Resources in Early American History
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 Author:  Bache, A.D. (Alexander Dallas), 1806-1867Requires cookie*
 Title:  A. D. Bache Collection     
 Dates:  1833-1873 
 Abstract:  This collection consists of a wide-range of general correspondence to and from Alexander Dallas Bache from 1833-1865. The correspondence includes letters to many prominent scientists, such as Louis Agassiz, Maria Mitchell, and Charles Babbage. The content reflects the wide range of Bache's scientific activity and his extensive contacts. Topics range from cartography to lighthouses to education reform to phrenology.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B123 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Antebellum Politics | Early National Politics | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Cooper Union | Education | Geological Survey of the State of New Jersey | Geology | Girard College | Lighthouses | National Academy of Sciences | Natural history | United States Coast Survey 
 Author:  Bancker familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Charles Nicoll Bancker family papers, 1733-1894     
 Dates:  1733-1894 
 Abstract:  This extensive collection (13 boxes) contains a range of correspondence, although the bulk of it relates to Charles Nicoll Bancker, a prominent Philadelphia businessman in the 1800s. The letters provide a picture of the family life and business career of Bancker from his earliest beginnings to his success later in life. Aside from the Charles Bancker portion of the collection, the holdings contain a wide variety of other documents, ranging from colonial era documents written in Dutch in Albany to letters from James Madison to Thomas Jefferson from the nineteenth century on religious education.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B22.c 
 Extent:  3.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Antebellum Politics | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Early National Politics | Education | Land and Speculation | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Trade | Travel | Women's History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Insurance agents -- United States. 
 Author:  Dawes, Elizabeth F.,collector.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Dawes Collection of Documents on American History     
 Dates:  1681-1921 
 Abstract:  This is a collection of miscellaneous documents from early America. The earliest documents come from the early 18th century and the latest from the Civil War era. The collection contains a few documents from the revolutionary period, most of which are official governments documents or deal with business transactions. There is one long letter from Robert McPherson, a member of the Pennsylvania Flying Camp, that describes his experience. Perhaps reflecting her ancestral home, the collection contains a small but notable collection of materials from South Carolina, including a very early letter from Francis Le Jau and letters from the Marquis de Lafayette about an expected trip to South Carolina. There are a significant number of documents from Pennsylvania, especially legal documents, from the early republic. The letters from Clement Biddle, a former revolutionary war soldier, also provide insight on early national Indian relations Finally, there are also some significant autographs collected, including a Massachusetts legal form with the signature of John Adams, a letter from James Madison to the Mississippi Territory around the time of the Louisiana Purchase, and letters from Civil War era figures like John Calhoun (a rich letter in which Calhoun discusses his views on tariffs and nullification), James Buchanan, and William Seward.

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 Call #:  Mss.973.D32 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Early National Politics | Native America | Pennsylvania History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Publishers and publishing. 
 Author:  Du Pont, Victor Marie, 1767-1827Requires cookie*
 Title:  Victor Marie Du Pont de Nemours correspondence, 1795-1797     
 Dates:  1795-1797 
 Abstract:  This collection contains photocopies of correspondence from Victor Marie Du Pont Nemours, the brother of the patriarch of the DuPont family. Victor was a French diplomat who immigrated to Delaware in the early nineteenth century and became involved in politics and the family business. The correspondence is primarily from Dupont. The originals are held at Longwood Library, now the Hagley Museum.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.D938v 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Early National Politics | International Affairs 
 Genre:  General Correspondence 
 Author:  Duane familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Duane Family Collection     
 Dates:  1764-1933 
 Abstract:  The Duane Family Collection is a rich and diverse collection that includes papers from numerous prominent citizens from the colonial era to the antebellum period. The bulk of the collection is from 1800-1840. These letters often touch on political affairs as they relate to Duane's editorship of the Aurora. Also of particular note, the collection contains a series of letters on early national politics with some significant presidential correspondence. There are also family letters between William John Duane's son, also named William Duane, and his sisters Mary and Sarah Duane that discusses social events, courtship, and gossip about individuals, including details on the deaths of two of Duane's friends in a duel. Some of the early documents (before 1800) include records of Duane's newspaper business in India, where he operated in the 1790s as a dissenting voice against the East India Company's policies.

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 Call #:  Mss.SMs.Coll.2 
 Extent:  2 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | Printing and Publishing | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Jackson, Andrew -- 1767-1845 -- Correspondence. | Newspapers -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Presidents -- United States -- Correspondence. 
 Author:  Feinstone, Sol,1888-1980,colleRequires cookie*
 Title:  The Sol Feinstone Collection of the American Revolution, ca. 1760s-1850s     
 Dates:  Circa 1760s-1850s 
 Abstract:  The Sol Feinstone Collection of the David Library contains a wide array of original documents relating especially to the American Revolution. The collection is particularly strong in military affairs and contains a variety of original letters from generals and prominent officers from both British and American forces. The collection has a notable number of items relating to George Washington and his family, including a deed from 1604 to Laurence Washington that contains an original seal from James I.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F327 
 Extent:  27 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Military History | Pennsylvania History 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Military Records | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence | Printed Material 
 Author:  Hare, Robert, 1781-1858Requires cookie*
 Title:  Robert Hare papers, 1764-1858     
 Dates:  1764-1858 
 Abstract:  The Robert Hare collection is a large, diverse, and rich collection. The collection contains essays, lectures, and letters to and from Robert Hare, the preeminent chemist in the United States during much of the nineteenth century. But as this collection shows, Hare was far more than a chemist. His essays and lectures touch on an array of topics, including discussions of democracy, currency, history, slavery, among others. The APS collection captures the sophistication of Hare's thought.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H22 
 Extent:  3 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Antebellum Politics | Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Education | Literature, Arts, and Culture 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Educational Material | General Correspondence | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Scientific Data | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | American Philosophical Society | Antislavery movements -- Pennsylvania | Banks and banking -- United States. | Blasting, Submarine | Blowpipe. | Capital punishment. | Chemical apparatus | Chemistry | Chemists -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Cyclones. | Electricity -- 19th century | Epidemics -- United States | Federalist Party -- Pennsylvania | Fire extinction | Guano | Mesmerism | Money | Paper money -- United States -- 19th century | Philadelphia (Pa.) -- Politics and government -- 19th century | Race, race relations, racism | Railroads | Religion | Rome (Italy) -- Antiquities | Science and technology | Slaughtering and slaughter-houses -- United States -- 19th century | Slavery -- Pennsylvania. | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Smithsonian Institution | Spiritualism -- Pennsylvania | Storms | Tornadoes | United States -- Politics and government -- 19th century 
 Author:  Hare-Willing family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Hare-Willing Family Papers     
 Dates:  1724-1965 
 Abstract:  This is a large and wide ranging collection on materials. The collection contains over 1300 individual items along with 53 bound volumes, which range from letter books to records of the First Colored Wesley Methodist Church. Letters to and from the various members of the extended Hare-Willing family compose the bulk of the loose correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.Ms.Coll.104 
 Extent:  52 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Education | International Travel | Law | Natural history | Philadelphia History | Religion | Science and technology | Travel | Women's History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Educational Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Institutional Records | Legal Records | Miscellaneous | Notebooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  African American churches -- United States | Banks and banking -- United States -- History -- 19th century. | Religion, religious organizations | Science -- United States -- 19th century. | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | Steam-engines. | Titantic (Steamship) | World War I | World War II 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825     
 Dates:  1775-1825 
 Abstract:  This is the primary collection of Thomas Jefferson Papers at the APS. The collection is rich and extensive. The collection is well-described and inventoried in MOLE. What follows below is a general summary of some of the more noteworthy pieces.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J35 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | Native America | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Boundaries, State. | Canals. | Chemistry | Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics. | Louisiana Purchase -- Enclopedias. | Plants. | Science -- United States -- 18th century. | Scientific apparatus and instruments. | Seeds. 
 Author:  Ord, George, 1781-1866Requires cookie*
 Title:  George Ord Collection     
 Dates:  1831-1864 
 Abstract:  The collection of George Ord correspondence is a relatively small but significant collection. Most of the letters are from George Ord to Charles Waterton, a British naturalist, and reflect their shared interest in natural history, especially ornithology. The letters deal with Ord's rivalry with Audubon. Many of Ord's letters question the accuracy of Audobon's work. Other letters touch on Alexander Wilson and on new techniques for capturing images of animal life, such as the use of the Daguerre process.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Or2 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Early National Politics | Exploration. | Natural history | Philadelphia History | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolitionists -- United States -- Attitudes | Animals -- Habits and behavior of | Audubon, John James, 1785-1851. Birds of America | Banks and banking -- United States. | Birds -- Study and teaching | Birds. | Cholic Acid | Church buildings -- Pennsylvania-Philadelphia | Cicada (Genus) | Columbidia | Cuckoos | Daguerreotypes | Dictionary of the English language. Johnson, Samuel, 1709-1784 | Dove | English language -- Dictionaries | Famines -- Ireland | France -- 19th century | Frogs -- United States | Frost -- Great Britain | Geese | Gold mines and mining -- California -- 19th century | Heatstroke | Immigrants -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Influenza -- United States | Irish -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia | Memorials -- Great Britain | Mercury | Mexican War, 1846-1848 | Monk, Maria, d. 1850 | Partridges | Peale, Charles Willson, 1741-1827 -- Art collections. | Potatoes | Railroads -- 19th century | Rattlesnake | Religion | Reptiles | Sea monsters | Secession -- Southern States | Skin -- Diseases-Treatment | Slaves -- Emancipation-America | Smoking -- Health aspects -- United States | Soap trade -- Pennsylvania | Steam-navigation -- Atlantic Ocean | Steamboat disasters | Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 1811-1896 Uncle Tom's Cabin. | Telegraph | United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842). | Wilkes, Charles, 1798-1872. Narrative of the United States exploring expedition. | Williams, Eleazer, 1787-1858 
 Author:  Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809Requires cookie*
 Title:  Colonel Richard Gimbel Collection of Thomas Paine Papers     
 Dates:  1692 - Circa 1921 
 Abstract:  The Thomas Paine Collection is a very rich and diverse collection. Much of the early material is from Paine to others. The later material contains significant documents that Richard Gimbel Collected from the early national period (after 1800) that do not involve Paine but may be of interest to researchers of that period. Included in the documents are notes on Common Sense, letters on courtship and love, the American Revolution, and letters relating to his time in France after the Revolution.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P165 
 Extent:  176 items 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Colonial Politics | Early National Politics | Engineering | International Affairs | Marriage and Family Life | Printing and Publishing | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Bridges -- 18th century | France -- Politics and government -- 1789-1815 | Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1789-1820 | Ireland -- Foreign relations | Lotteries -- New York (State) | New York (N.Y.) -- Description and travel -- 18th century | Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809 | Roofing, Slate | Schuylkill River Bridge | United States -- Politics and government -- Revolution, 1775-1783 
 Author:  Peale-Sellers families.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Peale-Sellers Family Collection, 1686-1963     
 Dates:  1686-1963 
 Abstract:  The Peale-Sellers Collection is an extensive collection that contains various records of the extended Peale family. MOLE contains an extensive inventory.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P31 
 Extent:  19 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Business and Skilled Trades | Early National Politics | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Art -- United States. | Civil engineering -- United States. | Drawing. | Engineering. | Locomotives. | Medicine, Military. | Natural history. | Portraits, American. | Technology. | Washington, George, 1732-1799 
 Author:  Price, Eli K. (Eli Kirk), 1797-1884Requires cookie*
 Title:  Eli K. (Eli Kirk) Price papers, 1820-1853     
 Dates:  1820-1853 
 Abstract:  Eli Price was a prominent Philadelphia lawyer who became a member of the APS in 1854. This small manuscript collection is primarily related to his legal career and financial dealings. Court records and other legal documents comprise much of the collection. There are other types of documents as well, including some correspondence about international trade, business, and politics. The most notable letters include one to Daniel Webster regarding patent applications, a series of letters on lobbying efforts to reduce the tariffs on teas coming from Asia, and an essay by Price on the "impolicy" of slavery that he delivered to the "association formed for the education of men of colour."

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P926 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Early National Politics | Education | International Trade. | Law 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Legal Records | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Commercial law -- United States. | Personal property. | Real property. 
 Author:  Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Rush correspondence, 1759-1813     
 Dates:  1759-1813 
 Abstract:  This collection of Benjamin Rush Papers was compiled by Lyman Butterfield for his biography of Rush. The papers are photocopies of Rush's correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.R89p 
 Extent:  2.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | Early National Politics | Medicine | Religion 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence | Research Records and Reports 
 Subjects:  Abolitionists. | African American churches | African Americans -- Religion | Medicine. | Slavery. | Yellow fever -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia. 
 Author:  Various authorsRequires cookie*
 Title:  Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983     
 Dates:  1668-1983 
 Abstract:  J. Stephen Catlett wrote of the Miscellaneous Manuscripts collection that "there is no other way to describe these manuscript letters, essays, and other papers that are contained presently in 49 boxes." Catlett then listed a random assortment of names of authors found in the collection. Each individual item was catalogued in the card catalogue, but his data has now been put online. Rather than try to replicate that data, this entry will focus on some of the main themes of the collection and some of the most notable documents.

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 Call #:  Mss.Ms.Coll.200 
 Extent:  25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Beyond Early America | Colonial Politics | Early National Politics | Natural history 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Miscellaneous | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Anishinaabe | Arctic Indians | Autopsy. | Cayuga Indians | Cytology. | Egyptians | Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 | Genetics. | History of science and technology. | History, Ancient. | Inuit -- Canada | Iroquois Indians | Isleta Indians | Micmac language | Mohawk Indians | Morgan, Thomas Hunt | Mythology, Egyptian. | Ojibwa Indians | Ojibwa Indians -- Folklore | Ojibwa language | Ojibwe people | Oneida Indians | Onondaga Indians | Ottawa language | Penobscot Indians | Physics -- History. | Sacco-Vanzetti case | Scientific apparatus and instruments. | Seneca Indians | Southwest Indians | Tuscarora Indians | Tyrrhenians | United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 | United States Exploring Expedition (1838-1842) | Women -- Education | World War, 1939-1945 
 Author:  Vaughan, Benjamin, 1751-1835Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Vaughan Papers     
 Dates:  1746-1900 
 Abstract:  The Benjamin Vaughan Papers contain an extensive amount of correspondence and other documents. MOLE contains a detailed inventory of its holdings. Vaughan was a prominent figure in the revolutionary Atlantic. This large collection captures the complex and high profile life Benjamin led. He was born in the Caribbean but grew up in London. He became a friend of Franklin and his circle in London in the 1770s. During the War for Independence, he served as an emissary to the peace negotiations between the U.S. and British. He then spent a few years in Switzerland before emigrating to the United States with his wife. They settled in Maine, where Vaughan dabbled in speculation, farming, and other pursuits. His brother John became active in the American Philosophical Society.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.V46p 
 Extent:  13.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Beyond Early America | Colonial Politics | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Land and Speculation | Science and technology 
 Genre:  Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys 
 Subjects:  Agriculture | Animal magnetism. | Architecture | Astronomy | Bowdoin College | Breeding. | Diplomacy. | Diseases | Dueling. | Electricity | Genealogies | Hallowell (Me.) | Manufactures | Medicine | Mesmerism | Meteorology | Notes | Plantations | Punctuation | Religion | Silk industry. | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Taxation | Unitarianism | United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 
 Author:  Vaux, George, V, 1721-1803Requires cookie*
 Title:  Vaux Family Papers, 1690-1996     
 Dates:  1690-1996 
 Abstract:  The George Vaux Papers is a massive collection which is focused on the business and financial interests of a prominent Philadelphia family. What follows is a list of some of the more notable parts of this expansive collection: - Correspondence: There is a massive amount of correspondence, much of which is personal and familial in nature. Nonetheless, the letters often discuss politics, current affairs, and society. The earliest records date to 1701, although the great bulk are focused on the revolutionary era to the first quarter of the nineteenth century. - Almanacs, 1790-1870: The collection contains a large collection of small pocket almanacs from Philadelphia. Some of the earliest ones contain records of financial transactions and diaries. - Charles Thomson Correspondence: The collection has a series of letters from Charles Thomson, the Secretary of the Continental Congress. These letters are from the 1780s, after Thomson had largely retired from the political arena. - Legal and Estate Documents: This portion of the collection is extensive and difficult to summarize. The family owned a huge amount of property throughout the state. These papers contain deeds, information on rents, surveys of land, and other transactions. Moreover, the Vaux family had ties through marriage and friendship to other prominent families, and some of their estate business is included in this collection. Among the notable papers are documents pertaining to John and Sally Norris Dickinson's properties and the estates of the Emlens and the Sansoms. One document complements the Jane Aitken Collection, as it has an accounting of the Bible that she printed. - Travel Accounts: Most notably, George Vaux VII made a trip to "Indian Country" in 1802-1803. He wrote numerous letters home and kept a small and incomplete travel journal. - Philadelphia City Affairs: The Vaux were active in civic life. The collection contains information on city improvements, with specific letters and records relating to the water supply. The collection has letters that discuss building the Water Works, records of a Committee on the Sewers, and an agreement between the city and Peale's Museum. - Business Affairs: The record of the Vaux's diverse business interests is contained in this collection. In addition to their land holdings, the Vaux's were very active in internal improvements, with records from numerous navigation companies held in the collection. The Vaux's were also involved in mining and mineralogy, including Pennsylvania's oil lands, which is also reflected in the content of this collection. Finally, there are partial records of some prominent Philadelphia institutions, such as the Bank of Pennsylvania and the Philadelphia Contributorship. - Native American Documents - In addition to George Vaux's travels into Indian Country, there are extracts from Indian Treaties and some records of the Friendly Association in this collection.

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 Call #:  Mss.Ms.Coll.73 
 Extent:  150 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  African American | American Revolution | Antebellum Politics | Early National Politics | Marriage and Family Life | Native America | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Institutional Records | Legal Records | Maps and Surveys 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Genealogy. | Land speculation | Mineralogy. | Quaker businesspeople | Quakers -- Missions. | Seneca Indians | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | Yellow fever. 
 Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  John Pershouse correspondence and papers, 1749-1899     
 Dates:  1749-1899 
 Abstract:  This collection contains five volumes of data relating to John Pershouse and his family. The collection contains two volumes of genealogical data from the later eighteenth century; the remaining three volumes all date to the early republic and consist of a travel journal and two letter books thought to belong to his nephew Henry. Of particular interest are the letters from Pershouse in Philadelphia to his brother in England. His letters often discuss many of the major political and social events happening in the early republic. He discusses immigration, Jefferson's administration, and the culture of Philadelphia during this period.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P43 
 Extent:  5 volumes;_62_items. 
 Topics:  Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | International Travel | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Author:  unknownRequires cookie*
 Title:  Robert M. (Robert Maskell) Patterson papers, 1775-1853     
 Dates:  1775-1853 
 Abstract:  The Robert Patterson Collection contains a range of documents that touch on many different topics, although most have to do with science and engineering. The earliest documents relate to the Leiper Canal, including Rittenhouse's appraisal of it, and official documents relating to its creation. The largest portion of the documents is scientific correspondence to Robert Patterson, a member of the American Philosophical Society. Much of this correspondence is done under the cover of official APS business. Of particular note are a series of letters relating to nautical calculations that include complex equations used to determine longitude and latitude for nautical almanacs. There are also various lecture notes on natural philosophy, death, mathematics, engineering, and other subjects.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P274 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  Americans Abroad | Early National Politics | Education | Military History | Native America | Science and technology | War of 1812 
 Genre:  Educational Material | General Correspondence | Institutional Records | Notebooks | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Algebra. | Annuities. | Astronomy. | Canals. | Clocks and watches. | Coal. | Electricity. | Magnetism. | Mathematics. | Meteorology -- Observations. | Navigation (Astronautics) | Optics. | Physics. | Quarries and quarrying -- Pennsylvania. | Sound. | Time clocks.