Resources in Early American History
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 Author:  Azambuja, Jacob Frederico TorlRequires cookie*
 Title:  Memoria sobre o valor das moedas     
 Dates:  1833 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains an essay Jacob Frederico Torlade Pereira de Azambuja presented to the American Philosophical Society in 1833. Jacob Azambuja was the Portuguese charge d' affaires in the United States from 1829-1834. The essay describes the monetary history and system of Portugal. Presented after Andrew Jackson's election, banking and currency were important political topics at the time. This essay likely reflects the growing interest APS members had in the subject and in understanding alternative systems to the United States. The essay can offer insight into prevalent European ideas about currency and may offer insight into how these ideas may have influenced how Americans thought about reforming their system.

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 Call #:  Mss.332.4946.Az1m 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | International Affairs 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Money -- Portugal 
 Author:  Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Franklin Bache diary, 1782-1785     
 Dates:  1782-1785 
 Abstract:  This is a translation of Benjamin Franklin Bache's diary that he kept while in Europe during the American Revolution. Bache traveled there as a young child when his grandfather, Benjamin Franklin, served as the American envoy to France. Bache spent nine years in Europe and during that time, received schooling in Passy and Switzerland. The journal begins with an account of his time in Switzerland and ends with his time with his grandfather in Passy. There are numerous stories and anecdotes in this journal. Some bear only on Bache's experience as a child and teenager in Europe. In Switzerland, among other things, Bache witnessed an execution by firing squad, saw a seven-foot tall giant, and was attacked by a watchdog at a Chateux. While in Passy, Bache received instructions on printing, witnessed numerous ballooning experiments, visited famous sites in Paris, and recorded some comings and goings of prominent guests. Some of these entries from Passy provide insight into Franklin's time in Paris, including a detailed account of the well-known scientific examination Franklin conducted on animal magnetism (hypnosis). Originally in French, this English translation of his journal along with the Benjamin Franklin Bache Collection (Mss.B.B122) provides a clear account of Bache's time in Europe during the Revolution.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B122d 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Diplomatic History | Education | International Travel | Printing and Publishing | Travel 
 Genre:  Diaries | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Author:  Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Franklin Bache papers, 1779-1793     
 Dates:  1779-1793 
 Abstract:  The Benjamin Franklin Bache Collection is composed primarily of correspondence sent from B.F. Bache. The vast majority dates to his time in Europe during the American Revolution while a young child under the care of his grandfather, Benjamin Franklin, who was then serving as one of America's ambassadors to France. These letters consist of B.F. Bache writing from his school in Switzerland to his grandfather in Paris (often in French) and to his parents in America (in English). Most of the letters relay information on B.F.'s formal education and his experience learning the printing trade. The only letter dated after Bache's time in Europe is a personal letter mourning the loss of Benjamin Franklin that he wrote to his soon-to-be-wife, Margaret Markoe. The letter contains one of the most detailed accounts of Franklin's last days.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B122 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Diplomatic History | Education | Printing and Publishing 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, with the United States of America (1794 November 19) 
 Author:  Braddock, Edward, 1695-1755Requires cookie*
 Title:  Manuscripts on Indian affairs, 1755-1792, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  1755-1792 
 Abstract:  These volumes contain an assortment of documents relating to colonial Pennsylvania's relations with Indian groups. Most notably, the collection contains journals and treaty minutes from the Seven Years' War, including a journal by Conrad Weiser, a manuscript version of Charles Thomson's "Enquiry into the Alienation," and official government records from the war. There are other documents that do not bear directly on Indian affairs. Most notably, there is a manuscript essay by Lewis Evans on German immigration that details the often brutal experience of immigrants' journey to Pennsylvania and proposes a series of reforms. There is also a printed essay in the back of the volume that opposes capital punishment and was printed in Philadelphia in 1792.

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 Call #:  Mss.970.4.M415 
 Extent:  2 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Diplomatic History | Law | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War | Social Life and Custom | Travel 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | Manuscript Essays | Official Government Documents and Records | Printed Material | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Braddock's Campaign, 1755. | Delaware Indians | Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania | Indians of North America -- Treaties | Pennsylvania -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 | Shawnee Indians 
 Author:  Burrough, MarmadukeRequires cookie*
 Title:  Marmaduke Burrough papers 1829-1847     
 Dates:  1829-1847 
 Abstract:  Marmaduke Burrough was a physician who served as U.S. Consul to Calcutta in 1828 and then Vera Cruz from 1835-1838. This collection contains a range of receipts relating to Burrough's expenses as consul in both Calcutta and Vera Cruz. The Calcutta receipts begin in 1829 and end in 1830. These loose leaf receipts capture a range of Burrough's activity, including bills from physicians, expenses for entertaining, and one for the passage of "a living rhinoceros" to Philadelphia onboard the Georgian. Burrough bought and then brought the second live rhinoceros to the United States in 1830. The animal was displayed in Philadelphia before being sold to a traveling exhibit.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B946 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Diplomatic History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Consuls -- United States. | Diplomats -- United States. | Zoological specimens -- Collection and preservation. 
 Author:  Feinstone, Sol,1888-1980,colleRequires cookie*
 Title:  The Sol Feinstone Collection of the American Revolution, ca. 1760s-1850s     
 Dates:  Circa 1760s-1850s 
 Abstract:  The Sol Feinstone Collection of the David Library contains a wide array of original documents relating especially to the American Revolution. The collection is particularly strong in military affairs and contains a variety of original letters from generals and prominent officers from both British and American forces. The collection has a notable number of items relating to George Washington and his family, including a deed from 1604 to Laurence Washington that contains an original seal from James I.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F327 
 Extent:  27 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Military History | Pennsylvania History 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Military Records | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence | Printed Material 
 Author:  Fisher family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Fisher family papers, 1797-1825     
 Dates:  1797-1825 
 Abstract:  This collection houses an assortment of papers relating to the Fisher family of Philadelphia. Miers Fisher was a prominent Philadelphia lawyer. Assorted papers of his two sons are also included. Samuel Fisher was a merchant in Philadelphia and his brother, Miers Jr., was a merchant in Russia. This collection captures the breadth of this prominent family's social and economic connections.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F530-F532 
 Extent:  1 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | International Affairs | International Trade. | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Social Life and Custom | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Meteorological Data | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Meteorology -- Observations -- Europe. 
 Author:  Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Franklin Papers, 1642-1841     
 Dates:  1642-1841 
 Abstract:  The Papers of Benjamin Franklin are a rich source as varied and expansive as Dr. Franklin's storied life. The Collection has been calendared, catalogued, and much of it is transcribed in printed volumes and online at www.franklinpapers.org.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F85 
 Extent:  85.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | Government Affairs | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Printing and Publishing | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Printed Material | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Electricity -- Early works to 1800 | Postal service -- United States | Printers -- Pennsylvania | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform 
 Author:  Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Temple Franklin appointment books: diaries, 1785-1803     
 Dates:  1785-1803 
 Abstract:  This collection of William Temple Franklin material contains copies, often typescript, of Benjamin Franklin's grandson, who also served as his secretary in France. Some but not all of the originals are housed in the APS already. These documents contain annotations of Claude-Anne Lopes, the former editor of the Benjamin Franklin Papers.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F86d.tr 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Diplomatic History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diaries 
 Author:  Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Temple Franklin diary, 1785     
 Dates:  1785 
 Abstract:  This item is part of the William Temple Franklin Collection. The Franklin Collection contains a range of correspondence, but this item is a diary William Temple Franklin kept in a French almanac for much of 1785 while serving in France.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F86d 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Diplomatic History 
 Genre:  Diaries | Diplomatic Material | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Author:  Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Temple Franklin Papers     
 Dates:  1775-1819 
 Abstract:  This is a large collection of William Temple Franklin papers, most of which were written while he was serving alongside his grandfather in France as the secretary of the American mission there. The bulk of the collection is correspondence written to William Temple Franklin during the American Revolution. Franklin had a wide network of friends and associates, and this correspondence captures the range of dealings Franklin had in France. As secretary, he received intelligence, requests, reports of military actions, especially those pertaining to naval actions in the Atlantic, and various other communications. As a private individual, Franklin had relations with many merchants, traders, and land speculators and continued to cultivate these relationships while in Europe. The Collection also includes a diary kept in an almanac for much of 1785, catalogued separately in MOLE.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F86 
 Extent:  4.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life | Military History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Balloons -- Early works to 1800 | Mesmerism 
 Author:  Galiani, Ferdinando, 1728-1787Requires cookie*
 Title:  Laws of neutrality     
 Dates:  1775 
 Abstract:  Sometime in the 19th Century, Stephen Du Ponceau translated Ferdinando Galiani's famous tract on the laws of neutrality. These two bound volumes of Galiani's work appear to be in Du Ponceau's hand and bound within the text are long and detailed notes on the work. Du Ponceau's interest likely had to do with his legal career that dealt with issues of international trade, a focus that is a prominent part of Du Ponceau's papers at the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.341.3.G13 
 Extent:  2 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Diplomatic History | International Affairs | Trade 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  International trade | Law. | Neutrality 
 Author:  Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773Requires cookie*
 Title:  Timothy Horsfield Papers     
 Dates:  1684, 1733-1771 
 Abstract:  Timothy Horsfield was a prominent official in Northampton County in Pennsylvania during the Seven Years' War and its aftermath. This relatively small collection contains a wealth of information on the war. The letters are content rich and often relay details on society and life in the area. MOLE contains a detailed inventory of the letters.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.H78 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Diplomatic History | Government Affairs | Military History | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | General Correspondence | Military Records | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Delaware Indians | Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania -- Government relations -- To 1789 | Iroquois Indians | Miami Indians | Moravian Indians | Moravians -- Pennsylvania -- History 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Chronological series of facts relating to Louisiana; its limits and bounds, 1804     
 Dates:  1804 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains two discreet documents written by Thomas Jefferson (which have been subsequently printed in various sources). The first is a letter from Thomas Jefferson to Peter Du Ponceau dated Monticello, December 30, 1817. In it, Jefferson discusses his acquisition of Louisiana, his Indian vocabularies, and Meriwether Lewis' contributions to it.

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 Call #:  Mss.973.4.J35c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Exploration. | Language and Linguistics | Military History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Louisiana Purchase -- Discovery and exploration. 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825     
 Dates:  1775-1825 
 Abstract:  This is the primary collection of Thomas Jefferson Papers at the APS. The collection is rich and extensive. The collection is well-described and inventoried in MOLE. What follows below is a general summary of some of the more noteworthy pieces.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J35 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | Native America | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Boundaries, State. | Canals. | Chemistry | Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics. | Louisiana Purchase -- Enclopedias. | Plants. | Science -- United States -- 18th century. | Scientific apparatus and instruments. | Seeds. 
 Author:  Lee, Arthur, 1740-1792Requires cookie*
 Title:  Account of the robbery of the papers of Arthur Lee, American agent at Berlin, June 26, 1777 - July 5, 1777     
 Dates:  June 26, 1777 - July 5, 1977 
 Abstract:  Arthur Lee served as the American agent in Berlin, where he represented U.S. interests to the court of the King of Prussia, Frederick. The collection consists of a series of documents relating to the robbery of Arthur Lee's papers in Berlin, most likely by an English agent. The documents are in both German and French. The documents include depositions and interviews that cast the blame for the theft on an English agent and a servant. Information on this event can be found in the Franklin Papers and The Life of Arthur Lee.

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 Call #:  Mss.973.3.Ac2 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Diplomatic History 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material 
 Subjects:  Criminal law. 
 Author:  Pennsylvania (Province)Requires cookie*
 Title:  Extracts from the Ancient Records of Pennsylvania.     
 Dates:  1748-1758 
 Abstract:  This volume contains a copy of the Provincial Council's internal minutes for the years 1748-1758. Portions of the volume were printed in Hazard's Register of Pennsylvania. Much of the volume involves correspondence on military aspects of the Seven Years War and on Indian affairs.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8 Sq7B.P31 4 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Diplomatic History | Military History | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Author:  Pennsylvania (Province)Requires cookie*
 Title:  Minutes of Indian treaties and conferences, 1721-1760, [n.d.].     
 Dates:  1721-1760 
 Abstract:  This collection of seven volumes contains the minutes of various treaties the colony of Pennsylvania conducted with Native peoples. Some of these reports go beyond the minutes of the treaties and contain details about the governor's entourage and travel. The volume that contains minutes for Indian treaties from 1758-1760 contains George Croghan's journal from a trip to western areas in 1759. The Treaty of Easton (970.5 M659) contains a sketch of the land Teedyschung requested, a drawing that often has not been reproduced in accounts of the treaty minutes.

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 Call #:  Mss.970.5.P26 
 Extent:  7 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Diplomatic History | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | Native American Materials | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America -- Treaties | Treaties. 
 Author:  Pennsylvania.Provincial Council.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Pennsylvania. Provincial Council. Records, 1748-1758, 1819     
 Dates:  1748-1819 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains manuscript copies of official records held in the State Archives in Harrisburg. The documents range from 1749-1756 and touch on Native America, imperial, and military affairs. Most of the volume includes correspondence directed to or from the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania and the governor. The volume was printed.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.Sa7 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Diplomatic History | Government Affairs | Military History | Native America | Pennsylvania History 
 Genre:  Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Seven Years' War, 1756-1763. 
 Author:  Short, William (1759-1849)Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Short correspondence, 1787-1838     
 Dates:  1787-1838 
 Abstract:  This large and rich collection of American diplomat William Short touches on matters personal and political. William Short sought, unsuccessfully, to marry the Duchess La Rochefoucauld. These letters chronicle this failed courtship. LaRouchefoucauld's correspondence also discusses the tumultuous events of the French Revolution, as told through the eyes of a wealthy noble. Short served as Jefferson's private secretary in France, and because of that, some of the early correspondence provides insight on the American delegation in France. The correspondence is largely in French, but the APS has an English translation of most of the documents. In addition to the Short-LaRouchefoucauld correspondence, there are letters from other prominent Frenchmen.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sh83 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Diplomatic History | Marriage and Family Life | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material 
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