crookshanks for 1,000 acres of land.     
 Dates:  1773 
 Abstract:  This collection contains a grant for 1000 acres that Georgia's governor made to Patrick Crookshank in 1773.

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 Call #:  Mss.975.8.G294 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Land and Speculation | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Maps and Surveys | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Author:  Keating, William Hypolitus, 1799-1840Requires cookie*
 Title:  William H. Keating Notebooks     
 Dates:  1801-1839 
 Abstract:  The William Keating collection consists of four volumes of records. Three volumes are his personal cash book, which records his financial transactions from 1830-1839. The fourth volume is a survey book. This volume contains detailed descriptions of land that the Keatings' owned in Pennsylvania, likely purchased under or associated with the Holland Land Company. Keating's surveys contain detailed descriptions of the land and area. At times, it reads like a travel narrative.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.K22 
 Extent:  4 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Maps and Surveys 
 Subjects:  Finance, Personal | Surveys -- Pennsylvania 
 Author:  Mifflin family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Mifflin family papers, 1772-1851     
 Dates:  1772-1851 
 Abstract:  The Mifflin Family Papers consists of various documents relating to property the family owned and estates of descendants. The deed collection includes some that represent the estate of the Penn family. Also included in the collection is a plan for the Susquehanna and Tioga Turnpike.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M586.f 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Land and Speculation 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Legal Records 
 Author:  Newman, John.Requires cookie*
 Title:  A short account of the situation, soil, production, etc. of the state of Tennessee, 1797     
 Dates:  1797 
 Abstract:  Written in 1797, this essay discusses Tennessee's soil, climate, and environment. The tract appears to be promotional – noting that "no other milk or butter has such flavor and richness as that afforded from the cows that feed" in the state – but also reflects the enthusiasm many Americans held for the opportunity these western lands afforded them. The essay includes a map of settlements near William Dunbar on the Natchez River as well, providing a snapshot of a recently settled frontier community.

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 Call #:  Mss.917.68.N46 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Exploration. | Land and Speculation | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays | Maps and Surveys 
 Subjects:  Agriculture -- Tennessee. | Crops and soils. | Natchez Indians | Plant growing media -- Tennessee. 
 Author:  Penn family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Quit rent rolls,1688/9, 1788-1793     
 Dates:  1688-1798 
 Abstract:  The Penn Family Estates Collection consists of two volumes that contain quitrent data for land the Penns owned. The first is what appears to be a copy of a rent roll from 1688/1689. It lists names of individuals and their status (first purchaser, renter, etc.) and their tax information. The second is a large ledger book from 1788 that contains the names of individuals in Lancaster County who apparently leased land still owned by the Penn family.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.P38p 
 Extent:  2 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Rent -- Pennsylvania. 
 Author:  Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Penn correspondence, 1747-1771, with James Hamilton     
 Dates:  1747-1771 
 Abstract:  This Thomas and Richard Penn Collection contains a range of correspondence from the proprietors of Pennsylvania, Thomas and Richard Penn (especially Thomas, the chief proprietor), to their agents in Pennsylvania, especially James Hamilton, who served as governor in the 1750s. The Collection begins in the 1740s, spans the Seven Years' War, and ends in the midst of the imperial crisis. Because of the time period covered, the letters touch on many important matters regarding the militarization of Pennsylvania, political battles within the colony, and the crisis brought about by imperial consolidation in the 1760s.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.P36c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Land and Speculation | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Author:  Pennsylvania. General AssemblyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Records concerning the early settlements on the Delaware River, 1630-1682, 1774     
 Dates:  1630-1774 
 Abstract:  The volume contains records relating to the history of Dutch settlers in the territories that the English acquired. These are copies of documents that are held at the State Archives. Many were originally in Dutch but were translated to English in this volume. The documents contain records from as early as 1638 and continue through Edmund Andros' term as governor of New England and ends in 1700. The documents include many official government proclamations and legal documents relating to Dutch property and their rights within English colonies.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.P37 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation | Law | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Official Government Documents and Records 
 Author:  Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Rush commonplace book, 1792-1813     
 Dates:  1792-1813 
 Abstract:  The commonplace book is better described as Benjamin Rush's diary of events from 1792. Rush recounts in great detail the spectacular failure of William Duer and other investors in Philadelphia and New York, noting the panic and uncertainty that swept elite society in those months. The second portion of the volume contains a range of Rush's thoughts and observations on society, making this portion more like a traditional commonplace book.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.R89c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Land and Speculation | Medicine | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Commonplace Book | Diaries 
 Subjects:  Hospitals -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. | Indians of North America | Marriage. | Medicine. | Religion. 
 Author:  Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Rush memorandum book, 1805-1813     
 Dates:  1805-1813 
 Abstract:  The Benjamin Rush memorandum book documents a variety of Rush's financial transactions and investments. The book often contains specific details on lands Rush owned in Pennsylvania. Other transactions recorded include payments to schoolmasters for his children and the loans of books he made to people.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.R89m 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Real property -- Pennsylvania. 
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