Resources in Early American History
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Abolition, emancipation, freedom (4)
Advance (Brig) (1)
Africa, West -- Description and travel (1)
Agriculture -- Tennessee. (1)
Algonquian Indians (1)
American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
American Colonization Society (1)
American Philosophical Society (1)
Anatomy -- 18th century (1)
Animal magnetism. (1)
Anishinaabe (2)
Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania (2)
Archaeology -- Pennsylvania (1)
Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration (1)
Artists -- Pennsylvania (1)
Artists' materials (1)
Astronomy -- 18th century (1)
Astronomy. (4)
Auroras. (1)
Balloons. (1)
Banks and banking -- United States. (1)
Bee culture -- Great Britain (1)
Bible - Criticism, interpretation, etc. (1)
Bible stories, German. (1)
Biology, genetics, eugenics (1)
Blacks. (1)
Blasting, Submarine (1)
Blowpipe. (1)
Books of Hours -- France (2)
Botany -- 18th century (1)
Botany. (1)
Boundaries, State. (2)
Braddock's Campaign, 1755. (1)
Bridges -- 18th century (1)
Cakchikel language (1)
Canals -- New York (State) (1)
Capital punishment. (1)
Chemical apparatus (1)
Chemistry (1)
Chemistry -- Experiments. (1)
Chemists -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia (1)
Chocolate (1)
Coffee (1)
Colonization, repatriation (1)
Commercial law -- United States. (1)
Conception -- Early works to 1800 (1)
Copernican system (1)
Cosmography. (1)
Creek Indians -- Government relations (1)
Crops and soils. (1)
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Formulaire médical, [ca. 1750]     
 Dates:  Circa 1750 
 Abstract:  Dating to the eighteenth century, this bound volume contains treatments for various ailments. All remedies are described in French.

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 Call #:  Mss.615.13.F76 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Medicine 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays | Notebooks 
 Subjects:  Medicine -- Formulae, receipts, prescriptions. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  The Natchez, 1840     
 Dates:  1840 
 Abstract:  This fascinating account of the Natchez was written in 1840 and appears to convey oral history of the time. The author begins by stating "it was with extreme difficulty we succeeded in procuring the information." The document is approximately 135 pages long and touches on the Natchez history and their "manners, customs, [and] traditions." The focus of the document is on their history, however, and much of the content was relayed to the author orally by the Natchez. There is an extended discussion of their beliefs and practices. The document contains biographical data on prominent members of the Natchez and other native peoples, such as Pushmataha.

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 Call #:  Mss.970.3.N19 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Native America | Religion 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays | Native American Materials 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America | Natchez Indians -- History 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Scientific copybook, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  Circa 19th c. 
 Abstract:  This scientific copybook is like a commonplace book. It has various essays on a range of scientifc topics. The essays had been printed in various journals that were then copied in manuscript form in this notebook. Some entries note the source from which they were copied. The partially filled notebook was likely compiled sometime in the early nineteenth century.

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 Call #:  Mss.500.Cop79 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Science and technology 
 Genre:  Commonplace Book | Educational Material | Manuscript Essays | Notebooks | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Astronomy. | Natural history. | Zoology. 
 Author:  AnonymousRequires cookie*
 Title:  Traité de physique et de chymie, ca. 1800     
 Dates:  Circa 1800 
 Abstract:  This beautifully bound volume contains numerous essays on scientific developments that occurred in the 18th century. The text of the notebook is written so that the manuscript appears like a published work. Among the topics discussed are electricity, physics, balloons, pharmacology, and an invention by Peter Woulfe. The notebook is in French.

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 Call #:  Mss.537.G18 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Education | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays | Notebooks | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Balloons. | Chemistry -- Experiments. | Electricity -- Early works to 1850. | Gases. | Hydraulics. | Pharmacology. | Science -- History. | Technology -- History. 
 Author:  Azambuja, Jacob Frederico TorlRequires cookie*
 Title:  Memoria sobre o valor das moedas     
 Dates:  1833 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains an essay Jacob Frederico Torlade Pereira de Azambuja presented to the American Philosophical Society in 1833. Jacob Azambuja was the Portuguese charge d' affaires in the United States from 1829-1834. The essay describes the monetary history and system of Portugal. Presented after Andrew Jackson's election, banking and currency were important political topics at the time. This essay likely reflects the growing interest APS members had in the subject and in understanding alternative systems to the United States. The essay can offer insight into prevalent European ideas about currency and may offer insight into how these ideas may have influenced how Americans thought about reforming their system.

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 Call #:  Mss.332.4946.Az1m 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | International Affairs 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Money -- Portugal 
 Author:  Bancker familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Charles Nicoll Bancker family papers, 1733-1894     
 Dates:  1733-1894 
 Abstract:  This extensive collection (13 boxes) contains a range of correspondence, although the bulk of it relates to Charles Nicoll Bancker, a prominent Philadelphia businessman in the 1800s. The letters provide a picture of the family life and business career of Bancker from his earliest beginnings to his success later in life. Aside from the Charles Bancker portion of the collection, the holdings contain a wide variety of other documents, ranging from colonial era documents written in Dutch in Albany to letters from James Madison to Thomas Jefferson from the nineteenth century on religious education.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B22.c 
 Extent:  3.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Antebellum Politics | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Early National Politics | Education | Land and Speculation | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Trade | Travel | Women's History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Insurance agents -- United States. 
 Author:  Beccaria, Giambatista, 1716-1781Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ex Phisicis Institutionibus, 1769     
 Dates:  1769 
 Abstract:  Giovanni Battista Beccaria was a leading scientist in eighteenth century Italy. In addition to the manuscript collection, the APS also has a bound handwritten volume of Beccaria entitled Ex Phisics Institutionibus. This volume has the feel of a textbook with chapters on different subjects, most dealing with electricity. The back of the book contains fourteen plates. These plates contain diagrams on weights and measures, mechanics, astronomy, and mathematics.

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 Call #:  Mss.537.B38exp 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Copernican system | Cosmography. | Education | Electricity -- Early works to 1850. | Electricity -- Experiments. | Mathematics -- Research -- Italy. | Physics -- Research -- Italy. 
 Author:  Beccaria, Giambatista, 1716-1781Requires cookie*
 Title:  Giambatista Beccaria Papers     
 Dates:  1766-1780 
 Abstract:  The Beccaria Collection consists of a folio size volume of collected letters and essays. Giovanni Battista Beccaria was a leading scientist in eighteenth century Italy. The collection includes letters Beccaria wrote to Franklin as well as drafts of essays he prepared for publication. The topics of the letters include discussions of electricity, meteorology, and astronomy.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B385 
 Extent:  0.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Auroras. | Earthquakes -- Early works to 1800 | Electricity -- Early works to 1800 | Electricity -- Experiments | Lightning | Lightning rods | Meteorology -- Italy -- Observations | Phosphorescence | Physics -- Early works to 1800 | Scientific apparatus and instruments -- 18th century | Sunspots 
 Author:  Benbow, John, Jr.Requires cookie*
 Title:  The Bee Book     
 Dates:  1846-1854 
 Abstract:  The "Bee Book" is a small, pocket-sized notebook kept by John Benbow, an amateur beekeeper. The journal is handwritten and has extensive and detailed sketches of beehives and beekeeping. The 250 page volume details beekeeping practices, customs, and stories. It contains a log of Benbow's practice from 1846-1854. The book is intended to be not only a guide to beekeeping, but also a source of entertainment and is filled with amusing anecdotes and sketches.

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 Call #:  Mss.630.4.B43 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America 
 Genre:  Art | Diaries | Manuscript Essays | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Bee culture -- Great Britain 
 Author:  Berny, Pierre Jean Paul, Chevalier deRequires cookie*
 Title:  L'Oeil du Maitre     
 Dates:  1778 
 Abstract:  "L'Oeil du Maitre" is a treatise on governance written by Pierre Berny, a well-known Frenchman in the eighteenth century. During the Seven Years' War, he served in Germany. After retiring in 1757, he established a school in Brussels and gained a reputation as a master draftsman. Berny sent this manuscript to Benjamin Franklin in February 1778, when Franklin was in France as the American envoy. This bound volume, although handwritten, is formatted in such a way as to give this essay the appearance of a pamphlet.

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 Call #:  Mss.354.B45 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Kings and rulers -- Duties | Political science -- Early works to 1800 
 Author:  Braddock, Edward, 1695-1755Requires cookie*
 Title:  Manuscripts on Indian affairs, 1755-1792, [n.d.]     
 Dates:  1755-1792 
 Abstract:  These volumes contain an assortment of documents relating to colonial Pennsylvania's relations with Indian groups. Most notably, the collection contains journals and treaty minutes from the Seven Years' War, including a journal by Conrad Weiser, a manuscript version of Charles Thomson's "Enquiry into the Alienation," and official government records from the war. There are other documents that do not bear directly on Indian affairs. Most notably, there is a manuscript essay by Lewis Evans on German immigration that details the often brutal experience of immigrants' journey to Pennsylvania and proposes a series of reforms. There is also a printed essay in the back of the volume that opposes capital punishment and was printed in Philadelphia in 1792.

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 Call #:  Mss.970.4.M415 
 Extent:  2 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Diplomatic History | Law | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War | Social Life and Custom | Travel 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | Manuscript Essays | Official Government Documents and Records | Printed Material | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Braddock's Campaign, 1755. | Delaware Indians | Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania | Indians of North America -- Treaties | Pennsylvania -- History -- Colonial period, ca. 1600-1775 | Shawnee Indians 
 Author:  Breck, Samuel, 1771-1862Requires cookie*
 Title:  Recollections of my acquaintance with deceased members of the American Philosophical Society, 1862     
 Dates:  1862 
 Abstract:  The Samuel Breck Collection consists of two separately-cataloged, bound volumes. The first, "Historical Sketch of the Continental Bills of Credit, from 1775 to 1781, with Specimens thereof" (332.5 B74h), is a long manuscript essay on Continental Bills of credit from 1775 – 1781, which reflects Breck's interest in historical matters. The second volume is a handwritten account of Breck at 92 years old reminiscing on prominent APS members he had met.

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 Call #:  Mss.920.B74 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Manuscript Essays 
 Author:  Bruno, M. deRequires cookie*
 Title:  Essai metaphysique, physique et phisiologistique relativement à la découverte de M. Mesmer, 1786     
 Dates:  1786 
 Abstract:  This is a handwritten essay on Franz Mesmer and his claims to have healing and other metaphysical powers. Mesmer is today thought of as an early user of hypnosis. Throughout the 1770s and 1780s, he captivated French society. Marie Antoinette was particularly interested in his abilities. Finally, King Louis convened a scientific body in 1784 to examine the claims of Mesmer and his disciples. Benjamin Franklin, still in France as an American envoy, headed the committee, which debunked Mesmerism. The report can be found in the Papers of Benjamin Franklin and in the Diary of Benjamin Franklin Bache, both of which are at the APS.

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 Call #:  Mss.134.B83 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Medicine | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Animal magnetism. | Hypnotism. | Mesmerism. 
 Author:  Bunbury, Charles James Fox, Sir, 1809-1886Requires cookie*
 Title:  Sir Charles James Fox Bunbury papers, 1845-1852     
 Dates:  1845-1852 
 Abstract:  The Charles Bunbury Collection contains a wealth of information on fossils. Sir Charles Bunbury was a nineteenth century geologist and paleontologist. The majority of the documents in collection are Bunbury's own notes on the subject of fossils. These very detailed notes contain a wealth of information on fossil finds and can provide insight into the prevailing ideas and debates about fossil remains. The collection includes a range of material, including a draft of an essay on algae, reports and analysis of important fossil finds, and reviews and notes on recent publications. The collection also includes a number of Bunbury's private notebooks in which he describes fossils he has seen or read about in great detail, thus giving modern researchers access to information on remains that may no longer be in existence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B88 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays | Notebooks | Scientific Data | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Fossil fuels -- Pennsylvania. | Mineralogy | Paleobotany -- Germany -- Aachen. | Paleobotany -- Nova Scotia -- Cape Breton Island. | Paleobotany -- Pennsylvania. 
 Author:  Byrd, William, 1674-1744Requires cookie*
 Title:  The history of the dividing line between Virginia and North Carolina, 1728     
 Dates:  1728 
 Abstract:  The collection of William Byrd's writings consists of two leather bound, handwritten copies of Byrd's History of the Dividing Line Run in the Year 1728 (Mss.975.5.B99h) and A Secret History of the Dividing Line (Mss.975.5.B99s). The former was likely written for public audiences and contains the details of drawing the lines, interactions with Indians, observations of the flora and fauna of the area, the health and culture of settlers, and the official actions of the commissioners. Byrd regularly wrote Peter Collinson, an English scientist, about his journal and his hope that it would be of interest and benefit to a wide audience. The Secret History, on the other hand, contains a wealth of the more personal, private, and often humorous anecdotes of the trip. Neither manuscript was published in Byrd's lifetime, although both were eventually published.

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 Call #:  Mss.975.5.B99h 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Exploration. | Native America | Natural history | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Boundaries, State. 
 Author:  Byrd, William, 1674-1744Requires cookie*
 Title:  The secret history of the line between Virginia and North Carolina, [1728]     
 Dates:  Circa 1728 
 Abstract:  The collection of William Byrd's writings consists of two leather bound, handwritten copies of Byrd's History of the Dividing Line Run in the Year 1728 (Mss.975.5.B99h) and A Secret History of the Dividing Line (Mss.975.5.B99s). The former was likely written for public audiences and contains the details of drawing the lines, interactions with Indians, observations of the flora and fauna of the area, the health and culture of settlers, and the official actions of the commissioners. Byrd regularly wrote Peter Collinson, an English scientist, about his journal and his hope that it would be of interest and benefit to a wide audience. The Secret History, on the other hand, contains a wealth of the more personal, private, and often humorous anecdotes of the trip. Neither manuscript was published in Byrd's lifetime, although both were eventually published.

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 Call #:  Mss.975.5.B99s 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Exploration. | Land and Speculation | Natural history | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays | Maps and Surveys | Official Government Documents and Records | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Boundaries, State. 
 Author:  Bénard de La Harpe, Jean Baptiste, 1683-1765Requires cookie*
 Title:  Journal historique concernant l'établissement des Francais à la Louisianne, 1699-1723     
 Dates:  1699-1723 
 Abstract:  This volume appears to be a record of early French colonization efforts in Louisiana (1699-1723). Historical Collections of Louisiana published in 1851 contains a translation of this journal.

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 Call #:  Mss.976.3.B43 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Exploration. | Native America 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Author:  Catholic ChurchRequires cookie*
 Title:  Detmar Basse Müller Book of Hours     
 Dates:  Circa 1475 
 Abstract:  Dating to the 15th century, this Book of Hours was donated to the APS in 1806.

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 Call #:  Mss.264.02.R66 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Religion 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays | Miscellaneous | Printed Material 
 Subjects:  Books of Hours -- France 
 Author:  Catholic ChurchRequires cookie*
 Title:  Timothy Matlack Book of Hours     
 Dates:  ca. 1475? 
 Abstract:  This fifteenth century Book of Hours was a gift from Timothy Matlack to the APS in 1811.

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 Call #:  Mss.264.02.R662 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Religion 
 Genre:  Manuscript Essays | Miscellaneous | Printed Material 
 Subjects:  Books of Hours -- France 
 Author:  Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  Note nécrologique sur le Docteur Wistar, 1818     
 Dates:  1818 
 Abstract:  This small bound volume contains a range of information on Caspar Wistar's life. There is a French essay on Wistar, a 47-page printed eulogy published by the APS, various newspaper clippings, and letters from others, all commemorating Wistar's life. A range of significant moments in Wistar's life are discussed, such as the yellow fever epidemic, scientific pursuits and friends, and his career as a professor at the University of Pennsylvania

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 Call #:  Mss.B.W76c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Medicine | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays | Printed Material 
 Subjects:  Physicians 
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