Resources in Early American History
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Abolition, emancipation, freedom (7)
Abolitionists -- United States -- Attitudes (1)
Abolitionists. (1)
Acquisitions (Libraries) (1)
Admiralty -- United States (1)
Advance (Brig) (1)
Africa (1)
Africa, West -- Description and travel (1)
African American churches (1)
African American churches -- United States (1)
African Americans -- Religion (1)
Agricultural colleges -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Agriculture (1)
Agriculture -- United States. (2)
Algebra. (1)
American Academy of Music (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
American Colonization Society (1)
American Philosophical Society (3)
American loyalists. (1)
Americans -- China -- Social life and customs. (1)
Animal magnetism. (1)
Animals -- Habits and behavior of (1)
Anishinaabe (1)
Annuities. (1)
Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania (2)
Archaeology (1)
Archaeology -- Pennsylvania (1)
Architecture (1)
Architecture -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Arctic Indians (2)
Arctic Regions -- Discovery and exploration (1)
Arctic regions-Pictorial works (1)
Art -- United States. (1)
Artists -- Pennsylvania (1)
Artists' materials (1)
Astronomy (1)
Astronomy -- Study and teaching. (1)
Astronomy. (2)
Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. Birds of America (1)
Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) (2)
Autopsy. (1)
Avesta (1)
Aymara Indians (1)
Balloons -- Early works to 1800 (1)
Banks and banking -- United States -- History -- 19th century. (1)
Banks and banking -- United States. (2)
Barns. (1)
Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Bees. (1)
Birds -- North America (1)
 Author:  Hays, Isaac,1796-1879.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Isaac and I. Minis Hays papers     
 Dates:  Circa 1820-1925 
 Abstract:  Isaac Hays was a Philadelphia ophthalmologist who was also deeply involved in natural history. The Isaac Hays material has two discreet sections: a volume of correspondence for 1824-1855 and a collection of loose manuscripts. The first part of the collection is a bound volume that contains the correspondence Hays carried on with other prominent naturalists in the nineteenth century from 1824–1855, although the bulk come from the 1820s and early 1830s. Prominent correspondents in this series include Charles Lucien Bonaparte, George Ord, Thomas Say, and Charles Lesueur. All of the correspondence is incoming, addressed to Hays. Occasionally the correspondence involves commentary on other current events in addition to the obvious scientific nature of the correspondence. A letter from Bonaparte, for instance, discusses the rivalry between the Philadelphia and New York orchestras. The Ord correspondence, written mostly from Europe, makes reference to Audubon, Ord's ornithological rival, and scientific publications and thought prominent in Europe. The Say correspondence, written from New Harmony, also provides insight on that utopian experiment and his relationship with Lesueur, who also settled in New Harmony. There are only a few Lesueur letters, all of which are in French and written from New Harmony.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H334 
 Extent:  1.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Medical publishing -- United States -- 19th century. | Medical publishing -- United States. | Medicine -- Societies, etc. | Medicine -- United States -- 19th century. | Medicine -- United States. | Natural history. | Paleontology. 
 Author:  Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878Requires cookie*
 Title:  Joseph Henry letters, 1836-1878     
 Dates:  1836-1878 
 Abstract:  This small collection contains an assortment of Joseph Henry correspondence, mostly from prominent Americans writing to Henry. Most of the early letters are relatively short notes, with longer, more detailed letters beginning in the correspondence from the 1850s. The most prominent topics of discussion are the Smithsonian Institution, the establishment of Colorado as a territory, and Humboldt's work. Among the prominent correspondents are Robert Hare, Louis Aggasiz, and Alexander Dallas Bache. Two letters are addressed to Mrs. Henry.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H39p 
 Extent:  47 item(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Natural history. | Physics. 
 Author:  Hewson family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Hewson family papers, 1767-1836     
 Dates:  1767-1836 
 Abstract:  The Hewson's were close to the Franklin family. Mary Stevenson Hewson was Franklin's landlady when he was in London, and they maintained a correspondence throughout their lives. This collection contains some of the family correspondence. Most are not originals, which are in private hands. The original manuscripts are primarily letters to and from Mary Stevenson Hewson. Of note is a poem/prayer written by Mary Stevenson Hewson. The MOLE record is very detailed, but the record does not mention records of a controversy Benjamin Franklin had with Dr. William Hunter that are part of this collection.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H492.h, .br, .b1, .b 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Marriage and Family Life | Social Life and Custom | Women's History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Medicine. 
 Author:  Horsfield, Timothy, 1708-1773Requires cookie*
 Title:  Timothy Horsfield Papers     
 Dates:  1684, 1733-1771 
 Abstract:  Timothy Horsfield was a prominent official in Northampton County in Pennsylvania during the Seven Years' War and its aftermath. This relatively small collection contains a wealth of information on the war. The letters are content rich and often relay details on society and life in the area. MOLE contains a detailed inventory of the letters.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.H78 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Colonial Politics | Diplomatic History | Government Affairs | Military History | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | General Correspondence | Military Records | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Delaware Indians | Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania -- Government relations -- To 1789 | Iroquois Indians | Miami Indians | Moravian Indians | Moravians -- Pennsylvania -- History 
 Author:  Humboldt, Alexander von, 1769-1859Requires cookie*
 Title:  Alexander von Humboldt papers, 1801-1859     
 Dates:  1793-1859 
 Abstract:  This collection of Humboldt's correspondence touches on his travels throughout the Americas. Of note are his letters with prominent Americans--namely Thomas Jefferson, Rembrandt Peale, and Peter Du Ponceau--about his observations. Many letters are in French. Some have translations.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H88 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Science and technology | Travel 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Natural history. | Science publishing. | Scientific expeditions. 
 Author:  Hutchinson, James, 1752-1793Requires cookie*
 Title:  James Hutchinson papers, 1771-1928     
 Dates:  1771-1928 
 Abstract:  The James Hutchinson Papers detail this prominent Philadelphian's medical education and life. The collection includes records of Hutchinson's formal education, lectures he either attended or delivered, and his travels throughout London to advance his career. The documents from the American Revolution provide interesting commentary on events happening in Philadelphia and how the Revolution affected Quakers.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H97p 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Education | Marriage and Family Life | Medicine | Philadelphia History | Religion 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous 
 Subjects:  Medicine -- Study and teaching -- England -- London -- 18th century. | Medicine -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- 18th century. 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Chronological series of facts relating to Louisiana; its limits and bounds, 1804     
 Dates:  1804 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains two discreet documents written by Thomas Jefferson (which have been subsequently printed in various sources). The first is a letter from Thomas Jefferson to Peter Du Ponceau dated Monticello, December 30, 1817. In it, Jefferson discusses his acquisition of Louisiana, his Indian vocabularies, and Meriwether Lewis' contributions to it.

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 Call #:  Mss.973.4.J35c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Exploration. | Language and Linguistics | Military History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Louisiana Purchase -- Discovery and exploration. 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Jefferson, letters to and from various persons, 1791-1840     
 Dates:  1791-1840 
 Abstract:  This is a particularly rich collection of Thomas Jefferson's letters from his retirement years. The letters primarily cover the years 1813-1820s, although there are some from earlier. Most of the letters are outgoing, and L. H. Girardin is the primary recipient. The letters to Girardin often discuss Virginia's history and sometimes Jefferson's own recollections of events, including letters on Virginia during the American Revolution and a supposed attempt to create a dictatorship in Virginia in 1776. Some letters also convey information on contemporary events and offer a window into Jefferson's personal and family life. A few letters from 1791 discuss Jefferson's memory of Benjamin Franklin, including anecdotes of Franklin in France. One document is a draft of a profile of Baron Humboldt. A series of letters to Peter Du Ponceau discuss Thomas Jefferson's attempt to acquire a copy of William Byrd's "A Secret History of the Line" and, once acquired, his interpretation of it. Another portion discusses the journals of Lewis and Clark.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J35.Le 
 Extent:  63 item(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Exploration. | Native America | War of 1812 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825     
 Dates:  1775-1825 
 Abstract:  This is the primary collection of Thomas Jefferson Papers at the APS. The collection is rich and extensive. The collection is well-described and inventoried in MOLE. What follows below is a general summary of some of the more noteworthy pieces.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J35 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | Native America | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Boundaries, State. | Canals. | Chemistry | Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics. | Louisiana Purchase -- Enclopedias. | Plants. | Science -- United States -- 18th century. | Scientific apparatus and instruments. | Seeds. 
 Author:  Jones, Robert Strettel,1745-17Requires cookie*
 Title:  Robert Strettel Jones papers, 1761-1779     
 Dates:  1761-1779 
 Abstract:  The Robert Strettell Jones Collection contains an assortment of small, but potentially interesting documents. Jones' notes from a course on metaphysics and rhetoric at the University of Pennsylvania are included in a bound notebook. Also from his college days, Jones apparently ran into trouble receiving his degree, crossing paths with Doctor Francis Allison, the vice provost. Jones' appeal and supporting documents are also included in the collection. During the British occupation of Philadelphia, Jones was accused of treason for helping raise arms and there are depositions taken to rebut this charge, including statements from prominent Philadelphians like Joseph Shippen.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J732 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Education | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Educational Material | General Correspondence | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Metaphysics. | Rhetoric. | Treason -- United States. 
 Author:  Le Conte, John Eatton, 1784-1860Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Eatton Le Conte papers, 1816-1877     
 Dates:  1816-1877 
 Abstract:  The John Le Conte Papers contain a range of correspondence, most of which deals with discussions of natural history. Le Conte was a scientist whose interests were in natural history, especially entomology. Le Conte worked at the United States Army Corp of Topographical Engineers, and his correspondence relating to their surveys provide details on the state of eastern seaports and harbors in the mid-eighteenth century. Most of the correspondence is incoming and it is often either orders from superiors to Le Conte or field reports from subordinates to LeConte. The orders for Le Conte to organize an expedition to explore Florida are included.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.L493.3 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Exploration. | Military History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Military Records | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Harbors -- United States. | Military topography. | Natural history. | Topographical surveying -- United States. 
 Author:  LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883Requires cookie*
 Title:  John L. (John Lawrence) LeConte papers, 1812-1897     
 Dates:  1812-1897 
 Abstract:  Summary(s) of Collection: The John Lawrence LeConte Collection contains a vast array of material. John Lawrence LeConte, son of John Eatton LeConte, was a scientist whose interests, like his father's, were in natural history, especially entomology. Like his father, J.L. LeConte undertook many scientific expeditions, primarily to the Midwest region. He is known as the "father of American beetle study" because of his entomological work. With over 1,900 documents, the collection touches on a wide range of scientific topics and includes correspondence from many of the most prominent scientists and citizens of the day. The vast majority of the scientific discussions – indeed the vast majority of the collection in general – deals with entomology. The LeConte's were both active in many scientific institutions, many based in Philadelphia, and the history of these institutions can also be gleaned from some of their correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.L493 
 Extent:  7.7 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Exploration. | Medicine | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous | Notebooks | Scientific Data | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Entomology -- Europe. | Entomology -- United States. | Hospitals -- United States -- Civil War, 1861-1865. | Insects. | Medicine -- United States -- History -- 19th century. | Natural history -- United States. 
 Author:  Lesley, J. P. (J. Peter), 1819-1903Requires cookie*
 Title:  J.P. Lesley Papers     
 Dates:  1826-1898 
 Abstract:  J.P. Lesley was a prominent Pennsylvanian who became a leading geologist. This collection contains a range of materials that relate to his life. The content of the correspondence is not just scientific. Instead, subjects span a wide-range of topics, including European travel, the Civil War, politics, art, literature, personal affairs, and family matters. The papers also reflect Lesley wide-ranging scientific interests. Although a geologist, Lesley also dabbled in demographic studies, religion, and philology. A fair amount of the collection is from the 1850s and beyond. Much of this early correspondence is among family members, but some letters are from prominent reformers, such as Lydia Maria Child. Among the Lesley papers are poems, journals, and notebooks. Two boxes date from 1841 to 1851, which, notably, deal with the period before Lesley became a full-time geologist and professor at the University of Pennsylvania.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.L56 
 Extent:  7.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | International Travel | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Literature | Scientific Data | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Avesta | Cartography. | Charities -- United States. | Education -- United States | Egyptian language -- Writing, Hieroglyphic | France -- Description and travel | Funeral rites and ceremonies -- Egypt | Geological Survey of Pennsylvania | Geology -- Maps | Geology -- Nova Scotia -- Surveys | Geology -- Pennsylvania | Germany -- Description and travel | Hawaiian language | Javanese language | Nova Scotia -- Surveys | Obelisks | Paleontology -- Pennsylvania | Pennsylvania -- Surveys | Philology | Poems | Slavery -- United States. | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | Switzerland -- Description and travel | Transcendentalism | Unitarianism 
 Author:  Michaux, Francois André, 1770-1855Requires cookie*
 Title:  Francois André Michaux papers, 1802-1911     
 Dates:  1802-1911 
 Abstract:  The F.A. Michaux Collection is a large collection of correspondence. Francois Michaux was the son of Andre Michaux. He was, like his father, a botanist. Francois also was an active member of the APS. Michaux regularly corresponded with peers in Europe, and this collection captures the conveyance of news, information, and knowledge across the Atlantic. As an active member of the APS and other institutions, Michaux's correspondence also lends insight into the establishment and operation of many scientific institutions. The vast majority of the collection consists of outgoing correspondence from Michaux; his primary correspondent was John Vaughan of the APS. The correspondence is almost exclusively in French. Later documents reflect the APS's continued interest in silviculture, which was spurred by a bequest by Michaux. Included in this section is the APS's acquisition of books and involvement in forest preservation and development, including the planting and preservation of Michaux Grove in Fairmount Park.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M58.1 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Science and technology 
 Genre:  Foreign Language | General Correspondence | Institutional Records | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Forests and forestry -- United States. 
 Author:  Moore, Ira.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ira Moore papers, 1848-1856     
 Dates:  1848-1856 
 Abstract:  This assortment of letters and other material primarily discuss the social life of Ira Moore, a nineteenth century teacher and surveyor. Letters discuss his circle of friends and family in Massachusetts, Maine, and Connecticut. Many of the letters were written by Moore from southeastern Massachusetts. Also included are various notes and receipts. There is some record of his time at Yale included in the documents, including a ticket to attend "The Burial of Euclid."

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M79 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Schools -- Connecticut. | Schools -- Maine. | Schools -- Massachusetts. 
 Author:  Morris, Anthony,1766-1860.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Anthony Morris papers, ca. 1690-1830     
 Dates:  Circa 1690-1830 
 Abstract:  The Anthony Morris Collection is a miscellaneous collection of materials relating to the life of this Philadelphia businessman. The type of material includes some correspondence, many receipts, various business records, and a few deeds, one of which dates to 1681. Most of the documents come from early to mid nineteenth century. There is a particularly large collection of Anthony Morris's correspondence, dating mostly to the early nineteenth century. There are also architectural drawings of a Fellenberg Institution, a school that would use the educational techniques created by a Swiss educator. The Institution was proposed to be built on Morris' property. Morris, born in 1766 and dying in 1860, was from a prominent Philadelphia family and served as a merchant and legislator.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M836 
 Extent:  1 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Education | Trade 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Educational Material | General Correspondence | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Agricultural colleges -- Pennsylvania. 
 Author:  Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851Requires cookie*
 Title:  Samuel George Morton Papers     
 Dates:  1819-1850 
 Abstract:  The Samuel George Morton Collection provides a window into the life of this nineteenth century scientist, explorer, and natural historian. The collection holds a wide-range of materials, and the correspondence touches on many different subjects. The entry in MOLE contains an item level accounting of the collection and its contents. The collection begins in the 1820s, when Morton is just beginning his career and continues through to the 1840s. Letters touch on topics, such as the treatment of Native Americans, Indian burial grounds, discoveries of fossilized remains, and medical education. Material on the Wilkes Expedition and especially on Morton's early medical career is covered in depth. One letter contains a request from General Lafayette for a skull of an Indian for his own scientific collection. Most of the letters are to Morton and contain results of experiments or observations from travel and exploration. Additionally, the Diary to the West Indies form 1834 offers insight into the culture of the islands. Morton's own involvement in the scientific racism is prominent in much of his later writing. Included in the collection are sketches of his "craniometrical drawings," which were used by pro-slavery advocates.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M843 
 Extent:  2.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Exploration. | International Travel | Travel 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Archaeology | Aymara Indians | Botany | Craniology. | Craniometry | Education | Egyptology. | Geology | Indians of North America -- Kentucky | Indians of North America -- Massachusetts | Indians of North America -- Mississippi | Indians of North America -- Ohio | Indians of North America -- Physical characteristics | Indians of North America -- Rhode Island | Indians of North America -- Tennessee | Indians of South America -- Peru | Indians of South America -- Physical characteristics | Medicine | Mineralogy | Miscegenation | Natural history | Naumkeag Indians | Ornithology | Paleontology | Pentland, Joseph Barclay | Phrenology | Race | Race, race relations, racism | Science and technology | Skull. | Slavery -- Barbados | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842) 
 Author:  Muhlenberg family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Muhlenberg family papers, 1769-1866     
 Dates:  1769-1866 
 Abstract:  The collection contains miscellaneous papers from this prominent Pennsylvania family. Some of the material is in German. Included in the collection are diplomas and various certificates of family members, including Peter Muhlenberg's original certificate of membership in the Society of the Cincinnati. There is a significant amount of correspondence from Christian Dencke to the Muhlenbergs in 1798-1799, a period when he was setting up a mission to Indians in Ontario. The letters, in German and Latin, seem to discuss natural history.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M891 
 Extent:  4.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Military History | Native America | Natural history | Pennsylvania History | Religion 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | Foreign Language | General Correspondence | Military Records | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Agriculture -- United States. | Barns. | Botany | Delaware Indians | Fungi. | Grasses. | Herbaria. | Lichens. | Lutheran Church -- Clergy. | Meteorology - Observations | Natural history. | Plants. | Shrubs. | Trees. | Zoology -- Vermont. 
 Author:  Neagle, John, 1796-1865Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Neagle Papers     
 Dates:  1817-1865 
 Abstract:  The John Neagle Papers provides a window into the world and the work of this nineteenth century portrait painter. The collection contains many insights on how Neagle approached his craft. It begins with an interesting notebook he kept on the history of painting. This volume is dated 1817. It traces the history of art from Etruria to the present. He discusses renaissance artists in some depth, such as Michelangelo and Raphael. He also discusses modern artistic training, mentioning the types of study done in Rome and France. Other notebooks contain essays Neagle wrote on art and artists, such as "hints for a painter." His notebook "Lessons on Landscape Painting" include a few watercolors that appear to be copies of landscape work done by Thomas Sully.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.N125.p 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Literature, Arts, and Culture 
 Genre:  Art | Autobiography | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays | Notebooks | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Artists -- Pennsylvania | Artists' materials | Landscape painting | Painting -- Study and teaching | Whist 
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