Resources in Early American History
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Abolition, emancipation, freedom (3)
Agriculture (1)
Agriculture -- United States. (2)
American Philosophical Society (1)
American loyalists. (1)
Animal magnetism. (1)
Architecture (1)
Astronomy (1)
Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) (1)
Balloons -- Early works to 1800 (1)
Barns. (1)
Bees. (1)
Botany (1)
Boundaries, State. (1)
Bowdoin College (1)
Breeding. (1)
Bridges -- 18th century (1)
Bunker Hill, Battle of, 1775 (1)
Business and politics -- Pennsylvania. (1)
Canals. (1)
Chemistry (1)
Craven Street Gazette (1)
Delaware Indians (1)
Diplomacy. (1)
Diseases (1)
Dueling. (1)
Electricity (1)
Electricity -- Early works to 1800 (1)
Ethics -- Great Britain -- Early works to 1850 (1)
France -- History -- Revolution, 1789-1799 (1)
France -- Politics and government -- 1789-1815 (1)
Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 (1)
Fungi. (1)
Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787 (1)
Gardening -- United States. (1)
Genealogies (1)
Genealogy. (1)
Grasses. (1)
Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1760-1789 (1)
Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1789-1820 (1)
Great Britain -- Social life and customs -- 18th century (1)
Hallowell (Me.) (1)
Harvard College (1)
Herbaria. (1)
Howard, John, 1726-1790 (1)
Indians of North America -- Languages (1)
Inoculation (1)
Insurance agents -- United States. (1)
Ireland -- Foreign relations (1)
Italy -- Description and travel -- 18th century (1)
 Author:  Bache, Benjamin Franklin, 1769-1798Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Franklin Bache papers, 1779-1793     
 Dates:  1779-1793 
 Abstract:  The Benjamin Franklin Bache Collection is composed primarily of correspondence sent from B.F. Bache. The vast majority dates to his time in Europe during the American Revolution while a young child under the care of his grandfather, Benjamin Franklin, who was then serving as one of America's ambassadors to France. These letters consist of B.F. Bache writing from his school in Switzerland to his grandfather in Paris (often in French) and to his parents in America (in English). Most of the letters relay information on B.F.'s formal education and his experience learning the printing trade. The only letter dated after Bache's time in Europe is a personal letter mourning the loss of Benjamin Franklin that he wrote to his soon-to-be-wife, Margaret Markoe. The letter contains one of the most detailed accounts of Franklin's last days.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B122 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Diplomatic History | Education | Printing and Publishing 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Aurora (Philadelphia, Pa.) | Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, with the United States of America (1794 November 19) 
 Author:  Bancker familyRequires cookie*
 Title:  Charles Nicoll Bancker family papers, 1733-1894     
 Dates:  1733-1894 
 Abstract:  This extensive collection (13 boxes) contains a range of correspondence, although the bulk of it relates to Charles Nicoll Bancker, a prominent Philadelphia businessman in the 1800s. The letters provide a picture of the family life and business career of Bancker from his earliest beginnings to his success later in life. Aside from the Charles Bancker portion of the collection, the holdings contain a wide variety of other documents, ranging from colonial era documents written in Dutch in Albany to letters from James Madison to Thomas Jefferson from the nineteenth century on religious education.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.B22.c 
 Extent:  3.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Antebellum Politics | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Early National Politics | Education | Land and Speculation | Literature, Arts, and Culture | Marriage and Family Life | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Social Life and Custom | Trade | Travel | Women's History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Literature | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Sketchbooks | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Insurance agents -- United States. 
 Author:  Cadwalader, LambertRequires cookie*
 Title:  Lambert Cadwalader Papers     
 Dates:  1779-1798 
 Abstract:  This collection of letters, while tiny, is actually quite rich in content. Cadwalader wrote to Samuel Meredith, a politician and fellow Revolutionary War soldier, concerning the war, his real estate holdings in Philadelphia, and the local political climate. The seven items are dated from October 5, 1779 to March 9, 1798, during which Cadwalader served in the military, reentered politics, got married, and then retired from public service.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.C625.1 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Land and Speculation | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Inoculation | Smallpox | Taxation -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia 
 Author:  Dawes, Elizabeth F.,collector.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Dawes Collection of Documents on American History     
 Dates:  1681-1921 
 Abstract:  This is a collection of miscellaneous documents from early America. The earliest documents come from the early 18th century and the latest from the Civil War era. The collection contains a few documents from the revolutionary period, most of which are official governments documents or deal with business transactions. There is one long letter from Robert McPherson, a member of the Pennsylvania Flying Camp, that describes his experience. Perhaps reflecting her ancestral home, the collection contains a small but notable collection of materials from South Carolina, including a very early letter from Francis Le Jau and letters from the Marquis de Lafayette about an expected trip to South Carolina. There are a significant number of documents from Pennsylvania, especially legal documents, from the early republic. The letters from Clement Biddle, a former revolutionary war soldier, also provide insight on early national Indian relations Finally, there are also some significant autographs collected, including a Massachusetts legal form with the signature of John Adams, a letter from James Madison to the Mississippi Territory around the time of the Louisiana Purchase, and letters from Civil War era figures like John Calhoun (a rich letter in which Calhoun discusses his views on tariffs and nullification), James Buchanan, and William Seward.

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 Call #:  Mss.973.D32 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Early National Politics | Native America | Pennsylvania History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Subjects:  Publishers and publishing. 
 Author:  Feinstone, Sol,1888-1980,colleRequires cookie*
 Title:  The Sol Feinstone Collection of the American Revolution, ca. 1760s-1850s     
 Dates:  Circa 1760s-1850s 
 Abstract:  The Sol Feinstone Collection of the David Library contains a wide array of original documents relating especially to the American Revolution. The collection is particularly strong in military affairs and contains a variety of original letters from generals and prominent officers from both British and American forces. The collection has a notable number of items relating to George Washington and his family, including a deed from 1604 to Laurence Washington that contains an original seal from James I.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F327 
 Extent:  27 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Military History | Pennsylvania History 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Military Records | Miscellaneous | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence | Printed Material 
 Author:  Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Requires cookie*
 Title:  Benjamin Franklin Papers, 1642-1841     
 Dates:  1642-1841 
 Abstract:  The Papers of Benjamin Franklin are a rich source as varied and expansive as Dr. Franklin's storied life. The Collection has been calendared, catalogued, and much of it is transcribed in printed volumes and online at www.franklinpapers.org.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F85 
 Extent:  85.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | Government Affairs | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Printing and Publishing | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays | Political Correspondence | Printed Material | Scientific Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | Electricity -- Early works to 1800 | Postal service -- United States | Printers -- Pennsylvania | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform 
 Author:  Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790Requires cookie*
 Title:  James S. and Frances M. Bradford Collection     
 Dates:  1749-1898 
 Abstract:  The Bradford Collection contains a signficant portion of Franklin correspondence. It includes a miscellany of Franklin writings that includes things like vocabularies and a mock newspaper he composed in 1774. The bulk of the collection contains correspondence Franklin had with the Stevenson and Hewson families, especially with Polly Stevenson Hewson.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F85.bra 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | International Affairs | Marriage and Family Life | Social Life and Custom 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Craven Street Gazette | Great Britain -- Social life and customs -- 18th century 
 Author:  Franklin, William Temple, 1760-1823Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Temple Franklin Papers     
 Dates:  1775-1819 
 Abstract:  This is a large collection of William Temple Franklin papers, most of which were written while he was serving alongside his grandfather in France as the secretary of the American mission there. The bulk of the collection is correspondence written to William Temple Franklin during the American Revolution. Franklin had a wide network of friends and associates, and this correspondence captures the range of dealings Franklin had in France. As secretary, he received intelligence, requests, reports of military actions, especially those pertaining to naval actions in the Atlantic, and various other communications. As a private individual, Franklin had relations with many merchants, traders, and land speculators and continued to cultivate these relationships while in Europe. The Collection also includes a diary kept in an almanac for much of 1785, catalogued separately in MOLE.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F86 
 Extent:  4.75 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Diplomatic History | International Travel | Land and Speculation | Marriage and Family Life | Military History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Diplomatic Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Balloons -- Early works to 1800 | Mesmerism 
 Author:  Franklin, William, 1731-1813Requires cookie*
 Title:  William Franklin Papers     
 Dates:  1757-1813 
 Abstract:  This is a small but rich collection of William Franklin papers, most of which were written during the imperial crisis and American Revolution when Franklin served variously as royal governor of New Jersey and governor of occupied New York. The collection is a mix of official documents issued by William Franklin as governor and private correspondence with other prominent political officials, such as Joseph Galloway, speaker of colonial Pennsylvania's Assembly and a fellow loyalist. Among his private correspondence is a series of letters written to Thomas Wharton that touch upon the Franklin family's dealings in land speculation in Western Pennsylvania. William was involved in the New Jersey-based Burlington Land Company. There are also a few family letters William wrote to his son William Temple Franklin and Sarah Franklin Bache.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.F861 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Colonial Politics | Colony and State Specific History | International Affairs | Marriage and Family Life 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  American loyalists. | Land speculation 
 Author:  Hall, David, 1714-1772Requires cookie*
 Title:  David Hall papers, 1745-1822     
 Dates:  1745-1822 
 Abstract:  This collection consists of a range of materials related to the business history of David Hall, printer. The collection contains four outgoing letter books of David Hall to business correspondents (Xeroxed from a private collection), account books for the shop (Xeroxed from a private collection), and incoming correspondence, primarily from William Strahan (mostly originals). Hall's letter and account books provide a clear record of the print shop's business. The correspondence of William Strahan, which is the only original manuscript portion of the collection at the APS, is often long and detailed. The letters from Strahan touch on matters relating to family and friends, business, and politics. Strahan's letters occasionally discuss his business dealings in other colonies, and mention other printers such as James Rivington. Strahan almost always ends by giving Hall accounts of politics in London, which may have been used to disseminate news in the PA Gazette. These accounts also provide insight into the perceptions and beliefs of a prominent Londoner during the imperial crisis.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H142.1-3 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Business and Skilled Trades | International Affairs | Printing and Publishing 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Papermaking -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- 18th century. | Printing industry -- Accounting -- United States -- 18th century. 
 Author:  Hutchinson, James, 1752-1793Requires cookie*
 Title:  James Hutchinson papers, 1771-1928     
 Dates:  1771-1928 
 Abstract:  The James Hutchinson Papers detail this prominent Philadelphian's medical education and life. The collection includes records of Hutchinson's formal education, lectures he either attended or delivered, and his travels throughout London to advance his career. The documents from the American Revolution provide interesting commentary on events happening in Philadelphia and how the Revolution affected Quakers.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.H97p 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Education | Marriage and Family Life | Medicine | Philadelphia History | Religion 
 Genre:  Educational Material | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Miscellaneous 
 Subjects:  Medicine -- Study and teaching -- England -- London -- 18th century. | Medicine -- Study and teaching -- Pennsylvania -- Philadelphia -- 18th century. 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Jefferson, letters to and from various persons, 1791-1840     
 Dates:  1791-1840 
 Abstract:  This is a particularly rich collection of Thomas Jefferson's letters from his retirement years. The letters primarily cover the years 1813-1820s, although there are some from earlier. Most of the letters are outgoing, and L. H. Girardin is the primary recipient. The letters to Girardin often discuss Virginia's history and sometimes Jefferson's own recollections of events, including letters on Virginia during the American Revolution and a supposed attempt to create a dictatorship in Virginia in 1776. Some letters also convey information on contemporary events and offer a window into Jefferson's personal and family life. A few letters from 1791 discuss Jefferson's memory of Benjamin Franklin, including anecdotes of Franklin in France. One document is a draft of a profile of Baron Humboldt. A series of letters to Peter Du Ponceau discuss Thomas Jefferson's attempt to acquire a copy of William Byrd's "A Secret History of the Line" and, once acquired, his interpretation of it. Another portion discusses the journals of Lewis and Clark.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J35.Le 
 Extent:  63 item(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Exploration. | Native America | War of 1812 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Author:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Jefferson papers, 1775-1825     
 Dates:  1775-1825 
 Abstract:  This is the primary collection of Thomas Jefferson Papers at the APS. The collection is rich and extensive. The collection is well-described and inventoried in MOLE. What follows below is a general summary of some of the more noteworthy pieces.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J35 
 Extent:  0.5 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colony and State Specific History | Diplomatic History | Early National Politics | Government Affairs | Native America | Natural history | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Boundaries, State. | Canals. | Chemistry | Indians of North America -- Languages | Linguistics. | Louisiana Purchase -- Enclopedias. | Plants. | Science -- United States -- 18th century. | Scientific apparatus and instruments. | Seeds. 
 Author:  Jones, Robert Strettel,1745-17Requires cookie*
 Title:  Robert Strettel Jones papers, 1761-1779     
 Dates:  1761-1779 
 Abstract:  The Robert Strettell Jones Collection contains an assortment of small, but potentially interesting documents. Jones' notes from a course on metaphysics and rhetoric at the University of Pennsylvania are included in a bound notebook. Also from his college days, Jones apparently ran into trouble receiving his degree, crossing paths with Doctor Francis Allison, the vice provost. Jones' appeal and supporting documents are also included in the collection. During the British occupation of Philadelphia, Jones was accused of treason for helping raise arms and there are depositions taken to rebut this charge, including statements from prominent Philadelphians like Joseph Shippen.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.J732 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Education | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Educational Material | General Correspondence | Legal Records 
 Subjects:  Metaphysics. | Rhetoric. | Treason -- United States. 
 Author:  Muhlenberg family.Requires cookie*
 Title:  Muhlenberg family papers, 1769-1866     
 Dates:  1769-1866 
 Abstract:  The collection contains miscellaneous papers from this prominent Pennsylvania family. Some of the material is in German. Included in the collection are diplomas and various certificates of family members, including Peter Muhlenberg's original certificate of membership in the Society of the Cincinnati. There is a significant amount of correspondence from Christian Dencke to the Muhlenbergs in 1798-1799, a period when he was setting up a mission to Indians in Ontario. The letters, in German and Latin, seem to discuss natural history.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.M891 
 Extent:  4.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Military History | Native America | Natural history | Pennsylvania History | Religion 
 Genre:  Family Correspondence | Foreign Language | General Correspondence | Military Records | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Agriculture -- United States. | Barns. | Botany | Delaware Indians | Fungi. | Grasses. | Herbaria. | Lichens. | Lutheran Church -- Clergy. | Meteorology - Observations | Natural history. | Plants. | Shrubs. | Trees. | Zoology -- Vermont. 
 Author:  Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809Requires cookie*
 Title:  Colonel Richard Gimbel Collection of Thomas Paine Papers     
 Dates:  1692 - Circa 1921 
 Abstract:  The Thomas Paine Collection is a very rich and diverse collection. Much of the early material is from Paine to others. The later material contains significant documents that Richard Gimbel Collected from the early national period (after 1800) that do not involve Paine but may be of interest to researchers of that period. Included in the documents are notes on Common Sense, letters on courtship and love, the American Revolution, and letters relating to his time in France after the Revolution.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P165 
 Extent:  176 items 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Colonial Politics | Early National Politics | Engineering | International Affairs | Marriage and Family Life | Printing and Publishing | Science and technology 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Manuscript Essays 
 Subjects:  Bridges -- 18th century | France -- Politics and government -- 1789-1815 | Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1789-1820 | Ireland -- Foreign relations | Lotteries -- New York (State) | New York (N.Y.) -- Description and travel -- 18th century | Paine, Thomas, 1737-1809 | Roofing, Slate | Schuylkill River Bridge | United States -- Politics and government -- Revolution, 1775-1783 
 Author:  Penn, Thomas, 1702-1775Requires cookie*
 Title:  Thomas Penn correspondence, 1747-1771, with James Hamilton     
 Dates:  1747-1771 
 Abstract:  This Thomas and Richard Penn Collection contains a range of correspondence from the proprietors of Pennsylvania, Thomas and Richard Penn (especially Thomas, the chief proprietor), to their agents in Pennsylvania, especially James Hamilton, who served as governor in the 1750s. The Collection begins in the 1740s, spans the Seven Years' War, and ends in the midst of the imperial crisis. Because of the time period covered, the letters touch on many important matters regarding the militarization of Pennsylvania, political battles within the colony, and the crisis brought about by imperial consolidation in the 1760s.

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 Call #:  Mss.974.8.P36c 
 Extent:  1 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Land and Speculation | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Seven Years' War 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records | Political Correspondence 
 Author:  Price, Richard, 1723-1791Requires cookie*
 Title:  Richard Price Papers     
 Dates:  1767-1790 
 Abstract:  This collection contains a series of letters from Richard Price, a prominent English minister who was also a prominent supporter of the American Revolution. There are several letters that are written in code. Prominent correspondents include Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin, Benjamin Chauncy, and Benjamin Rush. Some Price correspondence also discusses his opposition to slavery.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.P93 
 Extent:  90 items 
 Topics:  African American | American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Religion 
 Genre:  General Correspondence | Political Correspondence 
 Subjects:  Abolition, emancipation, freedom | American Philosophical Society | Bunker Hill, Battle of, 1775 | Ethics -- Great Britain -- Early works to 1850 | France -- History -- Revolution, 1789-1799 | Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 | Gage, Thomas, 1721-1787 | Great Britain -- Politics and government -- 1760-1789 | Harvard College | Howard, John, 1726-1790 | Italy -- Description and travel -- 18th century | Lexington, Battle of, 1775 | Life expectancy | Massachusetts -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 | Pensions -- Massachusetts | Prisons | Slavery. | Slaves, slavery, slave trade | Smith, Adam, 1723-1790 | Smith, Isaac, 1744-1817 | Social conditions, social advocacy, social reform | United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 | United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Religious aspects | United States -- Politics and government, 1783-1788 
 Author:  Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796Requires cookie*
 Title:  David Rittenhouse Papers     
 Dates:  1774-1932 
 Abstract:  The David Rittenhouse Collection contains a variety of Rittenhouse-related documents from the Revolutionary era. Receipts, correspondence, and records of official government business compose much of it. A full inventory of the collection and its content is available on MOLE.

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 Call #:  Mss.SMs.Coll.11 
 Extent:  0.25 Linear Feet 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Colonial Politics | Government Affairs | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | General Correspondence | Official Government Documents and Records 
 Author:  Shippen, EdwardRequires cookie*
 Title:  Edward Shippen letters and papers, 1727-1781     
 Dates:  1727-1781 
 Abstract:  The Edward Shippen Collection is composed of two discrete sections: two boxes of manuscripts and ten letter books. What follows is an overview of some of the most notable documents and themes in the correspondence.

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 Call #:  Mss.B.Sh62 
 Extent:  10 volume(s) 
 Topics:  American Revolution | Americans Abroad | Business and Skilled Trades | Colonial Politics | Education | International Travel | Marriage and Family Life | Military History | Pennsylvania History | Philadelphia History | Seven Years' War | Social Life and Custom | Surveying and Maps | Trade | Travel 
 Genre:  Business Records and Accounts | Family Correspondence | General Correspondence | Maps and Surveys | Military Records | Political Correspondence | Travel Narratives and Journals 
 Subjects:  Business and politics -- Pennsylvania. | Military supplies. | Real property -- Pennsylvania. 
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