Resources in Early American History
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Abolition, emancipation, freedom (7)
Abolitionists -- United States -- Attitudes (1)
Abolitionists. (1)
Acquisitions (Libraries) (1)
Admiralty -- United States (1)
Advance (Brig) (1)
Africa (1)
Africa, West -- Description and travel (1)
African American churches (1)
African American churches -- United States (1)
African Americans -- Religion (1)
Agricultural colleges -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Agriculture (1)
Agriculture -- United States. (2)
Algebra. (1)
American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
American Colonization Society (1)
American Philosophical Society (3)
American loyalists. (1)
Americans -- China -- Social life and customs. (1)
Animal magnetism. (1)
Animals -- Habits and behavior of (1)
Anishinaabe (1)
Annuities. (1)
Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania (2)
Archaeology (1)
Archaeology -- Pennsylvania (1)
Architecture (1)
Architecture -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Arctic Indians (2)
Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration (1)
Arctic regions-Pictorial works (1)
Art -- United States. (1)
Artists -- Pennsylvania (1)
Artists' materials (1)
Astronomy (1)
Astronomy -- Study and teaching. (1)
Astronomy. (2)
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. Birds of America (1)
Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) (2)
Autopsy. (1)
Avesta (1)
Aymara Indians (1)
Balloons -- Early works to 1800 (1)
Banks and banking -- United States -- History -- 19th century. (1)
Banks and banking -- United States. (2)
Barns. (1)
Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Bees. (1)
Birds -- North America (1)
 Author:  New Sweden CompanyRequires cookie*
 Title:  New Sweden Records     
 Dates:  1650-1655 (1820) 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains a host of information on the early history of European settlement on the Delaware River. Translated from records in Stockholm in the early-nineteenth century, the correspondence provides a window into the governance of the colony of New Sweden. The translations are almost all in French and consist of correspondence from the Swedish government to the colony, and from colonial officials, such as Joseph Printz, to the Crown.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.Sw2 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Swedes -- United States 
 Author:  Ord, George, 1781-1866Requires cookie*
 Title:  George Ord Collection     
 Dates:  1831-1864 
 Abstract:  The collection of George Ord correspondence is a relatively small but significant collection. Most of the letters are from George Ord to Charles Waterton, a British naturalist, and reflect their shared interest in natural history, especially ornithology. The letters deal with Ord's rivalry with Audubon. Many of Ord's letters question the accuracy of Audobon's work. Other letters touch on Alexander Wilson and on new techniques for capturing images of animal life, such as the use of the Daguerre process.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Or2 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Early National Politics | Exploration. | Natural history | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolitionists -- United States -- Attitudes | Animals -- Habits and behavior of | Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. Birds of America | Banks and banking -- United States. | Birds -- Study and teaching | Birds. | Cholic Acid | Church buildings -- Pennsylvania-Philadelphia | Cicada (Genus) | Columbidia | Cuckoos | Daguerreotypes | Dictionary of the English language. Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 | Dove | English language -- Dictionaries | Famines -- Ireland | France -- 19th century | Frogs -- United States | Frost -- Great Britain | Geese | Gold mines and mining -- California -- 19th century | Heatstroke | Immigrants -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Influenza -- United States | Irish -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Memorials -- Great Britain | Mercury | Mexican War, 1846-1848 | Monk, Maria, d. 1850 | Partridges | Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827 -- Art collections. | Potatoes | Railroads -- 19th century | Rattlesnake | Religion | Reptiles | Sea monsters | Secession -- Southern States | Skin -- Diseases-Treatment | Slaves -- Emancipation-America | Smoking -- Health aspects -- United States | Soap trade -- Pennsylvania | Steam-navigation -- Atlantic Ocean | Steamboat disasters | Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896 Uncle Tom's Cabin. | Telegraph | United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842). | Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1872. Narrative of the United States exploring expedition. | Williams, Eleazer, 1787-1858 
 Author:  Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809Requires cookie*
 Title:  Colonel Richard Gimbel Collection of Thomas Paine Papers     
 Dates:  1692 - Circa 1921 
 Abstract:  The Thomas Paine Collection is a very rich and diverse collection. Much of the early material is from Paine to others. The later material contains significant documents that Richard Gimbel Collected from the early national period (after 1800) that do not involve Paine but may be of interest to researchers of that period. Included in the documents are notes on Common Sense, letters on courtship and love, the American Revolution, and letters relating to his time in France after the Revolution.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P165 
 Extent:  176 items 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Colonial Politics | Early National Politics | Engineering | International Affairs | Marriage and Family Life | Printing and Publishing | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Bridges -- 18th century | France -- Politics and government -- 1789-1815 | Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1789-1820 | Ireland -- Foreign relations | Lotteries -- New York (State) | New York (N.Y.) -- Description and travel -- 18th century | Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809 | Roofing, Slate | Schuylkill River Bridge | United States -- Politics and government -- Revolution, 1775-1783 
 Author:  Parker, Ely Samuel, 1828-1895Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ely Samuel Parker Papers     
 Dates:  1794-1946 
 Abstract:  The Ely Parker Collection is a large and rich amalgamation of documents relating to the New York Seneca and to Ely Parker's own life.

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 Call #:  Mss.497.3.P223 
 Extent:  3.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Government Affairs | Language and Linguistics | Law | Military History | Native America | Religion | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Language Material | Manuscript Essays | Native American Materials | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Canals -- New York (State) | Engineers -- New York (State) | Freemasons -- New York (State) | Iroquois Indians | Ogden Land Company | Seneca Indians -- Missions | Seneca Indians -- New York (State) | Seneca Indians -- Religion | Seneca language | Society of Friends -- Relations with Indians | Tonawanda Indian Reservation (N.Y.) 
 Author:  Patterson family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Patterson-Lord papers, [ca. 1809]-1876     
 Dates:  Circa 1809-1876 
 Abstract:  Previously catalogued with the Robert Patterson Collection, The Patterson-Lord Collection contains contains a range of documents that touch on many different topics, although most have to do with science and engineering. The largest portion of the documents relate to scientific correspondence to Robert Patterson, a member of the APS. Much of this correspondence is done under the cover of official APS business. Of particular note are a series of letters relating to nautical calculations that include complex equations used to determine longitude and latitude for nautical almanacs.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P274.2 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Education | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Institutional Records 
 Subjects:  Education -- Europe -- 19th century. 
 Author:  Peale-Sellers families.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peale-Sellers Family Collection, 1686-1963     
 Dates:  1686-1963 
 Abstract:  The Peale-Sellers Collection is an extensive collection that contains various records of the extended Peale family. MOLE contains an extensive inventory.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P31 
 Extent:  19 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Art -- United States. | Civil engineering -- United States. | Drawing. | Engineering. | Locomotives. | Medicine, Military. | Natural history. | Portraits, American. | Technology. | Washington, George, 1732-1799 
 Author:  Pemberton, Israel, 1715-1779Requires cookie*
 Title:  Israel Pemberton, Letterbook D, 1744-1747     
 Dates:  1744-1747 
 Abstract:  The Israel Pemberton Letter book contains a range of data on Philadelphia shipping and trade. Pemberton was a merchant who had connections to Samuel Coates (Mss.B.C632 , Mss.C.632.1d , Mss.B.C632.1). These records precede Coates and pertain to trade in Philadelphia during the 1740s. They show a merchant with strong ties throughout the Atlantic World. His letters discuss a range of business matters, such as prices of commodities, costs of insurance, and general trade environment. Pemberton's letters discuss intercolonial trade with Maryland and Virginia (tobacco in particular), while others with matters in Europe and the Caribbean (sugar, rum, bar iron), reflecting his various trading interests. In addition to the business correspondence, Pemberton's letters occasionally discuss more quotidian matters, describing events in Philadelphia and relaying news he hears from abroad and on very rare occasions his family affairs.

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 Call #:  Mss.380.P36 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | International Trade. | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Trade 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Commerce. 
 Author:  Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Penn correspondence, 1747-1771, with James Hamilton     
 Dates:  1747-1771 
 Abstract:  This Thomas and Richard Penn Collection contains a range of correspondence from the proprietors of Pennsylvania, Thomas and Richard Penn (especially Thomas, the chief proprietor), to their agents in Pennsylvania, especially James Hamilton, who served as governor in the 1750s. The Collection begins in the 1740s, spans the Seven Years' War, and ends in the midst of the imperial crisis. Because of the time period covered, the letters touch on many important matters regarding the militarization of Pennsylvania, political battles within the colony, and the crisis brought about by imperial consolidation in the 1760s.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.P36c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Land and Speculation | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Author:  Piggott, Edward,fl. 1758-1807.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Edward Piggott letterbook, 1802-1806     
 Dates:  1802-1806 
 Abstract:  This collection contains a series of letters written by Edward Piggot to various correspondents while held as prisoner of war at Fontainebleau by Napoleon. The letters are written in French and English and recount his time in jail. He also discusses his work in natural history, and among the topics he discusses is a paper he wrote for the Royal Society on astronomy.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P62 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | International Affairs 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Miscellaneous 
 Subjects:  Astronomy. | Botanical gardens -- France. | Comets. 
 Author:  Price, Eli K. (Eli Kirk), 1797-1884Requires cookie*
 Title:  Eli K. (Eli Kirk) Price papers, 1820-1853     
 Dates:  1820-1853 
 Abstract:  Eli Price was a prominent Philadelphia lawyer who became a member of the APS in 1854. This small manuscript collection is primarily related to his legal career and financial dealings. Court records and other legal documents comprise much of the collection. There are other types of documents as well, including some correspondence about international trade, business, and politics. The most notable letters include one to Daniel Webster regarding patent applications, a series of letters on lobbying efforts to reduce the tariffs on teas coming from Asia, and an essay by Price on the "impolicy" of slavery that he delivered to the "association formed for the education of men of colour."

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P926 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Early National Politics | Education | International Trade. | Law 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Legal Records | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Commercial law -- United States. | Personal property. | Real property. 
 Author:  Price, Richard, 1723-1791Requires cookie*
 Title:  Richard Price Papers     
 Dates:  1767-1790 
 Abstract:  This collection contains a series of letters from Richard Price, a prominent English minister who was also a prominent supporter of the American Revolution. There are several letters that are written in code. Prominent correspondents include Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Chauncy, and Benjamin Rush. Some Price correspondence also discusses his opposition to slavery.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P93 
 Extent:  90 items 
 Topics:  African American | American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Religion 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | American Philosophical Society | Bunker Hill, Battle of, 1775 | Ethics -- Great Britain -- Early works to 1850 | France -- History -- Revolution, 1789-1799 | Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 | Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787 | Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1760-1789 | Harvard College | Howard, John, 1726-1790 | Italy -- Description and travel -- 18th century | Lexington, Battle of, 1775 | Life expectancy | Massachusetts -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 | Pensions -- Massachusetts | Prisons | Slavery. | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Smith, Adam, 1723-1790 | Smith, Isaac, 1744-1817 | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 | United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Religious aspects | United States -- Politics and government, 1783-1788 
 Author:  Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796Requires cookie*
 Title:  David Rittenhouse Papers     
 Dates:  1774-1932 
 Abstract:  The David Rittenhouse Collection contains a variety of Rittenhouse-related documents from the Revolutionary era. Receipts, correspondence, and records of official government business compose much of it. A full inventory of the collection and its content is available on MOLE.

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 Call #:  Mss.SMs.Coll.11 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Author:  Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Rush correspondence, 1759-1813     
 Dates:  1759-1813 
 Abstract:  This collection of Benjamin Rush Papers was compiled by Lyman Butterfield for his biography of Rush. The papers are photocopies of Rush's correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.R89p 
 Extent:  2.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Early National Politics | Medicine | Religion 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence | Research Records and Reports 
 Subjects:  Abolitionists. | African American churches | African Americans -- Religion | Medicine. | Slavery. | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. 
 Author:  Say, Thomas, 1787-1834Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Say papers, 1819-1883, 1955     
 Dates:  1819-1883 
 Abstract:  The Thomas Say Collection contains correspondence and scientific material relating to Say's work as a conchologist. The correspondence has a few items written to the New Harmony utopian community before Say decided to live there. The scientific correspondence contains letters to prominent fellow natural historians, such as Charles Lucien Bonaparte. The data includes sketches of shells, some in color. There is also a relatively detailed biographical profile, likely written in the late-nineteenth century.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sa95.g 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Land and Speculation | Natural history | Science and technology | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Scientific Data | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Entomology. | Mollusks. | Natural history. 
 Author:  Shippen, EdwardRequires cookie*
 Title:  Edward Shippen letters and papers, 1727-1781     
 Dates:  1727-1781 
 Abstract:  The Edward Shippen Collection is composed of two discrete sections: two boxes of manuscripts and ten letter books. What follows is an overview of some of the most notable documents and themes in the correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sh62 
 Extent:  10 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Education | International Travel | Marriage and Family Life | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Seven Years' War | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps | Trade | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Military Records | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Business and politics -- Pennsylvania. | Military supplies. | Real property -- Pennsylvania. 
 Author:  Shippen, Joseph,1732-1810.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Joseph Shippen letterbook, 1763-1773     
 Dates:  1763-1773 
 Abstract:  The Joseph Shippen letterbooks consist of Shippen's outgoing correspondence from 1763-1773. Shippen was active during the Seven Years' War and a prominent official in the colonial government before the American Revolution. His letters touch on a wide range of important events happening within the colony in the years preceding the American Revolution.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sh62.j 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  African American | Colonial Politics | Pennsylvania History | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America 
 Author:  Sioussat, St. George L. (St. George Leakin), 1878-1960Requires cookie*
 Title:  St. George L. Sioussat collection     
 Dates:  1847-1865 
 Abstract:  This collection contains typescript copies of letters relating to William Walker and the filibusters in Guatemala. The collection is based on the papers left by Major John P. Heiss. Heiss was "intimately associated" with Walker. The collection begins in the 1850s.

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 Call #:  Mss.972.81.Si7 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | International Affairs 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous 
 Author:  Smyth, Frederick, 1732-1815Requires cookie*
 Title:  Frederick Smyth papers, 1756-1816     
 Dates:  1756-1816 
 Abstract:  Frederick Smyth was the Chief Justice of New Jersey before the American Revolution (appointed in 1764). Before that, he lived in England, Barbados, and Martinique. This collection of Smyth papers contains a range of official documents that relate to political and legal matters in New Jersey. The legal documents include petitions, reports to the grand jury, and official pronouncements and commissions. There are also several pieces of private correspondence. Some of the earliest documents contain information on Smyth's career before arriving in New Jersey. There is also a deposition relating to the firing on HMS St. John in Newport, Rhode Island in 1764 and a series of other documents relating to legal and political affairs in Rhode Island during the imperial crisis. Of particular note are two long speeches Smyth delivered before a grand jury in 1775 and 1776 in which he defends the Crown, a response to these speeches from the grand jury defending American rights, and a long letter from Edward Affleck in 1783 describing the British departure from New York City. Smyth stayed in Philadelphia after the war, although he never relinquished his British citizenship, and there are a few documents chronicling his post-war experience.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sm95 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Law 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Legal Records | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Judges -- New Jersey. | Legal instruments -- New Jersey. 
 Author:  Spencer, William George,1790-1Requires cookie*
 Title:  William George Spencer letters, 1839-1849, to Caroline Watts     
 Dates:  1839-1849 
 Abstract:  This collection consists of letters from William Spencer to Caroline Watts about a range of topics, most of which relate to affairs in England during the nineteenth century. He discusses current affairs, like the Corn laws, and scientific and pedagogical issues.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sp32 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America 
 Genre:  General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Astronomy -- Study and teaching. | Corn laws (Great Britain) | Geometry -- Study and teaching. | Health. | Religion. 
 Author:  Turner, Dawson (1775-1858)Requires cookie*
 Title:  Dawson Turner Papers     
 Dates:  1820-1848 
 Abstract:  Dawson Turner was a British botanist and scientist. This small collection contains information on his personal library and lends some insight into the book trade in nineteenth century Britain.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.T854 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America 
 Genre:  General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Acquisitions (Libraries) | Book collecting | Private libraries 
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