Resources in Early American History
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Abolition, emancipation, freedom (7)
Abolitionists -- United States -- Attitudes (1)
Abolitionists. (1)
Acquisitions (Libraries) (1)
Admiralty -- United States (1)
Advance (Brig) (1)
Africa (1)
Africa, West -- Description and travel (1)
African American churches (1)
African American churches -- United States (1)
African Americans -- Religion (1)
Agricultural colleges -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Agriculture (1)
Agriculture -- United States. (2)
Algebra. (1)
American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
American Colonization Society (1)
American Philosophical Society (3)
American loyalists. (1)
Americans -- China -- Social life and customs. (1)
Animal magnetism. (1)
Animals -- Habits and behavior of (1)
Anishinaabe (1)
Annuities. (1)
Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania (2)
Archaeology (1)
Archaeology -- Pennsylvania (1)
Architecture (1)
Architecture -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Arctic Indians (2)
Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration (1)
Arctic regions-Pictorial works (1)
Art -- United States. (1)
Artists -- Pennsylvania (1)
Artists' materials (1)
Astronomy (1)
Astronomy -- Study and teaching. (1)
Astronomy. (2)
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. Birds of America (1)
Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) (2)
Autopsy. (1)
Avesta (1)
Aymara Indians (1)
Balloons -- Early works to 1800 (1)
Banks and banking -- United States -- History -- 19th century. (1)
Banks and banking -- United States. (2)
Barns. (1)
Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Bees. (1)
Birds -- North America (1)
 Author:  Various authorsRequires cookie*
 Title:  Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983     
 Dates:  1668-1983 
 Abstract:  J. Stephen Catlett wrote of the Miscellaneous Manuscripts collection that "there is no other way to describe these manuscript letters, essays, and other papers that are contained presently in 49 boxes." Catlett then listed a random assortment of names of authors found in the collection. Each individual item was catalogued in the card catalogue, but his data has now been put online. Rather than try to replicate that data, this entry will focus on some of the main themes of the collection and some of the most notable documents.

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 Call #:  Mss.Ms.Coll.200 
 Extent:  25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Colonial Politics | Early National Politics | Natural history 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Miscellaneous | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Anishinaabe | Arctic Indians | Autopsy. | Cayuga Indians | Cytology. | Egyptians | Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 | Genetics. | History of science and technology. | History, Ancient. | Inuit -- Canada | Iroquois Indians | Isleta Indians | Micmac language | Mohawk Indians | Morgan, Thomas Hunt | Mythology, Egyptian. | Ojibwa Indians | Ojibwa Indians -- Folklore | Ojibwa language | Ojibwe people | Oneida Indians | Onondaga Indians | Ottawa language | Penobscot Indians | Physics -- History. | Sacco-Vanzetti case | Scientific apparatus and instruments. | Seneca Indians | Southwest Indians | Tuscarora Indians | Tyrrhenians | United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 | United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842) | Women -- Education | World War, 1939-1945 
 Author:  Vaughan ClubRequires cookie*
 Title:  Vaughan Club papers, 1838-1841.     
 Dates:  1838-1841 
 Abstract:  The Papers of the Vaughan Club (1828-1841) are various records of this informal social club at the APS. There are copies of correspondence among members, songs that were sung at meetings, and menus and other items from their gatherings.

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 Call #:  Mss.Temp5.Misc Ms 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Institutional Records 
 Author:  Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Vaughan Papers     
 Dates:  1746-1900 
 Abstract:  The Benjamin Vaughan Papers contain an extensive amount of correspondence and other documents. MOLE contains a detailed inventory of its holdings. Vaughan was a prominent figure in the revolutionary Atlantic. This large collection captures the complex and high profile life Benjamin led. He was born in the Caribbean but grew up in London. He became a friend of Franklin and his circle in London in the 1770s. During the War for Independence, he served as an emissary to the peace negotiations between the U.S. and British. He then spent a few years in Switzerland before emigrating to the United States with his wife. They settled in Maine, where Vaughan dabbled in speculation, farming, and other pursuits. His brother John became active in the American Philosophical Society.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.V46p 
 Extent:  13.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Beyond Early America | Colonial Politics | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Land and Speculation | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys 
 Subjects:  Agriculture | Animal magnetism. | Architecture | Astronomy | Bowdoin College | Breeding. | Diplomacy. | Diseases | Dueling. | Electricity | Genealogies | Hallowell (Me.) | Manufactures | Medicine | Mesmerism | Meteorology | Notes | Plantations | Punctuation | Religion | Silk industry. | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Taxation | Unitarianism | United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 
 Author:  Vaughan, John, 1756-1841Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Vaughan papers, 1768 - Circa 1936     
 Dates:  1768 - Circa 1936 
 Abstract:  The John Vaughan Collection is a large collection that reflects the life of this prominent Philadelphian and active member of the American Philosophical Society. The collection is large, but not as large as the Benjamin Vaughan Collection, the collection of John's brother's papers. John lived in Philadelphia and his correspondence contains information on elite society in this city. It also contains data on the operations of the APS during his lifetime. The collection has been well described and inventoried in MOLE.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.V462 
 Extent:  5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Natural history | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Institutional Records | Political Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Medicine. | Planetariums. 
 Author:  Vaux, George, V, 1721-1803Requires cookie*
 Title:  Vaux Family Papers, 1690-1996     
 Dates:  1690-1996 
 Abstract:  The George Vaux Papers is a massive collection which is focused on the business and financial interests of a prominent Philadelphia family. What follows is a list of some of the more notable parts of this expansive collection: - Correspondence: There is a massive amount of correspondence, much of which is personal and familial in nature. Nonetheless, the letters often discuss politics, current affairs, and society. The earliest records date to 1701, although the great bulk are focused on the revolutionary era to the first quarter of the nineteenth century. - Almanacs, 1790-1870: The collection contains a large collection of small pocket almanacs from Philadelphia. Some of the earliest ones contain records of financial transactions and diaries. - Charles Thomson Correspondence: The collection has a series of letters from Charles Thomson, the Secretary of the Continental Congress. These letters are from the 1780s, after Thomson had largely retired from the political arena. - Legal and Estate Documents: This portion of the collection is extensive and difficult to summarize. The family owned a huge amount of property throughout the state. These papers contain deeds, information on rents, surveys of land, and other transactions. Moreover, the Vaux family had ties through marriage and friendship to other prominent families, and some of their estate business is included in this collection. Among the notable papers are documents pertaining to John and Sally Norris Dickinson's properties and the estates of the Emlens and the Sansoms. One document complements the Jane Aitken Collection, as it has an accounting of the Bible that she printed. - Travel Accounts: Most notably, George Vaux VII made a trip to "Indian Country" in 1802-1803. He wrote numerous letters home and kept a small and incomplete travel journal. - Philadelphia City Affairs: The Vaux were active in civic life. The collection contains information on city improvements, with specific letters and records relating to the water supply. The collection has letters that discuss building the Water Works, records of a Committee on the Sewers, and an agreement between the city and Peale's Museum. - Business Affairs: The record of the Vaux's diverse business interests is contained in this collection. In addition to their land holdings, the Vaux's were very active in internal improvements, with records from numerous navigation companies held in the collection. The Vaux's were also involved in mining and mineralogy, including Pennsylvania's oil lands, which is also reflected in the content of this collection. Finally, there are partial records of some prominent Philadelphia institutions, such as the Bank of Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia Contributorship. - Native American Documents - In addition to George Vaux's travels into Indian Country, there are extracts from Indian Treaties and some records of the Friendly Association in this collection.

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 Call #:  Mss.Ms.Coll.73 
 Extent:  150 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | American Revolution | Antebellum Politics | Early National Politics | Marriage and Family Life | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Institutional Records | Legal Records | Maps and Surveys 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Genealogy. | Land speculation | Mineralogy. | Quaker businesspeople | Quakers -- Missions. | Seneca Indians | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | Yellow fever. 
 Author:  Wilson, Alexander, 1766-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  Alexander Wilson papers, 1806-1813     
 Dates:  1806-1813 
 Abstract:  Alexander Wilson was a prominent ornithologist in nineteenth century America. This collection includes poetry, a copy of an advertisement for Wilson's book in the Albany Gazette and Charleston Courier, some correspondence, and a copy of Wilson's will. His letters to William Bartram describe a conversation he had with others about their travels into the west.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.W692 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Literature, Arts, and Culture | Natural history | Science and technology | Travel 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Legal Records | Literature | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Birds. | Ornithologists. | Ornithology. 
 Author:  Wistar family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Eastwick Collection, 1746-1929     
 Dates:  1746-1929 
 Abstract:  This large and rich collection contains a range of documents including travel journals, diaries, business records, and personal correspondence. The largest portion of the collection is of correspondence among members of the extended Wister family and their network of friends in the early nineteenth century, which provides insight into early nineteenth century Germantown and Philadelphia culture and society. These often long letters lend insight into all aspect of nineteenth century life, including politics, courtship, friendship, family, and manners. Poetry of Elizabeth, Sarah, and Charles Wister is included, as are daybooks and journals of Sarah.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.811.Ea7 
 Extent:  3.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Land and Speculation | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps | Women's History 
 Genre:  Diaries | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Literature | Maps and Surveys | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Agriculture -- United States. | Bees. | Gardening -- United States. 
 Author:  Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818Requires cookie*
 Title:  Caspar Wistar Papers     
 Dates:  1794-1817 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains approximately forty-four content rich letters written to Caspar Wistar, a prominent Philadelphian and scientist. Wistar's wide-ranging scientific interests are captured in the broad content of these letters. Topics of discussion include APS business, distillation, fossils and skeletons, scientific expeditions, and various letters of introductions sent to Wistar. A significant number are written in French.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.W76 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  International Travel | Medicine | Natural history | Science and technology | Travel 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  American Philosophical Society | Botany | Medicine -- 19th century | Paleontology -- 19th century | Yellow fever 
 Author:  Yeates, JasperRequires cookie*
 Title:  Jasper Yeates Papers     
 Dates:  1738-1910 
 Abstract:  The Jasper Yeates Collection contains a range of documents from this prominent Pennsylvania lawyer and judge, most of which are from the early republic. Because the collection is new to the APS, the MOLE entry contains an item level catalogue of the collection's content. Yeates was active during the American Revolution as a leader of opposition to Great Britain in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. After the Revolution, he became an Associate Justice on the State Supreme Court. He was also related through marriage to the Shippen and Burd families. This collection contains personal letters written between Jasper and his wife Sally. There are also legal records and court proceedings. Within these documents, there is an account of a slave insurrection in Lancaster County during the American Revoltuion.

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 Call #:  Mss.Ms.Coll.151 
 Extent:  3 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Law | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Legal Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Lancaster County (Pa.) -- History | Pennsylvania -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 | Pennsylvania Supreme Court | Slavery -- Pennsylvania. | United States -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 
 Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  George Weedon military correspondence, 1777-1786     
 Dates:  1777-1786 
 Abstract:  The George Weedon military correspondence contains a wealth of information on the American Revolution and its immediate aftermath. There are letters from the Morristown and Valley Forge winters, although the bulk of the material comes from 1780-1781. The collection follows Weedon's service throughout the war. His correspondence often details movements, strategies, supplies, and life in the Continental Army. Weedon also receives letters from correspondents stationed throughout the United States. This correspondence can provide information on events happening in these other locations. Correspondents include Baron von Steuben, Thomas Jefferson, Nathaniel Greene, Peter Muhlenberg, George Washington, Marquis de Lafayette, Horatio Gates, and many others. Washington, in particular, is a frequent correspondent who writes to Weedon seeking advice on military action.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.W41 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Military History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Military Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Military history, Modern -- 18th century. 
 Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  John Pershouse correspondence and papers, 1749-1899     
 Dates:  1749-1899 
 Abstract:  This collection contains five volumes of data relating to John Pershouse and his family. The collection contains two volumes of genealogical data from the later eighteenth century; the remaining three volumes all date to the early republic and consist of a travel journal and two letter books thought to belong to his nephew Henry. Of particular interest are the letters from Pershouse in Philadelphia to his brother in England. His letters often discuss many of the major political and social events happening in the early republic. He discusses immigration, Jefferson's administration, and the culture of Philadelphia during this period.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P43 
 Extent:  5 volumes;_62_items. 
 Topics:  Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | International Travel | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  Robert M. (Robert Maskell) Patterson papers, 1775-1853     
 Dates:  1775-1853 
 Abstract:  The Robert Patterson Collection contains a range of documents that touch on many different topics, although most have to do with science and engineering. The earliest documents relate to the Leiper Canal, including Rittenhouse's appraisal of it, and official documents relating to its creation. The largest portion of the documents is scientific correspondence to Robert Patterson, a member of the American Philosophical Society. Much of this correspondence is done under the cover of official APS business. Of particular note are a series of letters relating to nautical calculations that include complex equations used to determine longitude and latitude for nautical almanacs. There are also various lecture notes on natural philosophy, death, mathematics, engineering, and other subjects.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P274 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Early National Politics | Education | Military History | Native America | Science and technology | War of 1812 
 Genre:  Educational Material | General Correspondence | Institutional Records | Notebooks | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Algebra. | Annuities. | Astronomy. | Canals. | Clocks and watches. | Coal. | Electricity. | Magnetism. | Mathematics. | Meteorology -- Observations. | Navigation (Astronautics) | Optics. | Physics. | Quarries and quarrying -- Pennsylvania. | Sound. | Time clocks. 
 Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  William Tilghman papers, 1771-1838     
 Dates:  1771-1838 
 Abstract:  This collection consists of two different holdings. B.T45.2 is a small, bound volume that contains receipts from his checkbook. The second part of the collection is slightly richer and contains correspondence and receipts relating to the Tilghman family's various business interests. Land holdings and legal proceedings are discussed. Most of the correspondence dates to before 1800.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.T45 
 Extent:  58 item(s) 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation | Law 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Courts. | Law. 
 Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  Zebulon Montgomery Pike biographical materials, 1780-1956     
 Dates:  1780-1956 
 Abstract:  The Zebulon Montgomery Pike Biographical Material Collection contains research data on Pike that Eugene Hollon compiled for his biography of Pike. There are some photocopies and transcriptions of correspondence and other primary sources.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P63 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Exploration. | Travel 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Research Records and Reports 
 Subjects:  Explorers. 
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