Resources in Early American History
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Abolitionists. (1)
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 Author:  Barton, Benjamin Smith, 1766-1815Requires cookie*
 Title:  Violetta Delafield-Benjamin Smith Barton Collection     
 Dates:  1783-1817 
 Abstract:  The extensive Benjamin Smith Barton collection contains six sections: Correspondence, Bound Volumes (including notebooks), Subject Files, and Graphic Materials. The material includes numerous images, sketches, notes, printed material, and other correspondence. The collection also has numerous copper plates that were used to print images drawn by Barton. Although a collection this large touches on a variety of interesting and important subjects, the collection's strength is its wealth of data on nineteenth century medical, botanical, and Native American studies.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B284d 
 Extent:  10 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Education | Language and Linguistics | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Medicine | Native America | Natural history | Printing and Publishing | Science and technology | Travel 
 Genre:  Art | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Language Material | Notebooks | Political Correspondence | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Bartram's Garden (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Botanists | Botany -- Study and teaching -- 19th century | Botany -- Virginia | Chemistry -- 18th century | Cherokee Indians | Cherokee language | Choctaw Indians | Dysentery. | Electricity -- 18th century | Ethnobotany | Geology -- 18th century | Gout | Indians of North America | Indians of North America -- Agriculture | Indians of North America -- Languages | Kaigana Indians | Kaskaskia Indians | Mammals -- Classification | Mandan Indians | Mastodons | Materia medica | Medicine -- Practice -- 18th century | Medicine -- Study and teaching -- 18th century | Meteorology -- United States -- 18th century | Meteors | Mineralogy | Natural history -- 18th century | Natural history -- 19th century | Osage language | Physicians -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Physics | Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 | Seminole Indians | Seneca Indians | Tuscarora Indians | University of Pennsylvania -- Faculty | Venereal disease | Yellow fever | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- 1793 | Zoology -- 18th century 
 Author:  Carson, Joseph, 1808-1876Requires cookie*
 Title:  Joseph Carson papers, 1810-1877     
 Dates:  1810-1877 
 Abstract:  The APS collection of Joseph Carson's letters is relatively small, especially for the purposes of this guide. Joseph Carson was a Philadelphia born and educated physician who spent time serving as a ship's physician. The collection has six documents from before 1850. They range from letters to receipts to notes from a lecture. Of particular significance is a very long letter Carson wrote from Calcultta in 1830 to Samuel Grant, an associate in the U.S.. Carson had been asked to carry a bill of exchange for Grant, which he had some difficulty disposing of because Grant's credit was not well-known, and to purchase goods on Grant's behalf for sale in the U.S.. Carson details the process and availability of goods in India, and the reasons for his decision to purchase silk and indigo for Grant. Carson then goes on to describe his experience on the trip, stating that he "played the part of merchant and doctor."

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C239 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Education | Medicine | Trade 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Educational Material | General Correspondence | Notebooks 
 Subjects:  Botany. | Medical publishing | Medicine -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. 
 Author:  Correia da Serra, José Francisco, 1750-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  Note nécrologique sur le Docteur Wistar, 1818     
 Dates:  1818 
 Abstract:  This small bound volume contains a range of information on Caspar Wistar's life. There is a French essay on Wistar, a 47-page printed eulogy published by the APS, various newspaper clippings, and letters from others, all commemorating Wistar's life. A range of significant moments in Wistar's life are discussed, such as the yellow fever epidemic, scientific pursuits and friends, and his career as a professor at the University of Pennsylvania

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 Call #:  Mss.B.W76c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Medicine | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays | Printed Material 
 Subjects:  Physicians 
 Author:  Fothergill, A.(Anthony),1732?-Requires cookie*
 Title:  A.(Anthony) Fothergill letterbook, 1789-1813 (bulk)     
 Dates:  1789-1813 
 Abstract:  This letter book is primarily letters from Doctor Anthony Fothergill to his friend and fellow physician J. Woodforde. Most of the letters were written from Bath, England between 1790 and 1802 and deal with medical topics, although other current affairs are regularly mentioned and discussed. There are a few letters from 1809-1813 in which Fothergill writes from Philadelphia, where he had retired to. He left Philadelphia for England during the War of 1812.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F823 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  Medicine | Travel | War of 1812 
 Genre:  General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Diseases -- United States -- 19th century. | Medical education -- United States. | Medicine -- United States. | Prisoners -- Medical care -- England -- 19th century. | Prisons -- Sanitation -- England. 
 Author:  Fothergill, John, 1712-1780Requires cookie*
 Title:  John Fothergill letters, 1737-1778     
 Dates:  1737-1750 
 Abstract:  The John Fothergill Letters Collection, 1737-1778 (bulk 1737-1750), consists of fourteen copies of letters Fothergill wrote. Most of the letters are addressed to Charles Aston and most discuss medicine.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F82 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Medicine 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Botany. | Medicine. | Science. 
 Author:  Fox familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Fox Family papers, ca. 1690-1915     
 Dates:  1690-1915 
 Abstract:  This collection contains information on the prominent Philadelphian Fox family with a large portion of the collection focusing on the family's land holdings and business dealings. George Fox was a close friend of William Temple Franklin, who bequeathed to Fox his grandfather's papers. George Fox was a doctor educated at the University of Pennsylvania. His brother Samuel was a businessman. Samuel's son Charles became a doctor. The collection reflects various papers relating to the lives and careers of these three men.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F832f 
 Extent:  2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Education | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Law | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Medicine | Pennsylvania History | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps 
 Genre:  Commonplace Book | Diaries | Educational Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Author:  Hutchinson, James, 1752-1793Requires cookie*
 Title:  James Hutchinson papers, 1771-1928     
 Dates:  1771-1928 
 Abstract:  The James Hutchinson Papers detail this prominent Philadelphian's medical education and life. The collection includes records of Hutchinson's formal education, lectures he either attended or delivered, and his travels throughout London to advance his career. The documents from the American Revolution provide interesting commentary on events happening in Philadelphia and how the Revolution affected Quakers.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H97p 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Education | Marriage and Family Life | Medicine | Philadelphia History | Religion 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous 
 Subjects:  Medicine -- Study and teaching -- England -- London -- 18th century. | Medicine -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- 18th century. 
 Author:  LeConte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1883Requires cookie*
 Title:  John L. (John Lawrence) LeConte papers, 1812-1897     
 Dates:  1812-1897 
 Abstract:  Summary(s) of Collection: The John Lawrence LeConte Collection contains a vast array of material. John Lawrence LeConte, son of John Eatton LeConte, was a scientist whose interests, like his father's, were in natural history, especially entomology. Like his father, J.L. LeConte undertook many scientific expeditions, primarily to the Midwest region. He is known as the "father of American beetle study" because of his entomological work. With over 1,900 documents, the collection touches on a wide range of scientific topics and includes correspondence from many of the most prominent scientists and citizens of the day. The vast majority of the scientific discussions – indeed the vast majority of the collection in general – deals with entomology. The LeConte's were both active in many scientific institutions, many based in Philadelphia, and the history of these institutions can also be gleaned from some of their correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.L493 
 Extent:  7.7 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Education | Exploration. | Medicine | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous | Notebooks | Scientific Data | Sketchbooks 
 Subjects:  Entomology -- Europe. | Entomology -- United States. | Hospitals -- United States -- Civil War, 1861-1865. | Insects. | Medicine -- United States -- History -- 19th century. | Natural history -- United States. 
 Author:  Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Rush correspondence, 1759-1813     
 Dates:  1759-1813 
 Abstract:  This collection of Benjamin Rush Papers was compiled by Lyman Butterfield for his biography of Rush. The papers are photocopies of Rush's correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.R89p 
 Extent:  2.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Early National Politics | Medicine | Religion 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence | Research Records and Reports 
 Subjects:  Abolitionists. | African American churches | African Americans -- Religion | Medicine. | Slavery. | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. 
 Author:  Wistar, Caspar, 1761-1818Requires cookie*
 Title:  Caspar Wistar Papers     
 Dates:  1794-1817 
 Abstract:  This bound volume contains approximately forty-four content rich letters written to Caspar Wistar, a prominent Philadelphian and scientist. Wistar's wide-ranging scientific interests are captured in the broad content of these letters. Topics of discussion include APS business, distillation, fossils and skeletons, scientific expeditions, and various letters of introductions sent to Wistar. A significant number are written in French.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.W76 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  International Travel | Medicine | Natural history | Science and technology | Travel 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  American Philosophical Society | Botany | Medicine -- 19th century | Paleontology -- 19th century | Yellow fever