Resources in Early American History
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Abolition, emancipation, freedom (3)
Africa (1)
Agriculture -- United States. (1)
Architecture -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Arctic Indians (1)
Arctic regions-Pictorial works (1)
Art -- United States. (1)
Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Bees. (1)
Business and politics -- Pennsylvania. (1)
China -- Foreign relations -- United States (1)
Civil engineering -- United States. (1)
Colonization, repatriation (1)
Commerce. (1)
Craven Street Gazette (1)
Delaware Indians (1)
Drawing. (1)
Electricity -- Early works to 1800 (1)
Engineering. (1)
Exploration (1)
Explorers -- United States (1)
Gardening -- United States. (1)
Genealogy. (1)
Geometry -- Study and teaching (1)
Great Britain -- Social life and customs -- 18th century (1)
Grinnell Expedition, 1st, 1850-1851 (1)
Grinnell Expedition, 2d, 1853-1855 (1)
Hospitals -- Pennsylvania (1)
Indians of North America (1)
Indians of North America -- Nunavut (1)
Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania (1)
Insurance agents -- United States. (1)
Inuit -- Canada (1)
Inuit -- Greenland (1)
Inuit -- Nunavut -- Baffin Island (1)
Jackson, Andrew -- 1767-1845 -- Correspondence. (1)
Lancaster County (Pa.) -- History (1)
Land speculation (1)
Landscape -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Locomotives. (1)
Medical publishing -- United States -- 19th century. (1)
Medical publishing -- United States. (1)
Medicine -- Practice -- Pennsylvania (1)
Medicine -- Societies, etc. (1)
Medicine -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania (1)
Medicine -- United States -- 19th century. (1)
Medicine -- United States. (1)
Medicine, Military. (1)
Medicine. (1)
Meteorology -- Arctic Regions (1)
 Author:  Bancker familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Charles Nicoll Bancker family papers, 1733-1894     
 Dates:  1733-1894 
 Abstract:  This extensive collection (13 boxes) contains a range of correspondence, although the bulk of it relates to Charles Nicoll Bancker, a prominent Philadelphia businessman in the 1800s. The letters provide a picture of the family life and business career of Bancker from his earliest beginnings to his success later in life. Aside from the Charles Bancker portion of the collection, the holdings contain a wide variety of other documents, ranging from colonial era documents written in Dutch in Albany to letters from James Madison to Thomas Jefferson from the nineteenth century on religious education.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B22.c 
 Extent:  3.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Antebellum Politics | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Early National Politics | Education | Land and Speculation | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Trade | Travel | Women's History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Insurance agents -- United States. 
 Author:  Day, Sherman,1806-1884.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ephraim Dyer IV Collection, ca. 1842, of the sketches of Sherman Day     
 Dates:  Circa 1842 
 Abstract:  This collection contains the proofs of images for Historical Collections of the State of Pennsylvania. The book is over 700 pages long with more than 200 images. The book and images capture Pennsylvania life past and present and can provide insight into the customs of the period. Days' engravings provide detailed images of towns and areas of Pennsylvania circa 1840. Some of the over 250 images included in this collection are: Pittsburgh with steamboats traveling up the rivers and smoke spouting in the sky from factories, a redoubt at Fort Pitt, a vista of Reading, mines in western Pennsylvania, Native American engravings found on a rock, the public squares at Chambersburg, Lancaster and Erie, and Ephrata's houses.

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 Call #:  Mss.917.48.D33 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Literature, Arts, and Culture | Pennsylvania History | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Art | General Correspondence | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Architecture -- Pennsylvania. | Delaware Indians | Indians of North America -- Pennsylvania | Landscape -- Pennsylvania. | Seneca Indians 
 Author:  Duane familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Duane Family Collection     
 Dates:  1764-1933 
 Abstract:  The Duane Family Collection is a rich and diverse collection that includes papers from numerous prominent citizens from the colonial era to the antebellum period. The bulk of the collection is from 1800-1840. These letters often touch on political affairs as they relate to Duane's editorship of the Aurora. Also of particular note, the collection contains a series of letters on early national politics with some significant presidential correspondence. There are also family letters between William John Duane's son, also named William Duane, and his sisters Mary and Sarah Duane that discusses social events, courtship, and gossip about individuals, including details on the deaths of two of Duane's friends in a duel. Some of the early documents (before 1800) include records of Duane's newspaper business in India, where he operated in the 1790s as a dissenting voice against the East India Company's policies.

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 Call #:  Mss.SMs.Coll.2 
 Extent:  2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | Printing and Publishing | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Jackson, Andrew -- 1767-1845 -- Correspondence. | Newspapers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Presidents -- United States -- Correspondence. 
 Author:  Fisher family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Fisher family papers, 1797-1825     
 Dates:  1797-1825 
 Abstract:  This collection houses an assortment of papers relating to the Fisher family of Philadelphia. Miers Fisher was a prominent Philadelphia lawyer. Assorted papers of his two sons are also included. Samuel Fisher was a merchant in Philadelphia and his brother, Miers Jr., was a merchant in Russia. This collection captures the breadth of this prominent family's social and economic connections.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F530-F532 
 Extent:  1 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | International Affairs | International Trade. | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Social Life and Custom | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Meteorological Data | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Meteorology -- Observations -- Europe. 
 Author:  Fox familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Fox Family papers, ca. 1690-1915     
 Dates:  1690-1915 
 Abstract:  This collection contains information on the prominent Philadelphian Fox family with a large portion of the collection focusing on the family's land holdings and business dealings. George Fox was a close friend of William Temple Franklin, who bequeathed to Fox his grandfather's papers. George Fox was a doctor educated at the University of Pennsylvania. His brother Samuel was a businessman. Samuel's son Charles became a doctor. The collection reflects various papers relating to the lives and careers of these three men.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F832f 
 Extent:  2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Education | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Law | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Medicine | Pennsylvania History | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Commonplace Book | Diaries | Educational Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Author:  Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Franklin Papers, 1642-1841     
 Dates:  1642-1841 
 Abstract:  The Papers of Benjamin Franklin are a rich source as varied and expansive as Dr. Franklin's storied life. The Collection has been calendared, catalogued, and much of it is transcribed in printed volumes and online at www.franklinpapers.org.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F85 
 Extent:  85.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | Government Affairs | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Printing and Publishing | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Printed Material | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Electricity -- Early works to 1800 | Postal service -- United States | Printers -- Pennsylvania | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform 
 Author:  Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Requires cookie*
 Title:  James S. and Frances M. Bradford Collection     
 Dates:  1749-1898 
 Abstract:  The Bradford Collection contains a signficant portion of Franklin correspondence. It includes a miscellany of Franklin writings that includes things like vocabularies and a mock newspaper he composed in 1774. The bulk of the collection contains correspondence Franklin had with the Stevenson and Hewson families, especially with Polly Stevenson Hewson.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F85.bra 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | International Affairs | Marriage and Family Life | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Craven Street Gazette | Great Britain -- Social life and customs -- 18th century 
 Author:  Hays, Isaac,1796-1879.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Isaac and I. Minis Hays papers     
 Dates:  Circa 1820-1925 
 Abstract:  Isaac Hays was a Philadelphia ophthalmologist who was also deeply involved in natural history. The Isaac Hays material has two discreet sections: a volume of correspondence for 1824-1855 and a collection of loose manuscripts. The first part of the collection is a bound volume that contains the correspondence Hays carried on with other prominent naturalists in the nineteenth century from 1824–1855, although the bulk come from the 1820s and early 1830s. Prominent correspondents in this series include Charles Lucien Bonaparte, George Ord, Thomas Say, and Charles Lesueur. All of the correspondence is incoming, addressed to Hays. Occasionally the correspondence involves commentary on other current events in addition to the obvious scientific nature of the correspondence. A letter from Bonaparte, for instance, discusses the rivalry between the Philadelphia and New York orchestras. The Ord correspondence, written mostly from Europe, makes reference to Audubon, Ord's ornithological rival, and scientific publications and thought prominent in Europe. The Say correspondence, written from New Harmony, also provides insight on that utopian experiment and his relationship with Lesueur, who also settled in New Harmony. There are only a few Lesueur letters, all of which are in French and written from New Harmony.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H334 
 Extent:  1.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Natural history | Science and technology | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Data 
 Subjects:  Medical publishing -- United States -- 19th century. | Medical publishing -- United States. | Medicine -- Societies, etc. | Medicine -- United States -- 19th century. | Medicine -- United States. | Natural history. | Paleontology. 
 Author:  Hewson family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Hewson family papers, 1767-1836     
 Dates:  1767-1836 
 Abstract:  The Hewson's were close to the Franklin family. Mary Stevenson Hewson was Franklin's landlady when he was in London, and they maintained a correspondence throughout their lives. This collection contains some of the family correspondence. Most are not originals, which are in private hands. The original manuscripts are primarily letters to and from Mary Stevenson Hewson. Of note is a poem/prayer written by Mary Stevenson Hewson. The MOLE record is very detailed, but the record does not mention records of a controversy Benjamin Franklin had with Dr. William Hunter that are part of this collection.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H492.h, .br, .b1, .b 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Marriage and Family Life | Social Life and Custom | Women's History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Medicine. 
 Author:  Moore, Ira.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Ira Moore papers, 1848-1856     
 Dates:  1848-1856 
 Abstract:  This assortment of letters and other material primarily discuss the social life of Ira Moore, a nineteenth century teacher and surveyor. Letters discuss his circle of friends and family in Massachusetts, Maine, and Connecticut. Many of the letters were written by Moore from southeastern Massachusetts. Also included are various notes and receipts. There is some record of his time at Yale included in the documents, including a ticket to attend "The Burial of Euclid."

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M79 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Schools -- Connecticut. | Schools -- Maine. | Schools -- Massachusetts. 
 Author:  Peale-Sellers families.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peale-Sellers Family Collection, 1686-1963     
 Dates:  1686-1963 
 Abstract:  The Peale-Sellers Collection is an extensive collection that contains various records of the extended Peale family. MOLE contains an extensive inventory.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P31 
 Extent:  19 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Art -- United States. | Civil engineering -- United States. | Drawing. | Engineering. | Locomotives. | Medicine, Military. | Natural history. | Portraits, American. | Technology. | Washington, George, 1732-1799 
 Author:  Pemberton, Israel, 1715-1779Requires cookie*
 Title:  Israel Pemberton, Letterbook D, 1744-1747     
 Dates:  1744-1747 
 Abstract:  The Israel Pemberton Letter book contains a range of data on Philadelphia shipping and trade. Pemberton was a merchant who had connections to Samuel Coates (Mss.B.C632 , Mss.C.632.1d , Mss.B.C632.1). These records precede Coates and pertain to trade in Philadelphia during the 1740s. They show a merchant with strong ties throughout the Atlantic World. His letters discuss a range of business matters, such as prices of commodities, costs of insurance, and general trade environment. Pemberton's letters discuss intercolonial trade with Maryland and Virginia (tobacco in particular), while others with matters in Europe and the Caribbean (sugar, rum, bar iron), reflecting his various trading interests. In addition to the business correspondence, Pemberton's letters occasionally discuss more quotidian matters, describing events in Philadelphia and relaying news he hears from abroad and on very rare occasions his family affairs.

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 Call #:  Mss.380.P36 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | International Trade. | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Trade 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Commerce. 
 Author:  Shippen, EdwardRequires cookie*
 Title:  Edward Shippen letters and papers, 1727-1781     
 Dates:  1727-1781 
 Abstract:  The Edward Shippen Collection is composed of two discrete sections: two boxes of manuscripts and ten letter books. What follows is an overview of some of the most notable documents and themes in the correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sh62 
 Extent:  10 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Education | International Travel | Marriage and Family Life | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Seven Years' War | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps | Trade | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Military Records | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Business and politics -- Pennsylvania. | Military supplies. | Real property -- Pennsylvania. 
 Author:  Shippen, Joseph,1732-1810.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Joseph Shippen letterbook, 1763-1773     
 Dates:  1763-1773 
 Abstract:  The Joseph Shippen letterbooks consist of Shippen's outgoing correspondence from 1763-1773. Shippen was active during the Seven Years' War and a prominent official in the colonial government before the American Revolution. His letters touch on a wide range of important events happening within the colony in the years preceding the American Revolution.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sh62.j 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  African American | Colonial Politics | Pennsylvania History | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Indians of North America 
 Author:  Vaughan ClubRequires cookie*
 Title:  Vaughan Club papers, 1838-1841.     
 Dates:  1838-1841 
 Abstract:  The Papers of the Vaughan Club (1828-1841) are various records of this informal social club at the APS. There are copies of correspondence among members, songs that were sung at meetings, and menus and other items from their gatherings.

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 Call #:  Mss.Temp5.Misc Ms 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Institutional Records 
 Author:  Vaux, George, V, 1721-1803Requires cookie*
 Title:  Vaux Family Papers, 1690-1996     
 Dates:  1690-1996 
 Abstract:  The George Vaux Papers is a massive collection which is focused on the business and financial interests of a prominent Philadelphia family. What follows is a list of some of the more notable parts of this expansive collection: - Correspondence: There is a massive amount of correspondence, much of which is personal and familial in nature. Nonetheless, the letters often discuss politics, current affairs, and society. The earliest records date to 1701, although the great bulk are focused on the revolutionary era to the first quarter of the nineteenth century. - Almanacs, 1790-1870: The collection contains a large collection of small pocket almanacs from Philadelphia. Some of the earliest ones contain records of financial transactions and diaries. - Charles Thomson Correspondence: The collection has a series of letters from Charles Thomson, the Secretary of the Continental Congress. These letters are from the 1780s, after Thomson had largely retired from the political arena. - Legal and Estate Documents: This portion of the collection is extensive and difficult to summarize. The family owned a huge amount of property throughout the state. These papers contain deeds, information on rents, surveys of land, and other transactions. Moreover, the Vaux family had ties through marriage and friendship to other prominent families, and some of their estate business is included in this collection. Among the notable papers are documents pertaining to John and Sally Norris Dickinson's properties and the estates of the Emlens and the Sansoms. One document complements the Jane Aitken Collection, as it has an accounting of the Bible that she printed. - Travel Accounts: Most notably, George Vaux VII made a trip to "Indian Country" in 1802-1803. He wrote numerous letters home and kept a small and incomplete travel journal. - Philadelphia City Affairs: The Vaux were active in civic life. The collection contains information on city improvements, with specific letters and records relating to the water supply. The collection has letters that discuss building the Water Works, records of a Committee on the Sewers, and an agreement between the city and Peale's Museum. - Business Affairs: The record of the Vaux's diverse business interests is contained in this collection. In addition to their land holdings, the Vaux's were very active in internal improvements, with records from numerous navigation companies held in the collection. The Vaux's were also involved in mining and mineralogy, including Pennsylvania's oil lands, which is also reflected in the content of this collection. Finally, there are partial records of some prominent Philadelphia institutions, such as the Bank of Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia Contributorship. - Native American Documents - In addition to George Vaux's travels into Indian Country, there are extracts from Indian Treaties and some records of the Friendly Association in this collection.

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 Call #:  Mss.Ms.Coll.73 
 Extent:  150 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | American Revolution | Antebellum Politics | Early National Politics | Marriage and Family Life | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Institutional Records | Legal Records | Maps and Surveys 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Genealogy. | Land speculation | Mineralogy. | Quaker businesspeople | Quakers -- Missions. | Seneca Indians | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | Yellow fever. 
 Author:  Wistar family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Eastwick Collection, 1746-1929     
 Dates:  1746-1929 
 Abstract:  This large and rich collection contains a range of documents including travel journals, diaries, business records, and personal correspondence. The largest portion of the collection is of correspondence among members of the extended Wister family and their network of friends in the early nineteenth century, which provides insight into early nineteenth century Germantown and Philadelphia culture and society. These often long letters lend insight into all aspect of nineteenth century life, including politics, courtship, friendship, family, and manners. Poetry of Elizabeth, Sarah, and Charles Wister is included, as are daybooks and journals of Sarah.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.811.Ea7 
 Extent:  3.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Land and Speculation | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps | Women's History 
 Genre:  Diaries | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Literature | Maps and Surveys | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Agriculture -- United States. | Bees. | Gardening -- United States. 
 Author:  Yeates, JasperRequires cookie*
 Title:  Jasper Yeates Papers     
 Dates:  1738-1910 
 Abstract:  The Jasper Yeates Collection contains a range of documents from this prominent Pennsylvania lawyer and judge, most of which are from the early republic. Because the collection is new to the APS, the MOLE entry contains an item level catalogue of the collection's content. Yeates was active during the American Revolution as a leader of opposition to Great Britain in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. After the Revolution, he became an Associate Justice on the State Supreme Court. He was also related through marriage to the Shippen and Burd families. This collection contains personal letters written between Jasper and his wife Sally. There are also legal records and court proceedings. Within these documents, there is an account of a slave insurrection in Lancaster County during the American Revoltuion.

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 Call #:  Mss.Ms.Coll.151 
 Extent:  3 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Law | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Legal Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Lancaster County (Pa.) -- History | Pennsylvania -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 | Pennsylvania Supreme Court | Slavery -- Pennsylvania. | United States -- History -- French and Indian War, 1755-1763 
 Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  John Pershouse correspondence and papers, 1749-1899     
 Dates:  1749-1899 
 Abstract:  This collection contains five volumes of data relating to John Pershouse and his family. The collection contains two volumes of genealogical data from the later eighteenth century; the remaining three volumes all date to the early republic and consist of a travel journal and two letter books thought to belong to his nephew Henry. Of particular interest are the letters from Pershouse in Philadelphia to his brother in England. His letters often discuss many of the major political and social events happening in the early republic. He discusses immigration, Jefferson's administration, and the culture of Philadelphia during this period.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P43 
 Extent:  5 volumes;_62_items. 
 Topics:  Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | International Travel | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals